I. Vocabulary and Structure: Put the most appropriate word in the blanks
1.However____were Marvin Gaye’s beginnings as a member of his father’s church choir, he became a famous
and esteemed performer.
2.People who are ____ such great talents are usually_______.
A.conferred with, few and far between
B. blessed with, few and far
C. endowed with, few and far between
D. gifted, rare and far between
3. You make a living by what you get, ____ you make a life by what you give.
4. Getting into street fights is no minor matter for professional boxers, who are required by law to restrict their ____ impulses to the ring.
5. He will be ____to turn ____ her for help. They are not even on speaking terms.
A. the last; to
B. the last person; to
C. a last person; on
D. the last person; on
6. The product must be priced_____ it competes effectively with rival products in the same market.
A. as such
B. in such a way
C. so that
7. Many soldiers were ____be eating boiled boots. It was clear that they did not ____ the snow-covered mountain.
A. so hungry that they; feel up to climb
B. as hungry as to; feel up to climbing
C. so hungry as to; feel up to climbing
D. hungry enough to; feel like to climb
8. By the time Europe began to use money China _____ with paper currency for hundreds of years.
A. was already trading
B. had already been trading
C. already traded
D. had already traded
9. It wasn’t until he turned the corner that he realized that he ____tailed.
C. would be
D. was being
10. ______been any answer to your letter yet?
A. Have there
B. Has it
C. Has there
D. Have they
II. Give synonyms and antonyms of the following words
1. to spring
4. to symbolize
5. to sink one’s head
9. ultimate 10. to revise
6. to be faulted
9. validity 10. premise
III. Put the appropriate word or its derivative in the blanks
1. sexual sexy sexist
1) To look _______ does not make you a good actor.
2) She specializes in the study of human _______behavior.
3) It’s interesting how fashions change. There was a time when bound feet were considered very _______ for women in China.
4) Many men still have this ______ attitude toward women. They believe that women’s proper domain is in the kitchen.
5) Sex is not a dirty word. Problems in our________ relationships should be discussed openly.
2. literal literary literate
6) ________criticism is important for the development of literature.
7) You shouldn’t take her ________when she said that she wished she were dead.
8) It’s really a great achievement how the ratio of ______people has increased in recent years.
9) ―Long time no see‖ sounds like a _______translation of the Chinese expression ―好久不见”.
10) The writer’s son, however, was uninterested in a _______career.
V. Reading comprehension
It is remarkable, the character of the pleasure we derive from the best books. They impress us with the conviction that one nature wrote and the same reads. We read the verses of one of the great English poets, of Chaucer, of Marvell, of Dryden, with the most modern joy—with a pleasure, I mean, which is in great part caused by the abstraction of all time from their verses. There is some awe mixed with the joy of our surprise, when this poet, who lived in some past world, two or three hundred years ago, says that which lies close to my own soul, that which I also had well-nigh thought and said. But for the evidence thence to the philosophical doctrine of the identity of all minds, we should suppose some pre-established harmony, some foresight of souls that were to be, and some preparation of stores for their future wants, like the fact observed in insects, who lay up food before death for the young grub they shall never see.
I would not be hurried by any love of system, by any exaggeration of instincts, to underrate the Book. We all know, that as the human body can be nourished on any food, though it were boiled grass and the broth of shoes, so the human mind can be fed by any knowledge. And great and heroic men have existed who had almost no other information than by the printed page. I would only say that it needs a strong head to bear that diet. One must be an inventor to read well. As the proverb says, "He that would bring home the wealth of the Indies, must carry out the wealth of the Indies." There is then creative reading as well as creative writing. When the mind is braced by labor and invention, the page of whatever book we read becomes luminous with diverse references. Every sentence is doubly significant, and the sense of our author is as broad as the world. We then see, what is always true, that as
the seer's （有异常洞察力的人）hour of vision is short and rare among heavy days and months, so is its record, perchance (意外的), the least part of his volume. The discerning will read, in his Plato or Shakespeare, only that least part—only the authentic utterances of the seer—ail the rest he rejects, were it never so many times Plato's and Shakespeare's.
