《大学英语4》

重庆交通大学继续教育学院

结转毕复习资料A

《大学英语4》课程

一、Match the words with the explanation. (10分)

1.with internet access a. chances (of success)

2.amusement b. means to do things

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/746bebef81c758f5f61f67c1.htmleless c. be able to get information on the internet

4.facilities d. something that makes one enjoyable

5.prospect e. in vain

6.executives f.. a job or profession for which one is trained

7.enlarge g. tiredness

8.handle h. managers

9.fatigue i. expand

10.career j. deal with

二.Choose the best answer to complete the sentences. (20分)

1.Jane ________as soon as she recognized it was her former boy friends’ voice.

a. called up

b. waited on

c. took up

d. rang off

2. Air-conditioned buses, placed to serve about 50 routes, became very popular______in chongqing this summer.

a. apparently

b. consequently

c. overnight

d. nowadays

3. They also learn there is no easy way________success but to work hard.

a. to

b. of

c. in

d. on

4. ________, many people worked as private duty nurses rather than in hospital in the US

a. Previously

b.Before

c. Ago

d. Past

5. The two doctors _______help at the accident.

a. rendered

b. took

c. performed

d. made

6. Visitors are not allowed to stay _________the hospital visiting hours.

a. besides

b. beyond

c. until

d. off

7. Leaders of many countries have ________Chinese leaders on the return of Hong Kong

a. addressed

b.congratulated

c. appreciated

d. impressed

8. In Britain nowadays, ________are used mainly for pleasure by people traveling in long, narrow boats.

a. canals

b.candles

c. channels

d. cabinets

9. it’s been dry for so long that the forest could burst into _________at any moment.

a. blame

b. claim

c.flame

d.fluid

10. A better working environment improves people’s performance, and _______productively.

a. same

b. hence

c. when

d. nevertheless

11. He could remember ________along the road just before the accident happened, but he couldn’t remember the accident itself.

a. drive

b. to drive

c. driving

d. drove

12. From eight o’clock until ten he was working in the garden, but since then he ______in the sun.

a. was lying

b. had lain

c. has been lying

d. must have lain

13. The shopping centre wasn’t _______this morning as it usually is.

a. more crowded

b. more crowding

c. as crowding

d. as crowded

14. When the guest came off the plane, the president went forward and shook_______with him.

a. the hands

b. the hand

c. hands

d. hand

15. __________the college, the students found they had many things to adjust to.

a. Entering

b. To enter

c. Entered

d. Having entered

16. The whole family were having their dinner with the door__________..

a. to be closed

b. was closed

c. closing

d. closed

17. Ancient people also obtained fires from sparks_________when rocks were struck together.

a. produced

b. to be produced

c. producing

d. to produce

18. Eight times eight_______sixty-four.

a. made

b. makes

c. make

d. has made

19. The famous dancer dislikes to be surrounded by ________of her fans.

a. crowd

b. crowds

c. a crowd

d. the crowds

20. It is known that Antarctica, the world’s coldest continent, is hard__________.

a. to reach

b. reach

c. be reached

d. reaching

三.Read the passage and then judge whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the passage. (30)

Part one

“Au pair” is an arrangement under which a girl who is not less than seventeen years old comes to the United Kingdom primarily to learn the English language and to live for a while as a member of a resident English speaking family. She receives her keep, entertainment and pocket money ($5- 7 a week is not reasonable) and is expected to help with the housework and the care of any children. The relationship between the girl and her hostess is a personal one depending for its success both on the willingness of the hostess to help the girl in her studies and amusement, and on the readiness of the girl to play her part in the life of the household.

1.“Au pair” is usually an arrangement for girl. ( )

2.An “au pair” girl is known as a baby-sitter. ( )

3.The family should teach the “au pair” girl English. ( )

4.An “au pair” guest shares housework with her hostess. ( )

5.The relationship between the girl and her hostess is usually bad. ( )

Part two

Research has been carried out to determine the best way to motivate a multinational team of employees. The results show that the principal problems are caused by cultural differences. For examples, one study , in which members of ten nationalities attended regular meetings together, revealed that the French could not understand the practical British attitude to conducting business, which they thought indicated a lack of preparation. On the other hand, the Americans found it difficult to accept shaking hands with the French every morning, which they saw as a sign of a more format relationship.

