Unit 5 True Height
Ⅰ. Questions about the Text
1.What does the text title True Height mean?
(=It has more than one meaning. They are:
1) the new bar heights that Michael cleared one after another.
2) the tremendous obstacles Michael had overcome in attaining his goal.)
2.As the text consists of the main story and a flashback, can you figure out the flashback
(=The flashback is from line 11 to line 35)
1. Scan the text again to find out all the instances where “work” is used as a verb and explain in English the different meaning of “ work”.
(=work: v. 1) (cause to) be active or use effort or power
* “… want something, work for it.” (LL. 24~25) (L. 35) (L. 84)
2) be active in the proper way, without failing
* “It wasn’t working.” (L. 5)
* “He worked out every other day…” (L. 27) )
2. Scan the whole text to find out all the words and phrases that are related to sports or stadium. And think about their Chinese equivalents.
National Junior Olympics 全国少年奥林匹克运动会
personal best 个人最高记录
final race 赛跑决赛
pole vault event 撑竿跳高项目
track and field competition 田径比赛
body builder 健美运动员
inflated landing mat 充气垫
finger-tipped push-up 俯卧撑
National record 全国记录
set a new world record 刷新一项世界纪录
Ⅲ. Part Division of the Text
Parts Lines Main Ideas
1 1~11 Michael faced the most challenging competition in his pole-vaulting
2 12~35 Michael’s childhood was marked with dreams and tough training.
3 36~90 Michael topped his personal best, won the championship and set a new
5 What was most unusual about Michael’s victory was that he was blind.
Ⅳ. Further Understanding
For Part 1
http://m.wendangku.net/doc/8c7af99d5f0e7cd1842536f0.htmle your own words to draw a picture of the stadium on that day, including the weather,
Michael’s appearance and inner feeling, the audience’s response, etc.
http://m.wendangku.net/doc/8c7af99d5f0e7cd1842536f0.htmle your own words to describe what kind of event the pole vault is.
For Part 2
Questions and Answers
1.From the descript ion of Michael’ parents, what can you learn about his parents? (=Michael’s
mother is romantic and passionate, while his father is a hard-core realist.)
2．Brainstorm the various obstacles Michael might face during the hard training.
3. What personality traits are attributed to Michael’s success?
(=He is diligent, perseverant, optimistic, ambitious, etc.)
For Part 3
Height of the pole Michael’s reaction before/after clearing the bar Importance Before After
17 feet His palm were
needed a towel to
dry his grip. (L. 1) 1.If Michael Stone was
surprised, excited or
2.He seemed unaware
of …(LL. 40~41)
3 inches higher than
his personal best
17 feet 2, 17 feet 4 …, again he showed no emotion. (LL. 43~44)
17 feet 6 1. It startled him...
2. The intensity …
anxiety. (L. 56)
3. He became more
tense. (L. 57)
4. Afraid would be … 1.It was … that brought
Michael back to earth.
2.On his back with that
wonderful hot sun…(LL.
9 inches higher than
his personal best
17 feet 216
He later went on that day to clear 17 feet 216 A National and International Junior Olympics record
For Part 4
1. Why does the author keep the secret about Michael’s blindness until the last sentence?
2. Who would you admire better, a Michael Stone with a sound body or a blind Michael Stone? Ⅴ. Writing Skills
As the text consists of the main story and a flashback, the narration has to switch from the ongoing competition to earlier events and then return to the ongoing competition. How does the author manage to make these parts in the text flow smoothly?
1. One way is to repeat a key word in the last sentence of a paragraph in the first sentence of
the next paragraph, e.g.
It also has the element of flying , and the thought of flying as high as a two-story building is a mere fantasy to anyone watching such an event.
As long as Michael could remember he had always dreamed of flying .
2. Another way is to pick up a key idea from a previous paragraph and repeat it in the sentence
introducing the next paragraph, e.g.
All of Michael’s vaults today seemed to b e the reward for his hard work .
