译林牛津英语模块三第二单元单词

英语模块三第二单元单词

occupation

①工作;职业

What do you imagine will be your future occupation?你认为自己将来会从事什么职业呢?

He is a lawyer by occupation 他的职业是律师。

②占领;居住:

a country under occupation被占领的国家

the wildlife in occasion of the island这座岛上的野生动植物

occupy

①占领;占据:

During the war,Germany occupied many counties , Including France.战争期间,德国占领了很多国家,包括法国。

②占时间、空间;占有;占用:

His speech occupied only three minutes他的演讲仅用了三分钟。

The bed seemed to occupy most of the room床似乎占据了大半个房间。

③使忙碌:

His work occupies him for the whole day.工作使他忙了一整天。

be occupied with sth / ( in ) doing sth :

I have been so occoupied with work that I haven't had time for social activities.工作太忙,我一直没有时间参加社交活动。The new comers were occupied(in)writing letters home.新来的人忙着给家里写信。

contribute

①贡献;捐献;提供:

Immigrants have contributed to the British culture in many ways.移民在许多方面都对英国文化有所贡献。

It was generous of her to contribute such a large sum of money.她很大方,捐了这么一大笔钱。

contribute ( sth ) to sth :

contribute (money)to the Red Cross 向红十字会捐钱

He never contributes ( ideas ) to the discussion.他在讨论时从不发表意见。

②造成(某事发生)是…的原因之―:Alcohol contributes to 100,000 deaths a year ln the US.在美国,酒精每年造成10万人死亡。

Stress is a contributing factor in many illness.压力是诸多疾病的致病因素。

③投(稿);撰(稿)

She contributed a number of articles to the magazine.她给这家杂志撰写了多篇文章。

contributor

①捐款人;撰稿人;起作用的因素

contribution

①捐款;捐献物:

contribution to / toward :

I gave a contribution of $100 to the church.我给教堂捐了100美元。

②贡献

contribution to :

I admire Edison a lot because of his great comtribution to the world.我很敬佩爱迪生,因为他为世界作出了巨大贡献。

Chinese athletes have made important contribution to the Olympic Game.中国运动员为奥运会作出了重大贡献。

③稿件:

Thus is a magazine with contributions from well-known travel writers.这是一本由著名旅行作家撰稿的杂志。

replace

①替换;更换:

The new rice replaced vegetables in 50 thousand square kilometers.这一新品种的水稻取代了蔬菜,被种植在5万平方公里的土地上。

We 'd be happy to replace the radio for you.我们愿意为您更换这台收音机。

②把…放回原处:

Replace the magazines after reading.杂志阅读后请放回原处。

replace ... with /by 用…替换:

the factory replaced most of its workers with robots.厂方用机器人替换了大多数工人。

raise

①举起;抬起使升高:

You should raise your arm to get the teacher's attention.你应该举手让老师注意到你。

I shouted at him but he merely raised his eyebrows.我冲他大喊,但他只是扬了扬眉毛。

She stood there watching the flag being raised.她站在那儿注视着国旗升起。

②提高增加提升:

You raise your voice when you should reinforce your argument想强调论点时,你会提高嗓门。

We need to raise public awareness of the environment issue.我们需要增强大众的环保意识。

③筹(款):

Last week our school had a big fair in order to raise money for the disabled.上周我们学校举行了一个大型义卖会,为残疾人筹款。

④提出:

Betty raised the Important question of who will be in charge.贝蒂提出了一个重要问题,就是由谁来负责

⑤引起

Some schools pay their students to encourage them to learn,wich has raised many doubts.有些学校用钱激励学生学习,这引起了很多质疑。

⑥养育;饲养;种植:

My parents have raised twelve kids and I am their fist-born.我的父母养育了12个孩子,我是他们的头生子。

He raised cattle in the west when he was young.他年轻时在西部养过牛。tomatoes raised in greenhouses温室中种植的西红柿

therefore[置于句首、句中]

①因此;所以:

I think,therefore I am.我思故我在。

No matter how ordinary a job is,it plays a part in society and therefore deserves our due respect.无论工作多么普通,都在社会中起作用,因此值得我们尊敬。

distinct

①独特的;截然不同的:

In Beijing,the four seasons are all very distinct.北京四季分明。

The African elephant is divided into two distinct species.非洲象分为两个不同的种类。

②明显的;清楚的:

distinct writing清晰的笔迹

distinction

①区别;差别;不同:

We should draw / make a distinction between right and wrong.我们应该明辨是非。

②特点;特性:

the chief distinction of Chinese poetry 4中国诗歌的主要特征

③优良;杰出;卓著:

people of distinction知名人士

gain/win distinction 出名

distinguish

①区别;辨认;使有别于:

distinguish between good and evil 分清善恶

distinguish ... from ...:

You should distinguish facts from rumours.你应该辨别事实和传闻。Speech distinguishes man whom from the animals. 语言将人类与动物区分开来。

②使杰出;使显出特色:

He distinguished himself by winning 4 prizes.他因获得4个奖项而名声大。

concern: [常用于被动语态]

①与…有关;涉及;牵涉:

The event concerns more than one person.这件事不止牵涉到一个人。

This article concerns some studying methods.这篇文章是关于学习方法的。

The film concerns a girl who goes to Africa as a volunteer.这部电影讲的是一个女孩到非洲当志愿者的故事。

Please pay attention because this information concerns all of you. 请注意,因为这条消息涉及你们每一个人。

②使担心:

