新视野英语 大学英语4 期末考试复习范围

第一部分:听力题30分

1.短对话10题

2.长对话2篇每篇3题

3.篇章对话2篇每篇3题

4.听力填空8个空为课外

具体范围:

ⅡBasic listening practice

Unit1

1. A) She envies the man. B) She congratulates the man.

C) She thinks money causes trouble. D) She wants to borrow money from the man.

2. A) He was very angry. B) He is still learning to drive.

C) He is helping Mary obtain a driver's license. D) He has a driver's license.

3. A) She will regret her decision. B) She does not think much of her boyfriend.

C) She will wait for the right time to get married. D) She still wants to marry the guy.

4. A) The woman has not overcome her grief.B) The woman has returned to normal.

C) The man's mother has died. D) The woman is comforting the man.

5. A) She needs more fresh air in the room. B) She can't make her voice heard in the noisy room.

C) She has to work too hard. D) Nobody is listening to her opinions.

Answer :C B D A D

Unit2

1. A) She had modeling experience. B) She had practiced a lot.

C) She paid high fees. D) She complained to the right person.

2. A) The man speaks favorably of it, and the woman speaks unfavorably.

B) The woman speaks favorably of it, and the man speaks unfavorably.

C) Both the man and the woman speak favorably of it.

D) Neither the man nor the woman speaks favorably of it.

3. A) Only vegetables and fruit. B) A lot of fish and meat.

C) New diets.D) Traditional diets.

4. A) She is a blonde. B) She envies a blonde's white skin.

C) She looks dark and unattractive. D) She looks brown and attractive.

5. A) Business. B) Vanity. C) A stronger body. D) Slimming.

BACDB

Unit 3

1.(A) Widespread destruction. (B) Moderate damage.

(C) Small loss of lives. (D) No loss of lives.

2.(A) Traveling to India. (B) Looking at a landslide.

(C) Sending an e-mail to the man. (D) Waiting for the woman's e-mail.

3.(A) She is on holiday in Asia. (B) She is coming back from a holiday.

(C) She is staying home. (D) She can't come back due to a flood.

4.(A) It delayed the flight by 20 hours. (B) It made a mess of part of the city.

(C) It hurt a lot of people. (D) It hit the west coast.

5.(A) Fascinating.(B) Weird. (C) Beautiful and destructive. (D) Unbelievable. DACBC

Unit 4

1.(A) A team player. (B) A leader.

(C) Either a team member or a leader. (D) A weak leader but a good team player.

2.(A) In a coffee shop. (B) In an office.

(C) In a restaurant. (D) At a railway station.

3.(A) He won't be promoted. (B) His colleague instead of him will be promoted.

(C) The boss is going to fire him. (D) His close friend is going to leave.

4.(A) She praises Mr. Jones for being faithful. (B) She admires Mr. Jones.

(C) She is a self-made millionaire. (D) She wants to employ an accountant.

5.(A) The woman likes working there but worries about too much responsibility.

(B) The man likes working there but worries about too much responsibility.

(C) The man will be promoted to be an office manager.

(D) The woman may be promoted to be an office manager.

CBABD

Unit 5

1.(A) They hate spice. (B) They don't want to adjust to new conditions.

(C) They are loyal by nature. (D) They expect faster promotion.

2.(A) She expresses her indignation at the criticism. (B) She has tried her best.

(C) She proposes to work late. (D) She couldn't make up the time.

3.(A) She is not sorry at all.(B) She is somewhat sorry.

(C) She is miserable. (D) She does not express her opinion clearly.

4.(A) To get a raise. (B) To miss her colleagues.

(C) To leave by the end of the month. (D) To leave within two months.

5.(A) He is upset. (B) He flies into a rage.

(C) He is only too glad to go. (D) He is sure of his future.

BDACD

Ⅲ. Listening In Task 1 and Task 3

Unit 1 Task 1 What a clumsy man !

1. (A) One of her feet was hit by the box. (B) One of her hands was hit by the box.

(C) Jack stepped on her feet. (D) Jack kicked one of her feet.

2. (A) He is more careful than Maria. (B) He has made only a few mistakes.

(C) He makes lots of mistakes. (D) He never makes stupid mistakes.

3. (A) A glass worker. (B) A colleague of Maria's.