Ⅰ. Difficult Sentences
1. (LL. 8~9) It combines the grace of a gymnast with the strength of a body builder.
Translate the sentence into Chinese.
2. (LL. 16~20) He would be running sown a country road. As he raced between golden wheat
fields, he would…
Why is Michael’s dream of flying described in details?
(=Because Michael has a very deep impression about the dream. There are two evidence for that: 1) His mother read him numerous stories about flying when he was growing up. 2) He always dreamed of flying.)
3. (L. 21) Where he flew would always coincide with his mother’s stories.
Paraphrase the sentence.
(=In his dreams, he would always fly over those places described in his mother’s stories.)
4.(L. 23) His dad, on the other hand, was not a dreamer.
1. What is function of the phrase “on the other hand”?
(=The phrase is used for comparing different things or ideas.)
2. What can you infer from the phrase?
(=Michael’ s parents are tota lly different types of people and they play the different roles in Michael’s success.)
5.(LL. 47~48) Nothing to be ashamed of, but Michael would not allow himself the thought of
not winning first place.
1. Paraphrase the first part of the sentence.
(=He wou ld not be ashamed of getting himself the second place, but…)
2. What can you learn from the sentence?
(=Michael holds a very attitude toward the competition. On the one hand, he wouldn’t think it is a shame of winning the second place, on the other hand, he would try his best to win the first place.)
6.(LL. 54) Then it all hit him like a wet bale of hay.
1. Paraphrase the sentence.
(=If something strikes you like a wet bale of hay, it comes as a sudden, forceful and unpleasant surprise.)
2. Use some adjectives to describe how Michael felt at that time.
(=He felt anxious, tense, nervous, etc.)
7.(LL. 68~69) The silence was deafening.
Is this sentence contradictory with “silence” and “deafening”?
(=No. “Deafening” here is used to modify “the silence”. It is not an ordinary silence, but a deafening one. This shows both Michael and the crowd are very tense at that moment.)
8.(L. 76) Only this time he knew he wasn’t dreaming.
What does “only” mean here?
(=“Only” here means “but”.)
Ⅱ. Words and Expressions
1.(L. 1) sweat:
1.v. produce sweat
*The white shirts were sweated through.
*He was sweating after working so hard.
2. n. liquid which comes out from the body through the skin to cool it
(=I was covered in sweat after running to catch the bus.)
2.(L. 8) grace: n.
1) quality of being smooth and elegant, esp. in movement or structure
*We admired the grace with which the fashion models walked across the room.
*She danced with a grace that surprised us.
2) kindness; willingness to do what is right
*She had the grace to say that he was right.
(=He agreed that he was wrong with bad grace.)
3.(L. 10) mere: adj. nothing more than
(=She lost the election by a mere 20 votes.)
(=Mere words won’t help.)
4.(L. 10) fantasy: n. (creation of ) imagination
*The story is a fantasy.
*He lives in a world of fantasy.
CF: fantasy, fancy & imagination
*An amusement park full of figures from fairy tales may be called Fantasy Land. 一个游
*Her mind went where fancy took it. 他总是不着边际地胡思乱想。
*Does she have the imagination to figure out what happened? 她真的富有想象力，能
*These plans reveal a complete failure of imagination. 这些计划显得毫无想象力。
5.(L.13) numerous: adj. very many
*He has a numerous acquaintance among politicians.
*During the Depression, numerous people wandered from town to town looking for work.
6.(L. 15) passion: n. strong feeling, esp. of love
(=The poet expressed his burning passion for the woman he loved.)
(=He has a passion for ice cream.)
7.(L. 15) detail: n. small, particular fact or item
*Everything in her story is correct down to the smallest detail.
(=Don’t omit a single detail.)
go/enter into details 详细说明
in detail 详细地
8.(L. 16) recur: vi.
1) come or happen again
*If the pain recurs, take this medicine.
(=Do you know the recurring decimals?)
