专业四级-837

专业四级-837

(总分:140.00,做题时间:90分钟)

一、PART Ⅰ DICTATION(总题数:1,分数:15.00)

1.Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be done at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds. The last reading will be done at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.

Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be done at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds. The last reading will be done at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.

(分数:15.00)

__________________________________________________________________________________________ 正确答案:()

解析:[听力原文]

Adventure Travel

Adventure travel is a travel you can experience with all your senses. /The adventure traveler is an individual who will use independent ways of transport/that enable him to go where and when he pleases. /The adventure traveler often enjoys traveling alone. /If he is walking, be will require the minimum of equipment. /If he is cycling, he can put his things in panniers (背篓)/so he won't have a heavy pack on his back. /He can cover greater distances than on foot, /but at a pace that allows real appreciation and discovery. /Traveling with horses and camels is exciting but he needs some experience. /

Adventure travel is primarily a question of independence. determination and confidence. /Anyone with adventurous spirit can do it. /The senses of achievement and self-confidence that come from it are immeasurable. /Don't hesitate, pack this guide in your rucksack and go —/you will never look back! /

二、PART Ⅱ LISTENING COMPREHENSION(总题数:0,分数:0.00)

三、SECTION A CONVERSATIONS(总题数:3,分数:10.00)

(分数:3.00)

(1).Cynthia wants to work as a part-time waitress because ______.

A. she wants to have another job as well as the first one

B. she wants to spend more time on her university studies

C. she feels very exhausted while doing a full-time job

D. the circumstances of the hotel where she is working now is terrible(分数:1.00)

A.

B. √

C.

D.

解析:[听力原文]

Johnson: Good morning, Miss Cynthia. Take a seat, please!

Cynthia: Thank you.

Johnson: Now. I notice you are interested in a job as a waitress.

Cynthia: That's right. I saw your sign in the window asking for a part-time waitress. Johnson: Mm, have you worked as a waitress before?

Cynthia: Yes, I've worked as a waitress for three years at several different restaurants. Johnson: I see. Are you working now?

Cynthia: Yes, at the King Hotel dining-room on Dark Avenue.

Johnson: They have a very nice dining-room there. Why do you want to leave?

Cynthia: Because I can't work full time at the moment. I'm taking some courses at university and need more time for study.

Johnson: I see. What days are you available?

Cynthia: I'm free all day Thursday and Friday, Saturday and Sunday.

Johnson: That suits us very well actually. We're looking for someone who can help us late in the week when we get very busy. That's Thursday afternoon, Friday afternoon and evening as well as all day Saturday. The restaurant is closed on Sunday.

Cynthia: That's fine with me. Johnson: When can you start?

Cynthia: Is the first of next month all right with you?

Johnson: That's fine. The first of May. Yes, that's good. By the way, you'1l get $18 an hour, with tips, of course.

Cynthia: Good. Thank you very much.

[解析] 细节题。根据对话,Cynthia在攻读几门大学课程,不能做全职工作,故B为正确答案。A,C对话中未提及。D和原文相悖。

(2).If Cynthia takes the job, she has to work on the following days EXCEPT ______.

A. all day Thursday

B. Thursday afternoon

C. Friday afternoon and evening

D. all day Saturday(分数:1.00)

A. √

B.

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 推断题。对话中指出,饭店在下半周会很忙,即周四下午,周五下午和晚上,以及周六全天,故A为正确答案。B,C,D和原文相符。

(3).Which of the following is NOT true?

A. Cynthia has the experiences of working as a waitress.

B. Cynthia has worked in her present hotel for three years.

C. It is April now.

D. Cynthia will probably take her university courses from Monday to Wednesday.(分数:1.00)

A.

B. √

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 细节题。Cynthia是在不同的饭店当女招待有三年之久,而不是在同一个地方,故选B。A,C,D均和原文相符。

(分数:3.00)

(1).From the conversation, we know ______ is very important for good eyesight.

A. Vitamin A

B. Vitamin B

C. Vitamin C

D. Vitamin D(分数:1.00)

A. √

B.

C.

D.

