人教版七年级下册英语总复习资料

英语七年级下册(人教版)

总复习资料

一、一般疑问句是以be 动、助动词、情态动词

开头,用yes 或no来回答的句子。

陈述句改为一般疑问句规则如下:

Ⅰ. 当句子中含有be 动词(is, am, are)时,把be 动词提到句首,主语是第一人称时要改为第二人称。如:

I am a boy. →Are you a boy?

我是一个男孩。你是一个男孩吗?

you are a teacher. →Are you a teacher?

你是一个老师。你是一个老师吗?

He is doing homework. →Is he doing homework?

他正在做家庭作业。他正在做家庭作业吗?Ⅱ. 当句子中含有情态动词(如can)时,把情态动词提到句首,主语是第一人称时要改为第二人称。You can speak English. →Can you speak English?

你会讲英语。你会讲英语吗?

I can dance. →Can you dance?

我会跑舞。你会跳舞吗?

Ⅲ. 当句子中谓语动词是实义动词时,应在句子前加助动词do或does,如果是过去时态,则应当加did 。疑问句中谓语动词一律用动词原形。

You speak Chinese. →Do you speak Chinese?

你讲中文。你讲中文吗?

He likes English. →Does he like English?

他喜欢英语。他喜欢英语吗?

He went to the movies. →Did he go to the movies? 他去看了电影。他去看了电影吗?二、特殊疑问句(特殊疑问词+一般疑问句语序)用特殊疑问代词Who、Whose、What、Which或疑问副词When、Where、Why、How引导的疑问句。

1. What is your name? 你叫什么名字?

2. Who is he? 他是谁?

3. Whose pen is red? 谁的钢笔是红色的?

4. Which is your pen? 哪支钢笔是你的?

5. Where are you from? 你来自哪里?

6. When is your birthday? 你什么时候生日?

7. Why do you like koalas? 你为什么喜欢树袋熊?

8. How is the weather? 天气怎么样?

三、选择疑问句(一般疑问词+or+可选择部分)其回答是完整句子或其省略式。

1. Do you like apples or pears? 你喜欢苹果还是梨子?

I like apples. / Apples.我喜欢苹果。/ 苹果。

2. Is it red or green? 它是红色的还是绿色的?

It is red . / Red. 它是红色的。/ 红色。

Unit 1

一、be from 来自于=come from

I am from China. = I come from China.

我来自中国。

He is from China. = He comes from China.

他来自中国。

My pen pal is from China. = My pen pal comes from China. 我的笔友来自中国。

1. 把上面三组句子改为否定句

①含有be 动词的,直接在be 动词后加not

②含有实义动词的,要借助动词do 的否定形式构成否定句,即在实义动词前加don't。如果是第三人

称单数则加doesn't,如果是过去式加didn't,动词要还原。

以上三组句子的否定句为:

I am not from China. = I don't come from China.

He isn't from China. = He doesn't come from China. My pen pal isn't from China. = My pen pal doesn't come from China.我的笔友不是来自中国。

2. 以上三组句子的一般疑问句及其回答为:

①把be动词提到句首,是第一人称的要改为第二人称。

Are you from China? Yes, I am. / No, I am not.

Is he from China? Yes, he is. / No, he isn't.

Is you pen pal from China? Yes, he (she) is ./ No, he (she) is.

②含实义动词的,借助动词do完成,第三人称单数用does.

Do you come from China? Yes, I do. / No, I don't. Does he come from China? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn't.

Does your pen pal come from China? Yes, he (she) does. / No, he (she) doesn't.

3. 就以上三组陈述句画线部分(China)提问

即写出三组特殊疑问句(特殊疑问词+一般疑问句语序)China 为地名,所以特殊疑问词用“Where”Where are you from? = Whre do you come from? Where is he from? = Where does he come from? Where is your pen pal from? = Where does your pen pal from? 你的笔友来自哪里?

二、live 居住实义动词,表示居住在某地,其后面要加介词in.如:I live in China. 我住在中国。

He lives in China. 他住在中国。

My pen pal lives in China. 我的笔友住在中国。

1. 以上三个句子的否定句为(实义动词要借助助动词do完成否定句和疑问句):

I don't live in China .

He doesn't live in China .

My pen pal doesn't lives in China .