Of course there is a portion of reading quite indispensable to a wise man. History and exact science he must learn by laborious reading. Colleges, in-like manner, have their indispensable duty—to teach elements. But they can only highly serve us when they-aim not to drill, but to create; when they gather from far every ray of various genius to their hospitable halls, and by the concentrated fires, set the hearts of their youth on flame.
1.By "one nature wrote and the same reads" (Para. 1), the author means that__________.
A.the author is rereading his own book
B.nature writing is read by the same people
C.author and reader live in the same era
D.author and reader are in accord
2.The author uses the image of insects (Para. 1) to parallel his discussion of_________.
A.past writers storing knowledge for future readers
B.authors working in grubby surroundings
C.soulless parents toiling blindly for unknowing children
3.A good title for the second paragraph might be________.
C.Visions of the Past
4.The proverb the author cites (Para. 2) is used to support his theory that __________.
A.one must apply knowledge to extract knowledge
B.the rich need more education than the poor
C.all the wealth in the world will not make a man a genius
D.the wealth of the present is found in the past
5.The author calls for an educational system that________.
A.includes works of the masters
B.teaches students to write brilliantly
C.inspires creativity in scholars
D.not only includes works of the masters but also teaches students to write brilliantly
I. Vocabulary and grammar: Put the most appropriate word in the blanks:
1.We have a long way to go______we can invent truly intelligent machines.
2.Just then a great sense of pride________ him.
a. fell on
b. swept over
3.Many people are not aware of _______ new technologies are already being used in the home.
a. how very much
b. how many
c. how much
d. how many more
4.As general manager his job is to _____ profits and minimize costs. But he has failed______.
a. increased; on both accounts
b. make; on both respects
c. maximize; on both counts
d. maximize more; in both areas
5.I know she didn’t pass the qualifying exam, but really she’s _______but stupid.
6._______ we develop a new kind of car, air pollution will become even more dangerous.
b. In case
7.In the work of the police, much depends on________a sixth sense for trouble.
a. officers to have
b. officer’s having
c. officers have
d. officers having
8. A person who drinks alcohol in spite of the fact that it results in loss of health, job, or good relationships with
family, friends, and colleagues is said_______from alcoholism.
a. to suffer
b. to be suffering
d. to have suffered
9.The idea that the alcoholic is a person of bad character and poor morals is no longer_______.
a. widely being held
c. widely held
d. to be widely held
10.He was ______to take over the duties and responsibilities of his father from an early age.
II．Complete the following sentences with the right form of the verbs in the brackets
1.All you can do for me right now __________(is, are) to leave me alone.
2.Half of the apartments in the building ______________(is, are) overheated.
3.In the first days of the firm, half of the equipments _________(was, were)rented.
4.The long list of courses and requirements often_________(frighten, frightens) freshmen.
5.What you need for camping__________(is, are) a tent, a sleeping bag, some food and eating utensils.
6.To an actor, the audience ____________(is, are) his sovereign.
7.By the time she began to sing a Chinese folk song, the audience ____________(was all, were all) humming
8.In old China, an important means of transportation in the city ___________(was, were) a two-wheeled cart
known as a rickshaw.
9.Neither of my parents_________(knows, know) what the Internet is all about.
10.What you will need ___________(is, are) eating utensils, a flashlight and a pocket knife.
III．Paraphrase the following sentences
1.His spectacles caught the light so that you could see nothing human behind them. There was
no possibility of communication.
2.More restricted is the notion that history is the recorded past, that is, the past of human
life which has left some sort of record such as folk tales, artifacts, or written document.
3.Some days I couldn’t look at her at all. My hands would shake and my voice used to crack
when I spoke and I’d feel sick in my stomach.
4.Mary, with her shrewd woman’s mind, thought of as many things as there are in life as a woman
would in the first joy and anxiety of her mating.
5.Rainsford had fought his way through the bush for two hours,“I must keep my nerve. I must
keep my nerve,”he said through tight teeth.
IV. Reading comprehension:
The most curious fact about the detective story is that it makes its greatest appeal precisely to those classes of people who are most immune to other forms of daydream literature. The typical detective story addict is a doctor or clergyman or scientist or artist, i.e., a fairly successful professional man with intellectual interests and well-read in his own field, who could never stand The Saturday Evening Post or True Confessions or movie magazines or comics.
