新视野大学英语第三版第二册第二单元读写答案

Unit 2 – Section A

●Language Focus – Words in Use

1. In our class, most discussions and activities take place in assigned small groups. These groups provide a supportive and safe environment that (promotes) learning.

2. It is the development strategy of the company to (accelerate) its overseas expansion in order to take a slice of the world market.

3. Nearly six million people go to see the Mona Lisa every year, attracted by the (mystery) of her smile. When you're not looking at her, she seems to be smiling; when you look at her, she stops.

4. To live with a family whose native language is English is the ideal way to further improve one's English and to gain (insight) into its culture.

5. There is a real need to (boost) academic achievement in schools and help with the development of a student's overall character.

6. Einstein said his scientific discoveries grew from his imagination rather than from (analysis) , reason and language.

7. Being a single parent, there is no way for her to (calculate) the time and energy she has devoted to her children for the past 10 years.

8. It is essential that you start by listening because one of the main (barriers) teenagers and their parents face in forming positive relationships is that neither listens to the other.

9. We all know the dangers of an earthquake: the (destruction) to buildings, the troubles can be caused by falling trees, and the terror occurs when the earth actually opens up.

10. Not until recently have we realized that the increasing world population may lead to a potential gloomy (prospect) for humanity: starvation.

●Word Building

1.promise

2.bear

3.house

4.object

5.offensive

6.exclusive

7.excessive

8.executive

9.intense

10.identify

1.promising

2.bearing

3.housing

4.objective

5.offend

6.exclude

7.excess

8.execute

9.intensive / intensify

10.identity

1. The woman has made up her mind again to go on a diet to get rid of the (excess) of her weight, though she failed several times in the past.

2. Experts generally agree that diet has an important (bearing) on one's health in addition to many other known factors.

3. Despite the fact that I have tried to be (objective) , the book is still a bit subjective, as it reflects my own interests and experiences.

4. With more overseas companies trying to obtain the big project recently open to the public, the competition in this market is bound to (intensify) .

5. It was difficult to make a decision, but now that we have made the decision, we may (execute) the scheme as previously agreed.

6. The new movie to be shown this summer is a(n) (promising) one; it is likely to be one of the biggest money-makers of all time.

7. While going over the document, please make sure that there are no provisions in the treaty that would (exclude) either side from taking part in it.

8. For security purposes, always remember to check carefully the (identity) of any caller who wants to get permission to your home.

9. I don't think it's wise of you to show off your intelligence or great knowledge in front of the director, for it may (offend) him.

10. As the strong earthquake had done severe damage to their homes, many people had to stay in temporary (housing) for a few months.

●Banked Cloze

Through exploration of the humanities, we learn how to think creatively and critically, to analyze, and to ask questions. Because these skills allow us to gain new (1) (insight) into everything from poetry and paintings to business models and politics, humanistic subjects have been at the heart of a liberal arts (2) (education) since the ancient Greeks first used them to educate their citizens. Research into the human experience helps to (3) (boost) our knowledge about our world. Through the work of humanities scholars, we learn about the values of different cultures, about what goes into making a work of art, and about the (4) (mystery) of how history is made. Their efforts depict the great accomplishments of the past, help us understand the world today, and give us tools to imagine the (5) (prospect) of our future.

Today, humanistic knowledge continues to (6) (promote) the ideal foundation for exploring and understanding the human experience. Learning another language might help to (7) (invest) you with great insights as well as gain much (8) (appreciation) of different cultures. Taking a close look at a sculpture might make you think about how an artist's life (9) (affected) his creative decisions. Reading a book from another region of the world might help you (10) (speculate) about the meaning of democracy. Listening to history courses might give you a clearer picture of what the future will be like.

●Language Focus – Expressions in Use

1. Because women often restrict their diet in an effort to control weight, they may not consume enough iron-rich food and (are liable to) experience an iron deficiency.

2. Some reform advocates ignore the impact of class size on student achievement, and they are (in favor of) what they call as a priority: teacher effectiveness.

3. Because of easy access to the Internet, the new breakthrough to create something truly creative (is bound to) happen anytime now.

4. Indeed, if teachers want to (speculate about) how far students might get in life, a better measurement than grades might be how hard the students try.

5. Nature has (1) (invested) these animals (2) (with) a capacity for not showing fear.

6. During the weeks of discussion, delegations from groups who are interested in the resolution may call on representatives to (stand up for) their point of view.

7. Plato was a superb writer, and his works are part of the world's great literature. Most of his existing work is (in the form of) dialogs and letters.

8. Young people should enter into a broad flexible training program, through which they can learn a lot and be (prepared for) their future careers.

9. The young man is very happy and proud to be (in the company of) the old professor because he always feels great when talking with him.

