1．Directions: For each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the best one to complete each sentence.
1. I suggest we put the scheme into effect, for it is quite _____.
A) eligible B) probable
C) practicable D) sustainable
2. That part of the city has long been _____ for its street violence.
A) responsible B) illegal
C) historical D) notorious
3. Under the guidance of their teacher, the pupils are building a model boat _____ by steam.
A) hauled B) towed
C) tossed D) propelled
4. Rumors are everywhere, spreading fear, damaging reputations, and turning calm situations into _____ ones.
A) vulnerable B) turbulent
C) suspicious D) tragic
5. The police were alerted that the escaped criminal might be in the _____.
A) vain B) proximity
C) jail D) court
6. There is supposed to be a safety _____ which makes it impossible for trains to collide.
A) mechanism B) machine
C) mechanics D) machinery
7. Some researchers feel that certain people have nervous systems particularly _____ to hot, dry winds. They are what we call weather-sensitive people.
A) subjective B) liable
C) subordinate D) vulnerable
8. In spite of the _____ economic forecasts, manufacturing output has risen slightly.
A) bleak B) miserable
C) obscure D) shadowy
9. The winners of the football championship ran off the field carrying the silver cup _____.
A) tentatively B) tremendously
C) turbulently D) triumphantly
10. He said that they had _____ been obliged to give up the scheme for lack of support.
A) regrettably B) forcibly
C) graciously D) gravely
11. All the people in the stadium cheered up when they saw hundreds of colorful balloons _____ slowly into the sky.
A) elevating B) lingering
C) ascending D) escalating
12. Professor Hawking is ______ as one of the world’s greatest living physicists.
A) clarified B) acknowledged
C) dignified D) illustrated
13. Military orders are _____ and cannot be disobeyed
A) alternative B) defective
C) imperative D) conservative
14. The ball _____ two or three times before rolling down the slope.
A) bounce B) hopped
C) swayed D) darted
15. _____that the demand for power continues to rise at the current rate, it will not be long before traditional sources become inadequate.
A) Concerning B) Assuming
C) Regarding D) Ascertaining
16. Inquiries _____ the condition of patients may be made personally or by telephone.
A) relating B) regarding
C) following D) considering
17. Y ou can’t let your eyes _____ the lines of a book and come up with an understanding of what you have read.
A) run into B) come across
C) glide across D) encounter
18. Presently I sensed an _____ air of menace in his appeal.
A) unanimous B) explicit
B) definite D) underlying
19. Please analyze it ______ the principles discussed
A) in the event of B) in spite of
C) in preparation for D) in the light of
20. _____ several hypothesis have been made for the changing of the climate in the area, no conclusive evidence supports any of them.
A) Although B) Much as
C) In spite of the fact that D) Despite
21. The author was _____ by the audience’s lack of interest.
A) distracted B) encouraged
C) dismayed D) impressed
22. Proper lightening is necessary for good eyesight, _____ human night vision can be temporarily damaged by extreme flashes of light.
A) whereas B) moreover
B) however C) somehow
23. The English language contains a(n) _____ of words which are comparatively seldom used in ordinary conversation.
A) latitude B) multitude
C) altitude D) attitude
24. The excuse was too _____ for the teacher to believe.
A) subtle B) detailed
C) feeble D) slender
25. _____ her death in 1866, the poet Emily Dickinson had become a legend in her hometown of Amherst, Massachusetts.
A) It was before long B) Long before
C) When long before D) Before long
26. I could see that my wife was _____ having that fur coat, whether I approved of it or not.
A) adequate for B) short of
C) deficient in D) intent on
2. Cloze (with choices provided) 完形填空
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Y ou should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. (注意：只能整题选择。)
A blast of Siberian air looks set to keep its icy grip on the continent for another week. At least 139 people 1 across Eastern Europe and Germany since the 2 cold snap began, 3 what had been an unusually mild European winter. Hungarian villagers were 4 coal with their bare hands on Thursday. Temperatures in the mountains near Farkaslyuk, 5 "wolf's den", have fallen to minus 22 Celsius (minus 8 Fahrenheit). In the Hungarian village of Farkaslyuk, people 6 a
30-metre spoil heap from a disused mine 7 enough coal to heat their homes and cook for a few days.
The cold snap for central Europe won’t 8 through the week and 9 as an area of high pressure 10 Russia, pushing cold dry air southwards. In Ukraine, the country 11 to have been worst hit by the cold snap, schools shut and supermarkets in the capital, Kiev, began to report food shortages as delivery trucks struggled in temperatures 12 minus 25Celsius (minus 13F). Twenty died there 13 24 hours, taking the 14 toll to 63, many of them homeless.
15 the whole situation in the area, the Red Cross decided 16 and said it was releasing funds to build 17 for street-dwellers in Belarus and Ukraine, 18 a similar move by governments across the region. "Homeless people have been caught 19 and unprepared. They don't follow long-range forecasts and are extremely 20 ," said Zlatko Kovac of the Red Cross.
1. A. have perished B. perished C. perish D. are perished
2. A. harm B. danger C. vicious D. mild
3. A. to interrupt B. interrupting
4. A. looked for B. scrambling for C. finding D. looking at
5. A. meaning B. means C. mean D. to mean
6. A. climb B. rose C. descended D. ascended
7. A. to scrape along B. to scrape by C. to scrape together D. scrape up
8. A. recede B. increase C. move D. weak
9. A. off B. across C. away D. beyond
10. A. camps by B. camps C. camps out D. camps over
11. A. deemed B. deeming C. to deem D. deem
12. A. as high as B. as small as C. as low as D. as little as
13. A. for B. in the space of C. in D. at
14. A. partial B. overall C. including D. partly
15. A. Appraised B. To appraise C. Having appraised D. Appraising
16. A. to help with B. to interrupt C. to assist in D. to intervene
17. A. shelters B. house C. camp D. rooms
18. A. echoed B. echoing C. responded D. reacting
19. A. insensible B. aware C. unaware D. conscious
20. A. vulnerable B. crisp C. crucial D. strong
3. Directions: Read the following passages carefully. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished sentences. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the best answer to each question.