It is sometimes said that detective stories are read by respectable law-abiding citizens in order to gratify in fantasy the violent or murderous wishes they dare not, or are ashamed to, translate into action. This may be true for readers of thrillers (which I rarely enjoy), but it is quite false for the reader of detective stories. On the contrary, the magical satisfaction the latter provide (which makes them escape literature, not works of art) is the illusion of being dissociated from the murderer.
The magic formula is an innocence which is discovered to contain guilt; then a suspicion of being the guilty one; and finally a real innocence from which the guilty other has been expelled, a cure effected, not by me or my neighbors, but by the miraculous intervention of a genius from outside who removes guilt by giving knowledge of guilt, (The detective story subscribes, in fact, to the Socratic daydream: "Sin is ignorance.") If one thinks of a work of art which deals with murder, Crime and Punishment for example, its effect on the reader is to compel an identification with the murderer which he would prefer not to recognize. The identification of fantasy is always an attempt to avoid one's own suffering: the identification of art is a compelled sharing in the suffering of another. Kafka's The Trial is another instructive example of the difference between a work of art and detective story. In the latter it is certain that a crime has been committed and, temporarily, uncertain to whom guilt should be attached; as soon as this is known, the innocence of everyone else is certain. (Should it turn out that after all no crime has been committed, then all would be innocent.) In The Trial, on the other hand, it is the guilt that is certain and the crime that is uncertain; the aim of the hero's investigation is not to prove his innocence (which would be impossible for he knows he is guilty), but to discover what, if anything, he has done to make himself guilty. K, the hero, is, in fact, a portrait of the kind of person who reads detective stories for escape.
The fantasy, then, which the detective story addict indulges in is the fantasy of being restored to the Garden of Eden, to a state of innocence, where he may know love as love and not as the law. The driving force behind this daydream is the feeling of guilt, the cause of which is unknown to the dreamer. The fantasy of escape is the same, whether one explains the guilt in Christian, Freudian, or any other terms. One's way of trying to face the reality, on the other hand, will, of course, depend very much on one's creed.
1. The opening paragraph of the passage suggests that the author would consider True Confessions and movie
A. sources of factual data about society
B. worthwhile contemporary periodicals
C. standard forms of escapist literature
D. less addictive than detective fiction
2. The author of the passage asserts that readers of detective fiction can most accurately be described
A. believers in the creed of art for art's sake
B. dreamers unable to face the monotony of everyday reality
C. persons seeking momentary release from a vague sense of guilt
D. idealists drawn to the comforts of organized religion
3. The word "translate" in the second paragraph means_________.
4. Which of the following best describes what the author is doing in citing the example of Kafka's The Trial
A. Dramatizing the plot of a typical detective story.
B. Analyzing its distinctive qualities as a work of art.
C. Refuting a common opinion about readers of detective fiction.
D. Demonstrating the genius of the outside investigator.
5 . The author's attitude toward detective fiction can best be described as one of_______.
A. strong distaste
B. open skepticism
C. aloof indifference
D. genuine appreciation
I. Grammar: choose the best words to complete the following sentences
1. The house was very quiet, _____ as it was on the side of a mountain.
C. being isolated
D. having been isolated
2. Careful surveys have indicated that as many as 50 percent of patients do not
take drugs ____ indicated.
3. Was your sweater expensive?‖―____ that it is handsome, the price seems
A. In view of
4. Shops are open from Monday _____ Friday.
5. These people once had fame and fortune, now _____ is left to them is utter
A. all what
B. all which
C. that all
D. all that
6. There is hardly an environment on earth _____ some species of animal or
other has not adapted successfully.
A. to which
B. so that
D. as to
7. This kind of glasses manufactured by experienced craftsmen ____
A. is worn
D. are worn
8. _____ that millions of galaxies exist in the vast space outside the Milky
A. It is estimated
B. An estimate
C. That is estimated
D. That the estimate
9. The man was put in the soft-padded cell lest he _____ himself.
B. had injured
D. would injure
10. _____ my return, I learnt that he had been at the museum and would not
be back for hours.
