2013年12月大学英语四级听力真题原文及答案解析第一套

2013年12月大学英语四级听力真题原文:听力短对话

Question 1

M: After high school, I’d like to go to college andmajor in business administration.

W: But I’d rather spend my college days finding outhow children learn.

Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

Question 2

W: Is everything ready for the conference?

M: The only thing left to do is set up the microphones and speakers. They'll be here in a fewminutes.

Q: What preparations have yet to be made?

Question 3

W: Is it almost time to go home now? I'm so tired. I can hardly see straight.

M: Just a few more minutes, then we can go.

Q: What is the woman’s problem?

Question 4

W: I'm not sure what I’m in a mood for. Ice-cream or sandwiches? They are both really goodhere.

M: The movie starts in an hour. And we still have to get there and park. So just make adecision.

Q: What does the man mean?

Question 5

W: Tom said he would come to repair our solar heater when he has time.

M: He often says he is willing to help, but he never seems to have time.

Q: What does the man imply about Tom?

Question 6

W: So you know that Sam turns down the job offered by the travel agency.

M: Yes. The hours were convenient. But if he had accepted it, he wouldn’t be able to makeends meet.

Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

Question 7

M: Could you tell me a bit about the business your company is doing?

W: We mainly deal with large volume buyers from western countries and our products havebeen well received.

Q: What business is the woman’s company doing?

Question 8

W: Yesterday I made reservations for my trip to Miami next month.

M: You must really be looking forward to it. You haven’t had any time off for at least twoyears.

Q: What is the woman going to do?

听力长对话原文1

Conversation One

M: Excuse me, I need some information about someof the towns near here.

W: What would you like to know?

M: Well, first, I'd like directions to go to Norwalk. I believe there is an interesting museum there.It isn't far, is it?

W: No, not at all. Norwalk is about eighteen miles east of here on Route 7. And you're right.It's a wonderful little museum.

M: Oh good. Now what about Amitsville? I have some friends. I'd like to visit there and I alsowant to get to Newton. They are near each other, aren't they?

W: Hmm... well, they are actually in opposite directions. Amitsville is northeast. It's about thirtyfive miles northeast of here.

M: Huh-uh, thirty five miles northeast. And how about Newton?

W: Well, Newton is in the other direction. It's southwest, so it isn't really very close toAmitsville at all and it's a long drive. It's about fifty five miles southwest from here and the roadis not at all straight.

M: Fifty five miles southwest! Well, maybe I won't go there this time.

W: I'd recommend visiting Westfield or Great Town. They are both very close. Westfield is justseven miles west of here and Great Town is about five miles south. They are really pretty littletowns with lots of old houses and beautiful tree-lined streets.

M: I see. Seven miles west to Westfield and five miles south to Great Town. Good. Well, I thinkthat's all the information I need for a while. Thank you. You've been very helpful.

W: You're welcome, sir. I hope you enjoy your stay.

Q9: What does the man know about Norwalk?

Q10: What does the woman say about Amitsville and Newton?

Q11: What do we learn about Westfield and Great Town?

听力长对话原文2

Conversation Two

M: Err... Sandra, I've finished with Mr. Gordon now. Do you think you could pop through inbringing me up-to-date on their arrangements for the Italian trip?

W: Certainly, Mr. Wilkinson. I'll bring everything with me.

M: Right, take a seat. Now my first meeting is when?

W: Your first meeting is on Monday the 21st at 9a.m. with Dr. Gucci of Bancos en Piedra inMilan.

M: OK, so can I fly out early Monday morning?

W: Well, there is a flight to Lenarty Airport which leaves at six thirty London time and gets inat eight thirty Italian time.

M: Yeah, but that only leaves me thirty minutes to clear customs in getting to the city centerand it means I have to check in by five thirty, which means leaving home at about four fifteen.

W: I'm afraid so.

M: Hmm... not so keen on that. What's the program for the rest of that day?

