英语四级听力答案

听力710

Test 2

11. A) the dinner was a disaster. B) the soup was perfect.

C) the dinner was a success. D) the soup spoilt the dinner.

12. A) the man’s notes are not very good.

B) the man doesn’t have to lend the woman his notes.

C) the woman doe sn’t have to borrow notes from the man.

D) the woman should have come to the lecture earlier.

13. A) in a department stores. B) at a book shop.

C) at a booking office. D) in a restaurant.

14. A) to go to the bathroom B) not to disturb her.

C) to answer the door. D) to fix the door bell.

15. A) how the police tried to catch the robbers. B) how the robbers robbed the bank.

C) how the robbers escaped. D) how much money had been robbed from the bank.

16. A)she is longing for a holiday. B) she is sick.

C) she is daydreaming. D) she is longing for her home.

17. A) the woman’s boss. B) the woman’s husband.

C) the woman’s friend. D) the woman’s father

18. A) to pass the exam. B) to wish him good luck.

C) to cross her fingers. D) to do nothing.

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

19. A) a T-shirt. B) a sweatshirt. C) a sweater D) a pair of man’s pants.

20. A) it is the wrong size. B) it is stained

C) it has loose thread. D) it is too fancy.

21. A) to return his money. B) to exchange the item.

C) to give him store credit. D) to compensate him for the item.

22. A) the customer didn’t follow the instructions for using the item. B) the item was on clearance.

C) the man no longer has the store receipt. D) it is beyond the returning duration. Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23. A) 15 minutes. B) 30 minutes. C) 45 minutes. D) 60 minutes.

24. A) there isn’t a room available at hat time. B) a speaker is coming to address the students.

C) language testing will take longer than expected. D) lunch wil not b rady until much later.

25. A) 12:45 p.m. B) 1:30 p.m. C) 2:00 p.m. D) 2:15 p.m.

Questions 26 to 28 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

26. A) a shirt. B) an alarm clock. C) a woolen blanket D) a suitcase.

27. A) because he forgot one of his suitcases.

B) because he was suspected of carrying something dangerous.

C) because he wanted to go out to smoke.

D) because he had lost his passport.

28. A) they felt surprised. B) they felt funny. C) they felt curious. D) they felt shocked.

Questions 29 to 31 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

29. A) talking B) communication and memory C) singing. D) finding the way.

30. A) arrange objects according to the color. B) tell one object from another.

C) collect and store thousands of seeds in autumn, and find them later in winter.

D) combine words in the right order.

31. A) to have more knowledge about nature. B) to put forward an explanation for birds’ abili ties.

C) to better understand how a human brain processes information. D) to better understand birds.

Questions 32 to 35 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

32. A) he didn’t like physics any more B) his eyesight was too poor.

C) he had to work to support himself. D) physics was too hard for him.

33. A)he found his job boring. B) he was not qualified to be an engineer.

C) he wanted to travel. D) he was not happy with the new director

34. A) he wanted to work with his friend. B) he wanted to go to Spain.

C) he was rejected by the engineering firming he had applied to.

D) he enjoyed traveling around the world.

35. A) he enjoyed teaching English.

B) the owner of the school promised him a good position.

C) he wanted to earn more money to support his family.

D) he could earn more money as a teacher than as a travel agent.

Increasing numbers of farmers are growing genetically engineered crops. A new report also says that the total land area where such crops are growing increasing.

Genetic engineering is the technology of changing the genes of living things, genes are parts of (36)______ that control _____ and development. A changed gene directs a plant of other ____to do things it normally does not do. For example, a plant may be genetically engineered to ______ insects.

There is plenty of ________ information about genetically engineered crops critics of genetic engineering say the technology is a threat to human health and environment. The new report ________ that farmers grew generically engineered crops on more than 52 million hectares of farmland last year. That ______ an increase in land area of 19 percent _____ to the year before.__________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________. Four countries grew 99% of all genetically engineered crops last year. The United States grew 68% of the world total. Argentina grew 22%. Canada was next with 6%. The report say soybeans were the most common genetically engineered crop. They were grown on 33million hectares of farmland. Other common genetically engineered crops were corn and cotton.___ _______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________. The scientists say the genes were found in wild corn growing in the mountains of southern Mexico. ______________________________________________________________________________. Test 3

11. A) he feels very excited. B) he feels very upset. c) he feels very angry. D) he feels very sorry.

12. A) reading newspaper. B) watching television

C) discussing a sports program D) listening to the music.

13. A) at a railway station. B) at an airport. C) on the airplane. D) at a bus stop.

14. A) to go to the study B) to play computer games. C) to ask for his father’s permission.

D) to be quiet and not to disturb his father.

15. A) a film B) a book. C) a fencing match. D) a popular singer.

16. A) the woman is satisfied with the man’s apologies.

B) the woman forgives the man’s negligence.

C) the woman is not at all pleased with the man’s apologies.

D) the woman’s doesn’t need the man’s apologies.

17 A) the students will take an English exam tomorrow morning. B) the students will attend a meeting.

C) the teacher postponed the meeting. D) there won’t be an exam this afternoon.

18. A) the woman doesn’t want to pay for the room. B) the woman likes smoking.

C) the woman wants to have a non-smok ing room. D) there’s no more room in the hotel.

19. A) teacher and student B) classmates. C) ex-husband and wife. D) colleagues.

20. A) a new Chinese restaurant. B) the woman’s new job.

C) the days they spent together in school. D) the man’s experience after graduation.

21. A) Chinese food is very delicious. B) cooking is a happy work for him now.

C) cooking can make a lot of money. D) his family didn’t like the food he cooked before.

22. A) 2 years. B) 3 years C) 4 years. D) 5 years.

23. A) they show great respect to their parents.

B) they always do what their parents ask them to do.

C) they are very close to their parents.

D) they often disregar d their parents’ opinions.

24. A) because her parents d o not force her to do what she doesn’t want to do.

B) because her parents allow her to study in England.

C) because her parents allow her to live on her own.

D) because her parents support her financially.

25. A) he loves his family very much. B) he gets along well with his parents.

C) his parents do not give him much freedom.

D) he does not have much in common with his parents.

