第一部分：阅读理解 (共20小题, 每小题2分, 满分40分)
第一节：(共15小题, 每小题2分, 满分30分)
The size and location of the world’s deserts are always changing. Over millions of years, as climates change and mountains rise, new dry and wet
areas appear. But within the last hundred years deserts have been increasing
after frightful speed. This is partly because of natural changes, but most responsible for creating deserts are men.
Man can make deserts, but they can also prevent them from getting bigger.
Algeria is planning a green belt of trees along the edge of the Sahara Desert
to stop the sand. In China, too, windbreaks are being built in the northwest
to keep the desert from growing.
But desert still threaten the world. Experts believe that land that is
on the way to becoming deserts equals the size of Australia, Russia and US
put together. Can we stop the spread of the world’s deserts and save the
land that is so essential to mankind? Yes, we can, And we must.
1. The reason for the land that turns into deserts is mostly because of _______
A. the changing of the climates
C. the natural changes
D. the wind
2. The word “windbreak” means _______
A. trees planted as a belt to stop the wind
B. high walls as a belt to stop the wind
C. long and deep ditch as a belt to stop the wind
D. men stood side by side as a belt to stop the wind
3. The deserts still threaten the world in the way ______
A. of increasing at an unbelievable speed
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