My father's illness concerns us greatly 3父亲的病情使我们很担心。

It concerned her that her son hadn't been back home.儿子还没回家让她很担心。

③使关心;使关注:

concern oneself with :

He never concerned himself with the details.他从不注意细节。

A good doctor should always concern himself with his patients.好医生应当时时刻刻关心他的病人。

④担心,担忧a feeling of worry about sth imponant:

the growing concern about / for /over continuling high unemployment对居高不下的失业率的日益担忧

⑤关心a feeling of wanting to protect and help sb/sth:

Thank you for your concern.谢谢你的关心。

I appreciate everyone's concern and help at this difficult time.在此困难时刻,我很感激每个人对我的关心和帮助。

⑥担心的事;关心的事sth that worries you or that is Important to you:

The quality of books is a main concern to editors . 编辑们主要关心书的质量。What are your main concerns as a writer ? 作为作家,你最关心的事情是什么?

access

①通道入口:

Fallen rocks cut off the only access to the village.坠石挡住了通往村子的唯一道路。

②进入/到达…的方法或途径:

Each room comes with its own bathroom and internet.每个房间都有浴室,都能上网。

The police gained access through a broken window.警察从一扇破窗钻了进去。

③利用/接近…的权利或机会:

access to:

Across the world , 1.1 billion people have no access to clean drinking water.全世界有1.1亿人喝不到干净的饮用水。

The site gives you instant access to a wide range of imformation on studying and living in the UK.这个网站让你瞬间即可查到在英国学习和居住的大量信息。

One reason for her preference for city life is that she can have easy access to places like shops and restaurants.她喜欢城市生活的一个原因是去哪儿都很方便,比如去商店和餐馆。

注:access≠way,access作为名词,其含义中包含了某种动作。

④(计算机)存取;访问:

access the internet 访问互联网Computer users can access information because of the Wold Wide Web.因为有万维网,计算机用户可以获取信息。

⑤到达;进入;使用:

The road is closed but can be accessed by emergency vehicles.这条路封了,但是应急车辆可以通过。

embarrassing

①令人尴尬的:an embarrassing question/situation令人难堪的问题/处境

embarrassment

①困窘;尴尬:

ease ones embarrassment缓解某人的窘迫

Her face turned red with embarrassment 她窘得脸都红了。

To her embarrassment,she could't remember his name.让她尴尬的是,她想不起来他的名字。

②使人为难的人事:

Tim's drinking has made him an embarrassment to the whole family.蒂姆的酗酒使也成了让全家难堪的人。

interrupt

①打断;打扰:

Don't interrupt the speaker,ask your questions afterwards.不要打断演讲者,等他讲完你再问问题。

I'm sorry to interrupt,but there's something imporant I have to tell you.抱歉打扰一下,我有要事相告。

②中断;阻断:

Traffic was interrupt by floods.交通被洪水阻断。

interruption

①打扰;中断

combine

①(使)结合,(使)组合:

Theory must be combined with practice. 理论必须同实践相结合。

The idea of garden city was to combine the best of town and country in a new kind of settlement.花园城市的概念就是在一种新的居住形式中把城市和乡村的优点结合起来。

②(使)化合;(使)混合:

Steel is produced by combining iron with carbon.钢是把铁加碳混合炼制而成的。

③兼备;兼顾:

The hotel combines comfort and convenience.这个酒店既舒适又方便。

Like her mother Marie curie, Irene combined family and career.像她的母亲居里夫人一样,艾琳也兼顾了家庭与事业。

include

①包括;包含:

The price does include breakfast and service charge is extra.这个价钱含早餐,服务费要额外收取。

The tour included visiting the Science Museum. 这次游览包括参观科学博物馆。

②把…列入;使…成为…一部分:

Many travelers will include Seattle in their travel plan for their next holiday.许多游客将把西雅图列入下次假期旅行的计划中。

Robert had always wanted to include such a man in a story.罗伯特一直希望故事里有这样一个人物。

press

①按;压;推;挤:

He presssed the bell to call his secretary.他按铃叫秘书。

She pressed her face against the window.她把脸贴在窗上。

She pressed down hard on the gas pedal and the car leapt forwards.她猛踩油门,车向前冲去。

②催促逼迫:

Pressed by my friends and relations,I decided to seize the opportunity.在朋友和家人的催促下,我决定抓住机会。

pass on(不顾困难)继续进行:

We will talk about your suggest later - - now let's just press on.我们回头再来讨论你的建议,现在先继续吧。

③按;压;推;挤(名词):

Give it a press.按下它。

④出版社印刷厂:

go to press付印

the Oxford University press牛津大学出版社

⑤报刊新闻业;出版界:

the Local press 当地报刊

the freedom of the press新闻自由

convenient

①便利的;方便的:

It is very convenient to travel in London by underground.在伦敦乘坐地铁出游很方便。

We hope you will accept our invitation if it is convenient for you.如果方便的话,我们希望您能接受我们的邀请。

②就近的;近便的:

a restaurant convenient for shops and theatres靠近商店和剧院的餐馆

practical

①(事物)实际的;实践的:

The paper seems to me of no practical importance.这篇论文在我看来没有什么实际意义。

a teacher with practical experience有实践经验的教师

②实用的,可实施的:

We will listen to your problems and offer your practical advice.我们会倾听你的难

题,并提供切实可行的建议。

③(人、想法)实际的;现实的:

You must try to be a little more practical.你必须努力力变得更务实一些。

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