全新版 大学英语(第二版)综合教程3 学生用书答案

全新版大学英语(第二版)综合教程3 学生用书答案

(Unit1~ Unit6)

Unit 1 Changes in the Way We Live

Text A

Content Questions ( P10 )

1.Write and live on a farm.

2.Because they grow nearly all of their fruits and vegetables. They have

enough eggs, honey and wood. They are very close to nature and can enjoy the beautiful scenery. Besides, they can go skiing and skating in winter.

3.No. Sometimes the good life can get pretty tough.

4.They were buried under five feet of snow from December through

March.

5.When the first spring came, it brought two floods. The second flood

refers to the good harvest in the growing season.

6.He decided to quit his job and start to freelance.

7.He has to crawl into black bear dens for “Sports Illustrated”, hitch up

dogsled racing teams for “Smithsonian” magazine, check out the Lake Champlain “monster”for “Science Digest”, and canoe through the Boundary Waters Wilderness area of Minnesota for “Destinations”.

8.As for insurance, they have only bought a poor man’s major-medical

policy and the policy on their two cars.

9.They cut back their expenses without appreciably lowering their

standard of living. For example, they patronize local restaurants instead of more expensive places in the city. They still attend the opera and ballet but only a few times a year. They eat less meat, drink cheaper wine and see fewer movies.

10.A tolerance for solitude and lots of energy.

11.T hey will leave with a feeling of sorrow but also with a sense of pride at

what they have been able to accomplish.

12.T hey chose to live in the country because they want to improve the

quality of their lives. Y es, they have finally realized their dreams. Text Organization ( P11 )

Part One (paragraphs 1—3) The writer views his life in the country as a

self-reliant and satisfying one.

Part Two (paragraphs 4—7 ) Life in the country is good yet sometimes

very hard.

Part Three (paragraphs 8—11) After quitting his job, the writer’s income

was reduced, but he and his family were

able to manage to get by.

Part Four (paragraphs 12—15 ) A tolerance for solitude and a lot of

energy have made it possible for the

family to enjoy their life in the country.

Happy Moments and Events

1)growing nearly all their fruits and vegetables

2)canoeing, picnicking, long bicycle rides, etc.

3)keeping warm inside the house in winter

4)writing freelance articles

5)earning enough money while maintaining a happy family life Hardships

1)working hard both in winter and in summer

2)harsh environment and weather condition

3)anxious moments after the writer quit his job

4)cutting back on daily expenses

5)solitude

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V ocabulary

1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases given in the box. ( P15 )

1)on balance 2) resist 3) haul 4) wicked

5) illustrated 6) budget 7) lowering 8) boundary

9) involved 10)economic 11) blasting 12) just about

2. Now use the verb in brackets to form an appropriate phrasal verb you have learned and complete the sentence with it. ( P16 )

1)cut back / down 2)pick up

3)get by 4) get through

5)face up to 6)turn in

7)making up for 8)think up

3. Rewrite each sentence with the word or phrase in brackets, keeping the same meaning. (P17 )

1)pursued his mathematical studies and taught himself astronomy.

2)often generate misleading thoughts.

3)attach great importance to combining theory with practice in our

work.

4)be suspected of doing everything for money.

5)before he gets through life.

4. Complete the sentences, using the words or phrases in brackets ( P17 )

1. their indoor a profit to invest in

2. device the improvement on a global scale

3. stacked temptation never dined out

Confusable Use ( P18 )

1.house

2.home

3.home family

4.household

1.doubt

2.suspected

3.doubted

4.suspected

5.suspect

Word Formation ( P19 )

1) rise 2) final 3) regular 4) cash 5) hows and whys

6) upped 7) yellowed 8) bottled 9) lower 10) search Cloze

1. T ext-related ( P20 )

1) gets by 2) temptation 3) get through

4) improvement 5) aside from 6) suspect

7) supplement 8) profit 9) stacking

2. Theme-related ( P21 )

1) replaced 2) consider 3) quit

4) world 5) tough 6) fuels

7) provide 8) luxuries 9) balance

10) ideal

Translation

1. Translate the sentences into English ( P21 )

1)We have a problem with the computer system, but I think it is fairly

minor.

