牛津英语九上Unit4Growingup知识点及相应习题

9A Unit4 Growing up

Period 1 comic strip and welcome to the unit

挂在心上怎么了?一……就

为你自己再建一个叫醒某人大量

结束做某事通过英特网了解世界

自从我第一次见到你,你就很快乐。

我想要了解的时候我就可以读他们。

你一点击鼠标,就会有大量的信息出现。

1 mind ①名词:头脑。on one’s mind 意为“挂在心上,惦念”

②名词:思想,想法。常见的短语有:change one’s mind 改变主意

make up one’s mind 下定决心

③动词:介意,反对,常用来表示委婉、客气的请求。

常用短语:mind doing sth 或mind sb doing sth 或mind one’s doing sth 介意做某事Never mind 没关系,不要紧

2 That’s all right .没关系

辨析:All right. That’s all right. That’s right

All right : ①表示同意对方的意见,“行,好吧”

②用于系动词之后,表“身体好”。相当于“fine,well”

That’s all right. ①用于回答别人的感谢,表示“不用谢,别客气”,相当于That’s ok / Not at all/You are welcome.

②用于回答别人的道歉,表示“不要紧,没关系”,相当于Never mind/It doesn’t

matter

③用于对对方的某种情形表示“没问题,没关系“

That’s right 同意对方看法,表示:“对,正确”

3 until:意为“直到…….”,表示某一种行为一直持续到某一时间,用在肯定句中,句子的谓语动词必须是可延续性的。Not…..until “直到……才”,表示直到某一时间,某一行为才发生,用在否定句中,主句中的谓语可以是延续性动词也可以是短暂性动词。

I studied English until 9 o’clock last night (表示9点前一直在学)

I didn’t study English until 9 o’clock last night.(表示9点才开始学)

4 time : ①时代,in different times ②时间,不可数名词③次数,可数名词

Time的常用短语有:all the time 一直at times 有时at the same time 同时

From time to time 有时in time 及时on time 按时at a time 一次have a good time 玩的高兴

5 as soon as :表示“一……就……”,连接时间状语从句,当主语用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时。

I will tell him the news as soon as he .他一回来,我就把这个消息告诉他。

He took out his books as soon as he sat down. 他一坐下来,就拿出了书。

As soon as he gets home ,he starts to do his homework.他一到家,就开始做作业。

6 a great deal 表示“大量,许多”,可单独使用,也可以用在形容词或副词的比较级前面;还可以修饰不可数名词。

We learned a great deal from them .我们从他们那里学到很多东西。

He ran a great deal faster than I. 他跑得比我快多了。

He has given me a great deal of help.他给了我很多帮助。

【巩固】

一选择题

1 ----Nick , would you mind out of the bathroom?

----Sorry , I won’t be long.

A come

B to come

C coming

2 --- Could you help me put up the maps on the wall?

---

A No problem

B I hope so

C That’s all right

D That’s a good idea

3 Man’s understanding of nature is developing .It never stays at the same level

A at the right time

B for the first time

C from time to time

D all the time

4 Henry will give us a report as soon as he .

A arrives

B arrived

C is arriving

D will arrive

5 the train arrived? --------No. It here until one o'clock tomorrow.

A. hasn't got

B. didn't arrive C .won't get D. didn't leave

7 --------What about Mr Black's speach?

----------Wonderful! There were ______ people there.

A. a large number of

B. much

C. a great deal of

D. lots

8 A great deal of money ____spent on books

A .have

B .has

C .have been

D has been

Period2 Reading

try out for sth lose heart

score 20 points get the coach to change his mind

be named Player of the Year lead…to …

bring him to the attention of succeed in doing sth

be forced to do sth take notice of

through haed work sit in the stands

No university would invite him to play basketball simply because he was only 170cm tall.

He remained there for about a year before the NBA took notice of him.

Spud Webb proved that size and body type does not matter.