2) (of ideas, events etc.)come back
*My first meeting with her often recurs to my memory.
*Thoughts of home and family recurred to the lonely traveler.
3) go back (to sth.) in words or thought
*Let us recur to what you said yesterday.
*Do you mind if I may recur to your idea
9.(L. 21) coincide: v.
1) (of ideas, opinions, etc.) to be in agreement
*His tastes and habits coincide with those of his wife.
*The judges did not coincide in opinion.
2) happen at the same time of during the same period of time
*They could not go to the theatre together because his free time never coincided with hers.
(=The art exhibition coincides with the 50th anniversary of his death.)
10.(L. 24) core: n.
1) most important or central part of anything
*The core of the problem is their objection to educational reform.
(=Let’s get to the core of the matter.)
2) hard central part containing the seeds of certain fruits, such as the apple
*An apple core is the part of an apple left after the flesh has been eaten.
to the core: 彻底地; 完全地
*She is French to the core. 她是个地道的法国人。
11.(L. 28) alternate:
1.adj. 1) every other or second
*He works on alternate days.
*The show was sponsored by different clients on alternate weeks.
2) (or two things) happening by turns
(=This is a week of alternate rain and sunshine.)
*She wears a shirt with alternate stripes of blue and white.
2.v. (cause to ) follow by turns
*We alternated periods of work and rest.
(=Tom alternated between anger and fright.)
alternate between 时而…时而…
*They alternate between supporting us and opposing us.
alternate in 轮流
*We alternate in doing the household chores.
alternate with （使）与…交替
*Sunny weather alternates with rain.
12.(L. 32) relax: v.
1) make or become less tense, worried or nervous
*Sit down and relax!
(=The music will help to relax you.)
2) make or become less stiff or tight
(=His muscles relaxed.)
3) make (effort or control) less severe
*You must not relax your control for a moment.
13.(L. 37) vain: adj.
1) too pleased with one’s own abilities or looks
*She’s vain of her beauty.
(=He’s as vain as a peacock.)
2) without result; useless
*After a number of vain attempts to climb the mountain, we were forced to return to camp.
*It is vain to resist.
NB: vain的常用词组是in vain，意为“徒劳地，白白地”
CF: vain, empty, hollow & bare
(Directions:) Fill in the blank with the above words and change the form where necessary.
1.The cinema was half ______.
2.We’ve made a ______ attempt to make him change his mind.
3.Don’t sleep on ______ boards.
4.The poor girl went on for another ten miles on an ______ stomach.
5.The walls look solid, but in fact they’re ____
14.(L. 44) emotion: n.
1) any of the strong of feelings of the human spirit
*Love, hatred, fear and grief are emotions
*Jack is a man of great emotion, easily given to tears.
2) strength of feeling; excited state of the feelings
*He described the accident in a voice shaking with emotion.
*He thought of his dead child with deep emotion.
CF: emotion, feeling and sensitivity
emotion 表示人的精神、身体全部反映的一种状态，表现为人的任何强烈的感情。例如：*The speaker appealed to our emotions rather than to our minds. 演讲者激发了我们的情感而不是启发我们的思考。
*Her feeling was that right would win. 她感觉公理会取得胜利。
*He had lost all of feeling in the left leg. 他的左腿完全失去了知觉。
*The dentist gave me an injection which reduced the sensitivity of the nerve. 牙医给
15.(L. 48) be ashamed of: feeling foolish or uncomfortable because of (sth.)
*You should be ashamed of your behavior!
(=He was ashamed of asking such a simple question.)
16.(L. 53) startle: vt. Give a sudden shock or surprise to
*You startled me! I didn’t hear you come in.
*She was startled to see him looking so ill.