II.Read the following paragraph taken from one of our texts and fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the words given below
Productive transport gain discriminate logic
against shield judge reversible propel
Just because globalization is largely spontaneous 1_________ by better communications and 2____________--does not mean that it is inevitable and 3___________. Government can, in subtle and not so subtle ways, 4___________ local industries and workers 5___________ imports or 6_____________ against foreign investors. If only a few countries do, their actions will not matter much. Global capital and trade will go where they are most welcome and 7_________. Indeed, it is precisely this 8 __________that has persuaded so many countries to accept globalization. If they don’t, someone else will. 9__________by their behavior, most governments believe they have more to10 _________ than to lose.,
III. Paraphrase the following sentences
1.He nodded toward the corner to where the giant stood, his thick arms crossed on his hogshead of a chest.
2.But they were outshouted and ignored and finally shunned by the other villagers.
3.It was by an oversight that his work was accepted.
4.Behind the merger boom lies the growing corporate conviction that many markets have become truly global.
5.But ours was a natural or, rather, a divine calendar, because it was framed by acts of God: earthquake and
droughts and floods and locusts and pestilences.
IV．Translate the following sentences
4.No one in Washington today recalls what happened during the years alcohol was forbidden to the people by a
Congress that thought it had a divine mission to stamp out Demon Rum —— launching, in the process, the greatest crime wave in the country’s history.
5.So far, so normal, and this could have been an outdoor summer-stock Shakespeare production anywhere in
America, except in one aspect: a police car was now parked conspicuously in view, its roof light slowly rotating.
"In every known human society the male's needs for achievement can be recognized... In a great number of human societies men's sureness of their sex role is tied up with their right, or ability, to practice some activity that women are not allowed to practice. Their maleness in fact has to be underwritten by preventing women from entering some field or performing some feat." This is the conclusion of the anthropologist Margaret Mead about the way in which the roles of men and women in society should be distinguished.
If talk and print are considered, it would seem that the formal emancipation of women is far from complete. There is a flow of publications about the continuing domestic bondage of women and about the complicated system of defences which men have thrown up around their hitherto accepted advantages, taking sometimes the obvious form of exclusion from types of occupation and sociable groupings, and sometimes the more subtle form of automatic doubt of the seriousness of women's pretensions to the level of intellect and resolution that men, it is supposed, bring to the business of running the world.
There are a good many objective pieces of evidence for the erosion of men's status. In the first place, there is the widespread postwar phenomenon of the woman Prime Minister, in India, Sri Lanka and Israel.
Secondly, there is the very large increase in the number of women who work, especially married women and mothers of children. More diffusely there are the increasingly numerous convergences between male and female behavior: the approximation to identical styles in dress and coiffure, the sharing of domestic tasks, and the admission of women to all sorts of hitherto exclusively male leisure-time activities.
Everyone carries round with him a fairly definite idea of the primitive or natural conditions of human life. It is acquired more by the study of humorous cartoons than of archaeology, but that does not matter since it is not significant as theory but only as an expression of inwardly felt expectations of people's sense of what is fundamentally proper in the differentiation between the roles of the two sexes. In this rudimentary natural society men go out to hunt and fish and to fight off the tribe next door while women keep the fire going. Amorous initiative is firmly reserved to the man, who sets about courtship with a club.