2)My father died when I was too young to live on my own. The

people of my hometown took over responsibility for my upbringing at that point.

3)the toys have to meet strict safety requirements before they can be

sold to children.

4)Radio and television have supplemented rather than replaced the

newspaper as carriers of new and opinion.

5)When it comes to this magazine, it is a digest of articles from many

newspapers and magazines around the world.

2. Translate the passage into English ( P21 )

A decade ago, Nancy did what so many Americans dream about. She

quit an executive position and opened a household device store in her neighborhood. People like Nancy made the decision primarily for the improvement in the quality of their lives.

But, to run a business on a small scale is by no means an easy job. Without her steady income, Nancy had to cut back on her daily expenses. Sometimes she did not even have the money to pay the premiums for the various kinds of insurance she needed.

Fortunately, through her own hard work, she has now got through the most difficult time. She is determined to continue pursuing her vision of a better life.

Text B

1. Choose the best answer for each of the following. ( P27 )

1—6. a c d b a c

Translate into Chinese the underlined sentences in the essay ( P28 )

1.什么?你说那听起来不像你府上的生活?其实,不仅仅是你一个人

这么想。事实上,大多数人可能都跟你一样这么想的。

2.例如,《交给比弗吧》一剧中妈妈带着珍珠项链,穿着高跟鞋做家务。

爸爸整个周末都穿着西装,系着领带。

3.要是电视网或有线电视没有中意的节目,录像制品商店可以提供好

莱坞制作的品质迥异的节目:新近发行的电影、动画片、“成人”电影、体育锻炼节目、旅游、体育及入门指南录像带。

4.如今,妈妈在看她的有线电视销售服务节目的时候,爸爸可能想租

一部动作片。而在姐姐想看《辛普森一家》时,弟弟妹妹却在玩《让我们炸毁土星》的电子游戏。

Match the definitions in Column B with the words and phrases in Column A. ( P28 )

1) g 2) f 3) e 4) d

5) b 6) h 7) a 8) c

Fill in the gaps with words or phrases chosen from the box. ( P29 )

1) roast 2) cable 3) at one time

4) get along 5) missed out on 6) commute

7) taken over 8) make sense 9) go with

10) dizzy 11) gasped 12) networks

Unit 2 Civil-Rights Heroes

TEXT A

TEXT ORGANIZATION

1.

Part One Paras 1-5 It i s high time to honor the heroes who helped liberate

slaves by forging the Underground Railroad in the

early civil-rights struggles in America.

Part Two Paras 6-23 By citing examples the author praises the exploits of

civil-rights heroes who helped slaves travel the

Underground Railroad to freedom.

2.

Story 1 (Paras 6-10): After winning his own freedom from slavery, John Parker helped other

slaves to escape north to Canada to get freedom. Story 2 (Paras 11-15): Supported by a strong religious conviction, the

white man Levi Coffin helped black slaves to

escape at huge risk to himself.

Story 3 (Paras 16-23): By traveling the Underground Railroad, Josiah

Henson reached his destination and became free at

last.

VOCABULARY

I.

1.

1) decades 2) historic

3) imposed 4) religious

5) slender 6) web

7) bade 8) site

9) on the side 10) authorized

11) terminal 12) make the best of

2.

1) went through 2) stood up for

3) laid down 4) take on

5) let (us) down 6) draw on

7) fall into 8) pass for

3.

1) The Europeans are fully confident that the Americans will not be able to justify their measures to protect the struggling American steel industry.

2) Clinton is, in the eyes of Joe Klein , staff writer of the New Y orker and author of The Natural, the most talented politician of his generation and the most compelling.

3) There’s not much you can do if people are really intent on destroying

themselves with drug.

4) A different experience of the world could forge a completely different approach to life.

5) It is our conviction that cloning of human beings is bound to cause many ethical and social problems in the long run.

4.

