(第三版)读写教程2课后部分练习

Unit1

Words in use

deficit adjust exposure condense asset

competent precise exceed beneficial adequate

1.The mayor decided to ________ his speech in order to leave enough time for his audience to raise questions.

2.It was reported that there was a vehicle missing every 20 seconds in the US . If the trends continue , experts predict annual vehicle thefts could________ two million.

3.Researchers put patients through a set of psychological tests to determine the negative consequences of sleep________ .

4.Too much________ to dirty air can cause people to suffer from allergies and diseases that will eventually affect people's health.

5.Moving forward even in the face of great difficulties has become my most important________ in my life since it has helped me accomplish something remarkable.

6.The lawyer proclaimed they couldn't jump to conclusions because acceptable conclusions must be supported by________ facts and evidence.

7.To help the employees be more communicative ,the company is offering workshops for those who may be professionally________ but socially awkward.

8.Most parents , in fact , aren't very helpful with the problems that their sons and daughters have in________ to their college life .

9.You can count how many students passed an exam , but psychological and emotional feelings cannot be________ precisely measured.

10.In short , participation in sports is extremely________ for college

students not only physically but also emotionally and socially.

Banked cloze

A abundant F distress K curious

B superficial G presently L obliged

C tedious H efficient M destinations

D absorbed I adjusted N evidently

E functions J beneficial O bulk

The Internet has made English learning much easier.English learners used to be 1)______ to spend their time in libraries looking for the books that would help them in their language studies.It was very inconvenient because a lot of materials could only be found in 2) ______and uninteresting textbooks and readers.But today authentic content on a variety of subjects is only a click away.This is especially 3)______for those who wants to learn English earnestly.

In order to achieve fluency in English , you need to be comfortable using at least 10,000 words. The 4)______ materials on the Internet make it possible for you to choose appropriate content to read and listen to.

These materials can be 5 )______to your level if you input some key words in the search engine . But how can you remember the 6)______of unfamiliar words? In this case,the Internet 7)______makes it easier to learn vocabulary.You can use online dictionaries to instantly find out their grammatical 8)______and the specific meaning of these words . The Internet helps you to 9)______accumulate vocabulary based on lively

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and interesting language content , which greatly reduces your 10 )______caused by inability to remember the new words . The efficiency of this vocabulary learning is one of the reasons why the Internet has become an ideal place to learn English.

Expression in use

be serious about make sense run into

distinguish between thrust upon

be attracted to get lost feel obliged to look upon as be allergic to

1.Since we have invited all the other neighbors to our 25th wedding anniversary party , we

__________________invite the Browns too.

2.Most of he time,no one will care about natural disaster and they won't__________________ avoiding disasters till one has really struck.

3.When you__________________a friend that you haven't seen for a long time and have a good chat with him , you may feel very happy and delighted.

4.It is very important to__________________facts and opinions in order to have a better understanding of what a reading passage is talking about.

5.Though he was very excited about being elected as the president of the student association , many extra responsibilities have been__________________him ever since then.

6.The doctor , having ho knowledge that I__________________this particular drug ,prescribed the medicine .

7.It's understandable that , without any support , a 16-year-old can

easily__________________in a committee of people in their forties.

8.It is hoped that some new high-tech companies

will__________________this small , old town to encourage loans for building houses and factories.

9.It doesn't__________________to by that expensive coat when these

cheaper ones are just as good.

10.A few years later , Franklin got married ,started his own printing

shop , and was__________________a successful young businessman.

Translation

中国书法(calligraphy)是一门独特的艺术,是世界上独一无二的艺术瑰宝。中国书法艺术的形成、发展与汉文字的产生与演进存在着密不可分的关系。

汉字在漫长的演变发展过程中,一方面起着交流思想、继承文化的重要作用,另一方面它本身又形成了一种独特的艺术。书法能够通过作品把书法家个人的生活感受、学识、修养、个性等折射出来,所以,通常有“字如其人”的说法。中国书法不仅是中华民族的文化瑰宝,而且在世界文化艺术宝库中独放异彩。

Chinese calligraphy is a unique art and the unique art

treasure in the world.

The formation and development of the Chinese calligraphy is closely related to the emergence and evolution of Chinese characters.

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In this long evolutionary process, Chinese characters have not only played an important role in exchanging ideas and transmitting culture but also developed into a unique art form.

Calligraphic works well reflect calligraphers’personal feelings, knowledge, self-cultivation, personality, and so forth, thus there is an expression that “seeing the calligrapher’s handwriting is like seeing the person”.

As one of the treasures of Chinese culture, Chinese calligraphy shines splendidly in the world’s treasure house of culture and art.