(C) A customer. (D) The boss.

4. (A) To clean up the broken glass. (B) To tell Mr. Johnson about his mistake.

(C) Both A) and B). (D) Neither A) nor B).

5. (A) He is afraid of his boss. (B) He has a lot of money.

(C) He wants to keep his job. (D) He wants to solve the problem.

A C D C B

Task 3 Happiness index

1. (A) Australia. (B) The United States.

(C) The United Kingdom. (D) Russia.

2. (A) A lot of money can surely bring happiness.

(B) Even a lot of money can hardly bring happiness.

(C) People can be happy even if they have little money.

(D) People are likely to be unhappy if they have little money.

3. (A) People in their 50s.(B) People in their 40s.

(C) People in their 20s. (D) Teenagers.

4. (A) A good car. (B) A happy marriage.

(C) Good health. (D) Financial security.

5.(A) The happiest and the least happy people.

(B) The factors that determine happiness.

(C) An investigation on happiness and the determinan ts.

(D) An investigation on happiness and ways to increase happiness.

B D A A C

Unit 2 Task 1 How do women use cosmetics

1. (A) Because her skin is too sensitive to makeup.

(B) Because her eyes cannot endure makeup.

(C) Because she is naturally attractive.

(D) Because she would look strange with makeup.

2. (A) A good makeup base. (B) Good mascara.

(C) A good eyeliner. (D) A pricey eyeliner.

3. (A) A subtle color. (B) A bright color.

(C) Mascara. (D) Longer eyelashes.

4.(A) Using only the Dead Sea products. (B) Using only natural products.

(C) Adding some color to her eyes. (D) Adding some color to her cheeks.

5. (A) An eyeliner. (B) A lipstick.(C) A tube. (D) A perfect color. CAADB

Task 3 Beauty contests

1. (A) Physical appearance. (B) Personality.

(C) Intelligence. (D) Quick responses.

2. (A) Because beauty queens became college students.

(B) Because beauty queens started doing useful things.

(C) Because contestants became more beautiful.

(D) Because contestants became more intelligent.

3. (A) Focus on physical attractiveness.

(B) Violation of moral standards.

(C) Young girl could be misled.

(D) Beauty queens advertise for products like watermelons.

4. (A) It cannot earn enough money for those countries.

(B) It increases the divorce rate there.

(C) It goes against the local culture or religion.

(D) It is forbidden by the local law.

5. (A) Positive. (B) Slightly critical.

(C) Highly critical. (D) Neutral.

ABACD

Unit 3 Task 1 Is tsunami delicious ?

1. (A) A giant ocean wave.

(B) A kind of food.

(C) A bus.

(D) A Japanese person.

2. (A) There will be an eastward ocean current.

(B) There will be a westward ocean current.

(C) They would be swallowed up by the ocean waves.

(D) They would be able to eat fish.

3. (A) Cool. (B) Calm .(C) Dangerous. (D) Frightening.

4.(A) An earthquake. (B) A volcano.

(C) A landslide. (D) A warm current.

5. (A) Several meters. (B) 13 meters.

(C) 30 meters. (D) Over 100 meters.

BCADC

Unit 4 Task 1 You’re fired !

1. (A) He never took illegal commissions.

(B) He sold the company's products at higher prices.

(C) He sold more of the company's products than other salespeople.

(D) He is getting along well with his colleagues.

2. (A) He knows more customers than any other employee.

(B) Only he knows how to get a certain large contract.

(C) He used to be a manager of a large company.

(D) A relative of his is the manager of a large company.

3. (A) She mistook the man for Carl Smith.

(B) She raised the man's pay by mistake.

(C) She praised the wrong person.

(D) She almost fired the wrong person.

4. (A) He often works overtime.

(B) He is a lazy worker.

(C) He works neither too hard nor lazily.

(D) He is often late for work.

5. (A) A salary increase for the first time.

(B) A salary increase for the second time.

(C) A promotion.

(D) His first month salary.

CBDAA

Task 3 Working from home

1. (A) The cons of working from home.

(B) The pros of working from home.

(C) The pros and cons of working from home.

(D) The new trend of working from home.

2. (A) Better laptop computers.

(B) Better Internet access.

(C) Improved communication software.

(D) Cozy environment.

3. (A) Lack of social interaction.