26. A) in 1835 B) in 1853 C) in 1839 D) in 1847

27. A) because he didn’t like the job. B) be cause the Civil War broke out.

C) because he found another job as a typesetter. D) because his family asked him to do so.

28. A) his stories were enriched by his travels. B) his travel prevented him from writing.

C) he traveled in order to relax from the pressures of writing.

D) he traveled around to publish his writing.

29. A) more than 500. B) more than 250 C) 193 D) one-third of Chinese cities.

30. A) making reasonable development plans. B) building effectively operated infrastructure.

C) continuing the improvement of the city environment. D) treating industrial waste.

31. A ) more and more cities appear.

B) there are increasing complaints about environmental problems.

C) more and more people pour into cities.

D) one-third of industrial sewage in the cities went untreated.

32. A) he gave her a camera. B) he occasionally gave her hand a squeeze.

C) her gave her a warmest hug. D) his eyes welled up with tears.

33. A) because she didn’t dare to . B) because no one wanted to tell her.

C) because she knew he had died. D) because no one knew where he was.

34. A) an angel’s bless. B) the nurses’ intensive care.

C) the speaker’s voice and touch. D) his vital energies.

35. A) the speaker was a qualified nurse. B) Mr. Gillespie was an optimistic person.

C) he who helps others will feel happy too. D) sick people need an angel’s help.

The idea of television, transmitting pictures through the air or over wires, has been around since the late 19th __________. But it wasn’t until 1925, when J.L. Baird, a Scottish ______ became the first to electrically transmit moving pictures, that television became a _____. Baird’s first television was a mecha nical system consisting of several moving part. It had a small _____ onto which pictures were transmitted 10 times per second at 30 lines of resolution (分辨率). With the help of a photoelectric cell (光电管), bright and dim light were _____ into an electrical signal and sent via radio waves. In June 1925, Baird transmitted the _____of a human face, winking and smiling from one room of the laboratory to another, with ought the aid of ______wires. Television truly came into its own it the 1930s with the advent of the cathode-ray tube (阴极射线管), which allowed for electronic line-by-line scanning of _______. With the help of the Radio Corporation of America and an improved cathode-ray tube, the first all-electronic TV was demonstrated in

1932. _____________________________________. As television’s evolution continues, high-definition (分辨率) digital TV is supposed to replace today’s 625-line sets with 1050 or more lines of resolution ______________. This trend has developed very fast. ____________________________.

Test 4

11. A). the man wants to book a room three days later.

B). the man can have a room with a view of the mountain.

C). the man can have a room with a view of the sea.

D). the man can’t have a room right now.

12. A. it’s wel l worth watching. B. she doesn’t think much of it.

C. it’s terrible

D. it’s just so-so.

13. A) at an airport. B). on a street. C) in a department store. D) at a bank.

14. A. quarrel with the man. B. leave the paper where it is.

C. Gove the paper to the man. D make use of the paper.

15. A. the woman can have her car on Saturday morning.

B. the woman will not have her car fixed by the man.

C. the man will fix the car next week.

D. it will take more time to have the car fixed than the woman has expected.

16. A she thinks she talks too much. B . she thinks she doesn’t like speaking.

C. she thinks she is always very frank.

D. she thinks she is simple-minded.

17. A. she doesn’t want to have a birthday party. B. she doesn't like the gift.

C. she wants to forget her bir thday.

D. she doesn’t want to grow old.

18. A. the man wants to borrow some money from the woman.

B. the man will lend the woman the money she needed.

C. the man doesn’t have money.

D. the woman will lend forty dollars to the man.

19. A. he wants the woman to give him some advice on preparing a speech.

B. he wants to invite the woman to dinner.

C. he wants to help the woman with her speech.

D. he wants to invite the woman to listen to a public speech.

20. A. she hates to speak in front of many people. B. she feels very embarrassed.

C. she thinks it’s not a big problem.

D. she doesn’t feel nervous at all.

21. A she will be frozen up before the audience. B. she doesn’t know where to put her hands.

C. she only writes an 80- word outline.

D. she can't make the speech reasonable enough.

22. A. he is going to spend a holiday in London. B. he is going to have a business trip in London.

C. he will go to London with the woman.

D. he is going to move to London.

23. A. facilities there are very good. B. the service is excellent.

C. it is comfortable to stay there.

D. it is inexpensive to stay there.

24. A. 7and half hours. B. 8 hours. C. 8 and half hours. D. 10 hours.

25. A. it is convenient to go everywhere by underground.

B. banks will be open for the whole week except on Saturday.

C. English food is very delicious.

D. British people are friendly to strangers.

26. A. the fastest person to cross the Atlantic. B. the youngest person to row an ocean alone.

C. the person who makes the fastest west-to-east crossing.

D. the person who stays on the ocean for the longest time.

27. A. because of the bad weather. B. because of his young age.

C. because he lost his way while crossing the ocean.

D. because he had no partner to help him.

28. A. he is down-to-earth. B. he is aggressive and optimistic.

C. he is discouraged by his failure.

D. he is confident about achieving a real first.

29. A) because they prefer small and comfortable houses.

B) because they want to build their own apartments.

C) because such houses are always in the bad part of town.

D) because they cannot afford them.

30. A) because more and more people move into big new houses.

B) because many old people sell their house after their children leave.

C) because people want to sell the old house to get money and build their own house.

D) because children often ask their parents to sell the old house.

31. A) the roof always leaks. B) people are asked to redesign their house.

C) people have to maintain their house by themselves.

D) they don't have enough money to make the first payment.

32. A) on January 15. B) the second Monday of January.

C) the second Sunday of January. D) on January 5.

33. A) because they have the right to vote and they’re also allowed to go to pubs when they are 20.

B) Because they can attend special coming-of-age ceremonies when they are 20.

C) Because they gain some rights and need to take some new responsibilities when they are 20.

D) Beca use they’re allowed to smoke just like their parents.

34. A) in 1857 B) in 1876 C) in 1999 D) in 2000

35. A) parents host special coming-of-age ceremonies for their children when they are 20.

B) in the past boys marked their transition to adulthood when they were around 13.

C) females generally wear furisode to their coming-of-age ceremony.

D) furisode is about the most formal clothes for married women to wear.