Unit2

Words in use

boost prospect calculate accelerate promote mystery destruction analysis insight barrier

1.In our class , most discussions and activities take place in assigned

small groups . These

groups provide a supportive and safe environment that________ learning.

2.It is the development strategy of the company to________ its overseas

expansion in order to take a slice of the world market .

3.Nearly six million people go to see the Mom ,Lisa every year ,

attracted by the________ of her smile . When you're not looking at her she seems to be smiling ; when you look at her . she stops.

4.To live with a family whose native language is English is the ideal

way to further improve ones English and to gain________ into its culture.

5.There is a real need to________ academic achievement in schools and

help with the development of a student' s overall character.

6.Einstein said his scientific discoveries grew om his imagination

rather than from________ , reason and language.

7.Being a single parent , there is no way for her to________ the time

and energy she has devoted to her children for the past 10 years.

8. It is essential that you start by listening because one of the

main________ teenagers and their parents face in forming positive relationships is that neither listens to the other .

9. We all know the dangers of an earthquake the________ to buildings ,

the troubles can be caused by falling trees , and the terror occurs when

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the earth actually opens up.

10.Not until recently have we realized that the increasing world population may lead to a potential gloomy________ for humanity:starvation .

Banked cloze

A speculate F affected K recovery

B prospect G appreciation L promote

C insight H education M invest

D boost I spectacular N effected

E contest J mystery O aspiration

Through exploration of the humanities, we learn how to think creatively and critically, to analyze, and to ask questions. Because these skills allow us to gain new 1)______into everything from poetry and paintings to business models and politics, humanistic subjects have been at the heart of a liberal arts 2)______ since the ancient Greeks first used them to educate their citizens.

Research into the human experience helps to 3)______our knowledge about our world Through the work of humanities scholars, we learn about the values of different cultures, about what goes into making a work of art, and about the 4)______ of how history is made. Their efforts depict the great accomplishments of the past, help us understand the world today, and give us tools to imagine the 5)______ of our future.

Today, humanistic knowledge continues to 6)______the ideal foundation for exploring and understanding the human experience. Learning another

language might help to 7)______ you with great insights as well as gain much 8)______ of different cultures Taking a close look at a sculpture might make you think about how an artist's life 9)______ his creative decisions. Reading a book from another region of the world might help you 10)______about the meaning of democracy Listening to history courses might give you a leaner picture of what the future will be like.

Expressions in use

prepare for be bound to stand up for in favor of

speculate about in the company of in the form of

be liable to invest...with in succession

1.Because women often restrict their diet in an effort to control weight ,

they may not consume enough iron-rich food and__________________experience an iron deficiency.

2.Some reform advocates ignore the impact of class size on student

achievement . and they are __________________what they call as a priority : teacher effectiveness.

3.Because of easy access to the Internet , the new breakthrough to create

something truly creative __________________happen anytime now.

4.Indeed if teachers want to__________________how far students might

get in life,a better measurement than grades might be how hard the students try.

5.Nature has__________________these animals__________________a

capacity for not showing fear .

6.During the weeks of discussion , delegations from groups who are

interested in the resolution may call on representatives

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to__________________their point of view .

7.Plato was a superb writer , and his works are part of the world's great literature .Most of his existing work is__________________dialogs and letters

8.Young people should enter into a broad flexible training program , through which they can learn a lot and be__________________their future careers

9.The young man is very happy and proud to be__________________the old professor because he always feels great when talking with him.

10.One day they passed more than 20 villages__________________and some of these are said to have stretched for six miles or more.

Translation

近年来,随着互联网技术的发展,我国的数字化教育资源建设取得了巨大的成就。很多高校建立了自己的数字化学习平台,数字化教学在教育中发挥着越来越大的作用。和传统教学方式相比,数字化教学方式有很大的优势。一方面,数字化教学使教学资源得以全球共享;另一方面,它拓展了学习者的学习时间和空间,人们可以随时随地通过互联网进入数字化的虚拟学校学习。这使得人类从接受一次性教育走向终身学习成为可能。

In recent years, with the development of Internet technology, the construction of digital education resources

of our country has made great achievements.

Many universities have set up their own digital learning platforms, and digital teaching is playing an increasingly important role in education.

Compared with the traditional way of teaching, the digital way has a lot of advantages.

On one hand, digital teaching makes global sharing of

teaching resources possible; on the other hand, it expands the learner’s study time and space to learn, allowing

people to get access to the digital virtual schools

through the Internet anytime and anywhere.

These advantages make it possible for people to shift from one-time learning to lifelong learning.

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Unit3

Words in use

phase label parallel sensible peculiar equivalent radical resent predict witness

1.Ernest Hemingway' s keen insight into his society ,ardent love for people and perceptive abilities helped him to form his own________ characteristic of writing.

