coast和beach的区别

coast和beach的区别?

coast海岸和海滨地区,所以a town on the coast是海滨城镇.而beach强调是海边平缓或有沙滩的部分.而那些悬崖峭壁的部分依然叫coast,但很少称作beach.所以,美国的海岸警卫队叫Coast Guard而不能叫Beach Guard,因为他们要保卫的不光是平缓有沙的海滩beach,还有怪石林立的cliffs,加上海面.显然,coast的范围要大的多.

同样,海滨城市一般是coast city,而不是beach city. 在beach上是建不起城市的,因为上面太多沙了.我们住在海滨城市coast city,依然可能要去beach度假游玩,只有内地城市inland city的人才会长途跋涉来海滨城市coast city度假.

bank,beach,coast,seaside,shore都含有一定的"(海)岸,边"之意

bank "河岸,堤岸",指河流两旁高出水面的地方

beach "海(湖,河)滩,水滨",指受潮水冲刷而形成的有细沙或卵石覆盖的平缓的斜坡

coast "海岸,海岸线",是地理上的专用名词,指海洋与陆地的分界线,有清晰的边界概念.它不能用来指河岸或湖岸.

seaside "海滨",尤指假日度假胜地

shorel "岸,滨",含义广泛,可指围绕海洋、河流及湖泊旁边的陆地,含有与水相对的意味(in shore"近岸";on shore"在岸上,在陆上";off shore"离岸")

--------Exercises:选择最恰当答案&翻译每句句子!--------

1.Shanghai lies on the east ____ of China.

A.bank

B.beach

C.coast

D.seaside

2.They saw a boat about a mile from the ____.

A.shore

B.seaside

C.bank

D.beach

3.Many English people like to go to the ____ for their holidays and lying on the ____ in the sun.

A.shore

B.coast

C.seaside

D.beach

4.The old man used to sit on the river____ to fish.

A.bank

B.coast

C.seaside

D.beach

5.The children are playing with sand along the ____.

A.shorel

B.beach

C.bank

D.coast

6.The ship stopped a little way off the ____.

A.coast

B.shore

C.bank

D.beach

参考答案及具体分析:

1.Shanghai lies on the east __C__ of China. 上海位于中国东海岸.

A.bank

B.beach

C.coast

D.seaside

2.They saw a boat about a mile from the __A__.他们在离海岸大约一英里处看到一条小船.

A.shore

B.seaside

C.bank

D.beach

3.Many English people like to go to the __C__ for their holidays and lying on the __D__ in the sun.许多英国人喜欢去海滨度假,并躺在海滩上晒太阳.

A.shore

B.coast

C.seaside

D.beach

4.The old man used to sit on the river__A__ to fish.那位老人过去常常坐在河岸上钓鱼.

A.bank

B.coast

C.seaside

D.beach

5.The children are playing with sand along the __B__.孩子们在海滩上玩沙.

A.shorel

B.beach

C.bank

D.coast

6.The ship stopped a little way off the __B__.船停在离岸不远处.

A.coast

B.shore

C.bank

D.beach

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