1). As for, do not compel, capture of , have forged

2) At huge risk, the mission, shelter

3) who abolished, In the eyes of, racial

II. Words with Multiple Meaning

1.I’ll tell you in a minute how I have attained the genuine sense of

belonging in America, but first let me hear about your French trip.

2.Most McDonald’s look almost the same on the outside, but actually

there are about 16 different basic designs.

3.Loaning money from the banks is but one of the methods we can use to

get through a financial crisis.

4.This second-hand car has been nothing but trouble: it’s always breaking

down.

5.In your resume you’ve mentioned everything but one vital point.

6.Our technicians have discovered a simple but effective solution to the

problem.

7.I am sorry, but I think you shouldn’t have lingered on over coffee and

missed the last bus.

8.The bankruptcy of the company was not caused by evil, but by simple

ignorance.

III. USAGE

1. lonely

2. friendly

3. weekly, monthly

4. lovely

5. cowardly

6. kindly/ saintly

7. lively 8. motherly COMPREHENSIVE EXERCISES

I.CLOZE

1.

1) forged 2) stand up

3) compelled 4) convictions

5) mission 6) abolish

7) intent on 8) risk

9) In the eyes of 10) threats

2.

1) assistance 2) involved

3) estimated 4) coincidence

5) emerged 6) referred

7) numerous 8) stationed

9) concern 10) capture

II.TRANSLATION

1.Though greatly affected by the consequences of the global financial

crisis, we are still confident that we can face up to the challenge and overcome the crisis.

2.Under threat of constant sand storms, we were compelled to leave our

cherished village and move to the new settlement.

3.According to a recent online survey, a lot of consumers say they may be

motivated to consider buying products shown in TV commercials.

4.Having spotted a truck driver dumping contaminated waste alongside

the river, the old man reported to the police at once.

5.Some scientists hold to the firm conviction that people will come to like

genetically modified crops someday since they can increase yields and help combat hunger and disease in the developing world.

2.

Shortly after he achieved freedom he became a member of an

organization that assisted fugitive slaves. He secretly returned to the United States from Canada several times to help others to travel the Underground

Railroad to freedom. Once some slave catchers closed in on the escaping slaves and Henson when they were on the run. He disguised them and successfully avoided capture. In addition, later he built a small settlement in Dresden in Canada for escaped slaves, setting up a chapel and a school where they could learn useful ways of making a living. He held to the conviction that slavery would be abolished, all the slaves would be liberated, and the day was bound to come when racial discrimination no longer existed.

TEXT B

COMPREHENSION CHECK

1. b c d b b a

TRANSLATION

1.这一和平的不服从行为在蒙哥马利引发了抗议,最终使少数民

族权利在法律上发生了变化,开创了美国民权运动的新时代。

2.后来她解释说,这儿似乎是她结束受人摆布,弄清如果有的话她

究竟有何人权的地方。

3.但是,蒙哥马利的黑人团体认为应该团结在她周围组织抗议活

动,她是适合担此重任的公民,因为她是该市最优秀的公民之一。

4.他说:“只有极少人能说自己的行动和行为改变了国家的面貌。

罗莎帕克斯就是那些人中的一个。”

LANGUAGE PRACTICE

1. d e f b g a h c

2.

1) trial 2) activist

3) equality 4) arrested

5) transportation 6) representatives

7) legal 8) boycotts

9) fame 10) representation

11) ushered in 12) lain in honor / in state

Unit 3 Security

Text A

Content Questions

1.No.

2.No.

3.It has been replaced by an era when people employ various secuirty

devices at home.

4.Small notices announcing that the premises are under surveillance by

this security force or that guard company.

5.The insurance company tries to impress the public that it will ensure

your safety by paying for your losses.

6.An atmosphere of fear and distrust.

7.Because they feel threatened and want to keep outsides away.

8.No. They are by now the most sophisticated of security sites.

9.It is a way to hold the terrorists, real and imagined, at bay.

10.To tell whether their friend or client is telling lies.

11.All is done in the name of “security”. But according to the author,

America, with all this “security”, is perhaps the most insecure nation in the history of civilization.

12.We may have locked the evils out, but in so doing we have locked

ourselves in.

