Dispute Settlement 争议解决 , 2015, 1(4), 39-46 Published Online December 2015 in Hans.
文章引用 : 阎萍 , 吴晓梅 . 论我国海员外派服务机构的机制及其法律地位 [J]. 争议解决 , 2015, 1(4): 39-46.
Mechanism and Legal Status of China Seafarer Dispatching Service Agencies*
—Also on Protecting Rights and Interests of Dispatched Seafarer Ping Yan, Xiaomei Wu
Tianjin Sea & Sea Law Firm, Tianjin
Received: Dec. 9th , 2015; accepted: Dec. 23rd , 2015; published: Dec. 30th , 2015
Copyright © 2015 by authors and Hans Publishers Inc. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY).
Abstract To protect the rights and interests of seafarers who have been dispatched to international ship-ping labor market (hereinafter referred to as “dispatched seafarers”), International Labor Organ-ization continually improve relevant conventions by specifying the duty and obligation of shi-powners and seafarer recruitment and placement services (generally called “seafarer dispatching service agencies” in China) ever since the year 1920 when Placing of Seamen Convention (No. 9) was issued. Since the reform and opening up in 1980s, China has been dispatching more and more seafarers to international shipping labor market. In view of this, the State Council, Ministry of Commerce, and Ministry of Transport issued a number of regulations and department rules in succession in respect of protecting interests of dispatched seafarers and regulating shipowners and dispatching service agencies. In addition, because the International Maritime Labor Conven-tion 2006 (hereinafter referred to as MLC2006) has already come into effect, even if our country has not yet joined the convention, the flag and port state control mechanism set by the convention actually makes our country’s dispatched seafarers and dispatching service agencies abide by and fulfill the obligations of the convention. To this end, in 2013 China Ministry of Transport issued the Measures for the Administration of the Seafarers’ Working and Living Conditions on Board in ac-cordance with MLC2006 to the requirement of the crew protection, specification to the owner and dispatching service agencies responsibility. In this background, we are trying to reflect the issue of protecting rights and interests of dispatched seafarers by discussing the change and development of mechanism and legal status of seafarer dispatching service agencies in respect of legal norms. Keywords
Seafarer Dispatching Service Agencies, Labor Dispatch, Maritime Labor
*此文经周明达 (中华全国律师协会海事海商专业委员会资深委员 武汉仲裁委涉外仲裁专业委员会会员 湖北瀚海潮律师事务所终 身顾问 ) 修改并推荐。