It is suggested that the successful multinational team should be composed of managers who have the right profile in terms of attitude and experience and who suit the positions that they are appointed to. It should also be a team that understands the basic rule that “differences” s hould be accepted.

6.The passage implies that multinational team should have its own culture. ( )

7.The passage indicates that efficient managers and awareness of cultural differences are the two key factors of a successful

multicultural team. ( )

8.We can conclude that the French can manage a multicultural team better than the British because they have made sufficient

preparation for the meetings. ( )

9.The author thinks that the British are more practical in doing business than the French.

( )

10.The author of the passage suggests that it is not easy to manage a multinational team.

( )

Part three

The first-naming is almost always done by people young enough to be our children. Last year, I sprained my ankle on my way to work and when I hobbled to doctor’s office, the young receptionist called my turn, saying, “this way, tom.” I noted a paradox when the doctor, who was almost exactly my age, said:” that’s a very serious sprain, Mr. Middleton.”

This form of address is common not simply in doctors’ and dentists’ offices, but almost everywhere. At a local bank the day the young woman who was dealing with me, after checking my name out on the withdrawal slip, wished me “Merry Christmas, Thomas.”

11.The first-naming is almost always done by young people. ( )

12.Mr. Middleton went to the doctor’s office by taxi when he sprained his ankle. ( )

13.The young nurse called Mr. Middleton by his last name while the doctor addressed him by his first name.

( )

14.The young woman at the local bank got to know Mr. Middleton’s first name from his withdrawal slip.

( )

15.The first-naming is more often used in doctors’ offices than in any other places. ( )

四.Translating the following sentences. (25分)

(一)from English to Chinese

1.The research proposal was turned down at the meeting, which was unexpected.

2.We can distinguish between two distinct selling styles: the product-oriented and the customer-oriented

3.Light as it comes from the sun is a mixture of light of many different colors.

4.They talked about crime rates, unemployment and environmental pollution.

5.It’s suggested that the successful multinational team should be composed of managers who have the right profile in terms of

attitude and experience and who suit the positions that they are appointed to.

(二) From Chinese to English

老年网还设立了130个计算机学习中心的网络。在那里人们可以学习浏览互联网基本技能和建立网页技巧。同时这些中心还为那些缺乏设备的网友提供使用计算机的方便。

五.Writing (15分)

Suppose you’re saying goodbye to Mr. Smith who is retiring from the company. Please write a farewell speech to give at the party by including the points given below about 80 words.

come to work here/ have a number of positions in the company/ work here for 40 years/ become assistant manager five years ago/ polite and kind/ increase the sales/ receive the respect / enjoy the family life/ have the honor to present a gift。

《英语四》课程

一、选择题(30分)

1.He has left for the airport. If you had come here ten minutes earlier, you

him.

a. might meet

b. had met

c. could have met

d. have met

2. He visited many places in England, he got many ideas for his new book.

a. that

b. which

c. where

d. when

3. Materials made from plastic fibers are always known by special trade name as nylon.

a. the same

b. such a

c. this

d. only one

4. A container weighs more after air is put in, proves that air has weight.

a. which

b. as

c. it

d. this

5. We regret you what you order is out of stock.

a. tell

b. telling

c. told

d. to tell

6. In 1898 the Curies declared that they believed there was something in nature ___________gave out radiation.

a. where

b. that

c. who

d. as

7. With two-way radios people can talk to each other while

in their cars.

a. driving

b. to drive

c. they driving

d. driven

8. The company requires that every worker able to use a computer.

a. is

b. are

c. to be

d. be

9. My father forgot the gas fire before he left for work.

a. turn off

b. having turned off

c. turning off

d. to turn off

10. There was a good program on TV last evening. But I was too busy with my lessons to watch it. I wish I free at that time.

a. was

b. had been

c. would be

d. were

11. Students must have to good books.

a. way

b. turn

c. chance

d. access

12. We tried to persuade him to change his mind.

a. with heart

b. in efforts

c. in vain

d. on vein

13. Color blind people find it difficult to shades of colors.

a. distinguish

b. pick

c. tell

d. consult

14. He has to his doctor for taking this new medicine.

a. consider

b. consult on

c. tell

d. consult

15. “How can you be about his innocence?”