1 参加选拔

2 灰心,泄气

3 得到机会

4 在高级中学

5 改变主意

6 两年制专科学校

7成功做某事8 注意,观察

9 拥有许多伟大的成就10 永不放弃

1. lose heart 灰心,泄气

lose one’s heart 因…而心碎

与lose相关词组

lose one’s way 迷路lose/gain weight 减/增肥

lose interest 失去兴趣lose oneself 迷失某人自己

别泄气,最终总会有改变的。

_________________________, it will make ___________________ in the end.

( v.&n.)

v. 给…命名name sb.给某人命名: name them all 说出他们所有人的名字

name after 以…命名: The bridge is named after him.

n.名字I do not remember what her name is.我不记得她叫什么名字。

她是以她的祖母的名字起名的。

She _____________________________ her grandmother.

你们给新生儿取名了吗?

Have you ____________________the new baby yet?

得分(vt.&vi.)

(vt.)score 10 points得到10分

他在昨天的比赛中得了5分。

He _______________ in the race yesterday.

(vi.)每场比赛每个球员都应尽力为球队得分。

Every player should _____________________ to ________ in every competition.

(n.)得分,分数

我在笔记本上记下了分数。

I recorded ______________________ in a notebook

him to play basketball 邀请他打篮球

invite sb. to do sth.

invitation (n.)

他邀请我去参加他的生日聚会。

He invited ______________ to ____________________.

感谢你的热情邀请。

Thanks for your ________________________________.

5succeed 动词,;形容词successful ; 副词successfully ; 名词success,反义词fail succeed in doing sth 成功做某事

6 proud 形容词,以为“自豪的,骄傲的”,be proud of “以…..而自豪”,be proud to do sth“自豪地做某事”,be proud 还可以接that从句。名词是pride,意为“自豪,骄傲”,常用短语:take pride in, “以…..而自豪”,可以与be proud of互换。

7 practice/practise 练习;实践(v.&n.)practical 务实的;实际的(adj.)

(v.)practise doing sth.

eg. :他每天练习打网球。He ___________________ every day.

(n.) 实践eg.:熟能生巧。Practice makes perfect.

8. go on to do sth,“接着去做另一件事”,即接下去做与原来不同的事。

Eg: After they read the text, the students went on to do some exercises.(读完课文后,学生们接着做习题。)

go on doing sth “继续做同一件事”。

go on with sth “继续做某事“,可与“go on doing sth”互换

Eg:After a rest, we went on having our lesson./ After a rest, we went on with our lesson.(休息后,我们继续上课)

9 take notice of ,“注意到…….”,相当于动词notice.

Notice 做动词时,常见的短语有:notice sb doing sth 和notice sb do sth

Notice 还可以做名词,意为“告示,通知”。

Eg :There is a notice on the office gate (办公室门上有一张告示)

Period3 Grammar

1.before表示“在……之前”,after表示“在……之后”,两个词后面可接一个具体的时间点,也可以接一个句子,构成时间状语从句。

例如:

sun came out the storm stopped.

the window you leave the room , please.

2. when 意为“当……的时候”;“在……的时候”

主句从句

一般将来时一般现在时

一般过去时一般过去时

过去完成时一般过去时

过去进行时一般过去时

3 while表示“当……的时候,和……同时”,引导时间状语从句,常常采用进行时态。

例如:While I was watching TV, the doorbell rang.(我看电视时,门铃响了)

While my mother was cooking, my father was watching TV(当我妈妈在做饭时,我爸爸在看电视)

4 when 与while 的区别

when while

时间特征可以是时间点,也可以是时间

只能是时间段

动词选择引导的从句中谓语动词可以

是延续性的,可以是短暂性的引导的从句中谓语动词只能是延续性的

动作特征主从句中动作可以同步进行,

也可以先后发生主句的动作在从句动作发生的过程中发生或主从句两个动作同时发生

注意:如果从句动作和主句动作同时发生,并且从句动作为延续性动词时,when,while可以互换使用

5. when ,while 引导时间状语从句,当主句与从句时态一致时,从句中出现的主语与be动词

可以省略构成when/while + -ing结构。

. : When (she is ) in trouble , she always asks for my help.

While (I am ) travelling , I like to buy some souvenirs.