(B) Interruption from one's family.

(C) No office rules.

(D) Complaints from clients.

4.(A) Their boss cannot supervise them.

(B) They can listen to the music they like when working.

(C) They can choose to work at night.

(D) They are allowed to wear pajamas while working.

5. (A) To show the freedom one can enjoy at home.

(B) To show the noisy environment in an office.

(C) To show people's enthusiasm for modern music.

(D) To show people's opposition to modern music. CDDCA

Unit 5 Task 1 How to avoid bankruptcy

1. (A) The importance of reducing the administrative staff.

(B) Ways of cutting staff.

(C) The choice between downsizing and closing down.

(D) The terms of a severance package.

2. (A) Their long service.

(B) Their familiarity with the workers.

(C) Their familiarity with customers.

(D) Their intention to sue the boss.

3.(A) More reliance on part-time workers.

(B) More dependence on the subordinates.

(C) Greater dependence on computers.

(D) None of the above.

4.(A) The company will return to normal.

(B) The company will develop fast.

(C) They still have to cut workers in the service department.

(D) They will be understaffed.

5. (A) A reduction in operation.

(B) Recruitment of better administrators.

(C) Recruitment of better people.

(D) Retraining for the service staff.

BACCD

Task 3 Lay-offs can be predicted.

1. (A) Harms brought by lay-offs.

(B) Ways to avoid being laid off.

(C) The advantages and disadvantages of lay-offs.

(D) Predicting and preparing for lay-offs.

2. (A) After a warning from the company.

(B) Before a warning from the company.

(C) Both before and after a warning from the company.

(D) Neither before nor after a warning from the company.

3. (A) Fewer customers want to employ engineers.

(B) Fewer customers want to install equipment.

(C) More customers want to sell their machines.

(D) More customers are downsizing.

4. (A) Sure signs of forthcoming lay-offs.

(B) Sure signs of bad production.

(C) Perhaps just periodic sales drops.

(D) Even worse sales in the near future.

5.(A) Lay-offs in other industries.

(B) Structural reorganization.

(C) No more hiring.

(D) Budget cuts.

DCBCA

Ⅵ. Further Listening and Speaking Task 1

Unit 1 Task 2 Reason and emotion

1. A) Something you may regret later.

B) Something you desire.

C) An emotional response from the audience.

D) Logical argument by the audience.

2. A) They complement each other.

B) They contradict each other.

C) Emotion is more important.

D) Reason is more important.

3. A) Cold attitude to other people.

B) Feeling cold when criticized.

C) Using only intellectual logic.

D) Combining logic with feeling.

4. A) They should accept everything in their religion.

B) They should reject anything in a different religion.

C) They should adopt a balanced approach.

D) They should place human feelings above logical argument.

5. A) Most decisions are based on emotion.

B) Most decisions are based on reason.

C) It is not easy to combine reason with emotion,

D) In most decisions there is no clear distinction between reason and emotion.

A B C C D

Unit 2 Task 1 A friendly stylist

1. (A) It's quite cheap.

(B) It's reasonably expensive.

(C) It's far too expensive.

(D) He can't afford it unless he robs somebody.

2.(A) There is an imbalance between him and his hairstyle.

(B) It is a work of art.

(C) It is an imaginative style.

(D) It needs disjunction.

3. (A) He will create peaks.

(B) He will create a pigtail.

(C) He will put in streaks.

(D) He will put on gel.

4.(A) It will make it a disjunction.

(B) It will make it a work of art.

(C) It will make it look like a foreigner's hairstyle.

(D) It will make it look like the skin of a tiger.

5. (A) How a customer is tricked.

(B) How a customer gets a good service.

(C) How to create a work of art.

(D) How to avoid disjunction.

CAABA

Unit 3 Task 1 Typhoon hits Guangdong Province.

1. (A) No more than two billion dollars.

(B) Over two billion yuan.

(C) Less than two billion yuan.

(D) More than two million yuan.

2. (A) Transportation.

(B) Electricity.

(C) Telecommunications.

(D) Water services.

3. (A) Six.

(B) Seven.

(C) Eight.

(D) Six to eight.

4.(A) Protection of water conservancy facilities like reservoirs.

(B) Cancellation of flights.

(C) The return of fishing boats to the port.

(D) Protection of the city center.

