20180505上海中学2015-2016学年高一英语试题

英语试题

II. Grammar and Vocabulary

17.Some of the passengers appear ______ in the accident.

A. to be injured

B. having been injured

C. to have been injured

D. being injured

18.He insisted on ______ Dr. Turner instead of Mr. Turner.

A. his being called

B. him to be called

C. his calling

D. him to call

19.When hearing that the first prize was awarded to him, Terry stood up, ______.

A. surprised

B. to be surprised

C. surprising

D. having surprised

20.Teachers appreciate ______ that parents are inter ested in their children’s progress.

A. to know

B. to be known

C. knowing

D. having known

21.The idea for the new machine came to Mr. Baber while ______ to his invention.

A. devoting himself

B. he was devoted

C. devoted

D. being devoted

22.I would love ______ to the party last night, but I had to work extra hours to finish a report.

A. going

B. having gone

C. to go

D. to have gone

23.One of the earliest magicians ______ on stage was a Frenchman, known as the Father of

Modern Magic.

A.to perform

B. to be performing

C. to be performed

D. performed

24.Fire insurance is meant to protect people and businesses from possible losses ______ from

unexpected fire.

A. resulted

B. to be resulted

C. having resulted

D. resulting

25.The X is a diagram of two paths. This is why we call people exes, because the paths that

cross in the middle end up ______ at the end.

A. separated

B. to separate

C. to be separated

D. separating

26.______ with other countries can bring us much more development of economy.

A. Having contacted

B. Contact

C. Contacting

D. Being contacted

27.He has no special fault except ______ he smokes too much.

A. for

B. when

C. that

D. what

28.You are saying that everyone should be equal, and this is ______ I disagree.

A. why

B. where

C. what

D. how

29.The research program had been supported for 20 years by a private organization ______ the

government funded it.

A. unless

B. after

C. before

D. once

30.______ no wonder that the world’s fastest growing energy industries are now renewa ble like

wind and solar power.

A. There is

B. It is

C. That is

D. This is

31.Teachers should create an environment ______ children are taught how to solve problem of

learning by themselves.

A. where

B. why

C. which

D. whose

32.-Must I do some reading in English every day to improve comprehension?

-Well, you can never read ______ much while learning a foreign language.

A. so

B. too

C. that

D. very

33.He could just ______ a dark shape moving towards him.

A. make out

B. make for

C. make up

D. make up for

34.If it’s convenient for you, I’d like to ______ your house tonight.

A. call for

B. call on

C. call at

D. call in

35.The scientist was so ______ with his historical research that he neglected sleep and meals.

A. filled

B. confused

C. entertained

D. occupied

36.Fresh milk is ______ to the people in this country everywhere.

A. accessible

B. approachable

C. possible

D. available

Section B

20180505上海中学2015-2016学年高一英语试题

China and India may be Asia’s largest economies, but they aren’t the only countries with growth potential on the continent. Southeast Asian countries can also ___41___ great investment

opportunities. Thailand, k nown as the “land of smiles” because of the expression its natural beauty and friendly people inspire, is a country where we believe the economic prospects could give investors reasons to smile too.

Unlike other Southeast Asian nations, Thailand (known as Siam until 1939) ___42___ to escape European colonial rule. That doesn’t mean Thailand has escaped Western influence, or internal conflict. Protests and periods of military rule have caused social and economic disturbance throughout its history, and political leaders today have ___43___ to negotiate with opposing forces and reform the constitution.

Thailand has endured other ___44___, too, such as the financial crisis in the late 1990s, a tsunami which struck in 2004 and disastrous floods in 2011. All of these events caused serious economic setbacks, but Thailand has been skillful at battling back from hardship.

An example of this fighting spirit was on full ___45___ when Thailand’s GDP growth sank in 2011 to a mere 0.1% in the wake of flooding there, but then quickly recovered. While forecasts differ slightly, recently, Thailand’s central bank raised its ___46___ for 2012 GDP growth to 5.9%, with growth forecast at 4.9% for 2013. Policymakers said stronger-than-expected expansion of private investment helped ___47___ improved growth prospects.

Domestic economic strength helped Thailand’s stock market post one of the best ___48___ in Asia (and even the world) in 2012, with the benchmark Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET) Index returning more than 35%. Industry data showed loan growth supported banking stocks in particular. ___49___, over the past two years, some European banks—dealing with a debt crisis at home—withdrew from some emerging markets; this seems to have benefited local lenders in Thailand. The Thai construction industry was another well-performing sector story, as suggestions that an increase in Thai infrastructure(基础设施)projects could further increase ___50___ for building materials.