2.The project is on the point of collapse , and unless something very________ is done to repair the damage there will be no hope for the project.

3.It's not unusual for teenagers to go through a(n)________ when they feel ashamed of their parents , afraid that they might not live up to their friends' standards.

4.It is________ for every family to make earthquake emergency plans and know how to leave the area during the chaos following an earthquake.

5.Economists are interested in all the factors that can help to________ the extent to which a price change will affect supply and demand in the market.

6.Starting Monday , all foods________ ‘organic’ must be up to the strict national standards that the government decided to put into effect now.

7.There is more to a woman than her looks ,grows old and loses her looks people stop so I________ the fact that after a woman paying attention to her .

8.Apart from technological development,the 20th century ________ an

enormous worldwide political , economic And cultural transformation.

9.Unlike the practice in China , if you're at a hotel restaurant in the

United States , expect a 15-20 percent service charge or add the________ amount yourself.

10.The change in smoking habits________ a change in the incidence of

lung cancer.The more people smoke,the more chances of occurrence for lung cancer.

Banked cloze

A anxiety F indicated K transition

B introduce G resent L equivalent

C acquaint H reinforce M regretting

D acquisition I expressed N acceptable

E saddled J sensible O shifting

There is a special life stage that our generation goes through.It is the 1)____ period , during which we move from teenage to adolescence.We learn who we are and what we stand for and what inspires us.Also,in this period we are 2)____ with a lot of pressure from our parents who want us to make something out of ourselves.

My parents have already expressed feelings of 3)____ over my future with academics and life . When I expressed to them recently that I would not mind graduating in five years instead of four in order to study abroad to 4)____ myself with the world , they seemed so shocked That idea sounded foreign and to them was 5)____ to lack of ambition.

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Apart from that , my mother has 6)____ me that she is worried that I am not searching for a boyfriend.I 7)____ this stupid idea of marrying out of college since it does not suit me one bit.Women today can get what they want out of life without a man , even children , as it becomes more 8)____ for women to adopt children.

I personally want to stay in school as long as I can to 9)____ my academic work , possibly complete a law degree and start a career , and then after , and only after , begin to think about10)____ to marriage . If my math is correct ,that means I will be more or less “ready”for marriage at the age of 29 or 30,the age when my mother had me.

Expression in use

resort to prior to make allowances for

back off wonder at give way to

saddle with base upon / on

1.As the result of her divorce , she was obviously__________________the double burden of playing the role of both mother and father.

2.Do not be intimidated by people who think they are smarter than you , and don't__________________when facing competition;inner confidence is important.

3.As our sweet childhood__________________adolescence’s temptation of love , we begin to learn,as adults , that pleasures do not last forever .

4.In the economic recession , employer__________________the reduction

of costs , most particularly in wages , in order to survive in the competitive world markets.

5.People from abroad can take part in the intensified language program

because schools have to __________________students whose English is not their first language

6.Talking about negotiation an agreement is made , the Chinese

sometimes__________________the slow pace in which Westerners implement the decision.

7.Earthquakes occur without warning : however , it is claimed that some

animals can feel earthquakes__________________occurrences because of their highly sensitive

8.An allowance can be__________________your child , 's age , your own

financial resources , the expenses it will cover and the goals you and your child wish to accomplish

Translation

孝道(filial piety)是中国古代社会的基本道德规范(code of ethics)。

中国人把孝视为人格之本家庭和睦之本、国家安康之本。由于孝道是儒家伦理思想的核心,它成了中国社会千百年来维系家庭关系的道德准则。它毫无疑问是中华民族的种传统美德。孝道文化是一个复合概念,内容丰富,涉及面广。它既有文化理念,又有制度礼仪(institutional etiquette)一般来说,它指社会要求子女对父母应尽的义务,包括尊敬、关爱、赡养老人等等。孝道是古老的“东方文明”之根本。

Filial piety is the basic code of ethics in the ancient

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Chinese society.

Chinese people consider filial piety as the essence of a person’s integrity,family harmony,and the nation’s well-being.

With filial piety being the core of Confucian ethics, it has been the moral standard for the Chinese society to maintain the family relationship for thousands of years.

It’s undoubtedly a traditional Chinese virtue.

The culture of filial piety is a complex concept, rich in content and wide in range.

It concludes not only cultural ideas but also institutional etiquettes.

Generally speaking, it refers to the obligation of children to their parents required by the society, including respect, care, support for the elderly and so forth. Filial piety is fundamental to the ancient “Oriental civilization”.

Unit4

Words in use

commence deserve tempting coordinate lodge

confess grant proceed display consequently

1.When the police caught up with him,Mr.Foster had

to________ that he'd broken the speed limit.