解析:[听力原文]

W: Good afternoon, Doctor Gray. Could you tell us something of vitamins? How many vitamins are there in food?

M: Up to now, about fifty different vitamins have been identified. But only a few of them are familiar to people.

W: Could you cite an example'?

M: Well, do you know Vitamin A?

W: Yes. It is said Vitamin A is most important for good eyesight.

M: Right, but it is also important for general good health.

W: Where does it exist?

M: Liver contains a considerable amount of vitamin A, but vitamin A is also found in fish, meat, milk, butter and so on.

W: Apart from Vitamin A, we know Vitamin B, C and D. Are they as important as Vitamin A?

M: They have different functions. Vitamin B consists of twelve different chemicals. which are found in eggs, cheese, and vegetables. If a person has an inadequate amount of vitamin B in his diet, this may affect his whole body, particularly the skin, the nervous system and the heart. Large quantities of vitamin C help people to avoid colds. Fruits and uncooked vegetables are rich in vitamin C.

W: And what about Vitamin D?

M: Vitamin D is essential for the growth of bones and teeth and is found in fish, liver. oil and milk. Vitamin D is the only vitamin that the body can make for itself, but it can only do this if there is sufficient sunlight.

W: So we should enjoy both Vitamin D and sunlight.

[解析] 细节题。根据对话中It is said vitamin A is most important for good eyesight这句话,可知A为正确答案。B,C,D均和原文不符。

(2).A person's nervous system will be affected if he doesn't have enough amount of ______.

A. Vitamin A

B. Vitamin B

C. Vitamin C

D. Vitamin D(分数:1.00)

A.

B. √

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 细节题。对话中指出,Vitamin B对皮肤、神经系统和心脏有影响,故B为正确答案。A,C,D均和原文不符。

(3).______ is the only vitamin our bodies can make for itself on condition that there is adequate sunlight.

A. Vitamin A

B. Vitamin B

C. Vitamin C

D. Vitamin D(分数:1.00)

B.

C.

D. √

解析:[解析] 细节题。根据对话中Vitamin D is the only vitamin that the body can make for itself. but it can only do this if there is sufficient sunlight这句话,可知D为正确答案。A,B,C均和原文不符。

(分数:4.00)

(1).Which of the following is true of the radio Anderson buys?

A. It's the cheapest in the shop.

B. It's one of the best in the shop.

C. It's above average.

D. It was on sale last week.(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[听力原文]

Clerk: Good morning, may I help you with something?

Anderson: No, thank you. I am just looking.

Clerk: Please feel free to look around. If I can help in any way, don't hesitate to ask. Anderson: I will, thanks. What is the price for this radio?

Clerk: It is forty-five dollars and eighty-nine cents.

Anderson: Is that on sale this week?

Clerk: No, that was on special last week. But this week we have another brand which is only thirty-five dollars plus an additional twenty percent tax.

Anderson: May I look at it?

Clerk: Certainly.

Anderson: Do you think this is one of the best radios that you carry?

Clerk: Well, it is not the best, but it's above average.

Anderson: How long is the warranty on this radio?

Clerk: We have a ninety-day warranty. Should any manufacturer's defect occur, we will replace it without any charge.

Anderson: Oh, thirty-five dollars plus an additional twenty percent tax? Would there be a discount on it?

Clerk: No, sir.

Anderson: Well, l think I will take it.

Clerk: Anything else? We also have TVs, video recorders and many other items on sale this week. Anderson: No, thanks. This is all for today. Here is forty-two dollars with the tax. By the way, where is the ladies' clothing department?

Clerk: Go straight down and turn right on aisle No. 6.

Anderson: Thank you.

[解析] 细节题。对话中明确提到Anderson购买的收音机质量中上。A,B,D和原文相悖。

(2).How much tax does Anderson have to pay for the radio he buys?

A. $7.

B. $20.

C. $35.

D. $45.(分数:1.00)

A. √

B.

D.

解析:[解析] 推断题。对话中,收音机的价钱为35美元,其百分之二十的税是7元,故选A。B,C,D和原文相悖。

(3).If the radio Anderson buys is broken within ______, it can be replaced without any charge.