a. confidence

b. positive

c. considerate

d. understandable

16. This letter the sale of the house.

a. relates to

b. links with

c. concerned with

d. handles with

17. She was wondering whether he has been writing anything new .

a. late

b. later

c. latter

d. lately

18. He his success to good luck more than to ability.

a. owes

b. thanks

c. gives

d. depends

19. Don’t in writing a new novel.

a. bother

b. disturb

c. involve

d. affect

20. He is now in writing a new novel.

a. forced

b. engaged

c. encouraged

d. excited

二、阅读理解(20分)

There is no doubt that man is a member of the animal kingdom. Anyone who has thought about this fact seriously must have wondered how it has come about that man has achieved a position so supreme among the myriad kinds of animal life. Two characteristics of man, in comparison with all other animals, that stand out above all others are the creation and use of tools and the development and use of language. Since no other animals have achieved these abilities, it must be assumed that man’s evolutio nary development led to his capacity to create and use tools and to devise and use language. Once these abilities and practices evolved, they probably became driving forces in the further evolution of man. Those members of the species who become most proficient in the fabrication of tools and in the command of language and thought would tend to survive and maintain their kind for good, at the expense of those of lesser ability. tend to survive and maintain their kind for good, at the expense of those of lesser ability.

1. Which of the following statements best expresses the main idea of the passage?

a. Man owes his capacity to making use of tools and language.

b. Among the animals, only man is able to use tools and language.

c. Tools and language are either the effects or the causes of human

evolution.

d. No other animals have achieved human abilities.

2. “Animal kingdom” in the passage refers to .

a. the place where all animals live

b. all kinds of animals, including man

c. the animal society

d. the forest with animals

3. The phrase “come about” in the passage is likely to mean.

a. arrived

b. succeeded

c. appeared

d. happened

4. One important condition for man’s evolution is.

a. the animal kingdom

b. his natural capacity

c. a supreme position

d. the myriad kinds

5. The last sentence suggests that .

a. in order to survive, man has to sacrifice some other animals

b. those of lesser ability would be very expensive

c. those who become proficient in making tools can speak well

d. language and thought could be acquired by man

三、翻译句子(20分)

1.老年网是一个非盈利网站,发展十分迅速。它的25000位成员自愿作出奉献。一些退休人员做了大量的义务工作,对网站进

行设计,并参与管理网络中建立的200多个讨论组。

2.各企业组织迅速增加专业人才和专业管理人才的职位。管理学家对这些职位赋予了崭新的职能。

3.农业是正在萎缩中的重要行业的一个明显的例子。

4.传统的工业经济转向知识经济表现为多种方式。

四、翻译段落(30分)

1. The coming early summer is again the time when college students are busy with job interviews in the hope that four years high priced education was not in vain.

A job hunter can have the best credentials in the world and still fail the job interview. If that happens, his dreams of employment

are shared at least with one employer.

Some people are naturally better at interviews than others, thanks to an outgoing personality. But it takes more than smooth talk to

a job.

Personnel experts say that preparation is the thing. Learn how to play the game of hard questions, which is what a job interview is all about. Interviews may differ in technique, but there are some common questions most of them always ask.

2.The sudden psychological transition from competent adult to ineffective child inevitably results in the serious impact of the individual’s feeling of self-worth. He experiences feelings of frustration and helpless. In short, he experiences culture shock.

Culture shock is the result of the removal of the familiar. Suddenly the individual is faced with the necessity of working, commuting, studying, eating, shopping, relaxing, even sleeping, in an unfamiliar environment organized according to unknown rules.

《英语四》课程

二、选择题(30分)

1. Hardly the airport when he started for his destination

a. I had reached

b. had I reached to

c. I had reached to

d. had I reached

2. British people would find it difficult to driving on the right.

a. get accustomed to

b. get along with

c. make sense of

d. make sure

3. was difficult for him getting things ready before his mother comes back.

a. Which

b. It

c. This

d. That

4. How many hours will you the community service a week?

a. spend for

b. adjust to

c. apply to

d. devote to

5. I missed the morning train because I slept .

a. through

b. on

c. over

d. of

6. I felt rather confused the price of some new products.

a. with

b. at

c. in

d. of

7.It was to save the child from drowning he jumped into the icy water.

a. that

b. which

c. when

d. as

8. Everyone is working harder and living a happier life now ?

a. aren’t they

b. aren’t we

c. isn’t it

d. isn’t one

9. It the Russians that were the first to launch a man into space.

a. is

b. were

c. was

d. has been

10. People find not so easy to learn a foreign language.

a. which

b. this

c. it

d. that

11. , there is no water on the moon.