2.Whenever my boss makes a decision that I don't agree with , I tell

him what I really think , though it's________ to make him happy by telling him his ideas are always right.

3.As can be probably perceived , a manned trip to Mars may soon________

since scientists have achieved the manned moon mission.

4.A number of countries are________ their efforts to send out food to

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the area worst affected by the flood.

5.State governments and the colleges themselves have________ financial help to students with special abilities and those with financial needs.

6.The committee agreed that his papers________ a wider circulation because of their essential and fundamental interest to a larger audience.

7.The anger and frustration________ by the local people who do not understand what is happening to them will be a terrible and dangerous force.

8.Americans defend the right to obtain a gun ,and they have________ been willing to turn a blind eye to the harm that people owning guns have caused.

9.As the finance ministry rejected the deal for its “lack of clarity”, it________ a complaint with the European Commission that this deal was against the law.

10.Dogs cannot distinguish the color of traffic lights , so the master must make the decision of when it is safe to________ across the road.

Banked cloze

A promising F comment K weird

B tempting G charm L display

C local H components M arrange

D process I allowing N commence

E proceed J appealed O magic

Traditional dating is a self-paced , general meeting of two people . The two usually 1)____ with spending extra time together , getting to know one another an d seeing how 2)____ they could be to each other.A good example is a man meeting a woman and sensing her 3)____ He then extends a formal invitation for a date .With traditional dating , you get to go at a steady pace,4)____ yourself and your date to get to know each other through extensive contact.

There are many 5)____ that can be expected from traditional dates . Men , who are supposed to 6)____ these traditional values , will open the door for the woman , stand up when she leaves the table , pay for everything.and 7)____ to the next move . In the 1950s , a man would usually ask a woman out several days ahead for a specific date and time.If she accepted , they would 8)____ for time to pick her up . He would then take her to a dinner and a movie.

Today the rules of traditional dating are less clear . Twenty years ago , if a young lady asked a young man out on a date , it was thought to be 9)____ Now , women are being encouraged to take the initiative and ask men out . A date may consist of a brief meeting at a cafe or a trip to the 10)____ art museum .Men often pay on the first date , but the woman may offer to go Dutch . The traditional dating style has been found much less common now .

Expressions in use

immune to fall in love with go along with

on one's behalf be filed with take the liberty of expel from be pessimistic about

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1.She authorized her partner to carry out the daily responsibilities__________________when she was on her business trip.

2.On hearing the latest news about your mother’s ill health, I__________________canceling your reservation at the Sheraton.

3.There was an obvious indication that the police who have to enforce the new law were not __________________the general discontent.

4.When she heard of her failure in the experiment , her eyes__________________tears ; whether it was of shame , frustration , or grief as difficult to tell.

5.Rose knows that continuous letters from John , together with countless roses , are aimed at making her__________________him.

6.__________________public school for drinking and smoking and then failing in show business as a singer , she joined her fathers business 10 years ago.

7.Since the great scandals in banking , many people in the country have__________________the prospects of economic recovery within a few years.

8.The parents were quite happy to__________________our suggestion because it had taken their most important concerns into consideration.

Translation

农历七月初七是中国的七夕节( Qixi Festival),是中国传统节日中最具浪漫色彩的一个节日。一些大的商家每年都举办不同的活动,年轻人也送礼物给他们的情人。因此,七夕节被认为是中国的“情人节”( Valentine's day)。七夕节来自牛郎与织女( Cowherd and Weaving Maid)的传说。相传,每年的这个夜晚,天上的织女都会与牛郎相会。所以,在七夕的夜晚,人们可以看到牛郎织女在银河(the Milky Way)相会。姑娘们也会在这天晚上向天上的织女乞求

智慧,以获得美满姻缘。但随着时代的变迁,这些活动正在消失,唯有标志着忠贞爱情的牛郎织女的传说一直流传民间。

July 7th on the Chinese calendar is Chinese Qixi Festival, the most romantic of all the traditional Chinese holidays.

Every year, some big businesses organize various activities, and young people send gifts to their lovers.

As a result, the Qixi Festival is considered to be

Chinese “Valentine’s Day”.

The Qixi Festival is derived from the legend of Cowherd and Weaving Maid.

The legend holds that on this particular night every year the Weaving Maid in heaven meets with Cowherd.

So, people can see Cowherd and Weaving Maid meeting in the Milky Way on the night of Qixi.

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On this night, girls would also beg Weaving Maid for some wisdom for a happy marriage.

But, with the changing of times, these activities are diminishing.

All that remains is the legend of Cowherd and Weaving

Maid, a sign of faithful love, continuously circulated

among the folk.

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