CF: startle, frighten & terrify
startle指短时间内叫人震惊的恐惧，可能造成突然的不由自主的身体不能动弹。例如：*The clap of thunder startled us. 雷鸣般的掌声惊呆了我。
frighten是最普通的词，没有特殊的意义，仅表示“吓唬”或“使…害怕”。例如：*Not wanting to frighten the poor man, Mrs Richards quickly hid in the small
store-room under the stairs. 理查夫人不想吓唬这可怜的人，所以她很快地藏到楼
*Bruce engaged low gear and drove at a terrifying speed. 布鲁斯接通了低速挡，开车
17.(L. 56) intensity: n. state of being intense
*The mayor didn’t realize the intensity of people’s feelings on the housing issue.
*The poem shows great intensity of feeling.
18.(L. 56) anxiety: n.
1) feeling of worry of fear
*They felt strong anxiety for her safety.
*After hearing their advice he had no more anxieties.
2) strong wish to do something; eagerness
*The teacher praised him for his anxiety for knowledge.
*He always shows his anxiety to please his employers.
anxiety about 对…的焦虑
anxiety for 为…的担忧
CF: anxiety, worry & concern
*At the most, he will experience feelings of anxiety, shame, insecurity, and helplessness?
*I think rich people have about as many worries as poor ones. 我认为富人和穷人的烦恼一样多。
concern强调介入了思想不安的因素；它将严肃的思想和情绪结合起来。例如：*Concern for man himself and his fate must always form the chief interest of all technical endeavors? 对人类自身及其命运的关注，必将成为所有技术事业的主要关注内容。
19.(L. 57) tension: n.
1) worry or nervousness
*I am suffering from nervous tension.
(=Can you adapt yourself to the tensions of life in a big city?)
2) degree of tightness of a wire, rope, etc.
*If you increase the tension of that violin string it will break.
20.(L. 63) tense: adj.
1) feeling worried or nervous; making people worried or nervous
*The two countries began to discuss their tense relations.
(=There is a tense moment before we heard the news.)
2) stretched tight; stiff
*With his body so tense, it seemed as though he were listening for something.
*Is the rope tense?
21.(L. 65) along with: together with
*He went on the journey along with his two friends.
(=She placed the bank notes, along with the change and receipts, back in the drawer.)
all along 始终, 一直
come along进展; 跟着来
get along 进展; 与…和睦相处
go along 进展; 前进; 同行
22.(L. 66) stretch out: spread out; straighten to full length
*He stretched himself out in front of the fire.
*The sea stretched out as far as I could see.
23.(L. 80) bring (sb.) back to earth: cause (sb.) to stop daydreaming; cause (sb.) to return to
*Emily’s voice brought him back to earth.
*You had better bring yourself back to earth for an hour and cook us some dinner.
come back/down to earth （从幻想中）回到现实
on earth 人世间；究竟
24.(L. 81) in one’s mind’s eye: in one’s imagination
*In my mind’s eye I saw the cliffs rising sheer.
(=She was writing her next piece in her mind’s eye.)
25.(L. 87) congratulate: vt. Speak to (a person) with praise and admiration for a happy event or
something successfully done
*We congratulate her on having passed the exams.
(=Let me congratulate you on the birth of your daughter.)
26.(L. 91) media: n. means of mass communication, e.g. TV, radio, newspaper
*The media controls/control the news.
*Much of what children learn comes directly from the mass media.
Ⅰ. Useful Expressions
1. 田径比赛track and field competition
2. 俯瞰 a bird’s eye view
3. 深呼吸take a deep breath
4. 像雄鹰一样翱翔soar like an eagle
5. 如出一辙; 不谋而合coincide with
6. 每隔一天every other day/on alternate days
7. 农场杂活farm chores
8. 有一次on one occasion
9. 站着on one’s feet
10. 没有意识到unaware of
11. 仰面躺着lie on one’s back
12. 对…惭愧be ashamed of
13. 感到…fill one’s mind with…
14. 摆脱紧张情绪shake the tension
15. 在内心的最深处from the deepest depths of one’s soul
16. 在这种时候at a time like this
17. 舒展；伸展stretch out
18. 缓缓移动in slow motion
19. 使…回到现实中bring sb. back to earth
20. 想象see in one’s mind’s eye
Ⅱ. Talk about the Pictures
1. Work in pairs and find out those details about Michael Stone that shows him to be his mother’s boy or his father’s son.