I first met Billie when I came to New York at 19. I didn’t know what I was goi ng to be. I wanted to be black, so I ______ out in Harlem. And when I was _______ around Harlem, I met Billie, she was a singer. She was then about 15. Cute, nice, ____________little girl. She changed a lot later. But anyway, I liked how she sang. There are very few singers I want to hear. At all. Anyway, I heard her when she was 15, singing the ________. And I __________her. I said, “one day I’m going to have a band, and you’re going to sing in it.” And she said, “Yeah, that’ll be the day.”

When I was in Boston around 1935, I came down to New York and I _________ her. She couldn’t believe it.

A _______girl in a whit band? I said, “come on, we’re gonna try it.” We went down south, and on the way she was afraid. she said, “ what am I gonna do?” I said, “we’re gonna try it. I’m scared, too.” So we pla yed in some little dance hall and some _________ park, and after her first couple of songs, they accepted her immediately. _________________________________________________________ he didn’t mean it badly. That was his designation for a black woman. __________________________________________________________________________________ I put my hand on her and said, “calm down.” So that was the end of that. Had to push her out. __________________________________________________________________________________.

Test 5

11. A) the man has to fill in another form. B) The man has to pay $200 per night for the room.

C) The man should pay $200 as security for the room. D) The man doesn't have $200.

12. A) At a bank. B) On the street. C) At home. D) In a cafe.

13. A) Frank always comes on time. B) Frank will be late again.

C) Frank will arrive on time. D) Frank won't come.

14. A) A housewife. B) A secretary. C) A waitress. D) An air hostess.

15. A) The train will arrive on time. B) The train is late due to the storm.

C) The woman will take next train. D) The woman has to wait for the train.

16. A) Boating. B) Running. C) Walking. D) Driving.

17. A) 50 minutes. B) 25 minutes. C) An hour and a quarter. D) An hour and five minutes.

18. A) The two persons are talking about a lost wallet. B) The woman is asking the way.

C) The man is not from around here. D) The man is showing the woman around. Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

19. A) The girl's father B) The girl's teacher. C) The girl's friend. D) An interviewer.

20. A) Separating different types of garbage. B) Disposing of trash properly.

C) Having a family clean-up party. D) Placing more trashcans on the streets.

21. A) Save money. B) Cut down on waste. C) Protect the forests. D) Keep the environment clean.

22. A) Visit a recycling center. B) Clean a neighborhood park.

C) Collect newspapers. D) Meet her friends in her neighborhood.

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23. A) Leisure sporting activities. B) Average age of athletes.

C) Durability of sporting equipment. D) Public's impression of the company.

24. A) Target the 18-to-26-year-old age group. B) Sell tennis rackets.

C) Carry more athletic shoes. D) Make an appealing slogan.

25. A) Because they have more buying power. B) Because they enjoy sports more than young people.

C) Because they become more health conscious. D) Because they are less energetic than young people. Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.

26. A) 5 million. B) 38.6 million. C) 3.2 million. D) 41.8 million

27. A) Because they are too weak to work. B) Because they need to seek treatment.

C) Because people are prejudiced against them. D) Because they are embarrassed to face others.

28. A) Lack of money, discrimination, and people's education. B) Children's infection.

C) The threat of AIDS to people of the developing world.

D) The unemployment of the people infected with HIV.

Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.

29. A) To give a lecture to all the students in a large class one or two times a week.

B) To give tests and read any homework or reports students may be required to write.

C) To meet individual students seeking help.

D) To attend teaching meetings.

30. A) They are required to take two English speaking tests.

B) They must take one English speaking test.

C) They are required to write an application.

D) They must squeeze out enough time each week.

31. A) The state government. B) The local government.

C) The college or university. D) A foreign student's native country.

Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you heave just heard.

32. A) The child seems sad. B) The child occasionally feels blue or down.

C) His or her sadness lasts for a rather long period of time.

D) He or she feels life has its ups and downs.

33. A) Because psychologists and related persons can almost always cure it.

B) Because it's a period almost every childe must experience.

C) Because it lasts a short period of time.

D) Because more and more parents and doctors begin to attach importance to it.

34. A) The child becomes angry easily. B) The child has trouble getting along with other kids.

C) The child's performance in school is poor. D) The child talks too much in class.

35. A) When your child occasionally complains about a physical discomfort like headache.

B) When your child exhibits all the symptoms of depression.

C) When the symptoms interfere with your child's ability to function at home or in school.

D) When your child grieves over a loss for days at a time.

Women in the United States and in many other countries (36) ___ of sports and games. This has not always been the (37) ______, however. In fact, women have not been as active in sports as men. Only in (38) ______ years have women begun to catch up with men in this area. Until the twentieth century, women did not often take part in sports.

Part of the (39) ____ for this is that women simply didn't have time. Many women cooked, cleaned, and took care of children. They were so busy that they didn't have time for sports. A second reason, especially in the late (40) ____ century, is that a woman's (41) ____ at that time was one of frailty, illness, and (42)__. like for a woman to be (43) __. In the Victorian era, people thought that it was unlady in any sports activity.

There have been changes in the view of women in the modern world, and also changes within the world of sports. (44) _____________________________________________________. The general view of women has changed substantially since the Victorian era. (45)_________________. Women who win in sports activities are highly regarded. (46)_______________. This development is partly the result of a change of women in the modern world.

Test6

11. A) The man can't afford the high taxes. B) The man wants to move to a villa.

C) The woman doesn't want the man to move. D) The man is living with other people now.

12. A) At a hotel. B) At a bank. C) At a movie theater. D) At a post office.

13. A) 9 yuan. B) 11 yuan. C) 13 yuan. D) 15 yuan.

14. A) Because driving is too dangerous. B) Because buying a car is too expensive.

C) Because getting a driver's license is too difficult. D) Because taking a bus is more convenient.

15. A) She thinks Alex made mistakes in the exam. B) She thinks Alex should be dismissed.

C) She doesn't believe Alex had cheated on the exam. D) She doesn't believe Alex had been dismissed.

16. A) The woman is wearing straight hair now.

B) The man didn't want the woman to have her hair permed.

C) The woman followed the man's advice.

D) The man doesn't care if the woman had her hair permed or not.