a. As knowing

b. As is known

c. Like is known

d. For Knowing

12. The new law a man to obtain money from the state if he has no work.

a. allows

b. enables

c. encourages

d. lets

13. Complicated the problem is, the electronic brain can solve it in a short period of time.

a. as

b. though

c. if

d. even

14. No sooner into the airplane than it took off.

a. they had got

b. had they got

c. did they got

d. before they got

15. The disease fails to drugs.

a. respond with

b. reacts to

c. respond to

d. react with

16. I don’t eating today.

a. feel

b. like

c. feel like to

d. feel like

17. His laziness his failure in the exam last term.

a. made

b. produced

c. resulted in

d. resulted from

18. John knows how to a complicated situation.

a. deal in

b. cope with

c. face with

d. fight against

19. After his father died, John the family business.

a. took with

b. took off

c. took in

d. took over

20. Mr. Brown in doing it again though he had failed more than a doze time.

a. consisted

b. assisted

c. persisted

d. insisted

二、阅读理解(20分)

Pronouncing a language is a skill. Every normal person is an expert in the skill of pronouncing his on language, but few people are even moderately proficient at pronouncing foreign languages. Now there are many reasons for this, some are obvious, some perhaps not so obvious. But I suggest that the fundamental reason why people in general do not speak foreign languages much better than they do in their own languages is that they fail to grasp the true nature of the problem of leaning to pronounce them, and consequently never set about speaking them in the right way. Far too many people fail to realize that pronouncing a foreign language is a skill that needs careful training of a special kind, and one that cannot be acquired by just leaving it to take care of itself. I think even teachers of language, while recognizing the importance of a good accent, tend to neglect, in their practical teaching, the branch of study concerned with speaking the language. So the first point I want to make is that English pronunciation must be taught, the teacher should be prepared to devote some of the lesson to this, and his whole attitude to the subject should get the student to feel that here is a matter worthy of receiving his close attention.

1. Teaching pronunciation .

a. should always be taken into first consideration

b. can never be treated as a main course

c. may not be so important as someone think

d. is often neglected in teac hers’ practice

2. The teacher’s attitude to the subject can.

a. change the student’s devotion to the teacher himself

b. influence the student’s attention to it

c. receive students attention to his pronunciation

d. reduce students’ interest i n language

3. Most students can’t pronounce a foreign language properly in that.

a. they like to learn grammar rather than pronunciation

b. teachers think pronunciation is not important

c. teachers can not find effective ways to teach pronunciation

d. they lack careful training in pronunciation

4. According to the author, good proficiency at pronouncing foreign language.

a. many people fail to achieve

b. many students can attain

c. most teachers ignore

d. most teachers have

5. Which of the following statements true?

a. A good accent can be acquired by nature

b. Language speaking is not so difficult as grammar

c. Pronouncing a foreign language is a skill

d. One can learn pronunciation without instructions

三、翻译句子(20分)

5.农业是正在萎缩中的重要行业的一个明显的例子。

6.传统的工业经济转向知识经济表现为多种方式。

7.老年网是一个非盈利网站,发展十分迅速。它的25000位成员自愿作出奉献。一些退休人员做了大量的义务工作,对网站进

行设计,并参与管理网络中建立的200多个讨论组。

8.各企业组织迅速增加专业人才和专业管理人才的职位。管理学家对这些职位赋予了崭新的职能。

四、翻译段落(30分)

1.

The sudden psychological transition from competent adult to ineffective child inevitably results in the serious impact of the individual’s feeling of self-worth. He experiences feelings of frustration and helpless. In short, he experiences culture shock.

Culture shock is the result of the removal of the familiar. Suddenly the individual is faced with the necessity of working, commuting, studying, eating, shopping, relaxing, even sleeping, in an unfamiliar environment organized according to unknown rules.

2.

The coming early summer is again the time when college students are busy with job interviews in the hope that four years high priced education was not in vain.

A job hunter can have the best credentials in the world and still fail the job interview. If that happens, his dreams of employment

are shared at least with one employer.

Some people are naturally better at interviews than others, thanks to an outgoing personality. But it takes more than smooth talk to

a job.

Personnel experts say that preparation is the thing. Learn how to play the game of hard questions, which is what a job interview is all about. Interviews may differ in technique, but there are some common questions most of them always ask.

相关推荐
相关主题
热门推荐