2. 上面三个句子的一般疑问句及其答语为:

Do you live in China? Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

Does he live in China? Yes, he does./No, he doesn't. Does your pen pal live in China? Yes, he (she) does. / No, he (she) doesn't.

3. 就画线部分(in China)提问,及其特殊疑问句(特殊疑问词+一般疑问句语序)。因in China为地方,所以用“Where”提问

Where do you live?

Where does he live?

Where does you pen pal live?

三、speak 讲,说实义动词,其后一般接某种语言

I speak Chinese. 我讲中文。

He speaks Chinese. 他讲中文。

My pen pal speaks Chinese. 我的笔友讲中文。

1. 其否定句为:

I don't speak Chinese.

He doesn't speak Chinese.

My pen pal doesn't speak Chinese.

2. 其一般疑问句及其答语为:

Do you speak Chinese? Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

Does he speak Chinese? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn't. Does your pen pal speak Chinese? Yes, he (she) does. / No, he (she) doesn't.

3. 就画结部分(Chinese)提问因Chinese为语言,所以用“What language(什么语言)”来提问What language do you speak?

What language does he speak?

What language does your pen pal speak?

Unit 2

一、“There be”句型

“There is / are+某物/某人+某地/某时”表示“某地/某时有某物/某人。”(某物/某人,单数用is,复数用are)。如:

There is a hotel on the street. 在街上有一个旅馆。

其否定句为:There isn't a hotel on the street.

其一般疑问句为:Is there a hotel on the street?

其答语为:Yes , there is. / No, there isn't.

其一般疑问句可用于问路

二、表示方位的句子

1. The hotel is on Center Street. (on,在……上面)旅馆在中心大街上。

2. The hotel is next to the post office. (next to,在……旁边)旅馆在邮局的旁边。

3. The hotel is in front of the post office.(in front of,在……前面)旅馆在邮局的前面。

4. The hotel is behind the post office.(behind,在……后面)旅馆在邮局的后面。

5. The hotel is across from the post office.(across from,在……对面)旅馆在邮局的对面。

6. The hotel is between the post office and the library. (between ... and ... 在……与……之间)

旅馆在邮局和图书馆之间。

就以上句子的画线部分提问:

Where is the hotel? 旅馆在哪里?(问路的另一句型)

三、指路用语

go straight 直走go down / along 沿着……走turn left / right 向左/右转go through 穿过

the way to ... 去……的路pass 经过

take a taxi 乘出租车arrive at / in 到达……

Unit 3

一、提出建议的句型之一

Let's do sth. (Let's = Let us,do表示动词原形)让我们做某事。

Let's see the pandas first. 让我们先看熊猫吧。

二、表喜好的句型(like,实义动词,喜欢)

①like sth.(若为可数名词,要用复数形式)

喜欢某物

I like lions. 我喜欢狮子。

②like to do sth. 喜欢做某事(表一次性,具体性或特定的动词)

He likes to watch TV at night. 他喜欢在晚上看电视。

③like doing sth. 喜欢做某物(表经常性的,习惯性的动作)

She likes playing basketball. 她喜欢打棒球。

1. 以上句子的否定句为:在like前加don't或doesn't .

I don't like lions.

He doesn't like to watch TV at night.

She doesn't like playing basketball.

2. 以上句子的一般疑问句为:在句子前加do或does. (likes要还原成like)

Do you like lions? Yes, I do. / No, I doesn't.

Does he like to watch TV at night? Yes, he does.

/No. he doesn't.

Does she like playing basketball? Yes, she does.

/ No, she doesn't.

3. 对画线部分提问I like lions.

因画线部分为动物,所以用“What animal(什么动物)”来提问

What animals do you like?

三、询问原因和答语

(——Why+一般疑问句,——Because+陈述句)Why do you like koalas? Because they are cute.

你为什么喜欢树袋熊?因为它们可爱。

四、短语

kind of 有几分play with 与……一起玩

get up 起床at night 在晚上

during the day 在白天

every day 每天look at 注视,看be quiet 安静

want to do sth. 想要做某事

Unit 4

一、want,想要实义动词,有如下三种句型

①want sth. 想要某物

I want an apple. 我想要一个苹果。

②want to do sth. 想要做某事

He wants to help you. 他想要帮助你。

She wants to be a teacher. 她想成为一个老师。③want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事

We want a P.E. teacher to teach soccer.