A. 9 days

B. 19 days

C. 6 months

D. 3 months(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C.

D. √

解析:[解析] 细节题。根据对话中We have a ninety-day warranty这句话,可知选D。A,B,C和原文相悖。

(4).What else is Anderson likely to buy?

A. Video recorders.

B. Ladies' clothing.

C. TVs.

D. Recorders.(分数:1.00)

A.

B. √

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 推断题。对话结束时,顾客问营业员女装柜台在哪里,由此可推断B为正确答案。A,C,D 和原文相悖。

四、SECTION B PASSAGES(总题数:3,分数:10.00)

(分数:3.00)

(1).The words concerning everyday life ______.

A. are in the possession of each individual

B. are something exchanged for money

C. are not familiar to highly educated people

D. are not included in a book(分数:1.00)

A. √

B.

C.

D.

解析:[听力原文]

In every language there are two great classes of words which, taken together, make up the whole vocabulary. First, there are those words with which we become acquainted in daily conversation, which we learn, that is to say, from the members of our own family and from our familiar associates, and which we should know and use even if we could not read or write. They concern the common things of life, and are the goods in trade of all those who speak the language. Such words may be called "popular" , since they belong to the whole people and are not the exclusive possession of a limited class.

On the other hand, our language includes a large number of words that are comparatively seldom used in ordinary conversation. Their meanings are known to every educated person, but there is little occasion to use them at home or in the marketplace. Our first acquaintance with them comes not from our mother's lips or from the talk of our schoolmates, but from books that we read, lectures that we hear, or the more formal conversation of highly educated speakers who are discussing some particular topic in a style raised above the habitual level of everyday life. Such words are called

"learned ". And the distinction between them and "popular" words is of great importance to a right understanding of the language.

[解析] 推断题。文中指出,我们在日常生活中使用的语言是从家人或朋友那儿学来的,属于每个人,故A 为正确答案。B文中未提及。C和原文相悖。D和原文不符。

(2).According to the passage, both "popular" words and "learned" words ______.

A. seem to be of no use

B. can help people get a better comprehension of the language

C. are easy to master

D. have gone beyond our mother's reach(分数:1.00)

A.

B. √

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 推断题。文中指出,每种语言中有两大用语,“popular”words和“learned”words,前者来源于日常生活,后者来源于书本,两者结合起来,构成整个语言,由此可推断,B为正确答案。A,C,D文中均未提及。

(3).From the passage, we can know that ______.

A. "popular" words are essential to daily life

B. "popular" words are not regular in usage

C. "popular" words are convenient to use

D. "popular" words are not standard enough to be used(分数:1.00)

A. √

B.

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 推断题。因为popular language来源于生活,和日常生活息息相关,故A为正确答案。B,C,D文中均未提及。

(分数:4.00)

(1).When did the British first taste tea?

A. In 1598.

B. In 1650.

C. In 1823.

D. In 1750.(分数:1.00)

A.

B. √

C.

D.

解析:[听力原文]

What exactly is tea? Basically it is a drink made from the dried leaves of a plant that only grows in hot countries. The British first heard of tea in 1598. and first tasted it in about 1650. For nearly two centuries all tea was imported from China, until, in 1823, a tea plant was found growing naturally in India. Sixteen years later the first eight chests of Indian tea were sold in London, and today, London's tea markets deal in tea from India and Africa more than from China. But wherever the tea comes from, the rules for making a nice cup of tea are the same.

In Britain tea is the drink that cheers and that is cheap. But there's a darker side to the nice cup of tea. Life is far from cheerful for many of those who produce tea in other parts of the world. Many workers on tea estates suffer from poverty and poor food, and there is a high infant death-rate. A male laborer's wages for a day —a mere 36 pence —is equal to the cost of a pound

of tea to an Englishman, and that should make about two hundred cups of tea! In 1784, tea cost one shilling and six pence a pound in England in today's money. Before long Britain's national drink may be nearly as expensive again.

[解析] 细节题。根据原文中...and first tasted it in about 1650这句话,可知B为正确答案。A,C 和原文相悖。D原文未提及。

(2).Which of the following plays a more important role in London's tea markets?