Text Organization

1.

Parts Paragraphs Main Ideas

Part One Paras 1-3 In America, the era of leaving the front door

on the latch has drawn to a close.

Part Two Paras 4-15 A new atmosphere of fear and distrust has

crept into every aspect of daily life. As a

result, security de vices, in varied forms, are

put to use.

Part Three Paras 16-19 By locking our fears out, we become

prisoners of our own making.

2.

1) Doors are not left unlocked either in cities or in rural areas.

2)Dead-bolt locks, security chains, electronic alarm systems and trip wires are widely in use.

3)Suburban families have steel bars built in sliding glass doors.

4)Small notices warning against burglary are commonly seen pasted on

the windows of the most pleasant of homes.

5)Access cards are required of those who work with medium to large-size companies.

6)Airport security uses electronic X-ray equipment to guard against terrorism.

7)Businessmen employ new machines linked up to their telephone to help

determine whether the caller is telling lies or not.

Suburban housewives wear rape whistles on their key chains.

Language Sense Enhancement

I. 1) e lectronic 2) hooked up to

3) suburban 4) built in

5) uncommon 6) announcing

7) survaillance 8) symbol

9) featured 10) attached to

Language Focus V ocabulary 1. 2) by a small margin 4) closed up 6) paste 8) sideways 10) universal 12) Bathed in 2) looked back on 4) fit into 6) lies in 8) stand for

3. 1) A certain gene which is likely to make people vulnerable to asthma has been found by

researchers at the Department of Clinical Medicine in Oxford. 2) A wardrobe with mirrored doors had to be built in so as to make their small bedroom look larger.

3) The NBC show's opening shots feature the space shuttle Challenger blowing up in January 1986—killing all seven crew.

4) When the teacher threatened to keep the pupils in after school they were quieted at once.

5) Energy difficulties are a major barrier to the country's economic growth due to the fact that imported oil has absorbed 40% of its

foreign exchange / because imported oil has absorbed 40% of its foreign exchange.

4. 1) Jacob looked back on his summer holidays spent on the Big Island

of Hawaii with its

I. 1. 1) threathens 3) civilize 5) wandered 7) without so much as 9) hook up to 11) chart 2. 1) narrowed down 3) cut off 5) wear (the other) down

beautiful landscape and tranquil atmosphere as a rare escape from the madness of urban life.

2) Learning in the information era is really convenient and efficient. With your computer hooked up to the internet, you can easily obtain the electronic resources relevant to your research.

3) Detectives, who believe more than one person is behind the constant attacks in the suburb, are using a sophisticated computer system to analyze specific behavior and situations. However, they are also aware that they shouldn’t rely too much on computer because it may make errors at times..

II. Collocation

1. away

2. inside/in

3. forward/through

4. back

5. off

6. home

7. back, down 8. in, out

III. Usage

1.Internet is not such an unusual word as it used to be.

2.Most men do not look unattractive in them.

3.Wealthy as she is, she is not unconcerned by her sudden

unemployment.

4.This claim is not unrealistic in view of a sharp decrease in the city's

violent crimes.

5.His poor health is not unrelated to his unhealthy way of life. Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze

1.

1. Statistics

2. rural

3. era

4. stood for

5. on the latch

6. vulnerable

7. barriers 8. electronic

9. reflection 10.civilized

2.

1. tougher

2. liable

3. shift

4. electric

5. cautious

6. sophisticated

7. thieves 8. break

9. chances 10. signs

II. Translation

1.

1).The Internet is changing the way people live, no matter whether they are

in urban or rural areas.

2).Medium-sized and small companies are more vulnerable to the threat of

the global economic crisis than large ones.

3).With regard to our term papers, the professor asked us to analyze the

chart of unemployment first, and then provide critical reflections on the nation’s economic development.

4).It never occurred to him that their team would win the basketball match

by a large margin.

5).Looking back on my twenty years’ teaching in high school, I attributed

my success to patience, talent, and the constant pursuit of knowledge. 2.