1. The phrase "men's sureness of their sex role" in the first paragraph suggests that they________________.
A. are confident in their ability to charm women.
B. take the initiative in courtship.
C. have a clear idea of what is considered "manly".
D. tend to be more immoral than women are.
2. The third paragraph does NOT claim that men____________
A. prevent women from taking up certain professions.
B. secretly admire women's intellect and resolution.
C. doubt whether women really mean to succeed in business.
D. forbid women to join certain clubs and societies.
3. The third paragraph______________
A. generally agrees with the first paragraph
B. has no connection with the first paragraph
C. repeats the argument of the second paragraph
D. contradicts the last paragraph
4. At the end of the last paragraph the author uses humorous exaggeration in order to_______________
A. show that men are stronger than women
B. carry further the ideas of the earliest paragraphs
C. support the first sentence of the same paragraph
D. disown the ideas he is expressing
5. The usual idea of the cave man in the last paragraph_____________
A. is based on the study of archaeology
B. illustrates how people expect men to behave
C. is dismissed by the author as an irrelevant joke
D. proves that the man, not woman, should be the wooer
I．Grammar: Choose the best words to complete the following sentences
1. The lawn mowed, the bushes trimmed, and ________, Bill went guiltlessly to the movies.
a. the dishes washed and put away
b. the dishes were washed and put away
c. he washed the dishes putting them away
d. he washed and put away the dishes
2. The health department inspector recommended that all outdoor food stores at the gate of the school _________.
a. close down
c. be closed down
d. would be closed down
3. As far as the effect on the environment _______ tourism is often a bad thing.
c. is concerned with
d. is concerned
4. This has been my life. I have found it worth living, and I would gladly live it again if the chance ________offered to me. (Bertrand Russell)
c. would be
d. should be
5. Galileo’s opponents found an excuse to have him _______from the University of Pisa.
a. be dismissed
c. been dismissed
6. A ________talk is too long for school kids.
c. two hour’s
d. two hours
7. Let’s go over the monthly sales figures once again, _________?
a. do we
b. shall we
c. won’t we
d. can we
8. Bob said proudly that he had achieved all his goals, not in spite of his handicap, but _______it.
a. owing to
b. due to
c. on account of
d. because of
9. ________ to develop his talent, Adam could become an excellent artist.
c. Being allowed
d. Having been allowed
10. The manager insists that she _______ given a detailed receipt for these goods.
a. would be
b. will be
c. must be
I I. Match the words with similar meanings
( )1. avert a. represent
( )2. complimentary b. barrier
( )3. rotten c. weakness
( )4. vain d. puzzling
( )5. symbolize e. avoid
( )6. oversight f. denounce
( )7. retort g. praising
( )8. impediment h. celebrity
( )9. deficiency i. counter
( )10.stretch j. extend
( )11. sprinkle k. convincingly
( )12. criticize l. decayed
( )13. persuasively m. spray
( )14. personality n. terrible mistake
( )15. elusive o. conceited
III. Paraphrase the following sentences
1.Moreover, they also re-create parts of the past. Like detectives, they piece together evidence to fill in the gaps
in the available records.
2.She was generally very nice and polite, but, so far as romance went, I think I was definitely at the bottom of
the reserves as far as she was concerned.
3.Suppose anybody saw us like this in the field of our spring sowing, what would they take us for but a pair of
useless, soft, empty-headed people that would be sure to die of hunger.
4.But now he had got a grip on himself, had stopped, and was taking stock of himself and the situation.
5.The park at night must have seemed luxurious and secluded—a giant evening garden party. The park was to
be strolled through, enjoyed as an aesthetic experience, like a walk inside a paining.
IV. Translate the following sentences
I remember meeting him one evening with his pushcart. I had managed to sell all my papers and was coming home in the snow. It was that strange hour in downtown New York when the workers were pouring homeward in the twilight. I marched among thousands of tired men and women whom the factory whistles had unyoked. They flowed in rivers through the clothing factory districts, then down along the avenues to the East Side.
I met my father near Cooper Union. I recognized him, a hunched, frozen figure in an old overcoat standing by a banana cart. He looked so lonely, the tears came to my eyes. Then he saw me, and his face lit with his sad, beautiful smile -Charlie Chaplin's smile.
"Arch, it's Mikey," he said. "So you have sold your papers! Come and eat a banana."
He offered me one. I refused it. I felt it crucial that my father sell his bananas, not give them away. He thought I was shy, and coaxed and joked with me, and made me eat the banana. It smelled of wet straw and snow.
"You haven't sold many bananas today, pop," I said anxiously.
He shrugged his shoulders.
"What can I do? No one seems to want them."
It was true. The work crowds pushed home morosely over the pavements. The rusty sky darkened over New York building, the tall street lamps were lit, innumerable trucks, street cars and elevated trains clattered by. Nobody and nothing in the great city stopped for my father's bananas.
