Unit7 Time to Stop Excuses for Lateness P1 Listening and Speaking Activities
Expressions of disciplinary matters at the workplace:
Expressions of types of employment:
Expressions of recruiting/firing:
Expressions of positions/job titles:
I'm a policeman in New York City and my name is John Davy. Ever since I was a young boy I’ve always wanted to be a cop .I thought it would be the best job in the world. If I wasn't a cop, I don't think I could be anything else. Of course they tell me I'm a good cop. My superiors say I'm conscientious, that I have strong sense of justice and fairness and a great respect for the law. To be honest with you, my conscience would bother me if I didn't give 100% and if I didn't try to live up to my ideals. My friends tell me I'm too idealistic, too nice and, as the saying goes, nice guys finish last , but my job is to serve the people and I try to do my best.
I work with the police department's emergency service patrol in a largely black neighborhood in Brooklyn, New York. It's a rough and dangerous neighborhood, very rough. I admit it hasn't been easy. Since being assigned to the neighborhood, I've been shot, spit at, and hit with bottles, rocks, sticks, and Molotov Cocktails . Yes, it's not easy being a cop in New York City , but I've been awarded citations for my courage and for my quick thinking and performance in emergency situations.
Oh, I could tell you many exciting stories. Once, we set up a net for a potential jumper. A young man was on a ledge 23 stories up from the street. His girlfriend had left him and now he was threatening to jump. We got his girlfriend, his close friend, a priest, his mother to try and talk him out of jumping, but nothing worked. He was going to jump. Then I started to talk to him. I talked as long as I could — until I got too close to him. Then he shouted out, "Stop right where you are or I'll jump." I backed away. An hour later, with a belt tied around me, with a line my partner held, I jumped from the ledge and came up right in front of the young man and trapped him. I felt what they call "job satisfaction". A life has been saved and that's important to me. To me that's success - to do your job and to do it well. No holding back , especially when it means saving a human life.
Some people in the neighborhood think cops are the bad guys. They just don't like us. Yeah, we have some bad cops in the department who don't always obey the rules and who sometimes use too much force and injure people. But you know, when someone has been hit by a car and you walk into the crowd standing around dumbfounded and you take charge, telling this person to get a blanket, this one to get some water, and you comfort the injured person; that looks good in front of the crowd. They say, "There’re some good cops here." Boy, does that make me feel good. I feel like I'm doing my job . I feel like I'm helping people. Anyway, it's my duty as a cop.
Recently, I was again cited for outstanding service and this time was promoted to sergeant. As they say, I'm a good cop, and good guys don't always finish last.
1. What makes John a good policeman?
John likes his job as a cop. He feels it's "the best job in the world." He is conscientious, has a strong sense of justice and fairness, and respects the law. John exerts himself to the utmost and tries to live up to his ideals.
2. Has John’s job as a policeman been easy and safe?
No. Being a policeman in New York is difficult and dangerous. Besides, he works in a rough neighborhood. He has been shot, spit at, and hit with bottles, rocks, sticks, and Molotov Cocktails. Once he risked his life to save a man from jumping off a ledge 23 stories up from the street.
3. Why was John awarded citations?
John is given awards for his bravery, his quick thinking and performance in emergencies.
4. Why don’t some people like policemen in John’s district?
John admits that there are bad cops on the force, cops who don't always obey the rules and who sometimes use too much force and injure people.
1 Comprehension work
A Probe the story
1. According to the scholars, what is the Asian concept of time?
Asians live more in the ancient past or in the distant future. They view life as a passing moment and prefer a steady pace.
2. How do Westerners view time?
Westerners live more in the present and the near future. They always have immediate and urgent objectives to achieve with time-pressing schedules or deadlines.
3. What figure of speech does the writer use to illustrate the cultural difference regarding the concept of time?
The writer uses a number of metaphors to make his point: "neurotic slavery" indicates being abnormally bound to tight schedules; "the sense of zero gravity" refers to the freedom of spending one's time at will; one's life course is compared to "a long journey"; and "the next hill" suggests something within reach.
4. Does the writer agree to the claim that unpunctuality is related to a certain cultural outlook? Why?
The writer does not agree to the claim. He thinks that whether a person is punctual or not has nothing to do with his cultural outlook, because observance of time and philosophical perception of time are two different things.
5. How do Asians and Westerners react to unpunctuality?
Asians tend to be more tolerant of bad punctuality and are more ready to accept a latecomer's dubious excuses, while Westerners view bad punctuality as an undesirable practice and believe that it shows that a person is not trustworthy or dependable.
6. What is the writer’s view on punctuality in t he business world?
The writer thinks that in daily life it is up to an individual whether to be punctual or not, but in an office environment people must respect the keeping of time.
7. Should a manager ignore unpunctuality in his/ her office? What, i n the writer’s view, should the manager do?
Generally, a manager should not take the academic concept that to require punctuality of his/her employees is intolerant of culture. He or she must strive to break bad habits through repeated counseling.