5. (A) The causes of the typhoon.

(B) The damages caused by the typhoon.

(C) Damages from the typhoon and the work done.

(D) A comparison between the typhoon and the flood.

BADAC

Unit 4 Task1 A small misstep can become a big career trape.

1. (A) Only the CEO.

(B) Only his immediate boss.

(C) All executives on the distribution list he made.

(D) All executives on the distribution list his boss had given him.

2. (A) His boss was pleased.

(B) His boss looked angry.

(C) The CEO congratulated him on his good report.

(D) His colleagues got angry.

3. (A) He got them back immediately.

(B) He asked his secretary to get them back.

(C) The report was already in the CEO's hands.

(D) The copies were already lost.

4. (A) She thought Adams went above her power.

(B) She thought the CEO would be upset.

(C) Adams didn't meet the deadlines.

(D) She didn't want the CEO to read the report.

5. (A) An employee will be fired only for big mistakes.

(B) An employee will be demoted for a small mistake.

(C) An employee should not by pass his / her immediate superior.

(D) An employee should report to the CEO regularly.

DBCAC

Unit 5 Task 1 Problems of joblessness.

1. (A) Lack of contact with colleagues.

(B) Lack of money to pay bills.

(C) Difficulty in finding a new job.

(D) Friction in the family.

2. (A) It's enough for a normal life.

(B) It does not last forever.

(C) It covers about 70 percent of one's former income.

(D) It covers more than half of one's former income.

3. (A) They expect promotions in the future.

(B) They expect salary raises.

(C) They need unemployment insurance.

(D) They want to live a comfortable life.

4. (A) Financial problems. (B) Social problems.

(C) Psychological problems. (D) Technical problems.

5. (A) Problems with joblessness.

(B) Problems with joblessness and solutions.

(C) Workers' discontent with unemployment and low-paying jobs.

(D) Ways to obtain unemployment insurance.

ABCDA

第二部分

V ocabulary 选择题共10题,每题1分,其中有5题出自课外。剩余5题从以下每个单元出1题。Unit 1

2、Due to the lack of labor force, even women in this village were compelled to work in the coal mines. 4、According to the rules set by the company anymore who is regularly late for work is likely to be disciplined or dismissed.

6、 The auto company has seen a huge increase in the output of private cars this year due to the improved working efficiency.

10、Survival of the Fittest is a(n) eternal truth of nature.

12、The military government refused to transfer power to a democratically elected civilian government. Unit 2

2、 Private space travel is a relatively new phenomenon.It’s difficult at the moment to assess its effects.

4. Since sending her child to the kindergarten, she has been delighted to see a gradual change in boy’s character; he seems less self-centered now.

6. Quills were the chief writing tool from the 6th century until the advent o f steel pens in the mid 19th century.

8. I don’t think she’s consciously rude to you—she has just lost her new car and feels bad about it.

10. The cheap perfume you see on special offer in petrol stations often smells nasty after a couple of hours.

12. You shouldn’t use “Yours faithfully”—it’s too formal for this kind of personal letter.

14. According to a survey among 1000 residents, garbage collection service in the city is far from satisfactory.

Unit 4

2. It’s incredible what when he gambled he always won, whether he was playing a card game or betting on horse racing.

4. Elephants are dying out because they are being hunted for the tusks。

6. Slavery was abolished in Canada in 1833,and the Canadian authorities then encouraged slaves from American to settle down on their land。

8. The mass media commented that the young man’s suicide was nothing but a senseless waste of his life. Unit 5

2. The inventor Thomas Edison was regarded as a(n)dull boy when he was young because he couldn't work out easy mathematical calculations.

4. The local newspaper has launcheda campaign to raise money for the girl who has caught a rare disease.

6. The town's wildlife reserve has gained a(n)reputation as one of the best leisure resorts in the country. 8. There has been a great deal of publicity in the media about the campaign against genetically modified food.

10. At the news of the sudden bombing attack, the Prime Minister expressed his deepest sympathy for the fa milies of the victims.

16. These two TV programs are both about news or current affairs, but they have attracted very different au diences in the United States.

Unit 6

2. Those psychologists believe that one's childhood experiences will have a(n )enduring influence on his or her future work and personality.