17. A) A taxi-driver. B) A policewoman. C) A clerk at the railway station. D) A clerk at the airport.

18. A) She will not go skiing since it's too cold. B) She will not go skiing since she is not feeling well.

C) She will go skiing in spite of the cold weather. D) She will go skiing when she feels better. Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

19. A) It's not so good as she expected. B) It's terrible. C) It's very good. D) It's just so-so.

20. A) Los Angeles is a wonderful city. B) There's a good subway system in Los Angeles.

C) She visited some movie stars' homes in Hollywood. D) She had a very good time in Disneyland.

21. A) Because it used to be hot in the city. B) Because it is winter now.

C) Because it is summer now. D) Because it is not like what the weather forecast said.

22. A) Because San Francisco is much bigger than Los Angeles.

B) Because San Francisco is cleaner than Los Angeles. C) Because there is no bay in Los Angeles.

D) Because it is more convenient to get around in San Francisco than in Los Angeles.

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23. A) A computer sales negotiation. B) A preliminary interview.

C) An Internet seminar meeting. D) A discussion about computer games.

24. A) A kind of beverage. B) A web page authoring program.

C) A computer game software. D) A computer game.

25. A) The woman is quite satisfied with Mr. Taylor as an eligible candidate for the job.

B) Mr. Taylor is experienced in operating systems.

C) The woman will not contact Mr. Taylor for further consideration.

D) Mr. Taylor doesn't know anything about computer games at all.

Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.

26. A) Seventy percent. B) Fifty-four percent. C) Seventeen percent. D) Fifty percent.

27. A) More than six thousand million. B) More than two thousand million.

C) More than one thousand million. D) More than three thousand million.

28. A) They promised there would be one thousand million people without safe drinking water by 2015.

B) They promised there would be one hundred million people without safe drinking water by 2015.

C) They promised there would be only 500 million people without safe systems to treat waste by 2015.

D) They promised there would be only 1000 million people without safe systems to treat waste by 2015. Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.

29. A) Interests and salary. B) Education and skills. C) Experience and skills.

D) Experience and educational background.

30. A) Be clear about the places you have applied for and the persons you communicated with.

B) Be clear about the salary you asked for and the answers others gave to you.

C) Be clear about others' attitude and spend enough time talking with them.

D) Be clear about what you want to do.

31. A) A support group can encourage you in job search.

B) Even unpaid work experience is beneficial in your job search.

C) You should allow for a reasonable amount of time in job search.

D) Part-time work gives little help in your job search.

Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

32. A) Because he lost his way and was hungry.

B) Because he was a homeless child and it was the way he made a living.

C) Because he didn't have much money left and felt hungry.

D) Because all his money was given to the school.

33. A) A glass of milk. B) Nothing. C) A meal. D) Kindness.

34. A) She was seriously ill and there was no treatment in the town.

B) She became critically ill and Dr. Howard Kelly came to her house to help her.

C) She was ill and she thought of the boy she helped years ago.

D) She was critically ill and no one helped her in the town.

35. A) Tit for Tat B) No Pains, No Gains C) Practice Makes Perfect D) Kindness Pays You

If 1999 was the year of ecommerce—and it was, oh, it was! —then the guy who built Amazon com must be the year's (36) _________ mover. Fearless multimillionaire (亿万富翁) leader of the Web's biggest store, Bezos (37) __________ a company that adds customers so fast that it doesn't have time to make money. In the process, he has made life (38) ___________ for anyone else trying to sell goods online. Amazon has spent the past year using its (39) __________ customer base—and its one-click ordering system, Amway-like network and here-every-one-knows-your-name customer service — to (40) ______ Microsoft-like into nearly everyone else's business. Music and video competitors CDNow and N2k had to combine to fight off Amazon's (41) ______ . A summer move into toys and (42) _________ helps explain why the (43) __________ company has been building a network of 75,000-sq-m warehouses across the country. (44) ____________________Where Bezos doesn't build, he buys. (45)_________________________________. Once a Wall Street man who cooled up financial models for D. E. Shaw, Bezos set off for Seattle in 1994, writing the business plan for http://m.wendangku.net/doc/6ab54406cc17552707220848.html on the plane. (46)______________________________________

11. A) In the downtown. B) In the suburb. C) Near her office. D) Near the railway station.

12. A) A waitress. B) A hostess. C) A landlady. D) A receptionist.

13. A) He is studying Chinese in Beijing. B) He is having a vacation in Beijing.

C) He is planning to go back to Beijing. D) He will return from Beijing in two weeks.

14. A) Do whatever has been planned. B) Have a picnic and go camping.

C) Eat out and see a play. D) Go to the beach.

15. A) She has given the man much trouble. B) She is not interested in the article.

C) She would like to have a copy of the article. D) She doesn't want to take the trouble to read the article.

16. A) The woman's sister doesn't know the man. B) The woman asks the man to talk to her sister.

C) The woman is very surprised to hear the man's words. D) The woman suggests that the man go on a diet.

17. A) The man doesn't know how to get to England. D) Thomas is a British.

B) The man will pay a visit to England in the near future. C) The woman has been to England before.

18. A) She's preparing for the exam tomorrow. B) She's decorating the hall.

C) She has many posters to print. D) She's busy preparing for a party.

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

19. A) Teacher and student. B) Siblings. C) Friends. D) Relatives.

20. A) She feels sad at the bad news in her parents' letter.

B) She has felt homesick since she heard from her parents.

C) She feels sad at the poor result of her math exam.

D) She missed her old friends when she played with new ones.

21. A) A snack bar. B) A French restaurant. C) A cinema. D) A library.

22. A) The woman is tired of the man's complaints of math.

B) The woman is not used to the man's bragging about math.

C) The man used to forget to turn off the lights. D) The man is afraid of annoying his father. Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23.A)5:30a.m. B) 7:45 a.m. C) 5:30 p.m. D) 7:45 p.m.

24. A) What clothes to wear. B) Which restaurant to go to.

C) Whom to go with. D) Which cinema to go to.

25. A) Indifferent. B) Reluctant. C) Cautious. D) Enthusiastic.

Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.

26. A) In the mid-1980s. B) In the mid-1960s. C) In the mid- 1970s D) In the mid- 1990s

27. A) Tower. B) Touch. C) Torch. D) Tough.

28. A) How the Spice Girls became successful. B) How the Spice Girls renamed the group.

C) How the manager found the Spice Girls. D) Why the Spice Girls could stand the test of time. Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.