我样想要一个体育老师教足球。

1. 以上四个句子的否定句为:在want 前加don't 或doesn't .

2. 以上四个句子的一般疑问句:在句子前加do或does(wants要还原成want)

3. 对画线部分提问She wants to be a teacher.

用疑问代词What来提问

What does she want to be?

此句型可用来询问某人想从事什么职业。

二、询问职业的句型

①What does / do+主+do?

主+be+(a / an)+职业名词

What do you do? I am a student.

你是做什么的?我是一名学生。

What does he do? He is a teacher.

②What+be+sb?主+be+(a / an)+职业名词What are you? I am a student.

你是做什么的?我是一名学生。

What is he? He is a teacher.

③What+be+sb's job / jobs?

主+be+(a / an)+职业名词

What is your job? I am a student.

你是做什么的?我是一名学生。

What is his job? He is a teacher.

④What do / does+主+want to be?

主+want / wants to be+a / an+职业名词

What does your brother want to be? 你哥哥想要当什么?

He wants to be a doctor. 他想当一名医生。

⑤Where do / does+主+work?

主+work / works+介词短语

Where does she work? 她在哪里工作?

She works at a bank. 她在银行工作。

三、短语

go out 出去,外出in the day 在白天

ask sb. sth. 询问某人某事talk to / with sb. 与某人交谈talk about sth. /sb. 谈论某物/某人

give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb. 给某人某物

get sth from sb. 从某人那里得到某物

work with ... 和……一起工作

Unit 5

一、现在进行时

主要表示现在或现阶段正在进行的动作

1. 构成:be动词(is, am, are)+现在分词(Ving)

I am watching TV. 我正在看电视。

He is doing his homework. 他正在做家庭作业。

2. 其否定句为:在be 动词后加net

I am not watching TV. 我没在看电视。

He isn't doing his homework. 他没在做家庭作业. 3. 其一般疑问句是把动词提到句首(第一人称要改为第二人称)

Are you watching TV? Yes, I am. / No, I am not.

Is he doing his homework? Yes, he is. / No, he isn't. 4. 问某人正在做某事的句型(特殊疑问句)

What+be+主+doing?

I am watching TV. 对画线部分提问

What are you doing

5. 现在分词(Ving)的构成规则(课本P.100表格)二、重点短语

do one's homework 做家庭作业watch TV 看电视eat dinner 吃晚饭talk on the phone 在电话中交谈go to the movies 去看电影wait for等候……

at shcool 在学校read books / read a book 看书play basketball 打篮球

Unit 6

一、询问天气的句型

What's the weather like? = How's the weather?

天气怎么样?

二、描述天气(用it 指代天气)

It's windy / cloudy / sunny / cool / warm / hot / cold 多风的/多云的/晴朗的/凉爽的/温暖的/炎热的/寒冷的

It's raining. 正在下雨。

It's snowing. 正在下雪。

It's great. / bad. / terrible. 极好的/ 坏的/ 很糟的/ 极坏的

3. 询问某人近况或事情进展如何

How's it going? = How is everything?

现在情况如何?/ 最近怎么样?

Terrible./Not bad./ Just so-so./ Great./ Pretty good.

糟透了/ 不错/ 一般/ 好极了/ 相当好

4. 打电话用语

用this 代替“我(I)”,that 代替“你(you)”This is Mary.我是玛丽。

Is that Lily? 你是莉莉吗?

Who's that? 你是谁?

May I speak to ...? 请……接电话好吗?

Hold on, please. 请等一会儿。

Hold on for a minute. 请稍等。

五、重要短语

on vacation 在度假take photos / take a photo 拍照look cool 看上去很酷thank sb. for doing sth. 感谢某人做了某事have a good /great time = have fun = enjoy oneself 玩得开心,过得愉快

lie on the beach 躺在海滩上

Unit 7

一、look like 看起来像

询问别人的外表和长相的句型

What does / do+主+look like?

What do you look like? 你长得怎么样?

What do they look like? 他们长得怎么样?

What does she look like? 她长得怎么样?

What does your sister look like? 你的姐姐长得怎么样?