4. As a fresh graduate, Jim seems to have the ambition to command everything in the world.

6. The girl remains in serious but stable condition in the intensive care unit in the hospital.

8. We should devote our finite life to the infinite cause of serving the people.

10. It seems to me that this novelist delights in weaving elaborate and complicated plots in his works.

第三部分Cloze 10题共10分出自1,2,4,5,6 单元其中一篇。

Unit 1

Man has a blood tie with nature and nobody can live outside nature. Nature provides us with everything we need: the air we breathe, the water we drink, and the food we eat.

For quite a long time after man began to live in the (1)realm of nature, he lived in fear of its destructive forces. He used to regard nature with its (2)elemental forces as something hostile to him. And even the forest was something wild and frightening to him. Very often, he was unable to (3)obtain the merest daily necessities though he worked together with others (4)stubbornly and collectively with his imperfect tools. Through his interaction with nature, man changed it gradually. He cut down forest, cultivated land, (5)transferred various species of plants and animals to different climatic conditions, changed the shape and climate of his environment and (6)transformed plants and animals. He (7)subdued and disciplined electricity and compelled it to serve the interests of society.

Nonetheless, with the constant (8)expansion of agriculture and industry, man has robbed nature too much of its (9)irreplaceable resources, polluted his own living environment and caused about 95% of the species that have existed over the past 600 million years to become (10)extinct and still many others to be endangered. The previous (11)dynamic balance between man and nature is on the (12)verge of breaking down. Man is now faced with the problem of how to stop, or at least to (13)moderate the destructive effect of technology on nature.

The crisis of the (14)ecological situation has become a global problem. The solution to the problem depends on (15)rational and wise organization both of production itself and care for Mother Nature. This can only be done by all humanity, rather than by individuals, enterprises or separate countries.

Unit 2

Technology is a "hot" issue nowadays. The defenders of technology stress its advantages while the

opponents (1)emphasize its disadvantages. Neither side has ever taken the time to look at the (2)opposite point of view.

The defenders of technology hold that with technology, people's living conditions have been greatly (3)improved For example, the boom in productivity has made goods better and cheaper. Therefore, things that were once (4)luxuries, such as jet travel and long-distance phone calls, have become necessities. Medical technology, in particular, has (5)benefited us a lot, especially in prolonging life expectancy.

On the other hand, the opponents of technology argue that technology makes life (6)obviously worse. Telemarketing, traffic jams, and identity theft are all phenomena that make people (7)consciously unhappy. In addition, many people believe technology disrupts relationships and (8)fractures community.

Ever since the Industrial Revolution, the relationship between happiness and technology has been an (9)eternal subject for social critics and philosophers, though economists and social scientists have seldom touched on the topic. However, in 1974 the economist Richard Easterlin did (10)groundbreaking work on the relationship between prosperity and well-being. In his famous paper (11)entitled"Does Economic Growth Improve the Human Lot?", Easterlin showed that there was no real (12)correlation between a nation's income level and its citizens' happiness in the developed countries.

In fact, technology is neither good nor bad. It (13)depends on what we want to do with it. Therefore, the responsibility belongs (14) exclusively to humans who have to acquire a social conscience, to respect human beings, nature and its balances.

Unit 4

新视野英语 大学英语4 期末考试复习范围

新视野英语 大学英语4 期末考试复习范围

新视野英语 大学英语4 期末考试复习范围

to take manual labor

新视野英语 大学英语4 期末考试复习范围

新视野英语 大学英语4 期末考试复习范围

people still future when for their career. What they care most

新视野英语 大学英语4 期末考试复习范围

新视野英语 大学英语4 期末考试复习范围

新视野英语 大学英语4 期末考试复习范围

新视野英语 大学英语4 期末考试复习范围

In fact, there difference between those who work with their hands and those who

新视野英语 大学英语4 期末考试复习范围

新视野英语 大学英语4 期末考试复习范围

新视野英语 大学英语4 期末考试复习范围

enough to take Unit 5

What does success mean to you? Does it mean wealth, fame, power or something else? Different people have different pursuits in life so they understand success in different ways. Some people chase (1)money their whole lives. To them, more money means more success. Some people run after fame. With fame and reputation, (2)they can gain the admiration and love of many others. However, some people dedicate (3)themselves to the well-being of society.