10. One day they passed more than 20 villages (in succession) , and some of these are said to have stretched for six miles or more.

●Translation

英译汉

A MOOC (massive open online course) is an online course aimed at unlimited participation and open access via the web. MOOCs are a recent development in distance education and have now become a surging trend in higher education. These classes are aimed at expanding a university's reach from thousands of tuition-paying students who live in town, to millions of students around the world. In addition to traditional course materials, MOOCs provide interactive user forums to support interactions between students and professors. MOOCs can encourage communication among participants who bring a variety of viewpoints, knowledge, and skills to the course; inspire people to "try on" subjects that they wouldn't otherwise pursue or even try on education itself; provide multiple ways to engage with course material, encouraging multimodal (多模式的) learning that can address the needs of learners with a variety of learning styles; and inspire better teaching and use of technologies for face-to-face courses.

慕课是一种网络课程,它旨在通过网络实现广泛参与和开放接入。慕课是远程教育迈出的最新一步,现已在高等教育领域迅速引领潮流。通过这些课程,大学可以扩大影响的范围,从影响成千上万住在城里付学费的学生,扩展到惠及全球上百万的学生。除了拥有传统的课程资料,慕课还给使用者提供互动论坛,支持学生和讲师之间的交流。慕课能够促进参与者之间的交流,使得多种观点、知识和技能涌现到课堂上来;它鼓励人们尝试之前不可能尝试的课程,甚至是尝试新的教育方式;它提供多种学习课程资料的方式,鼓励多模式学习,以各种学习风格满足学习者的需求;另外,慕课促进教学的改善,使技术在面对面授课中得以更好地应用。

汉译英

近年来,随着互联网技术的发展,我国的数字化教育资源建设取得了巨大的成就。很多高校建立了自己的数字化学习平台,数字化教学在教育中发挥着越来越大的作用。和传统教学方式相比,数字化教学方式有很大的优势。一方面,数字化教学使教学资源得以全球共享;另一方面,它拓展了学习者的学习时间和空间,人们可以随时随地通过互联网进入数字化的虚拟学校学习。这使得人类从接受一次性教育走向终身学习成为可能。

In recent years, with the development of Internet technology, the construction of digital education resources of our country has made great achievements. Many universities have set up their own digital learning platforms, and digital teaching is playing an increasingly important role in education. Compared with the traditional way of teaching, the digital way has a lot of advantages. On one hand, digital teaching makes global sharing of teaching resources possible; on the other hand, it expands the learner's study time and space to learn, allowing people to get access to the digital virtual schools through the Internet anytime and anywhere. These advantages make it possible for people to shift from one-time learning to lifelong learning.

Unit 2 – Section B

●Language Focus – Words in Use

1. I hear that English teachers are always in demand. If this is true, I could (enroll) in classes online and get a degree in English.

2. Sometimes you'll need to (revise) your goal; for example, you may change your goal if you decide not to go to college but attend a training program instead.

3. I don't want to be confined by school while trying to get a four-year degree. I believe I can (accumulate) enough wealth over the next 20 years to retire early.

4. The colleges have supplied several computer labs on campus so that all the students are (accorded) easy and free access to the Internet.

5. The university is conducting a survey to invite both the professors and students to (evaluate) the instructional materials and identify needs for technical support.

6. Parents in their (prime) working years face growing burdens caring for children and for their own parents, who are enjoying a longer lifespan nowadays.

7. Now you've got an interview! Be sure to call the day before to (confirm) it. Meanwhile, prepare yourself and get ready for it.

8. The number of adult smokers may be (shrinking) , but smokers between the ages of 13 and 23 have actually increased by 10 percent over the last 10 years.

9. Judy's father was the manager of a store in a large supermarket chain, so he could receive a modest but (sufficient) pension from the company when he retired.

10. When they (recruit) volunteers to help with their work, they pay particular attention to the volunteers' ability to solve problems.

●Language Focus – Expressions in Use

1. She would not even (bother to) argue about the rights and wrongs of what had occurred since she knew that it would be useless for her to do so.

2. What makes these websites stand out is the amount of in-depth information that (is available to) parents, teachers, and kids.

3. Social funding to relieve poverty is slow in coming, and some farmers have (been compelled to) sell land as they could no longer endure poverty.

4. Churchill accepted the gift. He (1) (described) the painting (2) (as) "a remarkable example of modern art", which drew loud laughter.

5. The school (1) (exposed) the educationally disadvantaged students (2) (to) creative, enriching educational experiences for a period of five years.

6. The best way to teach children gentleness is to be gentle in their everyday life (rather than) to shout at them or violently threaten them if they do something wrong.

7. I'm sure her problems (have something to do with) what happened to her when she was a child.

8. After a student has done with secondary school courses, he should be interested enough in a subject to enjoy gaining knowledge (for its own sake) .

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