【巩固】

一在下列各句的空格中填入适当的连词

1._________ he comes tomorrow, I shall ask where he has been.

2._________ he was speaking, everybody listened carefully.

3.I saw her just _________ she was getting off the train.

4.Have a good look at that man _________ you pass him.

5.It was already eight o'clock _________ we got there.

1.由since引导的时间状语从句。

since引导的从句的谓语动词可以是延续性的动词,又可以是瞬时动词。一般情况下,从句谓语动词用一般过去时,而主句的谓语动词用现在完成时。但在It is +时间+since从句的句型中,主句多用一般现在时。例如:

I have been in Beijing since you left. 自从你离开以来,我一直在北京了。

Where have you been since I last saw you? 自上次我和你见面以后,你到哪里去了?

It is four years since my sister lived in Beijing. 我妹妹不在北京住有四年了。

It is five months since our boss was in Beijing.我们老板离开北京有五个月了。

知识扩展

It is since从。。。以来多长时间了(因为since +从句或名词,表示一段时间)

It is five years since we met last time.从我们上次见面已经五年了。

2 until和till 的用法

此两个连词意义相同。肯定形式表示的意思是“做某事直至某时”,动词必须是延续性的。否定形式表达的意思是“直至某时才做某事”。动词为延续性或非延续性都可以。正确使用这两个连词的关键之一就在于判断句中的动词该用肯定式还是否定式。

肯定句:I slept until midnight. 我一直睡到半夜时醒了。

Wait till I call you. 等着我叫你。

否定句:She didn't arrive until 6 o'clock. 她直到6点才到。

Don't get off the bus until it has stopped. 公共汽车停稳后再下车。

3巧辨before和until

(一)、在下列情况下,两者可互换用,但含义略有不同。before表示“在……之前”的意思,强调时间先后关系;而until表示“直到……才”的意思,主句是肯定句则表示主句动作的终止时间;主句是否定句则强调主句动作的起始时间。

1.主句为否定式终止性谓语动词。常见的动词是open,start,leave,arrive,finish, stop等。例如:The noise of the street didn't stop until/before it was midnight.

2.主句为肯定式、延续性谓语词,这类动词用stand,stay,talk,be,wait等。例如:He lived with his parents until/before he graduated from school.

(二)、在下列情况下,用before不用until。

1.主句这肯定式、终止性谓语动词,只用before。

例如:He fell asleep before I could take off his clothes.

2.主句谓语动词强调动词的迟缓性,只用before,常伴有时间段状语或时间段暗示。例:It was quite some time before he found the elephant at all.

3.如果强调从句谓语动作未发生,就发生主句谓语动作,只用before。常译为“未及”,“不”或“不等……就”。

例:We can leave early in the morning before it gets too hot.

4.表“与其说……倒不如”,“与其……毋宁……”只用before。

例:I would give up my job before I'd agree to be dismissed.

5.在某些特定句型中用before。

例如:It was not long before the whole country rose up.

(三)、下列情况一般区别用until。

1.主句是持续性谓语动词时,肯定、否定都可以,但意义完全不同。肯定表动作终止,而否定表动作开始。

例如:We discussed the problem until/before he came …until句型尽管在某些情况下可与before 互换用,但在强调句中一般仍用until。

例如:It was not until he told me that I knew it.

4 as soon as 的用法

as soon as表示一。。。就,其中的从句通常用一般现在时表示将来时。

这个短语用的比较常用,口语和书面语都可以。它的特点是,在句子中的位置比较灵活,而且可以用于各种时态。例如:

1、指未发生的动作,规律是:主句一般将来时,从句用一般现在时代替一般将来时

如:I will tell him the news as soon as he comes back。

注:有时,为了特意表达刚刚完成某事就如何如何,需要用现在完成时。

如:I will go with you as soon as I have washed my face.