Doubtlessly, money is something that can be used as a reward (4)to those who have done valuable work.

Those who perform their work excellently should be paid sufficiently(5). But success cannot be measured (6)in monetary terms, nor in terms of the amount of power one may exercise over others. After all, money and power can assure (7)people neither of happiness nor of respect from others.

Fame, too, is a flawed measure of success. Momentary (8)fame can bring great joy to those who have it for a time. But they are very likely to become the slaves of their celebrity (9)because of the public’s demands. In addition, they will easily become the target (10)of everyone who disagrees with them and of the media as well. To be frank(11), if one is unable to fully enjoy life and liberty(12), the short-lived success is nothing but illusory(13).

Therefore, to achieve the right kind of success is vitally important. As long as one can combine his own material needs and spiritual satisfaction with those of the well-being of society, he should be held in high regard(14).

Unit 6

Truth is a fact accepted as true, for which proof exists. Truth is a great principle, without which beauty may fade and love may wither(1). Those who uphold truth have a strong sense(2)of responsibility. Those who hold firmly to truth are faithful(3)to their duty and the people they serve. They commit(4)themselves to the well-being of others. With aspirations(5)to make a contribution to society, they are ready to correct their own mistakes, if any. It can be said that they are men of moral integrity who never ask for gratitude (6)in return.

Truth dawns(7)upon us slowly but surely. In the long quest for truth, people have accumulated(8)precious knowledge and experience. However, truth also needs nourishment (9)just as plants need water, because many people are too preoccupied(10)with petty and sometimes even mean concerns to respond to the great beauty of truth when it flowers(11)or they frequently fail to appreciate truth when it is tendered (12)

In short, truth is an invaluable asset to the whole of humanity. Stick to the truth and we will weave(13)a timeless pattern, and earn the respect and esteem of others, elevate(14)the world today above its present imperfections and place ourselves in the proud position of promoting the good of the humanity.

第四部分阅读理解15分共3篇,其中2篇出自分阶阅读1-8单元的Section C

第五部分翻译

(一)英译汉15分1,2,4,5,6 Words in action 第二部分Text A

Unit 1

as yet 至今cut down砍倒from head to food从头到脚

in fear of 为...而担心show signs of 显示...的征兆

Unit 2

atthe same time同时at work在起作用be stuck with 被...缠住无法摆脱

build...into使...成为组成部分come to mind使想到for certain 肯定地

make no difference都一样on average通常when it comes to 当提到...

Unit 4

ata guess据推测coincide with与...一致earn a living谋生

get one’s teeth into埋头做go in for 参加in the strict sense从严格意义上说

Unit 5

andso on等等be tired of 厌倦for dear life拼命地

hang on紧紧抓住throw out解雇turn away 拒绝支持

Unit 6

alltoo极;甚be invested with被授予…dawn upon开始明白

hold fast to坚持live by按照...的规律生活live on继续活着to and fro来回地

(二)汉译英20分5题1,2,4,5,6 Translation 为部分句子翻译。

Unit 1

1.这个村子离边境很近,村民们一直担心会受到敌人的攻击。(in fear of)

The village is so close to the border that the villagers live in constant fear of attacks from the enemy.

2.这个国家仅用了20年的时间就发展成了一个先进的工业强国。(transform)

In only twenty years the country was transformed into an advanced industrial power.

3.这个公司已经发展成为这个地区主要的化工生产基地之一。(evolve)

This company has evolved into one of the major chemical manufacturing bases in this region.

4.鉴于目前的金融形势,美元进一步贬值(devalue) 是不可避免的。(inevitable)

Given the current financial situation, it is inevitable that the US dollar will be further devalued.

5.政府号召市民就控制水污染问题献计献策,但响应却不强烈。(response)

The government's call for suggestions about the control of water pollution produced very little responsefrom the citizens.

6.天气没有出现好转的迹象,所以政府号召我们做好防洪的准备。(show signs of; call upon)

The weather showed no signs of getting better so the government called upon us to get prepared for floods.

7.科学家曾一度认为没有比原子更小的东西了,但现在大多数人都知道原子是由更小的粒子(particle)构成的。(at one time)

At one time scientists thought that there was nothing smaller than an atom but now most people know thatan atom consists of even smaller particles.