2. Discu ssion in groups: Dreaming and hard work, which is more important to a person’s success? Why?
(Directions:) Dictate the following proverbs and translate them into Chinese
1. Where there’s a will, there’s a way. 有志者事竟成。
2. Rome wasn’t built i n a day. 伟业非一日之功/罗马非朝夕建成。
3. God helps those who help themselves. 皇天不负有心人/自助者天助。
4. You shall reap what you sow. 种瓜得瓜，种豆得豆/一分耕耘，一分收获。
5. Constant dripping wears away the stone. 锲而不舍，金石可镂。
6. Much outcry, little outcome. 乱糟糟，没成效/嘈杂多，没成果。
Ⅴ. Sentence Translation
1.The pole vault is truly the highlight of any track and field competition. It combines the grace
of a gymnast with the strength of a body builder.
2. Her excitement and passion for details made Michael's dreams full of color and beauty.
3.He found his pole, stood and stepped on the runway that led to the most challenging event
of his 17-year-old life.
4. Then out of nowhere, and from the deepest depths of his soul, he pictured his mother.
(=Michael was immediately surrounded by people hugging and congratulating him on the greatest accomplishment of his life.)
(=I believed that in this whole world I alone had been chosen to suffer. )
(=In the next few frozen seconds, the shame and horror of that moment penetrated, and I was sick with an intensity I had never felt before. )
(=I realized that I was filled to overflowing with self-pity, selfishness, and indifference to the needs of others. )
How to Write a Personal Description
Directions: Write a paragraph of 80~100 words about two or three aspects of a person you know. Cite example to illustrate his/her personality traits.
He ‘s the sort of chap who loves to make entrances and exits. He’ll arrive ten minutes before everybo dy else and he’ll leave ten minutes before everybody else. He’ll come dashing in with a bunch of flowers, screaming hellos. He’s a well-informed chap and keeps up to date with all the current affaire. He likes to talk and give his view on life. He’s very s uccessful. When he sets himself a goal, he works hard to attain that and to achieve it. He knows what he wants and he’ll set out to get it. As a result, he’s successful.
2.Some useful expression in the description of an individual
A. Hair: dark (grey, greying, blond, brown, carrot-red, red) hair
curly (wavy, straight) hair
thick (thin) hair
long (short, shoulder-length) hair
have a large bald patch
wear one’s hair braided (辫成麻花状的) in long pigtails
tie one’s hair back in a pony tail
wear one’s hair in a tight bun (发髻)
hair hangs loose
B. Build: skinny
be of average build
plump (肥胖的), heavy, obese (肥胖的)
be of average height
have hunched shoulders (驼背)
C. Appearance: a high (narrow) forehead
round (narrow, small, beady) eyes
a flat (pointed) nose
thick (thin) lips
a fair (dark) complexion
wear heavy (light) make-up
freckles (a mole, a scar) on the face
grow a beard (a moustache, sideburns)
(Directions:) Choose the right adjectives from the list and complete the following sentences.
ambitious cheerful clever flexible generous hardworking insensitive lazy mean punctual sensitive shy unreliable
1.She has never bought me a drink. She is______.
2. My sister is always making people a ngry or upset, because she just doesn’t consider their
feelings. She is______.
3. They are always on time. They are______.
4. He is lawyers aware of what other people think or feel. He is______.
5. Tom lawless shares his toys with his friends. He is______.
6. They work all the time. They are______.
7. He never makes his bed or tidies his room. he is very______.
8. He often promises to do things but then he forgets. He is______.
9. She likes to smile and be happy. She is______.
10. My best friend always gets the best grades at school. He is very________.
11. He would like to became a doctor. He is very_______
12. He could work in any of the departments. He is______.
13. Betty hasn't got a boyfriend because she is too______
1. Select a person, either whom you know or don't know, whom you greatly admire. Brainstorm what you know about them, which may include qualities that you find admirable in this person, along with specific stories, examples and facts about the person. Brainstorm the most important five to eight questions that you feel you should ask in order to learn more about him/her.