2、指紧接着发生的两个短动作,主从句都用一般过去时

如He took out his English books as soon as he sat down

5whenever的用法

Whenever意为“在任何时候,每当”,引导时间状语从句。

【巩固】

一从A、B、C、D中选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案。

1. It was quiet ________ those big trucks started coming through the town.

A. before

B. after

C. until

D. unless

2. It seemed only seconds ________ the boy finished washing his face.

A. when

B. before

C. after

D. even if

3. Hardly had he reached the school gate ________ the bell rang.

A. while

B. when

C. as

D. as soon as

4. ________ you begin, I think you must continue.

A. When

B. Whenever

C. Once

D. Even if

5. I remembered you ________ I saw you at the airport.

A. the moment

B. while

C. after

D. once

6. He was about to go to bed ________ the doorbell rang.

A. while

B. as

C. before

D. when

listen to your advice, I get into trouble.

A. Every time

B. When

C. While

D. Until

8. _____ John was watching TV, his wife was cooking.

A. As

B. As soon as

C. While

D. Till

9. The children ran away from the orchard(果园) ______ they saw the guard.

A. the moment

B. after

C. before

D. as

二在下列各句的空格中填入适当的连词

1. He had learned Chinese _________ he came to China.

2. _________ the work was done, we sat down to sum up experience.

3. I haven't seen him _________ he moved to the other side of the town.

4. I waited ________ he came back.

5. It was not ________ he took off his eyeglasses that I recognized him.

6. She likes everything to be in place ________ she starts to work.

7. The thieves ran away _________ they caught sight of the police.

8. They decided to go back home _________ their money ran out.

9. We played outside till sunset, _________ it began to rain。

10. __________ I get to the airport, I will phone you to pick me up.

11. They were about to leave ______ it began to rain.

12. He always stay in bed ______ lunch time.

13. I like playing tennis _________ my younger sister prefers watching ball games.

14. _________ I understand your viewpoint, I don’t agree with you.

15. _______ she grew older, she became more responsible.

Period4 Integrated skills

break out lose their lives

translate into a record of that time

the victory if the human spirit go into hiking

die of / from have her diary published

write down her thoughts in fear if their lives

a symbol of get away from a Nazi camp

survive the war

2 知识要点

1)break out 意为:爆发,常指战争、打斗、灾害等的突然发生。

与break 有关的短语:break down 破坏,毁掉break into 破门而入

break the record 打破记录break into pieces 裂成碎片

2)die of ,“死于……”,死因存在于人体之上或之内,主要指疾病、衰老等自身的原因。

die from ,“死于……”,但其死因是环境造成的,主要指事故等方面的外部原因,如地震、交通事故、雷击等。

die out ,“渐渐消灭”,指的是不复存在的消失灭绝。

例如:

Ten languages die out every year.(每年,十种语言从地球上渐渐消失。)

3)German ,形容词,“德国人的,德国的”,也可以做名词,意为“德国人,德语”,其复数为Germans.表示国家的名词是Germany

4) have sb do sth “让某人做某事”

have sth done “让某事被做“

【巩固】

一选择题

1 -- My car you please give me a ride tomorrow?

-- I'm sorry I can''m ____ London tomorrow morning.

new,leaving borken down,leaving for

,leaving for expensive,leaving

2 ----Do you know that Mr Zhang passed last eek?

----Yes. He died illness.

A away, of

B on ,from

C by ,wit

D off,as

3 I saw some and dancing in the street the day before yesterday

A Germen; Englishmen

B Germans ; Englishmans

C Germans; Englishmen

4 He wants to have his TV

A repairing

B repaired

C to repair

Period 5 Task

in one’s fifties donate blood

to one’s surprise medical research

have a heart full of love

You will not find anything unusual about him until you learn more.

Whenever he has some money left, he gives it to someone in need.

When I was a little girl, I could not understand why my father always seemed to be kind to others than to his own family

1 in one’s +整十的数词的复数,表示处于相应的年龄段,例如:in one’s twenties 在某人二十几的时候

in the +整十的数词的复数,表示在某个年代,例如:in the seventies 在七十年代

2 to one’s surprise 意为:使……惊讶

in surprise 意为:惊奇地

形容词为surprising ,常用来修饰物;surprised ,常用来修饰人

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