29. A) $15. B)$30. C)$40. D) $20.

30. A) Because he was carrying a heavy load. B) Because it was getting dark.

C) Because it was raining. D) Both A and B.

31. A) A wooden box. B) A coffin. C) A bookcase. D) A set of shelves.

Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you heave just heard.

32. A) Because the Parliament only supported Oxford and Cambridge.

B) Because only Oxford and Cambridge were supported by royal patronage and aristocratic money.

C) Because Oxford and Cambridge were the most important cities in England.

D) Because there were not enough students to be enrolled in more than two universities.

33. A) By private efforts. B) By private efforts and through government policy.

C) Through government policy. D) Through royal support.

34. A) For nearly 14 years. B) For nearly 50 years. C) For nearly 40 years. D) For nearly 30 years.

35. A) The role of government policy in the founding of new universities.

B) The difference between the "Redbrick" universities and the old universities like Oxford and Cambridge.

C) The development and changes British universities have gone through.

D) The different subjects offered at the new universities and the old ones.

From the invention of the first stone tools to today's complex computers, man has (36)______ the power to change the world around him. Computer (37)______, in particular, could be taking over our economic life.

In business, computers do the job of (38)______ and secretaries. In minutes, office computers type out hundreds of letters and, by satellite (39)____, send out bills to customers around the world. Business managers use computers to collect (40)______ amounts of information and, in seconds, to do (41)______ beyond the power of the human brain. In the future, the most important (42)_____-maker might be the computer, not the company (43)______.

(44)___________________________________________________. In the foreseeable future more and more jobs will be taken by computers. Because technology supplies the muscle power, workers are now free to use their brain power to make new discoveries.

(45)_____________________________________________________. The human brain has not changed in size in the past 10,000 years and won't be changed in the long future.

(46)___________________________________________________. Generally, man will never stop using his brain to create "intelligent machines" to do his work for him.

11. A) To a hospital.B) To a book shop. C) To a department store. D) To the grocer's.

12. A) A guest and a waitress. B) A passenger and an air hostess.

C) A guest and a receptionist. D) A customer and a shop assistant.

13. A) The weather was a little bit hot. B) The weather was a little bit cold.

C) The weather was cooler than expected. D) The weather was bad.

14. A) She invites the man to visit the Forbidden City with her.

B) She has visited the Forbidden City twice.

C) She has visited the Forbidden City once. D) She will go to Beijing in June.

15. A) He doesn't want to go shopping with the woman. B) He wants to go shopping with Dr. Johnson.

C) He can't go out with the woman.

D) He can go shopping with the woman after his appointment with Dr. Johnson.

16. A) Very sorry. B) A bit annoyed. C) Lonely. D) Surprised.

17. A) He once borrowed Frank's knife. B) The knife belongs to him.

C) Frank's knife isn't as good as his. D) Frank should mind his own business.

18. A) It will probably rain tomorrow. B) She needs a new raincoat or umbrella.

C) She doesn't know where the man put his raincoat or umbrella.

D) She doesn't know what the weather will be like tomorrow.

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

19. A) An American baseball player in New York. B) A foreign basketball player in the U.S.A.

C) A foreign baseball player in the U.S.A. D) An American basketball player in Spain.

20. A) How long has the man stayed in U.S.A.? B) How does the man feel about having a lot of money?

C) Has the man thought of how much money he has earned?

D) Has the man thought of how to make much more money than he does now?

21. A) His enthusiasm for study and sports. B) Some economic factors.

C) The dream of having a lot of money. D) The dream of being the best player.

22. A) It's up to his parents. B) It depends on his mood.

C) The more suitable is his preference. D) The more important is his preference.

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23. A) The man at first misunderstood and criticized the woman.

B) The man didn't want to help the woman.

C) The man was so angry that he finally dismissed the woman.

D) The man was very angry that the couple had disappeared.

24. A) She was looking for the manager of the store. B) She was looking for a CD for the customers.

C) She was looking for the address of the manager.

D) She was looking for the couple who wanted the CD.

25. A) The couple's special height. B) The female customer's curly blond hair.

C) The male customer's red hair. D) The female customer's clothes.

Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.

26. A) To discover the students' study habits. B) To discover how many students wanted to get married.

C) To discover the subjects that the students were interested in.

D) To discover the students' opinions on some matters of personal concern.

27. A) The qualities a partner should have. B) The ideal age to get married.

C) The ideal number of children. D) Favourite colour.

28. A) Most students favour 26 to 30 as the ideal age to get married to an intelligent partner, and producing 2

children.

B) Most students favour 21 to 25 as the ideal age to get married.

C) Most students favour 26 to 30 as the ideal age to get married to an attractive partner.

D) Most students favour 21 to 25 as the ideal age to get married to an intelligent partner, and producing 3

children.

Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.

29. A) Prior to the individual's 20th birthday. B) Prior to the individual's 2nd birthday.

C) Prior to the individual's 22nd birthday. D) Prior to the individual's 23rd birthday.

30. A) Because their life was affected by their disabilities.

B) Because they did not have enough courage to live on. C) Because they were denied civil rights.

D) Because the medical treatment was not available to them.

31. A) No protection available in civil rights laws.

B) Significant barriers in transportation and public awareness.

C) Unemployment. D) Low social status.

Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

32. A) They are likely to fail in later life. B) They are likely to grow into bright adults.

C) They are easy to gain success. D) They are unlikely to burn themselves out.

33. A) The highest among all people. B) Higher than that of the country as a whole.

C) Only higher than that of the young people. D) Lower than that of the country as a whole.

34. A) The author proves it. B) The author ignores it. C) The author supports it. D) The author refutes it.

35. A) It shows that talented children are unlikely to make achievements.

B) It shows that talented children are unlikely to become successful people.

C) It shows that talented children are unlikely to be mentally healthy.

D) It shows that talented children are most likely to become gifted adults.

Instructors at American colleges and universities use many different teaching (36)______. Some instructors give (37)______ every day. They grade homework. Students in their classes have to take many (38)______, a midterm exam, and a final exam. Other instructors give only writing asks. Some teachers always follow a course (39)______ and usually use the textbook. Others send students to the (40)______ for after-class work.

