英国文学史复习资料(三年级专业生期末考试必备)

英国文学史资料British Writers and Works

I. Old English Literature & The Late Medieval Ages

贝奥武夫:the national epic of the Anglo-Saxons

Epic:long narrative poems that record the adventures or heroic deeds of a hero enacted in vast landscapes. The style of epic is grand and elevated.

e.g. Homer?s Iliad and Odyssey

Artistic features:

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/92a099fcfab069dc502201d1.htmling alliteration

Definition of alliteration: a rhetorical device, meaning some words in a

sentence begin with the same consonant sound(头韵)

Some examples on P5

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/92a099fcfab069dc502201d1.htmling metaphor and understatement

Definition of understatement: expressing something in a controlled

way Understatement is a typical way for Englishmen to express their

ideas

Geoffery Chaucer 杰弗里?乔叟1340(?)~1400

(首创“双韵体”,英国文学史上首先用伦敦方言写作。约翰·德莱顿(John Dryden)称其为“英国诗歌之父”。代表作《坎特伯雷故事集》。)

The father of English poetry.

It is ____alone who, for the first time in English literature, presented to us a comprehensive (综合的,广泛的)realistic picture of the English society of his time and created a whole gallery of vivid characters from all walks of life. ( A )

A. Geoffrey Chaucer

B. Matin Luther

C. William Langland

D. John Gower

writing style: wisdom, humor, humanity.

坎特伯雷故事集:

first time to use …heroic couplet?(双韵体) by middle English

特罗伊拉斯和克莱希德

声誉之宫

Medieval Ages’ popular Literary form: Romance(传奇故事)

Famous three:King Arthur

Sir Gawain and the Green Knight

Beowulf

II The Renaissance Period

A period of drama and poetry. The Elizabethan drama is the real mainstream

of the English Renaissance.

Renaissance: the activity, spirit, or time of the great revival of art, literature, and learning in Europe beginning in the 14th century and extending to the 17th century, marking the transition from the medieval to the modern world.

Three historical events of the Renaissance – rebirth or revival:

1.new discoveries in geography and astrology(占星术/学、星座)

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