W: It's quite full, I'm afraid. At eleven, you're seeing Jeana Rivard at Meg Star and then you'llhave a lunch engagement with Gaven from the Chamber of Commerce at one.

M: Where's that?

W: You're meeting him at his office and then he's taking you somewhere.

M: Good, that sounds fine. What about the afternoon?

W: Well, at three thirty, you're seeing our sales representative there and then you're free tillevening.

M: I see. I seem to remember that I'm having a dinner with someone from Bergamo.

W: That's right. And Mr. Betty from SAP Industries at eight.

Q12: What would the man like the woman to do?

Q13: At what time is Mr. Wilkinson going to leave home for the airport?

Q14: Who is Mr. Wilkinson going to have a lunch with on Monday?

Q15: What is most probably the woman's job?

听力短文原文

Passage 1

Donna Fredrick’s served with the Peace Corps fortwo years in Brazil. She joined the Peace Corps aftershe graduated from the college because she wantedto do something to help other people. She had been brought up on a farm, so the Peace Corpsassigned her to a agricultural project. Before she went to Brazil, she studied Portuguese forthree months. She also learnt a great deal about its history and culture. During her two yearswith the Peace Corps, Donna lived in a village in northeast Brazil. That part of Brazil is very dryand farming is often difficult there. Donna helped the people of the village to organise anarrigation project, and she also advised them on planting corps. They didn’t require muchwater. When Donna returned to the States, she couldn’t settle down. She tried several jobs,but they seemed very boring to her. She couldn’t get Brazil out of her mind. Finally, one dayshe got on an plane and went back to Brazil. She wasn’t sure what she’s going to do. She justwanted to be there. After a few weeks, Donna found a job as an English teacher, teaching fiveclasses a day. Like most of the teachers, she doesn’t make much money. She shares a smallapartment with another teacher. And she makes a little extra money by sending stories tonewspapers in the States. Eventually she wants to quit teaching and work as a full-timejournalist.

Question 16

Why did Donna join the Peace Corps after she graduated from college?

Question 17

What was Donna assigned to do in Brazil?

Question 18

Why did Donna go back to Brazil once again?

Question 19

How did Donna make extra money to support herself?

Passage 2

Results of a recent Harry’s pool on free time showed that the average work week for manyAmericans is 50 hours. With the time spent eating, sleeping and taking care of the householdduties, there’s little time left for leisure activities for many Americans. However, having free timeto relax and pursue hobbies is important. People need time away from the pressures of studyor work to relax and enjoy time with friends and family. In many countries free time is spent indifferent ways. The results of a Harry’s pool showed that reading was the most popular sparetime activity in the US. This was followed by watching TV. In a UK survey on leisure timeactivities, watching TV and videos was the most popular. Listening to the radio came second.In a similar survey conducted in Japan, the most popular free time activity was eating out. Thesecond most popular activity was driving. There were also differences in the most popularoutdoor pursuits between the three countries. The most popular outdoor activity forAmericans was gardening. In the UK, it was going to the pub. In Japan, going to bars rankedeighth in popularity and gardening ranked ninth. Although people around the world may enjoydoing similar things in their free time, there’s evidence to suggest that these interests arechanging. In the US, for example, the popularity of computer activities is increasing. Manymore people in the States are spending their free time surfing the web, emailing friends orplaying games online.

Question 20

What is the recent Harry Pole about?

Question 21

What was the most popular leisure activity in the US?

Question 22

What was the most popular outdoor pursuit in the UK?