III. Reading Comprehension

Section A

Too much eye contact is instinctively felt to be rude, and in a business context, it may also be regarded as a deliberate intention to make “the other” feel at a disadvantage. So unless you have in mind doing one of those things, it’s better to ___51___ too much eye contact.

Too little, ___52___, can make you appear uneasy, unprepared, and insincere. In its analysis of patients’ ___53___, for example, one large county hospital found, that 9-out-of-10 letters included mention of poor doctor-patient eye contact, a failure which was generally interpreted as “___54___ of caring.”

“Just the right” amount of eye contact –the amount that produces a feeling of mutual ___55___ and trustworthiness – will vary with situations, settings, personality types, gender and cultural differences. As a general rule, though, direct eye contact ranging from 30% to 60% of the time during a conversation – more when you are listening, less when you are ___56___ – should make for a comfortable productive atmosphere.

And did you know these other facts about eye contact?

? We reduce eye contact when we are talking about something shameful or ___57___, when we are sad or depressed, and when we are accessing internal thoughts or emotions.

? We increase eye contact when dealing with people we like, ___58___, or who h ave power over us. In more intense or private conversations we naturally look at each other more often and hold that gaze for ___59___ periods of time. In fact, we ___60___ relationships by the amount of eye contact exchanged: the greater the eye contact, the closer the relationship.

? We avoid eye contact in elevators, subways, crowded buses or trains – in elevators we face the door, in the others we stare at our Smartphones – because it helps us ___61___ the insecurity of having our personal space invaded.

? The biggest body language myth(错误观念)about liars is that they avoid eye contact. While some liars (most often, children) find it difficult to lie while looking ___62___ at you, many liars actually try to “prove” that they are not lying by making too m uch eye contact and holding it too long.

Eye contact is so powerful a force because it is connected with humans’ earliest ___63___ patterns. Children who could attract and maintain eye contact, and therefore increase ___64___, had the best chance of being fed and cared for. Today, newborns instinctively lock eyes with their caregivers, and the power of that infantile eye contact still has its impact on the adult mind. Whether it’s shifty-eyed guilt or wide-eyed innocence, we ___65___ assign enormous trust to the signals we give and get when we look into each other in the eyes.

51. A. create B. avoid C. block D. occupy

52. A. in the mean time B. in an instant C. on the other hand D. without doubt

53. A. complaints B. instructions C. questions D. expectations

54. A. intention B. shift C. lack D. complication

55. A. efficiency B. awareness C. reaction D. appreciation

56. A. speaking B. writing C. reading D. learning

57. A. mysterious B. embarrassing C. offensive D. dishonest

58. A. admire B. imitate C. imagine D. attract

59. A. later B. briefer C. longer D. fuller

60. A. create B. improve C. treat D. judge

61. A. protect B. convey C. master D. manage

62. A. simply B. constantly C. directly D. attentively

63. A. behavior B. survival C. working D. eating

64. A. attention B. safety C. importance D. exposure

65. A. similarly B. automatically C. fiercely D. fairly

Section B

(A)

English is a fun language, and even though it’s considered an accessible and relatively easy one to learn, with 750,000 words and spelling that can throw off even the most skilled learner, learning English fast can seem impossible. Take the following tips on how to learn English faster as your starting point and you’ll master this wonderful language in no time!

TIP 1. ______

Classic literature, paperbacks, newspapers, websites, emails, your social media feed: if it’s in English, read it. Why? Well, this content will be full of juicy new vocabulary, as well as a fair amount you already know. This helps you improve quickly, as repeated exposure to learned vocabulary gives you new examples in context, therefore reinforcing those words in your mind. On the other hand, learning new words and expressions is essential to building your vocabulary, particularly in a language like English with so many words!

TIP 2. ACTIVELY TAKE NOTE OF NEW VOCABULARY

This tip is a classic one for good reason: it works! When learning, we often enjoy a new word or phrase so much that forgetting it seems impossible. But trust us, not everything sticks the first

time. To fight this, get into the habit of carrying around a notebook. Whenever you hear or read a new word or expression, write it down in context: that is, in a sentence and with its meaning noted. This saves you time as you won’t return to that word and ask yourself: “What did that word/expression mean again?”

TIP 3. TALK WITH REAL LIVE HUMANS

What is a language for if not to communicate? It’s true that speaking a language helps it stick in your head far better than only reading or wri ting it. Just think of how many times you’ve heard people say that they “understand, but can’t speak English.” A lot of would-be English speakers have turned talking into a huge obstacle that only serves to psyche them out. Don’t be like that. Seek out native speakers for an informal language exchange, enroll in a course, or take classes online.