A. Tea from India.

B. Tea from China.

C. Tea from India and Africa.

D. Tea from India and China.(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[解析] 细节题。根据原文,目前伦敦茶叶市场的茶叶大多来自于印度和非洲,故选C。A,B,D均和原文相悖。

(3).From which country was all tea in Britain imported before 1823?

A. China.

B. India.

C. Africa.

D. America.(分数:1.00)

A. √

B.

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 细节题。原文中指出,1823年之前,英国的茶叶均进口于中国,故A为正确答案。B,C和原文相悖。D原文中未提及。

(4).What is NOT true of the life of those who produce tea?

A. Miserable.

B. High infant death-rate.

C. Low wages.

D. Cheerful and happy.(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C.

D. √

解析:[解析] 细节题。原文中指出,茶叶工人的生活贫困苦恼,工资低,且婴儿死亡率高。而选项D和原文不符,故为正确答案。A,B,C均和原文相符。

(分数:3.00)

(1).Which of the following is NOT true of dust?

A. The world couldn't be it if there were no dust.

B. Dust in some way is very important to our world.

C. Dust is not part of our world.

D. Dust in a certain degree makes our world.(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[听力原文]

Would the world really be so much better off if there were no dust? The answer is in some ways, yes, in some ways, no. For the most part, dust is not a very desirable or beneficial thing. But in one way, it helps make the world more beautiful. The lovely colors of the dawn and of the twilight

depend to a great extent on the amount of dust that is present in the air. Particles of dust in the upper air reflect the sun's rays. This makes its light visible on earth an hour or two after sunset. But different colors that make up the sun's light are bent at different angles as they are reflected by the dust and water vapor particle. Sunsets are red, because these particles bend the red rays of the sun in such a way that they are the last rays to disappear from view. Another useful function of dust has to do with rain. The water vapor in the air would not become a liquid very readily, if it didn't have the dust particles serving as centers for each drop of water. Therefore, cloud, mist, fog and rain are largely formed of an infinite number of moisture-latent particles of dust.

[解析] 综合题。根据原文,尘埃在构成我们这个世界方面起着不可或缺的作用,C符合题意,故为正确答案。A,B,D均和原文相悖。

(2).Why is dust so special in our world?

A. Because it can make the beautiful evening scene.

B. Because it can bend the sun's rays.

C. Because it can make it bright at dawn.

D. Because it can make the changes of different weather phenomena.(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C.

D. √

解析:[解析] 综合理解题。根据原文,尘埃能折射太阳光线,有助于构成各种各样的天气现象,故D为正确答案。A,B,C均和题意不符。

(3).According to the passage, what will dust probably be able to do with our world?

A. It helps build snow.

B. It helps form clouds.

C. It helps construct storm.

D. It helps create sunshine.(分数:1.00)

A.

B. √

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 细节题。根据原文最后一句话,可得此答案。A,C,D文中均未提及。

五、SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST(总题数:5,分数:10.00)

(分数:3.00)

(1).What's the difference between Damon and many of those Americans who joined a stock investment club?

A. He is ambitious.

B. He is only 11 years old.

C. He lives in Chicago.

D. He has joined the club for 6 years.(分数:1.00)

A.

B. √

C.

D.

解析:[听力原文]

Like many Americans. Damon Williams joined a stock investment club. Unlike many of those Americans, Damon is just 11 years old. After six years of investing, the ambitious Chicago seventh grader has the stocks of more than 30 companies worth more than US $18,000 — US $4,000 of that profit.

He is one of the estimated thousands of children in investment clubs nationwide who sacrifice an occasional Saturday to sharpen their financial strategies.

Damon said he wanted to pay his own way through college, buy real estate and see his children graduate from college also. At the rate he is going, he just might do it.

[解析] 细节题。Damon和其他美国人的区别在于他还只是个孩子,就加入股票投资俱乐部,故B为正确答案。A,C,D均和题意不符。

(2).Which of the following is NOT true?