The (41)______ in some classrooms is very formal. Students call their instructors "Professor with", "Mrs. Jones", and so on. Some teachers wear (42)______ clothes and give lectures. Other classrooms have an (43)_atmosphere. Students and teachers discuss their ideas. (44)At most American colleges and universities, facilities for learning and recreation are available o students. (45)

______________________________________? They can buy books, notebooks, and other things at campus stores. (46)_____________. Students can relax and have fun on campus, too. Some schools have swimming pools and tennis courts. Most have snack bars or cafeterias.

11. A) Helen was telling a lie. B) Helen has already come back from London.

C) Helen wasn't in London that day. D) The woman wasn't being sincere.

12. A) Mr. Howard is honest.B) Mr. Howard looks honest.

C) Mr. Howard looks dishonest. D) Mr. Howard is dishonest.

13. A) The man regrets having taken up much of the professor's time.

B) The man has trouble getting along with the professor. C) The man knows the professor has been busy.

D) The man knows the professor has run into trouble.

14. A) They had so much free time to talk on the phone for that long.

B) They talked on the phone for too long. C) He always talks on the phone for that long if it is toll free.

D) He wants to know what they talked about.

15. A) In the laundry. B) In the tailor's. C) At home. D) In the department store.

16. A) Stay in a cinema for a night. B) Study harder and take the exam once again.

C) Go out to see a movie. D) Get a good night's sleep so he'll feel better.

17. A) He doesn't know how to take pictures. B) He already took a picture of the waterfall.

C) He doesn't think the waterfall is beautiful. D) He couldn't take pictures for the woman.

18. A) Study harder in order to keep up with others. B) Get some exercise.

C) Go to see a film. D) Do homework at school.

19. A) Fellow students. B) Former classmates. C) Relatives. D) Friends.

20. A) Go to classroom early to show respect for the teacher.

B) Go to classroom early so as not to annoy the teacher. C) Go to classroom early to find a front seat.

D) Go to classroom early to find a seat she likes to take.

21. A) He is late for the appointment with his advisor. B) He is late for the biology class.

C) He hasn't finished the outline assigned by the advisor.

D) He is not able to complete the outline next week.

22. A) Not only one student would be late. B) The teacher would just go over the syllabus.

C) The teacher would find out who are late for the class. D) The teacher would find out the students' needs. Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23. A) Buddhism. B) Islam. C) Christianity. D) Judaism.

24. A) There are 15 million Catholics in China. B) The number of Protestants in 1949 was 700,000.

C) There are far more Protestants than Catholics in China. D) Most Christians live along the east coast.

25. A) She doesn't feel restricted in reading religious books.

B) She doesn't feel restricted when teaching courses in senior schools.

C) She doesn't feel restricted when going to churches on Saturday.

D) She really enjoys freedom in religious belief.

26. A) Packaging is an easy thing. B) A package is very cheap.

C) A package can sometimes motivate the customer to buy a product.

D) Customers like beautiful packages more than the products.

27. A) We should remember that a package is often a form of advertisement.

B) We should believe that a package is dependable. C) The package has nothing to do with the product.

D) The package is very important when we decide to buy a product.

28. A) How to cheat customers. B) How to attract customers.

C) Packaging is not important. D) Packaging is a form of advertising.

Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.

29. A) To eat nothing.B) To work hard. C) To have surgery. D) To cost a lot of money.

30. A) 30 million. B) 13 million. C) 20 million. D) 70 million.

31. A) Bookstores are keeping their promises. B) Diet books are not always effective.

C) Diet books are usually helpful. D) There are lots of ways of losing weight.

Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

32. A) Higher productivity and a higher average income.

B) Higher productivity but a lower average income.

C) Lower productivity but a higher average income. D) Lower productivity and a lower average income.

33. A) It lies in the economists' attitudes to population. B) It lies in the level of education.

C) It lies in the official attitudes to population growth. D) It lies in the level of civilization.

34. A) Because it results in a declining market for manufactured goods.

B) Because it results in rising prices. C) Because it results in rising demands.

D) Because it results in pressure on housing.

35. A) To control birth or not. B) Comparison between large population and small population.

C) A large population may lead to higher employment.

D) The advantages and disadvantages of a large population.

At the bottom of the world lies a (36) ___ recent times, (37) _____ to man. It is a great land mass with mountain ranges whose (38) ______and elevation (高度.) are still uncertain. Much of the continent is a complete (39) ______ on our maps. Man has explored, on foot, less than one percent of its area.

Antarctica differs (40) ______ from the Arctic regions. The Arctic is an ocean, covered with (41) ______ pack ice and bordered by the land masses of Europe, Asia, and North America. The Antarctic is a continent almost as large as Europe and Australia (42) ______, centred roughly on the South Pole and (43) by the most unobstructed water areas of the world — the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans.

The continental ice sheet is more than two miles high in its centre; thus, the air over the Antarctic is far more refrigerated than it is over the Arctic regions. (44) ____________________________________ . And it renders unlivable those regions whose counterparts at the opposite end of the globe are inhabited. (45) ____________________________________________________ . This area includes most of Alaska, Siberia, and Scandinavia — a region rich in forest and mining industries (46) _________________________ .

11. A) He is very hardworking. B) He'll miss the meeting that afternoon.

C) He'll have an appointment with the hostess. D) He won't miss the meeting.

12. A) He is in need of qualified staff. B) He is doing quite well with it.

C) He has money problem now. D) He can not carry it on any more.

13. A) He has a serious disease. B) He's too poor. C) He's getting old. D) He's overworked.

14. A) He doesn't think about them. B) He likes them very much.

C) He thinks they are not as good as many people expected. D) He doesn't like them.

15. A) She wants to spend more time with her family.

B) She thinks the pay is too low to support her family.

C) She doesn't think she is capable of doing the job.

D) She doesn't enjoy business trips as much as she used to.

16. A) The warm weather. B) A bright shirt. C) Things to wear. D) The best material for making clothes.

17. A) In about four days. B) About two weeks from now. C) In four weeks. D) She hasn't decided yet.

18. A) She doubts he makes much money now. B) She doesn't know when his classes started.

C) She's surprised he chose that agency. D) She wonders why he's kept his job.

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

19. A) Rock allowed him much freedom. B) Rock didn't treat him as a money machine.

C) Rock cooperated with him with great sincerity. D) Rock didn't ask him to do much for promotions.