8.这些同学对世界杯十分关注,每天至少花两个小时看比赛的现场直播。(be concerned about; at least) The students were all very much concerned about the World Cup, spending at least two hours every daywatching the live matches on TV.

9.因为得不到贷款,无法按时开业,这家百货商店损失惨重。(come by; lose out)

The department store lost out because loans were very hard to come by and it could not start business on

time.

10.我们不能到那里散步,因为那里有一个海军基地,禁止游客进入。(off limits)

We can't go there for a walk because there is a navy base there, which is off limits to tourists.

Unit 2

1.他的确懂得很多理论,但是,一碰到实际工作就显得非常无知。(when it comes to)

He really knows a lot about theory, but when it comes to actual work, he seems to be quite ignorant.

2.最新调查表明,大多数市民支持政府再建一个新图书馆的计划。(survey)

The latest survey shows / showed that the majority of the citizens support / supported the government's plan to build a new library.

3.这两个国家之所以能够成功地达成科学技术合作协定是因为有利于他们进行合作的好几种因素一直在发挥作用。(at work)

The two countries could reach agreement successfully on scientific and technological cooperation because several factors favorable to their cooperation had been at work.

4.我在上小学时就看过那部电影,可就是一时想不起它的名字来。(come to mind)

I saw the film when I was in the primary school, but the title just won't come to mind for the moment.

5.尽管他每天平均工作12个小时,他仍然陷于重重债务之中。(on average;be stuck with)

He has been stuck with heavy debt though he works about twelve hours every day on average.

6.有必要知道他的身高吗?在我看来,这与他能否成为一个好的律师没有关系。(not relevant to)

Is it necessary to know his height? To me, it is irrelevant to whether he can be a good lawyer or not.

7.橱柜被安装到墙里,既节约空间,使用起来又方便。(build … into … )

The cupboard is built into the wall so that it both saves space and is convenient to use.

8.这些工人挣的钱比我们多,可话又说回来,他们的工作也危险得多。(the other side of the coin) These workers earn more than we do, but the other side of the coin is that their job is more dangerous.

9.海伦在大学里学的是经济学,与此同时她把哲学作为第二专业来学习。(at the same time)

Helen majors in economics at the university and at the same time she studies philosophy as her second major.

10.重要的是你们要自己发现问题和解决问题,我是否到现场去无关紧要。(make no difference)

What is most important is that you must find out and solve the problems by yourselves. It makes no difference whether I go there or not.

Unit 4

1.随着她个人生活的细节越来越多地被媒体披露出来,她不得不辞去公司总经理的职务。(compel) As more and more details of her private life were disclosed by the media, she was compelled to resign her post as general manager (or: resign as general manager / resign from the post of general manager) of the company.

2.她对自己的新工作很满意,因为这份工作正好与她的兴趣相符。(coincide with)

She is very satisfied with her new job as it coincides with her interests.

3.我买了这件衬衣,因为它的价格从300元减到了80元。(reduce)

I bought this shirt because the price was reduced from 300 yuan to 80 yuan.

4.为了把孩子们抚养成人,这位母亲真是历经了各种磨难。(go through)

To bring her children up, the mother really went through all kinds of hardships.

5.警方在老太太的死亡案中已经排除了他杀的可能性。(rule out)

The police have ruled out murder in the case of the old lady's death.

6.市政府承诺将尽快采取有效措施,解决空气污染的问题。(take steps)

The municipality (municipal government) promised to take effective steps as soon as possible to solve the problems of air pollution.

7.因为腿部受伤,我没有参加上个月学校举行的网球锦标赛。(go in for)

I did not go in for the Campus Tennis Championships held last month because of my injured leg.

8.要是能得到大多数女生支持的话,你赢得选举成为学生会主席的机会是很大的。(stand a chance)

If you can get the support of the majority of the girls, you stand a good chance of winning the election and becoming Chairman of the Students Union.

9.他写的书并非都像这一本这么成功,所以我建议你从图书馆把它借来读一下。(recommend

Not all the books he wrote were as successful as this one so I recommend that you borrow it from the library and read it.

10.在2004年雅典奥运会上刘翔打破男子110米栏(110-meter hurdles)世界记录,获得冠军,这个记录以前是由一个美国运动员保持的。(previously)

At the 2004 Athens Olympic Games Liu Xiang won the championship of the men's 110-meter hurdle and broke the world record, which had been previously held by an American athlete.