"I ought to yell," said my father dolefully. "I ought to make a big noise like other peddlers, but it makes my throat sore. Anyway, I'm ashamed of yelling, it makes me feel like a fool. "
I had eaten one of his bananas. My sick conscience told me that I ought to pay for it somehow. I must remain here and help my father.
I'll yell for you, pop," I volunteered.
"Arch, no," he said, "go home; you have worked enough today. Just tell momma I'll be late."
But I yelled and yelled. My father, standing by, spoke occasional words of praise, and said I was a wonderful yeller. Nobody else paid attention. The workers drifted past us wearily, endlessly; a defeated army wrapped in dreams of home. Elevated trains crashed; the Cooper Union clock burned above us; the sky grew black, the wind poured, the slush burned through our shoes. There were thousands of strange, silent figures pouring over the sidewalks in snow. None of them stopped to buy bananas. I yelled and yelled, nobody listened.
My father tried to stop me at last. "Nu," he said smiling to console me, "that was wonderful yelling. Mikey. But it's plain we are unlucky today! Let's go home."
I was frantic, and almost in tears. I insisted on keeping up my desperate yells. But at last my father persuaded me to leave with him.
1. "Unyoked" in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to
A. sent out
2. Which of the following in the first paragraph does NOT indicated crowds of people?
A. Thousands of
3. Which of the following is intended to be a pair of contrast in the passage?
A. Huge crowds and lonely individuals.
B. Weather conditions and street lamps.
C. Clattering trains and peddlers' yells.
D. Moving crowds and street traffic.
4. Which of the following words is NOT suitable to describe the character of the son?
5. What is the theme of the story?
A. The misery of the factory workers.
B. How to survive in a harsh environment.
C. Generation gap between the father and the son.
D. Love between the father and the son.
I. Grammar: choose the best word to complete the following sentences
1. Chocolate comes form coca beans, _________ the seeds of the cacao tree.
a. that is
b. that are
c. which is
d. which are
2. I am sure she’d rather you _________her the bad news and ________ your sorrow with her.
a. will tell, share
b. tell, share
c. has told, shared
d. had told, shared
3. It is sad to lose, but the greatest sadness is to travel through life__________.
a. and without knowing either success or defeat
b. with knowing neither success nor defeat
c. and knowing neither success nor defeat
d. without knowing either success or defeat
4. To use e-mail, you usually need an account so that you can gain access to the host system________ the information is channeled.
a. through which
b. through that
c. by which
d. by that
5. __________ to show no emotion, the police officer stared straight ahead during the inspection.
b. To be trained
c. Being trained
6. It turned out that the project required $ 2 billion more than _________.
a. has been invested
b. it has been put in it
c. have been invested c. it have been put in it
7. _________a TV program is a success or not much depends on its M.C. (Master of Ceremonies)
a. Whether or not
8. That magnificent _________church is the tourist attraction in the town.
c. ten-century’s old
9. Life is to be fortified by many friendships. To love and ________ is the greatest happiness. (Sydney Simith)
b. being loved
c. to be loved
d. having been loved
10. I _________ be late for that important meeting than leave this injured old woman here.
a. had better
b. would rather
c. may as well
d. should just
II. Paraphrase the following sentences
1.He possessed a brain, and since no one understood it when he used it, it was resented.
2.In Orlando, you develop a throat of iron, and you just put back your head and put it down, in case the police
3.The irony was that by the end of Moses era the park was dangerous.
4.Her short-lived love was gone. Henceforth she was only her husband’s helper to till the earth.
5.Both the Bureau of Narcotics and the Mafia want strong laws against the sale and use of drugs because if
drugs are sold at cost there would be no money in it for anyone.
III. Vocabulary: choose best word or phrase for each blank from the four supplied in brackets
There’s a sense of romance about a train that simply doesn’t exist with a modern jet plane. Several railroad companies are taking 1__________(account of , advantage of, a fancy to, a hand in) of the nostalgia for train travel. They are 2__________(giving, offering, promising, supplying) unique tours for travelers who aren’t in a 3___________(fix, hurry, jam, bad way ) and who enjoy the romance of the past.