20. A) The Cantonese songs may be artistic. B) The English songs may be commercialized.

C) The Mandarin songs may be artistic. D) The Cantonese songs may be commercialized.

21. A) He felt embarrassed. B) He felt amazed. C) He felt it unacceptable. D) He felt like a change.

22. A) The man's new album and its promotion. B) The man's concert and its audience.

C) The man' new album and the language in it. D) The man's new company and his musical tendency. Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23. A) The man's home. B) The woman's house. C) A church. D) John's wedding.

24. A) The man doesn't like the silk shirt, so he changed one.

B) The man doesn't want to mend the white shirt, so he changed one.

C) The man carelessly put on a wrong shirt, so he changed one.

D) The man carelessly dirtied his shirt, so he changed one.

25. A) Because the man dirtied his shirt and it needs immediate cleaning.

B) Because the man dirtied his shirt although it doesn't need immediate cleaning.

C) Because the man dirtied his pants and they need immediate cleaning.

D) Because the man dirtied his pants although they don't need immediate cleaning.

26. A) Small amounts of raw materials and little skill. B) Huge amounts of raw materials but little skill.

C) Small amounts of raw materials but great workmanship and skill.

D) Large amounts of raw materials and skill and craftsmanship.

27. A) It imports some raw materials for her precision products.

B) Switzerland has no sea coast.

C) Switzerland exports cheese, butter, chocolate and condensed milk.

D) Switzerland exports many precision products and heavy machines.

28. A) Switzerland arranges with neighbouring countries for the use of their ports.

B) Switzerland has many ports of its own to handle exports.

C) Switzerland sends its exports by rail to neighbouring countries.

D) Switzerland has no overseas trade because it has no ports of its own.

29. A) In 1965. B) In 1979. C) In 1969.D) In 1959.

30. A) A computer. B) A platform worker. C) The command spot. D) A machine.

31. A) It will move on at the same speed. ; B) It will stop automatically.

C) It will gradually slow down. D) It will keep a safe distance from the other trains. Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you heave just heard.

32. A) There are no special relationships in the group. B) A group date may be planned in advance.

C) One is paired with another on a group date.

D) A girl might be together with a boy all the time on a group date.

33. A) They needn't pay at all. B) The boys must pay for the girls.

C) The girls must pay for themselves. D) The organizers should pay for the girls.

34. A) They find the group date to be a great deal of fun. B) They find the group date to be a little bit dull.

C) They think they are under great pressure. D) They lack interest in the group date.

35. A) Group dates certainly lead to serious relationships for the members of the group.

B) Maybe a girl and a boy on a group date find that they have a lot in common.

C) Maybe a girl and a boy on a group date find they enjoy being together.

D) Usually, everyone on a group date is just interested in a good time.

Smoking means something different to various cultures. In (36) ______, many people smoke. In winter, it is often difficult to (37) ______ in the cafes because of the tobacco smoke in the air. In Romania, smoking is an (38) ______ social habit. Women, however, do not smoke on the street. The brand of (39) ______ a person smokes shows his/her (40) ______, especially if it is a foreign brand.

In Latin American cultures, smoking is very common. Some men think that smoking makes them look more (41) ______. As in other cultures, smoking is a way to (42) ______ and belong.

In parts of Asia, tobacco is used in wedding (43). used in many kinds of occasions. (44) ________. and in

religious offerings. It is also___________________________________. In Vietnam, people often smoke at business meetings and in coffee houses. Most of the women in Cambodia and Vietnam tend not to smoke.

(45) _____________________________________________________________. During the war, Vietnamese soldiers would smoke to pass the time while waiting to go into battle. (46)________________ .

11. A) She thought it was expensive. B) She thought it took less time.

C) She thought it was long and tiring. D) She felt quite all right.

12. A) Watching television. B) Reading a newspaper.

C) Listening to a sports programme. D) Watching a basketball match.

13. A) They are both from Asia. B) They will spend the summer in China.

C) They are both interested in art. D) They are both students.

14. A) Neither the man nor the woman has finished the assignment yet.

B) The man thinks the paper is easy. C) The woman thinks the paper is easy.

D) Both the man and the woman think the paper is hard.

15. A) At the airport check-in. B) In a restaurant. C) In a canteen. D) In a hotel lobby.

16. A) He is not a music fan. B) Jazz is his favourite kind of music.

C) He doesn't really like Jazz. D) He isn't hot now that he has a fan.

17. A) He will type it next week. B) It took him an entire week to type it.

C) He still isn't quite finished with it. D) He would rather work on it than do nothing.

18. A) A movie. B) A theatre. C) A restaurant. D) A park.

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

19. A) Advanced English class. B) Weight-lifting class without stopping.

C) Nonstop aerobics class. D) Advanced exercise class with rest intervals.

20. A) It's tough. B) It's a snap. C) It's a piece of cake. D) It's easy.

21. A) Book dinner for the whole family at a restaurant. B) Prepare a meal alone for the family.

C) Cook meat for the family. D) Help the winner with dinner for the entire family.

22. A) Six minutes. B) Eighty minutes. C) Sixty minutes. D) Eight minutes.

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23. A) How to deal with the problems in a family. B) How to ask a neighbour to turn down the music.

C) How to get along with those not so likable neighbours.

D) How to compromise with the management of one' s building.

24. A) Call the police to solve the problem. B) Come up with a compromise which works for both.

C) Talk with the neighbour and explain the problem. D) Establish a good relationship with the neighbour.

25. A) Five. B) Four. C) Three. D) Two.

26. A) Well-educated men with high incomes are generally less likely to smoke.

B) City people are less likely to smoke. C) People in rural areas are more likely to smoke.

D) Men with higher incomes tend to smoke fewer packs per day.

27. A) There are more smokers among women with low incomes.

B) Women with higher incomes and higher education do not tend to smoke.

C) Better-educated women are likely to smoke more.

D) The situation is the same for the women as for the men.

28. A) Millions of Americans have given up smoking. B) Men as a group smoke more than women.

C) Educated men and women tend to smoke more everyday.

D) Cigarette smoking is still a widespread habit in the United States.

Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.