二、描述外表、长相的句型

1. 描述身高

She is tall. / short./ of medium height.

她个子高//个子矮/ 中等身高

2. 描述身材

He is thin. / heavy. / of medium build.

他瘦/ 胖/ 中等身材

3. 描述头发

She has short hair. / long hair./ straight hair. / curly hair.她长着短发/ 长发/ 直发/ 卷发

主+have / has+…表示某人长着……

He has a big nose. 他长着一个大鼻子。

4. 描述颜色的词:blonde(金黄色的), brown(棕色的), black(黑色的), gray(灰色的)

5. 其它描述外貌的句子

She is good-looking. 她长得好看。

He wears glasses. 他戴着眼镜。

He has a new look. 他有一个新形象了。

三、重点短语:stop doing sth 停止做某事

stop to do sth. 停下来去做另一件事

play chess 下象棋tell jokes / a joke 讲笑话

tell a story / stories 讲故事

a little bit 一点儿,少许(相当于a bit和a little)+adj/adv

the captain of ... 队长,首领

pop singer 流行歌手

remember todo sth. 记得要做某事

remember doing sth. 记得做了某事

Unit 8

一、would like 想要,相当于want,但比want 语气要委婉。

would like sth. / to do sth. /sb. to do sth.

I would = I'd . He would = He'd ...

如:I would like some noodles. 我想要一些面条. would 是一个情态动词,含有情态动词的陈述句改为一般疑问句是把情态动词提到句首,所以上句改为一般疑问句为:

Would you like some noodles? 你想要一些面条吗?

对上句画线部分提问为:

What would you like?

二、餐厅服务员询问顾客想要什么。

Can I help you? = What can I do for you?

你想要买什么?/ 你想要吃什么?

What would you like? 你想要什么?

What else would you like? 你还要其它的什么吗?Would you like anything else?

(可简略为Anything else?)你是否还想要其它的什么?

What would you like to eat / drink?

你想要吃些什么?/ 喝些什么?

三、询问种类:kind n. 种类

What kind of ... ? 什么种类的……?

—What kind of noodles would you like?

你想要什么种类的面条?

—I'd like beaf and tomato noodles.

我想要西红柿牛肉面。

四、询问大小、尺寸

What size ... ? 多大?

What size is this shirt? 这件衬衫多大号?

What size bowl of noodles would you like?

你想要多大碗的面条?

I'd like a large / medium / small bowl of noodles.

我想要一大/ 中/ 小碗面。

五、重点短语

green tea 绿茶ice cream 冰淇琳

orange juice 橘汁phone number 电话号码Uint 9

一、一般过去时态

主要表示过去的习惯动作或过去某时发生的动作或状态。一般过去时由动词的过去式表示。

1. be 动词的过去式为:

is, am →was are →were

I / He was a student two years ago. 我/ 两年前是个学生。

一般疑问句:将be动词提到句首

Was he a student two years ago? Yes, he was.

/ No, he wasn't.

否定句:在be动词后加not

I / He wasn't a student two years ago.

特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+was / were+主+其他?How was your weekend? 你周末过得怎么样?

2. 实义动词的过去式构成规则(课本P.102表格)

I / He played soccer yesterday.

我/ 他昨天踢了足球。

其否定句为:在动词前加didn't,动词用原形

I / He didn't play soccer yesterday.

一般疑问句为:在句子前加Did,动词还原,第一人称要改为第二人称

Did you / he play soccer yesterday? Yes, I / he did.

/ No, I / he didn't.

特殊疑问句为:特殊疑问词+did+主+V原+其他?

What did you do last weekend?

你上周末做了什么?

二、询问某人过去做过什么事情及答语

—What did you do+表过去的时间?

—I cleaned my room / went to the movies / did my homework. 我打扫了我的房间/ 去看了电影/ 做了家庭作业。

三、询问某人过去过得怎么样。

How+be+…? = What+be+…+like?

……怎么样?

How was your weekend? = What was your weekend

like? 你周末过得怎么样?

It was great / OK / very good/ not bad/ very bad / not very good. 很好/ 还可以/ 非常好/ 不错/ 很糟糕/ 不太好

四、用来征求意见或询问消息的句型之一

What about ... ? = How about ... ?

……怎么样?……好不好?