A. Thousands of children in America joined the investment clubs.

B. The children in investment clubs spend their Sunday studying their financial strategies.

C. There're investment clubs throughout America.

D. In America, not only adults but also children join investment clubs.(分数:1.00)

A.

B. √

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 细节题。根据新闻,孩子们是在星期六学习财务策略,B符合题意,为正确答案。A,C,D 均和原文相符。

(3).What is NOT Damon's ambition?

A. He wants to support himself in college education.

B. He wants to buy real estate.

C. He wants to finance his children in college education.

D. He wants to run several companies of his own.(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C.

D. √

解析:[解析] 细节题。新闻中并未提及Damon想经营自己的公司,故选D。A,B,C均和原文相符。

(分数:2.00)

(1).Obama's proposal is meant to ______.

A. reduce taxes of the economic-stranded companies

B. reduce taxes of the companies with overseas divisions

C. levy taxes from the companies that earn profits in the low tax rates countries

D. reduce taxes of the companies that earn profits in the low tax rates countries(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[听力原文]

President Barack Obama has proposed outlawing offshore tax-avoidance techniques in a move that could hit US corporations with overseas divisions. His proposal would put an end to some tax deductions for firms that earn profits in countries with low tax rates. His plan will require 800 extra federal agents to carry out the law, and may reap $2lObn (£140bn) in tax over the decade. The president said he wanted to "make it easier" for US companies to create jobs at home.

[解析] 细节题。新闻中提到,奥巴马的新提案使得那些通过在海外建立分公司来逃税的办法不合法。可见,奥巴马的政策是为了向那些公司征税,故C为正确答案。

(2).How much tax could Obama's plan reap over the decade?

A. $800 billion.

B. $800 million.

C. $210 billion.

D. $210 million.(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[解析] 细节题。根据新闻中...and may reap $210bn(£l40bn) in tax over the decade这句话,可知C为正确答案。A,B,D均和原文不符。

(分数:2.00)

(1).The reason for the European Humanities University to be shut is probably that ______.

A. the students in it are not satisfied with its education

B. it is mostly funded by Western countries

C. it interferes in its country's affairs and violates the regulations of the authorities

D. it is supported by US(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[听力原文]

Belarusian authorities have ordered closure of a university funded largely from Western countries that President Alexander Lukashenko often denounces for interfering in the country. The European Humanities University is the second university to be ordered shut in the past nine months. It was the country's only non- government university. Authorities criticized the University for having Western European and US professors lecture at the school.

[解析] 推断题。新闻中指出,该大学被指责interfering in the country和having Western European and US professors lecture at the school,由此可推断C为正确答案。A原文中未提及。B,D和题意不符。

(2).What's the feature of the European Humanities University?

A. It is the only non-government university in the country.

B. It is a religious university.

C. It is the university where Western European and US professors will lecture.

D. It is the second university in the country to be shut.(分数:1.00)

A. √

B.

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 细节题。新闻中指出,该大学是国内唯一一所非政府资助的学府,故选A。B原文中未提及。C,D和题意不符。

(分数:2.00)

(1).The boy was sentenced to life imprisonment because ______.

A. he murdered one of his classmates with a knife

B. he was not interested in studies and killed his parents

C. he stole something from his fellow pupils

D. he stabbed his teacher through heart with a knife(分数:1.00)

A. √

B.

C.

D.

解析:[听力原文]

A 16-year-old British boy was sentenced to life imprisonment yesterday for the stabbing murder of a fellow pupil at a village school. He will serve a minimum of 12 years of the life sentence. The boy was 15 when using a knife to stab his classmate, 14, through the heart in a hallway at the school in North Somercotes, eastern England. The boy had claimed he stabbed his fellow pupil in self-defense.

[解析] 细节题。从新闻的第一句话中可得此答案。B,C,D新闻中均未提及。

(2).The boy will be in jail for at least ______ years.

A. 15

B. 14

C. 12

D. 13(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[解析] 细节题。根据新闻中He will serve a minimum of 12 years of the life sentence这句话,可知C为正确答案。A,B,D均和原文不符。

2.

The referee was accused of ______.