It is almost impossible to keep a determined burglar out. All you can do is discourage him for a few minutes, thus exposing him to police patrols or those wandering around. Common sense tells us that lighting is a barrier to criminal activity. A light should be fixed in the doorway and switched on at night. Make sure/assure yourself that you don’t leave the door on the latch if you happen to be the last to come in. If you decide to buy a sophiticated electronic alarm system, be sure to ask for its signs and put them up on both windows and doors. In addition you may have

it hooked up to a police station.

Unit 4 Was Einstein a Space Alien?

Text A

Content Questions (P.99)

13.He worked as a “Technical Expert, Third Class”. He needed the job to

support his young family.

14.He published five of the most important papers in the history of

science. This is because they proved that atoms and molecules existed, laid the foundation for quantum mechanics, describe the theory of special relativity, and advanced the famous equation: E=mc2

15.He developed the Theory of Universal Gravitation then.

16.Because his ideas were far ahead of other scientists of his time.

17.He meant that like other scientists Einstein was a man of his time. If

he hadn’t been born, his 1905 papers would eventually have been written in some form by others.

18.What was remarkable about 1905 is that year a single person authored

five of the most improtant papers in science. Einstein proposed in 1905 that light is particulate and for this he won the Nobel Prize in 1921.

19.Because if you did so you would find yourself disagreeing with

phisicist James Clerk Maxwell, an Authority Figure who had proved that light was an electomagnetic wave.

20.He was not at all concerned about authority. He hated being told what

was true.

21.Science was dinner-table conversation in the Einstein household when

he was young. His interest in science came naturally.

22.He credited his discoveries to imagination and endless questioning

more so that otthodox intelligence.

23.He struggled to produce a unified field theory, combinging gravity

with other forces of nature, but he failed.

24.He found Einstein’s brain looked much like any other.

Text Organization (P.100)

1. (P.100)

Parts Paragraphs Main Ideas

Part One Paras. 1-3 A young husband and father, Albert

Einstein had to work hard to support

his family.

Part Two Paras. 4-12 Einstein made astonishing

achievements in physics and thus

revolutionized the field.

Part Three Paras. 13-21 Einstein’s discoveries were attributable

to his imagination, questioning,

disregard for authority, powers of

concentration, and interest in science. Part Four Paras. 22-23 Einstein was not space alien.

2. (P.100)

1). He felt all the pressure and responsibility of any young husband and father.

2). Galison: If Einstein hadn’t been born, his 1905 papers would have

been written in some form by others.

3). Other physicists like Max Planck, more senior and experienced than

Einstein, were closing in on the answer, but he got there first.

4). Einstein himself credited his discoveries to imagination and

questioning more so than orthodox intelligence.

5). He failed in producing a unified field theory.

6). His brain looked much like any other.

Language Sense Enhancement (P.101)

I. 1)c oncentration 2) lie down

3)balance 4) engross himself in

5)stimulated6) more so

7)curious8) assessment

9)credited 10) intelligence

Language Focus (P.103)

V ocabulary

1. (P. 104)

1) accordingly 2) loose

3) concentration 4) stimulating

5) fabric 6) if anything

7) reality 8) intuition

9) trifle 10) at the turn of the century

11) mess 12) undermine

2.(P. 105)

1) approve of2) slow down

3) take in 4)

sucked into

5) set … apart 6) dozed

off

7) call forth8) stretch into

9) keep up with 10) believe

3. (P. 105—106)

1) The beautiful Malvern Hills have provided inspiration for many

artistis and musicians over the decades.

2) Much of his success is credited to his power of imagination.

3) The industrial revolution was firmly built on the foundations of an

agricultural revolution.

4) Alexander was determined not to make any complaints in the

presence of the nurse.

5) September 1939 saw the outbreak of the Second World War.

4. (P. 106)

1) At school Einstein thought about questions which his teachers did not

ask. They considered his constant doubting and questioning as a character flaw, so much so that they came to the conclusion that he would get nowhere in life.

2)For the third night in a row, I was awakened by the shrieking of car

alarms at midnight. Without a decent night’s sleep, I dozed off while

I was at work in the daytime. Consequently I made a mess of my job.