29. A) Attention problems. B) Participating problems. C) Communication problems. D) Speaking problems.

30. A) They cannot sit still or control their actions. B) They cannot talk fluently.

C) They cannot study well. D) They cannot express their ideas well.

31. A) The new study confirmed earlier findings. ) The new study is important, but needs to be confirmed.

C) The new study is important, and welcomed by educators.

D) Children who watch much TV at the age of 7 have attention problems.

Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

32. A) Only sellers. B) Only shopkeepers. C) Only buyers. D) Both buyers and sellers.

33. A) At a police station. B) At a jewellery shop. C) At a detective's office. D) At the scene of a robbery.

34. A) Because he was suspected of several robberies. B) Because he refused to pay in cash.

C) Because he said he didn't want to buy a necklace in the shop. D) Because he used a worthless cheque.

35. A) Using cheques sometimes may embarrass the cheque holder. B) Cheques are valuable in themselves.

C) Using cheques is always convenient for a cheque holder.

D) Under no circumstances can a shopkeeper refuse to accept a cheque.

Captain McKay is in (36) ______ of eight soldiers. A large company of enemy soldiers is (37) _____ them. Of all of them, Captain McKay is the only one who knows the way through the (38) ________. It's his (39) _______ to get his men back to the camp safely.

Captain McKay led his men across a wooden bridge which (40) __________ a wide river. He knew that the enemy wasn't very far behind them. There was only one way to (41) ______. Someone had to stay behind and blow up the bridge, and the soldier who stayed behind would probably be killed by the force of the (42) ______.

The Captain's first thought was to blow up the bridge himself. However, no one else could lead the men back to the camp. The Captain told his men about the plan. He asked for a (43) ______, but no one offered to go. The Captain had to order one of the men to stay behind and blow up the bridge.

The Captain took a long, hard look at the eight soldiers. One was 52 years old. (44) _________________. One man wasn't married; the others had wives and children back home. (45) __________________________ By this time, they could hear the enemy soldiers who were getting closer and closer to the bridge. The Captain had to make a quick decision. (46) _____________________________

11. A) One of her friends was absent from the party. B) All her friends took partners to the party.

C) Not all her friends came to the party. D) All her friends were present at the party.

12. A) A mystery story. B) An unsolved case of robbery.

C) Hiring a shop assistant. D) Searching for a reliable witness.

13. A) At a restaurant. B) At a grocery. C) At a department store. D) At a hardware store.

14. A) He won't be in this office at all this week. B) He'll be here on Tuesday only.

C) He'll be at this office on Tuesday and Thursday. D) He'll be here on Monday, Wednesday and Friday.

15. A) He likes reading literary books. B) All the classes have a lot of reading.

C) He just has to read for his literature class. D) Only the literature class requires a lot of reading.

16. A) There is no way for James to win a scholarship. B) If James is lucky, he might get a scholarship.

C) James has to wait for a good chance to get a scholarship. D) James doesn't want to go to Oxford.

17. A) He always does what the announcer says. B) He thinks that the announcer is very good at his work.

C) He is angry at the announcer's words. D) He doesn't believe what the announcer says.

18. A) He has had the same spaghetti before. B) He bets there is better spaghetti available.

C) He doesn't understand why the woman likes the spaghetti.

D) He has never eaten such delicious spaghetti before.

19. A) In a tube in New York. B) On a train to New York. C) In a car in Florida.D) On a train to Florida.

20. A) Neighbours. B) Acquaintances. C) Colleagues. D) Fellow passengers.

21. A) He is afraid of being alone in New York.

B) He retired because he wanted to see his grandchildren.

C) He doesn't want to live alone in Florida. D) He wants to make friends after retirement.

22. A) The woman has a family of three grandchildren in New York,

B) The woman enjoys going to the theatre with her friends.

C) The man has several close friends in Florida.

D) The man will live in New York for a short period of time.

23. A) Being criticized by his teammates. B) Having not enough sleep.

C) Being unable to surf on the Internet. D) Being away from home.

24. A) His rivals and teammates. B) His coach and teammates.

C) His family and his teammates. D) His country men and his family.

25. A) Intelligent but lazy. B) Humourous and sensible.

C) Kind-hearted but indecisive. D) Humourous and considerate.

26. A) The Dutch. B) The Portuguese. C) The Spanish. D) The English.

27. A) The history and geography of Australia and the United States have something in common.

B) English first settled in the eastern coast of Australia and the United States.

C) Australia gained its independence from English by revolution.

D) Economy in Australia was rooted in sheep raising and wheat growing.

28. A) Because they were searching for better land. B) Because the population was increasing.

C) Because western parts were more prosperous than eastern parts in these two countries.

D) Because eastern parts in these two countries had been occupied by the Spanish.

29. A) Maths. B) Physics. C) Art. D) Chemistry.

30. A) He was a student of art. B) He was a newsman. C) He was farmer. D) He was a writer.

31. A) In 1916. B) In 1961. C) In 1915. D) In 1985.

32. A) A warm colour is a colour that is often used in restaurants.

B) A warm colour is a colour that gives off heat.

C) A warm colour is a colour near the red end of the light spectrum.

D) A warm colour is a colour that makes people feel upset.

33. A) Blue. B) Red. C) Green. D) Orange.

34. A) On February 14. B) On October 31. C) On November 14. D) On March 17.

35. A) He is annoyed. B) He is sad. C) He is happy. D) He is excited.

All that we really need to plot out the future of our universe are a few good (36) ______. This I does not mean that we can sit down today and (37) ______ the future course of the universe with I anything like (38) ______ . There are still too many things we do not know about the way the universe is put together. But we do know exactly what information we need to fill in our knowledge, I and we have a (39) ______ good idea of how to go about getting it.

Perhaps the best way to think of our present situation is to (40) ______ a train coming into a switchyard (调车场) . All of the (41) ______ are set before the train arrives, so that its path is completely determined. Some switches we can see, others we cannot. There is no (42) ______ if we can see the setting of a switch: We can say with (43)_________that some possible futures will I not materialize and others will. At the unseen switches, however, there is no such certainty. (44) ________________________. The unseen switches are the true decision points in the future. (45) __________________________________________.

When we think about the future of the universe, we can see our "track" many billions of years into the future, but after that there are decision points to be dealt with and possible fates to consider.(46) ____________________________________________________.

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