Unit 5

1.他试图拯救这家濒临倒闭的企业,但失败了。(attempt to)

He attempted to save the enterprise which was on the verge of collapse but failed.

2.总统已经宣布,在第一个任期结束时不再谋求连任。(seek)

The president has announced that he will not seek re-election at the end of his first term.

3.那个年轻教师在激发学生努力学习方面很有技巧。(motivate)

The young teacher is skilled at motivating his students to study hard.

4.她喜欢举行社交聚会,只要能找到借口,她就随时举办。(find an excuse)

She loves giving parties and does so whenever she can find an excuse.

5.要在这家公司找到一个管理职位,你恐怕至少要和50个人竞争。(compete with)

I’m afraid that you’ll have to compete with at least fifty people for an administrative post in this company. 6.坦率地说,就算你对公司很忠诚,我觉得你得到提拔的机会也不大。(to be frank; be loyal to)

To be frank, I don’t think you stand a good chance of getting promoted even if you are loyal to the company.

7.很显然,他的演讲激发了观众对地震灾难中受害者的极大同情。(obvious; sympathy)

It was obvious that his speech aroused the sympathy of the audience for the victims of the earthquake.

8.尽管他反复向我保证他有能力推销我们公司的产品,但在雇用他之前我还要再面试他一次。(repeatedly; assure)

Though he has repeatedly assured me of his ability to promote our company’s products, I’ll give him another interview before hiring him.

9.公司的投资之所以以失败而告终是由于总经理的决策错误,于是董事会(board of directors)决定把他从公司赶出去。(throw out)

The company’s investment ended in failure due to the wrong strategic decisions of the general manager and so the board of directors decided to throw him out.

10.我知道你累了,不过再坚持一会儿吧。再过半个小时我们就要到达顶峰了。(hang on; peak)

I know you are tired but try to hang on a little bit longer. We will reach the peak in half an hour.

Unit 6

1.这位驻联合国大使被授权代表本国政府,处理与该国相关的所有外交事务。(invest with)

The ambassador to the U.N. was invested with full authority to deal with all the foreign affairs concerning his country on behalf of his government.

2.在火车上我一直在想期末考试的结果,直到乘务员提醒我目的地已经到了。(all the way; preoccupied with)

All the way on the train I had been preoccupied with the result of the term examination until the conductor reminded me of the arrival of my destination.

3.虽然车祸死亡名单中没有她丈夫的名字,但她仍不停地在屋内走来走去,急切地盼望他早点回到家里。(to and fro)

Although her husband's name did not appear on the list of the people who got killed in the traffic accident, she kept walking to and fro, anxious to see him back home sooner.

4.我正准备把合同翻译成英语,突然意识到合同涉及的双方都是中国公司。(set out to do; dawn upon)

I was setting out to translate the contract into English when it dawned upon me that both parties involved were Chinese companies.

5.聚会上人们尽情地唱歌跳舞,把生活中的烦恼抛到了九霄云外。(with abandon)

At the party, people sang and danced with abandon, totally forgetting the troubles in their lives.

6.怀着做一名宇航员的强烈愿望,杰克逊全身心地投入到长达两年的艰苦体能训练之中。(aspiration; commit oneself to; strenuous constitution training)

With the great aspirations to become an astronaut, Jackson committed himself to the 2-year strenuous constitution training.

7.他的油画取材于亘古永存的神话故事,反映了那个时期欧洲人的鉴赏趣味。(timeless fairy story; exemplify; taste)

His paintings, drawing on timeless fairy stories, exemplified the Europeans' taste of that period.

8.那个公共汽车司机不想承担事故责任,所以千方百计把责任推到乘客身上。(put the blame on)

The bus driver didn't want to take any responsibility for the accident and so he took every means to put the blame on the passengers on board.

9.他不仅冒着生命危险把老人从熊熊燃烧的房子里救了出来,还把自家屋子腾出来让他住下。(make room)

He not only risked his own life to save the old man from the burning house but made some room in his own house for him to settle down.

10.她从小就努力按照父母教导去生活,形成了一整套为人处事的行为准则。(live by; accumulate) From childhood, she tried to live by the teachings of her parents and gradually accumulated a set of standards of conduct.

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