A. cheating in making a judgment during a football match

B. being partial to the visiting team

C. injuring two visiting players

D. shooting and killing a coach in an argument during a football match(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C.

D. √

解析:[听力原文]

South African police were searching for a referee who allegedly shot and killed a coach in a dispute during a weekend soccer match. Two players from the visiting Marcelle team were injured in the incident. It looked as if the referee had the firearm on his person and fired at the players first before hitting the coach in the chest.

[解析] 细节题。从新闻的第一句话中可得此答案。A,B新闻中未提及。C和原文不符。

六、PART Ⅲ CLOZE(总题数:1,分数:20.00)

Throughout history man has had to accept the fact that all living things must die, but people now live longer than they (31) . However, all living things still show the (32) of aging, which

will eventually (33) death. Aging is not a disease, but as a person passes maturity, the cells of the body and the (34) they form do not function as well as they (35) in childhood and adolescence. The body provides less (36) against disease and is more inclined (37) accident. A number of related causes may (38) aging. Some cells of the body have a fairly long life, but they are not (39) when they die. As a person ages, (40) of brain cells and muscle cells decreases. (41) body cells die and are replaced by new cells. In an aging person the (40) cells may not be as viable or as capable (43) growth as those of a young person. Another (44) in aging may be changes within the cells (45) . Some of the protein chemicals in the cells are known (46) with age and become less elastic. This is why the skin of old people wrinkles and (47) . This is also the reason old people (48) in height.

There are maybe other more important chemical changes in the cells. Some complex cell chemicals, such as DNA, store and (49) information that the cells need. Aging may affect this (50) and change the information- carrying molecules so that they do not transmit the information as well.

(分数:20.00)

(1).A. use to B. be used to

C. used to

D. had(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[解析] 固定搭配题。C used to意为“过去常常做某事”,常用在used to do sth. 结构中,正好与前面的now相对应,符合题意。A use to不符合语法规则。B be used to:习惯做某事,to为介词,其后只能跟名词或动名词。D had:拥有。A,B,D三个选项均不正确。

(2).A. function B. effect

C. fact

D. symbol(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[解析] 名词词义辨析题。C fact意为“事实,实际”,符合题意。A function:功能;作用。B effect:影响;效果,常跟介词on表示“对……的影响”。D symbol:象征,标志。

(3).A. affect B. yield in

C. result from

D. result in(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C.

D. √

解析:[解析] 动词词义辨析题。D result in意为“导致”,一般指原因导致结果,符合题意。A affect:影响。B yield:产生,如:Investment yielded high profits。C result from:归结于,起因于。

(4).A. arms B. feet

C. heart

D. organs(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C.

D. √

解析:[解析] 名词词义及逻辑判断题。D organ:器官。此处与上文“细胞”连用最符合逻辑,符合题意。

A arm:胳膊。

B foot:脚,足。

C heart:心脏。其它三项均不符合题意。

(5).A. do B. has done

C. did

D. were doing(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[解析] 动词时态题。本句从句中谓语动词重复主句中的动词function,用动词do来代替,并且因为指代过去,所以用C did符合题意。其它选项均不正确。

(6).A. strength B. protection

C. vigor

D. alertness(分数:1.00)

A.

B. √

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 名词词义及搭配题。B protection意为“保护,保卫,预防”,符合题意。A strength:能量,力量。C vigor:活力,动力。D alertness:警惕性。

(7).A. to B. for

C. against

D. in(分数:1.00)

A. √

B.

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 固定词组题。A to,be inclined to表示“倾向于做某事”,符合题意。此处to为介同,后接名词。此外to也可用做小品词,后加动词。其它选项均不符合题意。

(8).A. concern to B. contribute to

C. happen to

D. bring to(分数:1.00)

A.

B. √

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 动同词义辨析题。B contribute to意为“对……做贡献;导致”,符合题意。A concern to 无此搭配。C happen to sb. :(某事)发生(在某人身上)。D bring to:恢复知觉,恢复意识。如:bring to life/consciousness恢复知觉。

(9).A. replaced B. reborn

C. recovered

D. yielded(分数:1.00)

A.