2. After class, If you know that person, you should arrange an interview based on the questions
developed in class. If you have chosen someone who you do not know, such as a celebrity, then you should use your research skills to find the answers to these questions. (The Internet will be the most useful way to locate this information.)
1. After you complete your interview or research, write a paragraph not less than 120 words,
cite supporting facts to illustrate the admirable qualities of that person.
The name of Albert Einstein is a household word across the civilized world. He helped mankind to understand the mysteries of the universe. But Einstein himself was a simple person without any pretension. For example, he did not use shaving cream. Instead he used only a razor and water to shave. When he worked, the only thing he needed was a pencil and some paper. When he corresponded with other people, he always used most inexpensive stationery. It is also noteworthy that Einstein was only interested in theory. He did not care about the practical application of his ideas or the material wealth his ideas might create. Even though it was he who worked out the most famous equation in the world, E=MC2, he never visited one atomic reactor site to see how his theory was put into practice.
1. If you have great talents, industry will improve them; if you have but moderate abilities, industry will supply their deficiency.
— Joshuas Reynolds American female essayist
2. It never will rain roses. When we want to have more roses we must plant tree.
— G. Eliot British novelist
3. Genius only means hard-working all one’s life.
— Mendeleyev Russian chemist 天才只意味着终身不懈的努力。
4. Few things are impossible in themselves; and it is often for want of will, rather than of means, that man fails to succeed.
— La Rocheforcauld French writer
Ⅰ. Culture Notes
ⅰ. Chicken Soup for the Soul
Chicken Soup for the Soul is a series of books, usually featuring a collection of short, inspirational stories and motivational essays. There have been numerous volumes of Chicken Soup issued. As of January 2006, there were over 105 titles. Many of the books are directed at specific groups of people, e.g. Chicken Soup for the Mother's Soul, Chicken Soup for the Prisoner's Soul, Chicken Soup for the Volunteer's Soul, Chicken Soup for the Grandparent's Soul, Chicken Soup for the Ocean Lover's Soul, etc. The name "Chicken Soup" was chosen for this series because of the use of chicken soup as a home remedy for the sick.
ⅱ. Proverb: A cat has nine lives.
1. Origin of the proverb
The belief that a cat has nine lives is probably based on the fact that a cat is more tenacious of life than most other animals. Cats can survive harsh conditions. They can fall from a few stories up and not die. This is because cats are built differently from other animals.
Attempts have been made to trace the origin of the common expression back to ancient Egypt. It is often said that the cat-headed goddess of Egypt had nine lives and that this circumstance gave rise to the old saying about a cat having nine lives. Another theory on the origin of this expression is that in ancient times nine was a lucky number. As cats seem able to escape injury time and time again, this lucky number seemed suited to the cat.
2. Does a cat really have nine lives?
1. The cat's earliest ancestors probably hunted both on the ground and in the trees. (T)
2. To survive, they needed not only claws, but remarkable balance. (T)
3. Because of having nine lives, the cat is very safe and free in today’s modern cities. (F)
(=The cat faces particular dangers in today's modern cities. )
4. High-rise syndrome means cats can jump high in the sky. (F)
(=High-rise syndrome means cats falling out of windows. )
Ⅱ. Language Study
1. (para. 1) incline: v. (make sb.) tend to feel sth. or want to do sth.
* I incline to the view that peace can be achieved.
* The Prime Minister is believed to be inclining towards an April election.
(=Although not very convincing, I'm still inclined to believe what he said.)
* She inclines to leanness.