Passage 3

On March 13th, while on duty Charles Mclaughlin, a very careless driver employed by thecompany Lummis was involved in another accident. The accident occurred in Riverside California.Not paying attention to his driving, Mclaughlin turned right on main street and 33rd street andhit Volkswagen rabbit. This caused minor damage to his truck and serious damage to the car.On the basis of the police report, the Lummis accident committee correctly determined thatMclaughlin had been quite careless. As a result of the committee’s conclusion, the branchmanager Mr. David Rossi reported that he had talked with Mclaughlin about his extremely poordriving record. Further evidence of Mclaughlin's irresponsibility occurred on May 6th when hewas returning from his shift. That day he ran into a roll-up door at the Lummis facility in Valero,causing significant damage to the door. Damage to

the truck, however, was minor. Finally, onJune 7th, Mclaughlin once again demonstrated his carelessness by knocking down several mailboxes near the edge of the company’s parking lot. There was damage to the mailboxes andminor damage to the truck. Mr. David Rossi stated that he had spoken with Mclaughlin onseveral occasions about his driving record. He added that he had warned Mclaughlin that threepreventable accidents in one year could lead to his discharge, as indeed it should.

23. What did the Lummis accident committee find out about the accident that occurredon March 13th?

24. What did Mclaughlin do on June 7th near the edge of the company’s parking lot?

25. What is most probably going to happen to Mclaughlin?

听力填空

When Captain Cook asked the chiefs in Tahiti why they always ate apart and alone, they replied, “Because it is right.”If we ask Americans why they eat with knives and forks, or why their men wear pants instead of skirts or why they may be married to only one person at a time, we are likely to get similar and very uninformative answers because it’s right, because that’s the way it’s done, because it’s the custom or even I don’t know. The reason for these and countless other patterns of social behavior is that they are controlled by social norms shared rules or guide lines which prescribe the behavior that is appropriate in a given situation. Norms define how people ought to behave under particular circumstances in a particular society. We conform to norms so readily that we are hardly aware they exist. In fact we are much more likely to notice departures from norms than conformity to them. You will not be surprised if a stranger tried to shake hands when you were introduced, but you might be a little startled if they bowed, started to stroke you or kissed you on both cheeks. Yet each of these other forms of greeting is appropriate in other parts of the world. When we visit another society whose norms are different, we quickly become aware that things we do this way, they do that way.

【四级长对话】

9. B) It has an interesting museum.

10. A) They are in opposite directions.

11. C) They have lots of old houses.

点评:

显然长对话第一篇属于比较常见的“问路”话题。因此考生在考试中听到开头一两句之后可以在试题册空白之处画一个简单的方位图或画一张list,在介绍景点时,可以在相应方位把地名和距离迅速对号入座地记下。避免听时候,因为信息量过大头脑一片混乱。

三个问题都是考查细节,但并没有要求学生去注意Norwalk,Amitsville and Newton,Westfield andGreat Town这几个地方的具体方位及距离,因此题目难度不算太大。

12. B) Inform him of the arrangements for his trip in Italy.

13. D) About 4:15.

14. D) Gavin from the Chamber of Commerce.

15. C) Secretary.

点评:

长对话第一篇关乎商务场合,是一则老板与秘书间有关“行程安排”的对话。抓住这一主题,第一题和第四题的答案就显而易见了。同时对于对话中如时间地点人物的具体细节要多加留意,第二题和第三题就考查了时间和人物。因此预测可能出现较多时间和人物的话题,注意可以在题目边上做一些简单的笔记。毕竟“好记性不如烂笔头”。

【四级短文】

16. A She had a desire to help others.

17. B Work on an agricultural project.

18. D She could not get the country out of her mind.

19. B By writing stories for American newspaper.

点评:

第一篇短文主要讲述了Donna Fredrick大学毕业之后的职业发展。Donna Fredrick=毕业之后加入thePeace Corps,参加农业项目,两年的时间她住在巴西的东北部,开展灌溉项目,帮助当地居民种植无需很多水的农作物。回到美国之后尝试了几个工作,但仍一心想着巴西。最终回到巴西做了英语老师,并给美国报纸写文章,来赚取额外的生活费。最后提到Donna的终极理想是做一名专职记者。

文章基本上没有生僻的词汇,以报流水账一般的叙述为主;此外,考生如果对文章开头提到的Peace Corps不理解也不会影响做题,只需将其定义为一个组织名,中间涉及的Brazil,Portuguese也都是大家较熟悉的单词。四个题目都是考查考生对细节的捕捉能力。