3)Economists are examing two reports capturing the bleak economic

picture. One shows that the outbreak of the world financial crisis has undermined consumer confidence, which is now down in its lowest levels since 1992. The other shows that unemployment rate has risen by 10%, which has strained many families’ finances.

II. C ollocation (P. 106-105)

1.With Christmas only a week away

2.With his physical condition improving day by day

3.With our GDP growing steadily

4.With all the shops closed

5.with her eyes closed

6.With the fog lifting during the night

III. Usage (P. 107-108)

1. like/as

2. as

3. like

4. like/as

5. as/ like

6. as

7. like

8. as Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze (P. 108-109)

(A)

1. caution

2. came to the conclusion

3. never get anywhere

4. undermining

5. not give/care a fig

6. flaw

7. beyond any doubt 8. foundation

9. remarkable/ impressive 10. imagination

(B)

1. extent

2. inventions

3. bet

4. manages

5. vision

6. eventually

7. achievement 8. poverty

9. utilized 10. Breakthrough

II. Translation (P. 109-110)

1. (P. 109)

1.The volunteers sent by the Red Cross disinfected , with great caution,

the drinking water in the village so as to avoid an outbreak of plague 2.Einstein spent many years trying to unify the theories of

electromagnetism and gravity but failed.

3.Professor Wang received / won the Presidential Award fro his

excellence in stimulating students’ creative imagination.

4.As there were some major design flaws, the board of directors didn’t

approve of the economic stimulus package.

5.Having realized that nobody could help him, Jordan finally came to

the conclusion that he had to face reality and meet the challenge by himself.

2. (P. 110)

What was remarkable about 2005 was perhaps that the United Nations declared it “The World Y ear of Physics”. It was the 100th anniversary of Einstein’s theory of relativity and the 50th anniversary of his death. In 1905 Einstein published five highly important essays in the history of science, thus revolutionizing physics. His great achievement can be credited to his impressive powers of imagination, constant questioning, and not giving a fig for authority. It is beyond doubt that Einstein was the greatest scientist in the 20th century.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks

Text A

Content Questions

25.He wrote them on a ship on the way to the island of Tulagi in the

South Pacific on Thanksgiving Day, 1943.

26.Preparing a traditional Thanksgiving dinner featuring roast turkey

made the writer extremely busy.

27.The writer was thinking about Thanksgiving.

28.He decided to write letters to show gratitude to those who had helped

him in his life.

29.He had always accepted what they had done for him, but never

expressed to any of them a simple “Thank you.”

30.He decided to write to his father, his grandmother, and the Rev.

Lonual Nelson, his grammar school principal.

31.His father had impressed upon him from boyhood a love of books and

reading.

32.He remembered that each morning Nelson would open the school

with a prayer over his assembled students.

33.He recalled how his grandmother had taught him to tell the truth, to

share, and to be forgiving and considerate of others. And he thanked her for her delicious food and for all the wonderful things she had done for him.

34.His reading of their letters left him not only astonished but also more

humbled than before, because they all thanked him rather than saying

they would forgive him for not having previously thanked them.

35.The writer learned that one should learn to express appreciation for

others’ efforts.

36.The writer wished for all people the common sense to achieve world

peace, and find the good and praise it.

Text Organization

1.

Parts Paragraph Main Ideas

Part One Paras. 1-9 On Thanksgiving Day 1943, as a young

coastguardsman at sea, the writer came up

with the idea of expressing his gratitude to

people who had helped him before.

Part Two Paras. The writer wrote three thank-you letters to his

father, the Rev. Nelson and his grandmother.

Part Three Paras.17-2The writer got three letters in reply.

Part Four Paras. The writer wishes everyone to find the good

2-

Corresponde Letters Sent Letters Received

Father Thanks him for

teaching the writer from

boyhood to love books

and reading.

Tells the writer how he, as a

teacher and a father as well,

felt content with his own son.

The Rev. Nelson

Thanks him for his

morning

Tells the writer about his

retirement coupled with

self-doubt, and the re-

assurance brought to him by

the writer's letter.

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