TIP 4. SUBSCRIBE TO PODCASTS (IN ENGLISH)

Like humor? Politics? Blogging? Cooking? With topics covering every interest imaginable, there are English-speaking podcasts out there for you. Subscribe to a few and listen or watch while going to school or work. At first, you might find the native accents difficult, but stick with it and you’ll soon start to understand what you hear (as well as learning lots of new vocabula ry from a native speaker!)

66.Which of the following is the best heading for TIP 1?

A. START WITH READING WHAT YOU REALL Y NEED

B. USE CONTEXTUAL CLUES TO BUILD YOUR VOCABULARY

C. READ ALL THE PRINTED MA TERIALS YOU CAN BUY

D. READ EVERYTHING YOU CAN GET YOUR HANDS ON

67.The phrase “psyche them out” is closest in meaning to “______”.

A. make them discouraged

B. cause them trouble

C. relieve their stress

D. affect their fluency

68.Which strategy of learning new words and expressions is NOT mentioned?

A. Reading English materials.

B. Noting them down in context.

C. Talking with native speakers. C. Listening to English podcasts.

69.According to the passage, listening to English-speaking Podcasts ______.

A. enables you to like humor, politics, blogging and cooking.

B. is allowed at school or at work and they can be customized

C. gets you to be gradually familiar with the native accents

D. helps you to overcome the difficulty of learning new words

(B)

20180505上海中学2015-2016学年高一英语试题

70.This page is intended for those who ______.

A. want to visit New England Aquarium

B. are interested in marine creatures

C. would like to take the MBTA Blue Line

D. want to protect our blue planet

71.If a visitor would like to enter the New England Aquarium at 5:30 p.m., he can visit it on

______.

A. Monday

B. Sunday

C. Thanksgiving Day

D. Christmas Day

72.If a visitor would like to get discounts at the Gift Shop, he can ______.

A. choose the entry time online

B. buy combination tickets

C. join the membership

D. call 617-973-5206

73.Which statement is NOT true?

A. One can choose the entry time in advance at the Box Office.

B. Group visits need to be reserved over the phone.

C. Unlimited free admission for a year only applies to members.

D. The Aquarium is state-owned and supported by admission fees.

(C)

Spelling bees have always been cute. But they’re about to get cuter, because now they will actually be about something. The National Spelling Bee has announced that hereafter, contestants will have to know the definitions of words as well as how to write them out. The latter is cruel mechanics, which only became a thing to master and compete in because of English’s awkward and random spelling system. In countries where writing actually corresponds regularly with how words are pronounced, there is no such thing as a spelling bee.

Yet in those countries, there is often more of a love for the language itself, even among less educated people. And loving your language means a command of its vocabulary beyond the level of the everyday. This appreciation shows up in things they say that would not “translate” into American. A Russian friend of mine once said she fell in love with her husband because of “his Russian.” Note how hard it is to imagine an American woman saying what hooked her on her husband was “his English.” “The way he talked,” maybe, but not something as specific as his command of the language in an artistic sense.

I recently attended a conference where Castilians(西班牙王室)gave the opening addresses, in a distinctly formal layer of Spanish. In English this would have sounded extremely boring even at a university. You can buy volumes of high literature and poetry at an ordinary train station in Spain. At Long Island railroad stops in America, not.

Yet even in America, there was once a richer love of English for its own sake. H.L. Mencken

knocked Warren Harding for “the worst English that I have ever encountered.” Today we have knocked George W. Bush for “the way he talks” but not something as formal as “his English.”

Today we live in a society where in 2001, then President of the University of California Richard Atkinson got good press with his announced horror that high school students “spend hours each month —directly and indirectly —preparing for the SAT, studying long lists of verbal analogies(类比)such as ‘untruthful is to mendaciousness’ as ‘circumspect is to caution’.” In the old days, that was called, well, school.

Currently, America’s love for language focuses on the informal. Rap and spoken word have reawakened the country to poetry in itself. Texting and Twitter encourage creative uses of casual language, in ways I have celebrated widely. But we’ve fallen behind on enjoying the formal layer of our language. Critics such as Stefan Fatsis have argued that adding a comprehension component to the spelling bee is, ir onically, “small-minded.” It isn’t. It’s getting back in touch with loving our native language, something ordinary in most cultures on earth—but so long unknown to us that the Fatsises and Atkinsons among us can barely imagine it.

74.Writing out a word in a spelling bee is difficult because ______.