What / How about you? 你怎么样?

What / How about going to the party? 去公园怎么样?

其中about是介词,其可可加名词/ 代词/ 动名词(Ving)

五、重点短语

have a party 举行晚会play the guitar 弹吉他

stay at home 待在家里play tennis 打网球

go shopping 去购物do some reading 阅读

clean one's room 打扫房间go for a walk 去散步go to the movies 去看电影

practice English 练习英语middle school 中学

talk show 谈话节目,脱口秀

go to the beach 去海滩study for the test 准备测试do one's homewrok 做作业

Unit 10

一、询问别人怎么度过假期,on vacation在度假Where did you go on vacation? 你去哪里度假了?How was your vacation? 你假期过得怎么样?How was the weather there? 那儿天气怎么样?Hw were the people there? 那儿的人们怎么样?How were the beaches? 这个海滩怎么样?Did you go to the Centern Park? 你去了中心公园吗?

二、重点短语

go on vacation 去度假visit sb. 拜访/ 看望某人visit sp. 参观/ 游览某地summer camp 夏令营think of 思考,考虑,对……有某种看法

have fun doing sth. 做某事玩得很开心

the Great Wall 万里长城the Palace Museum 故宫Tian'an Men Square 天安门广场

Unit 11

一、think of ①考虑,思考,对……有某种看法(相当于think about)②想出,想着,想起think over 仔细考虑,认真思考

think back 回想

I'm sorry I can't _____A____ your sister's name.

我很抱歉我不能想起你姐姐的名字了。

A. think of B. think about

C. think over D. think back

二、询问某人对某人、某物的看法及回答

1. What do / does+主+think of sth.?

= How do you like sth.

What do you think of the film? =How do yu like the film? 你认为这部电影怎么样?

I didn't like it. / I don't mind it. / I love it. / I can't stand it. 我不喜欢它/ 我不在意它/ 我喜爱它/ 我不能忍受它。

2. How / What about ... ?如:

How/ What about Chinese food? 中式食物怎么样?

3. What kind of ... do you like?如:

What kind of movies do you like? 你喜欢什么类型的电影?

三、Welcome to ... 欢迎来到……

Welcome to my school. 欢迎来到我校。

四、Can / Would / Will you please do sth.? 常用来表示婉转地请求、建议,谓语动词用原形。

Can / Would / Will you please go to the beach?

你愿意去海滩吗?

Can / Would / Will you open the door?

请把门打开好吗?

Would you please _____C_____ the window? It's too cold outside. 请不要打开窗户好吗?外面太冷了。

A. openB. opening

C. not openD. not to open

Will / Would / Can you please do sth. ? 的否定式是在do前加not,即Will / Would / Can you please not do sth.? 意为:请不要做某事好吗?

五、重点短语

sth. is / are for sb. 某物是为某人而准备的

sitcom 情景喜剧soap opera 肥皂剧

key ring 钥匙链sports show 体育节目

game show 游戏节目in fact 事实上

enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

thanks for doing sth. 为做……而感谢

agree with sb. 同意某人的意见或观点

Unit 12

一、表示许可或不允许做某事

1. You can do sth. 你能做某事

You can eat in the dining hall. 你可以在食堂吃东西。

2. You can't do sth. 你不能做某事

You can't eat in the classroom. 你不能在教室里吃东西。

3. Don't do sth. 不要做某事

Don't run in the hallways. 不要在走廊里跑。

4. You have to do sth. 你必须做某事

You have to clean you room. 你必须打扫房间。

5. You don't have to do sth. 你不必做某事

You don't have to stay at home. 你不必待在家里。

二、询问规章制度

1. Can we wear hats? 我们可以戴帽子吗?

2. What are the rules at your school?

在你们学校有些什么规章制度?

3. What else do you have to do?

你还必须做其它的什么事情?

三、重点短语

too many rules 太多规则have to 必须,不得不be late for class上课迟到in class 在上课,上课时be late for sth. = do sth. late做某事迟到

at school 在学校,在上学after school 放学后sports shoes 运动鞋dining hall 饭厅,食堂Childrne's Palace 少年宫be in bed 在睡觉

every day 每天in bed 指人躺在床上

on the bed 指物放在床上

四、祈使句(课本P.106)

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