2 Language work
A In other words
B Work with sentence
1. Many people tried their luck in the lottery, though they knew the probability of winning the first prize was once in a blue moon.
2. Those who recklessly destroy rainforests should feel guilty for their stupid act.
3. The earth has offered all it has to nourish human beings, but they just take the generosity of the planet for granted.
4. Goods on sale are not necessarily inferior in quality to those sold at normal prices.
5. On the surface, primates are the suitable candidate for xenotransplants, but the same viruses that infect monkeys and apes are very likely to infect humans.
6. The host had expected thirty guests but finally more than forty showed up at the party.
7. Bad habits are easy to make but difficult to break.
8. Experts in education disregard boys' assertiveness as the only reason for classroom sexism.
C Word study
1. a. To many people, skating is just a matter of practice.
b. Dealing with these problems is all a matter of experience.
c. Success in business is simply a matter of knowing when to grab a chance.
2. a. There's a general feeling that the president has been too tolerant of corruption.
b. It seems that people in this town are more tolerant of children in public places.
c. It is said that her own mistakes made her very tolerant towards the faults of others.
3. a. The company director claimed such criticism was unwarranted and unjust.
b. Such fears are completely unwarranted now.
c. The white, male supremacy in the West is totally unwarranted in today's civilized worl
4. a. Many young people take their parents' love for granted.
b. We take it for granted that students should be punctual for class.
c. Their relationship had become boring and they started to take each other for grante
5. a. He was guilty of a serious misjudgment.
b. Their parents are guilty of gross neglect, abuse and cruelty.
c. I saw that I had been guilty of an irreparable blunder.
6. a. They made it a habit of having lunch together twice a week.
b. I'm trying to get him to break the habit of switching on the TV when he comes home at night.
c. Some children like to bite their finger nails - a bad habit and very difficult to break.
P3 Extended Activities
2 Read more
Questions for Comprehension
1.the strategies the author recommended people to use when they apply for a position：
The author listed five strategies that work best.
?Don't be afraid to say you are qualified to do a different job or to move ahead;
?Be an "A" player. The raises go to those the company considers its "A" players;
?Take advantage of performance reviews;
?Have a backup plan;
?Give yourself a raise, that is, search for a better job.
Exercise for words:
3 Grammar work
While/As/When ... Clause
when, as, while 和whenever都可以引导时间状语从句。when 表示具体某个时间，引导的从句的动作可与主句同时发生或先于主句发生，可指一段时间也可指一个时间点。when 有一个用法是在主句动作进行过程中，从句动作发生了。而while只能表示持续性的动作或状态，不能表示一时性或短暂的动作，as表示的从句的动作与主句动作同时发生，具有延续含义。as和while可译为“一边……一边……”、“正当……的时候”。whenever指任何一个不具体的时间。
1.He entered the room when (while, as) the meeting was going on. （正当……，表示一段时间）
2.When she comes, I shall tell her to wait for you. （表示一个时间点，不能用while）
3.His mother was just coming along to see him when she ran into his classmate John. （when 引导的从句相当于一
4.I felt somewhat disappointed and was about to leave when something occurred which attracted my
5.They made no effort to hide their amusement whenever I produced a packet of sweets from my pocket. （指任何
a. Join the following sentences by using time conjunctions when, while, or as. Make changes if necessary.
1.My mother burnt her fingers while/when/as she was lifting the kettle off the stove.
2.When the dog saw the burglar, it barked and barked until its master woke up.
3.The pupils pretended to be hard at work when/as they saw their teacher coming down the corridor.
4.When all the guests had left, Mr. and Mrs. Wilson started to clean up the house.
5.While/When Mr. and Mrs. Smith were out to attend an evening party, Mr. Smith's sister looked after their children.
6.Mary was cooking the lunch while we were playing chess.While Mary was cooking the lunch, we were playing chess.
7.The divers quickly swam to their boat when / as they saw some sharks approaching them menacingly.
b. Fill out the blanks with appropriate words.
4 Work with words
b. Use the words from the above group to complete the following passage.
9.curriculum vitae 10.personal details 11.experience 12.short list 13.interview 14.canditate 15.appointment
Extract 1 = 1987 (Diploma)
Extract 2 = 1987—1989 (Assistant manager)
Extract 3 = 1990—1993 (Manager)
Extract 4 = 1993—Present (Corporate Client Services Manager)
1. An opportunity as good as this arises / occurs only once in a blue moon.
2. The boy felt guilty for taking money from his mother's handbag without permission.
3. She did not give credence to a single word of his story.
4. Generally speaking, teachers are tolerant of their students' mistakes.
5. I took it for granted you'd want to come with us, so I bought you a ticket.
6. Thanks to the manager's repeated counseling, the staff soon broke the bad habit of coming late to work.
7. He's furious with her now, but he'll forgive her soon. It's just/only a matter of a few hours, that's all.