If you are looking for 4__________(danger, fun, joy, trouble ) and adventure, you might want to try the ―Mystery Express‖, 5__________(it, that, what, which)runs from New York to Montreal, Canada. This trip 6___________(interest, interested, interesting, interests) people who have always wanted to play a 7___________(character, function, hero, role) in an Agatha Christie play or Sherlock Holmes detective novel. A 8__________(characteristic, representative, standard, typical) journey on the Mystery Express offers the 9__________(chance moment, opportunity, time) to solve a challenging murder mystery right there 10____________(at, by, on , with) the train. In the middle of the night, for instance, there 11__________(might, must, would, should) be a gunshot; soon the 12_____________(customers, passengers, tourists, travelers) learn that there has been a ―murder‖ on board. For the rest of the trip, everyone on board participates 13___________(at,
in, on, through) solving this mystery by exchanging information and opinions about the crime. By the time the train has pulled in Montreal, the traveling ―detectives‖14____________(have figured, had figured, will figure, will have figured) it out and caught the ―criminal‖. Of course, no real crime takes place. The ―murder‖ and several other passengers are 15__________(actually, factually, practically, truly) actors. The trip is a safe, entertaining, and very creative weekend game.
IV. Translate the following sentences
V. Reading comprehension
Considered the most influential architect of his time, Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959) was born in the small rural community of Richland Center, Wisconsin. He entered the University of Wisconsin at the age of 15 as a special student, studying engineering because the school had no course in architecture. At the age of 20 he then went to work as a draughtsman in Chicago in order to learn the traditional, classical language of architecture. After marrying into a wealthy business family at the age of 21, Wright set up house in an exclusive neighborhood in Chicago, and after a few years of working for a number of architectural firms, set up his own architectural office.
For twenty years he brought up a family of six children upstairs, and ran a thriving architectural practice of twelve or so draughtsman downstairs. Here, in an idyllic American suburb, with giant oaks, sprawling lawns, and no fences, Wright built some sixty rambling homes by the year 1900. He became the leader of a style known as the ―Prairie‖ school - houses with low-pitched roofs and extended lines that blended into the landscape and typified his style of ―organic architecture‖.
By the age of forty-one, in 1908, Wright had achieved extraordinary social and professional success. He gave countless lectures at major universities, and started his Taliesin Fellowship – a visionary social workshop in itself. In 1938 he appeared on the cover of Time magazine, and later, on a two cent stamp. The most spectacular buildings of his mature period were based on forms borrowed from nature, and the intentions were clearly romantic, poetic, and intensely personal. Examples of these buildings are Tokyo’s Imperial Hotel (1915-22: demolished 1968), and New York City’s Guggenheim Museum (comple ted 1959). He continued working until his death in 1959, at the age of 92, although in his later years, he spent as much time giving interviews and being a celebrity, as he did in designing buildings. Wright can be considered an essentially idiosyncratic architect whose influence was immense but whose pupils were few.
1. With which of the following subjects is the passage mainly concerned?
A. the development of modern architecture in America
B. the contributions of the ―Prairie‖ School to modern architecture
C. the life and achievements of a famous architect
D. the influence of the style of ―organic architecture‖in America
2. Frank Lloyd Wright first worked as a draughtsman because
A. for twenty years he lived above his shop and employed draughtsman
B. to learn the language of architecture
C. that is what he studied at the University of Wisconsin
D. that is the work of new employees in architectural firms
3. According to the passage, an idyllic American suburb is
A. based on forms borrowed from nature
B. blended into the landscape
C. giant oaks, sprawling lawns, and no fences
D. houses with low-pitched reefs and extended lines
4. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
A. the Taliesin Fellowship was a grant of money
B. many of Wright’s architectural ideas have not been taken up by others
C. Wright used his wife’s money to set up his own architectural office in an exclusive neighborhood in Chicago
D. Some of Wright’s most notable buildings have been demolished because they were not popular
5. All of the following about Frank Lloyd Wright are true EXCEPT
A. he became the leader of a style known as ―organic architecture‖
B. he died at the age of 92
C. he commenced university studies at the age of 15
D. some of his most spectacular buildings were not in America