A. it is a thing to master and compete in

B. people do not feel it cute any more

C. there is no spelling bee in other countries

D. English spelling system is random

75.We can safely conclude from paragraph 2 and 3 that ______.

A. less educated people in other countries like the language itself

B. American people don’t appreciate English in its formal form

C. an American woman will be easily attracted to a man’s way of talking

D. a formal layer of English can only be found at an American university

76.It is implied in Paragraph 5 that ______

A. the public felt the same horror as Richard Atkinson did

B. SAT didn’t need so much attention from the students

C. high school students should go to school to prepare SAT

D. verbal analogies should have been taught in the old days

77.According to the author, Americans need spelling bees and vocabulary tests because ______

A. they need to avoid being small-minded

B. Rap and spoken words are not artistic enough

C. Fatsises and Atkinsons can barely imagine it

D. they need to focus more on formal English

IV. Grammar: Fill in the blanks

Directions: Read the following passage. Fill in the blanks to make the passage coherent. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word. For the other blanks, fill in each blank with one proper word. Make sure that your answers are grammatically correct.

The Sydney Harbour Bridge is one of Australia's most well-known and ___1___ (photograph) landmarks. It is the world's largest (but not the longest) steel arch bridge with the top of the bridge ___2___ (stand) 134 metres above the harbour. It is fondly known by the locals as the 'Coathanger' because of its arch-based design.

The Sydney Harbour Bridge construction started in 1924 and took 1,400 men eight years ___3___ (build) at a cost of 4.2 million. Six million hand driven rivets(铆钉)and 53,000 tonnes of steel ___4___ (use) in its construction. It now carries eight traffic lanes and two rail lines, one ___5___ each direction, but at the time of its construction the two eastern lanes were tram tracks. They were converted to road traffic when Sydney closed down its tram system in the 1950s.

BridgeClimb started in 1998 and attracts tourists and locals alike to climb the monument. After ___6___ (climb) through catwalks and up ladders and stairs, people will find the view absolutely breathtaking. There are day, twilight and night climbs and a group of twelve will leave for a climb every ten minutes. The safety precautions(预防措施)taken include a blood alcohol reading and a Climb Simulator(模拟器), ___7___ shows climbers the climbing conditions that might be experienced on the Bridge.

By all reports, BridgeClimb is fantastic and one of the 'must dos' while on a trip to Sydney, with royals and celebrities such as Prince Frederik and Princess Mary of Denmark, Matt Damon, Hugo Weaving, Sarah Ferguson, Cathy Freeman, Kylie Minogue and KostyaTszyu all ___8___ (do)the Climb.

V. Translation

Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.

1.请牢记:好习惯能对我们的日常生活产生积极影响,但培养起来却不简单。(mind)

2.不可否认的是,那些总是接触英语环境的人在英语学习方面具有优势。(expose)

3.信不信由你,你一到达山顶并俯瞰整个城市时,疲劳就会立刻消失。(the instant)

4.上个星期天,随着越来越多国内外游客涌入,这个受人欢迎的旅游胜地变得过于拥挤,

而不得不提前关闭。(with, oblige)

英语试题(答案)

II. Grammar and Vocabulary

Section A

17-21 CAACB 22-26 DADDB 27-31 CBCBA 32-36 BACDD

Section B

41-50 KFJBHDAIGE

III. Reading Comprehension

Section A

51-65 BCACD ABACD DCBAB

Section B

66-69 DACC 70-73 ABCD 74-77 DBAD

IV. Grammar: Fill in the blanks

1. photographed

2. standing

3. to build

4. were used

5. in

6. climbing

7. which

8. having done

V. Translation

1.请牢记:好习惯能对我们的日常生活产生积极影响,但培养起来却不简单。(mind) 3’Please bear in mind that good habits can have a positive effect on our daily life, but (they) are not easy to cultivate.

2.不可否认的是,那些总是接触英语环境的人在英语学习方面具有优势。(expose) 4’There’s no denying (the fact) that those (who are) always exposed to an English-speaking environment have an advantage in English learning.

3.信不信由你,你一到达山顶并俯瞰整个城市时,疲劳就会立刻消失。(the instant) 4’Believe it or not, the instant you reach the top of the mountain and have a bird’s eye view of the whole city, tiredness / exhaustion will immediately disappear.

4.上个星期天,随着越来越多国内外游客涌入,这个受人欢迎的旅游胜地变得过于拥挤,

而不得不提前关闭。(with, oblige) 4’

Last Sunday, with more and more tourists at home and abroad flooding / coming / storming in, this popular tourist attraction became overcrowded and was obliged to close / be closed ahead of schedule.

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