20. C Time spent on leisure activities.

21. A Reading.

22. C Going to the pub.

点评:

第二篇短文的话题是考生比较熟悉的休闲娱乐话题,。Harry在最近一次民意调查中发现许多美国人没有多少时间用于休闲娱乐。但是又指出“文武之道,一张一弛”,人们需要一些休息时间来平衡学习和工作。接着文章举了一些说明不同国家休闲活动都不尽相同的例子。美国最流行的休闲活动是阅读,而在英国是看电视,在日本是上馆子吃饭;而且这三个国家最流行的户外活动也不太一样。最后指出虽然全世界的人们有着相似的休闲活动,但是有证据表明这些兴趣正在改变。

本篇难度其实也不大,题目都是考查学生对于原文细节的理解,第二个题目是问美国最流行的娱乐活动,而第三个题目是问英国最流行的户外活动,考生要区别开来,避免混淆。

23. D) Mclaughlin's carelessness resulted in the collision.

24. B) He knocked down several mailboxes.

25. A) He will lose his job.

点评:

第三篇短文主要讲了Charles Mclaughlin一年之内因粗心大意所发生的三次交通事故。

第一次:时间:3月13日;

描述:Mclaughlin驾驶货车在主大街第33大街向右拐弯撞上一辆小轿车。

原因:Mclaughlin粗心大意;造成的后果:卡车轻微受损,小轿车严重损坏;

第二次:时间:5月6日;

描述:Mclaughlin在换班的时候驾驶货车撞到一个卷帘门;

原因:Mclaughlin不负责任,粗心;造成的后果:卷帘门严重损坏,卡车受损;

第三次:时间:6月7日;

描述:Mclaughlin驾驶货车在公司停车场附近撞翻了几个邮筒;

原因:Mclaughlin粗心大意;造成的后果:邮筒严重受损,卡车轻微受损。

本篇文章难度同样不大。文章虽然出现了一些人名和地名,但是同学们不需要知道它们是什么意思,人名地名不会作为考察点放在题目中,同学们需要重点分辨的是这三次事故发生的时间,如前两篇文章一样,这篇文章题目重点也在考察考生对短文信息的捕捉能力。但是其中有几个短语和单词需要关注一下:run into 撞上;撞到;roll-up door 卷帘门;knock down 撞翻;parking lot 停车场;mailbox 邮箱,邮筒;preventable 可预防的。

【四级听写】

这篇听写讲的是各地风俗习惯的差异。比如Tahiti的人们喜欢独自吃饭,而美国人吃饭用刀叉,男士穿裤子而不穿裙子,一次只能和一个人结婚等等,当你问他们为什么会这样的时候,他们只会说“因为这是对的。”。这就是所谓的风俗习惯,一种在特定社会文化区域内历代人们共同遵守的行为模式或规范。人们对自己当地的风俗习惯习以为常,往往意识不到它们的存在,只有当发现其他地方与自己地方的风俗习惯不相同时才会意识到原来各地的习惯是不一样的。

这篇听写是今年四级改革后第一次在正式考试中的处子秀,和历年真题一样,仍然是对动词,名词和形容词等实词的考查。不出意料,文章难度确实有所降低。最明显的地方就是空格部分都是考生平常熟悉的四级大纲、甚至在中学期间就基本已经掌握了的词汇和短语,像instead of, exist, controlled, similar基本属于考生应该十拿九稳的分数。除此之外departure,startle可能稍有些挑战性,departure是动词depart的名词形式,文中意思表示“背离”;startle表示“吃惊”。此外,这次的听写再一次考验了学生对-ed、-s等词缀的把握能力,所以大家今后还是需要注意动词时态和名词单复数的变化,切勿因此导致一些非受迫性的失误。

答案:

1-25 DBACB CADBA CBDDC ABDBC ACDBA

26. apart and alone

27. instead of

28. Similar

29. custom

30. Controlled

31. Define

32. exist

33. Departures

34. startled

35. Cheeks

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