A certain amount of controversy has been caused by the publication of a new report by a team of educationalists headed by Pro. B. J. Smith. The report claims to have statistical evidence that children who attend a number of different schools through their parents having to move around the country are more than normally vulnerable to a vicious cycle of low academic achievement. There are also indications, says Professor Smith, of an unusually high rate of psychological dismay among such children.
The professor, who has long suspected that the effect on children whose parents travel to different parts of the country in search of work has not been sufficiently researched, stresses that this is not merely an expression of prejudice. “We are not dealing here with opinions,” he says, “It’s true, my personal feeling is that for children’s well-being, they should stay in one school. However, our
findings are based on research and not on any personal attitudes that I or my colleagues may have on the subject.”
Capt. Thomas Muller, an Army lecturer for the past 20 years and himself a father of two, said, “I’ve never heard such rubbish. As far as I’m concerned, absolutely no harm is done to the education of children who change schools regularly—as long as they keep to the same system as in our Army school. In my experience—and I’ve known quite a few of them—Army children are as well-adjusted as any o thers, if not more so. What the Professor doesn’t appear to appreciate is the fact that in such situations children will adapt much better than adults.”
When this was put to Professor Muller, he said that at no time had his team suggested that all such children were backward or dismayed in some way, but simply that in their experience there was a clear tendency.
“Our findings indicate that while the extremely bright child can cope with regular emotional turbulence without harming his or her general academic progress, the majority of children suffer from constantly having to enter a new learning environment.”
1) According to the first paragraph, which of the following is true?
A It may not be good for children to change schools too often.
B The report by Professor Muller ignites burning debate all over the country.
C Children who enter different schools are always prone to low academic achievement.
D Children who enter different schools are disturbed psychologically all the time.
2) According to the passage, the opinion by the team of educationalists_____.
A has proved the research.
B is prejudiced.
C is in a way confirmed by the research.
D is based on the professor’s ow n attitude.
3) What do you know about Captain Muller’s children?
A They are very bright.
B They are slow in adapting to a new learning environment.
C They are not good at study.
D They have benefited from an Army school education.
4) According to Captain Muller, children_____.
A are more adaptable
B are well-behaved
C are better educated in a new learning environment
D are often dismayed in a new school
5) What is the main idea of the passage?
A Children benefit a lot from a new learning environment.
B Constantly having to enter a new learning environment does harm to children’s academic achievements.
C There is no definite answer to whether changing learning environment does good to children’s academic achievements.
D Parents should take into consideration their children’s individual character when deciding whether to change their learning environment.
Starvation is the most dreadful and the most dreaded of all the anxieties that haunt (萦绕，缠绕) the minds and the imaginations of mankind. Mankind’s every effort has been directed to combat it and will continue so until the end of time. Its prevention has been the greatest motivation that ever kept men braced up in the struggle. It is the real enemy. Y et like every other enemy its presence brings forth the best that is in us and impels us to do greater things in the struggle. In the continuous fight against hunger and cold man has progressed wonderfully and did more than was absolutely necessary to merely ward off starvation. His future progress can only be made through keeping up the fight.
The fight is the same now as it was when our early ancestor struggled with some living things and with its flesh satisfying his inward cravings and with its skin keeping out the cold so that he might live, and for the time being keep the anxiety at bay. The forces we have to fight now are different, but the struggle is the same. As he succeeded in conquering his prey to make his existence secure, so must we conquer the forces that are opposed to us or we will perish. Unlike our early ancestor, whose task is simple in the struggle for existence, we have to fight not only the natural conditions, but artificial ones which society has created.
In the struggle we have conquered as far as getting enough to eat and enough to wear is concerned, for we have produced both in abundance and far in excess of what our necessities require. Foodstuffs are gathered and harvested every year in quantities so great that their consumption would be impossible. V arious clothing material is manufactured in such quantities that nakedness should have become impossible. We have achieved so much in providing food and clothing that it is strange that some are still hovering on the brink of starvation. Productivity is continuously increasing and the quality of production is continually improving. Y et with all this we are haunted by starvation. Its dread presence is ever felt.
6) In the sentence “…that ever kept men braced up in the struggle”, (Line 3 to 4, Paragraph 1) the underlined phrase means _____.
A made more secure
B cheered up
7) From the first paragraph, we learn that _____.
A mankind has been on the brink of starvation all the time
B mankind has progressed a lot in the struggle against starvation
C mankind won’t win the battle against sta rvation
D mankind keeps up the fight against starvation only to produce more food to meet their needs
8) We are more difficult in the struggle against starvation, because _____.
A the forces we have to fight include both the natural conditions and the artificial ones created by society
B we fight the same enemy
C the natural conditions are worsening all the time
D we are fighting alone
9) According to the passage, which of the following is true?
A We still haven’t produce enough food and clothing materials to meet our needs
B Even though we have produced sufficient food and clothing materials, the presence of starvation is still felt.
C Only by improving our productivity can we solve the problem of starvation
10) According to the passage, we are still haunted by starvation probably because _____.
A quality of what we produce is inferior
B population growth is too fast
C the quantities of food do not satisfy people’s ne eds
D there may be some other problems with mankind.