2. (para. 2) in good/excellent/poor health: 健康状况良好/很好/差)
* Living together with her sons, the old woman was very happy and in excellent health.
(=The man was in poor health due to his heavy smoking. )
3. (para. 4) horrible: adj. causing a feeling of extreme fear or dislike
* That fish smells horrible. // a horrible crime/nightmare
(=I had a horrible nightmare last night. )
4. (para. 4) suffer from: experience physical or mental pain
* She's been suffering from (= been ill with) cancer for two years.
(=He suffered quite a lot when his wife left him. )
5. (para. 4) progressive: adj. happening or advancing gradually by stages over a period of time * Cancer is a disease caused by progressive growth of abnormal cells.
(=There's been a progressive decline in the standard of living over the past few years. )
6. (para. 6) in spite of: (used before one fact that makes another fact surprising) taking no notice
of; not being affected by
* In spite of the fact that she was too ill to see anyone, he insisted on visiting her.
(=In spite of his injury, Bill will play in Saturday's match. )
7. (para. 6) aid: n. help
* A woman in the street saw that he was in trouble and came to his aid.
(=She went to the aid of a man trapped in his car. )
8. (para. 6) install: vt. place, fix (a piece of equipment) in position for use; add new software
to the computer
* The plumber is coming tomorrow to install the new washing machine.
(=Can you help me install this software? )
9. (para. 6) optimistic: adj. believing that good things will happen in the future
* The doctor said he was optimistic that the little boy would make a full recovery.
(=She is optimistic about her chances of winning a gold medal. )
10. (para. 6) to a degree: to a certain extent, partly
* To some degree I think that's right, but there are other factors which may affect the situation.
(=The film was boring to a degree. )
11. (para. 8) Our home was a split-level affair with 14 steps leading up from the garage to the
What is “a split-level affair” ?
(= A room or building that has floors at different heights in different parts. )
Translate the sentence into Chinese.
12. (para. 8) I felt that if the day arrived when I was unable to lift one foot up one step and then
drag the other painfully after it — repeating the process 14 times until, utterly spent, I would be through — I could then admit defeat and lie down and die.
Translate the sentence into Chinese.
13. (para. 10) hold on to: not give up; not let go of
* I'd hold on to that house for the time being; house prices are rising sharply at the moment. * 他依然努力想保住在政府部门的职位。
(=He was still managing to hold on to his position in the government. )
14. (para. 10) miserable: adj. causing great unhappiness, discomfort, etc.; extremely unhappy
* What a miserable existence! How could anyone live in such dreadful conditions!
(=In the old days the peasants lived a miserable life. )
15. (para. 13) dismiss: vt. put (thoughts, etc.) out of one's mind; remove (sb.) from a position * The committee dismissed the idea as rubbish.
(=Anyone who breaks company rules will be dismissed. )
16. (para. 15) bundle: vt. wrap; dress warmly because it is cold
* We're supposed to bundle newspapers before throwing them away.
(=You'd better bundle up because it's very cold outdoors. )
17. (para. 17) interval: n. a period of time between events, activities, etc.
* After an interval of three days the peace talks resumed.
* There's often a long interval between an author completing a book and it appearing in the bookshops.
(=We see each other at regular intervals — usually about once a month. )
18. (para. 24) penetrate: v. force a way (into or through sth.); be fully understood
* Amazingly, the bullet did not penetrate his brain.
* In a normal winter, the frost penetrates deeply enough to kill off insect eggs in the soil.
(=Western ideas penetrate slowly through the East. )
19. (para. 24) In the next few frozen seconds the shame and horror of that moment penetrated,
and I was sick with an intensity I had never felt before.
Translate the sentence into Chinese.
20. (para. 25) trait: n. a particular quality, esp. of a person’s character
* His sense of humour is one of his better traits.
* Arrogance is a very unattractive personality/character trait.
(=The teacher teaches with a trait of humor. )
21. (para. 27) pray: v. speak to God to give thanks or ask for sth.; wish or hope very strongly