B. √

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 动词词义辨析题。B reborn意为“再生,重生”,符合题意。A replace:代替,替换。C recover:恢复健康,复原。D yield:让步;产生。

(10).A. large number B. the amount

C. the number

D. most(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[解析] 固定搭配题。C the number of意为“……的数目”,符合题意。A如果为a large number of则可表示“很多”,用来修饰可数名词亦满足题意,但此处少了不定冠词“a”。B the amount of意为“数目,数量”,一般修饰不可数名词。D most:最,非常。

(11).A. The B. The other

C. Old

D. Other(分数:1.00)

A.

B. √

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 形容词词义及用法题。B the other:其它,其它的。L文(第38空格)处谈到过some cells 是不能再生的,此处提到的是其它可再生细胞。所以,这里用the other,表示“其它的”,符合题意。其它选项均不符合题意。

(12).A. old B. remaining

C. new

D. other(分数:1.00)

A.

B. √

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 形容词词义及文章理解题。B remaining意为“幸存的,剩余的”,符合题意。A old:旧的,老的。C new:新的。D other:其它的。

(13).A. to B. for

C. of

D. with(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[解析] 介词词组搭配题。capable意为“有能力的,能够的”,一般与介词of搭配,表示“能够做某事”,故C项符合题意。其它选项均不正确。

(14).A. factor B. effect

C. reason

D. element(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[解析] 名词词义及文章理解题。文章一直在探讨衰老的原因。C reason意为“原因,理由”,最符合文意。A factor:因素,元素。B effect:影响,效果。D element:元素,成分。

(15).A. for themselves B. by themselves

C. themselves

D. on their own(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[解析] 反身代词用法题。C cells themselves意为“细胞本身”,符合题意。A for themselves:为他们自己。B by themselves:凭他f门自己,靠自己。D on their own:凭自己,与for themselves 的意思相同。

(16).A. change B. changing

C. to change

D. being changed(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[解析] 被动语态用法题。sth. /sb. is known to do为固定搭配,所以只有C选项正确。

(17).A. hangs loose B. hangs loosely

C. is hanging loose

D. is hanging loosely(分数:1.00)

A. √

B.

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 并列结构及动词用法题。本句中使用了并列谓语,第一个谓语用了第三人称单数wrinkles,所以空白处只能用hangs,并且loose为主语补足语,应用形容词,所以只有A hangs loose正确。

(18).A. shorten B. shrink

C. lengthen

D. decrease(分数:1.00)

A. √

B.

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 动词词义辨析题。A shorten意为“缩短”,符合题意。B shrink:收缩,缩水,强调体积缩小。C lengthen:加长,增长。D decrease:(数量)减少。

(19).A. pass to B. pass on to

C. pass from

D. pass on(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C.

D. √

解析:[解析] 动词词义辨析题。D pass on意为“传播,传达”,符合题意。其它选项均不正确。pass on to...:传递给(某人)。

(20).A. method B. procedure

C. development

D. process(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C.

D. √

解析:[解析] 名词词义辨析题。D process意为“过程,进程”,符合题意。A method:方法,手段。B procedure:步骤,手续。C development:发展,开拓。

七、PART Ⅳ GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY(总题数:30,分数:30.00)

3.______ I like economics, I like sociology much better.

A. As much as

B. So much

C. How much

D. Much as

(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C.

D. √

解析:[解析] 形近词组辨析题。这里要填的词组应表示一种让步关系。A“像……一样”,表示对比。B“非常”,表示程度。C“多少”,一般用来引导疑问句,都不符合题意。D“虽然,尽管”,符合题意,故选D。

4.It is futile to discuss the matter further, because ______ going to agree upon anything today.

A. neither you nor I are

B. neither you nor me is

C. neither you nor I am

D. neither me nor you are

(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[解析] 固定搭配用法题。本题考查搭配neither...nor...的用法。与人称主语搭配时,通常第一人称在后,且句子的谓语动词的数由“就近一致”原则决定,即与后一人称主语保持一致。故本题正确答案为C。

5.They overcame all the difficulties and completed the project two months ahead of time, ______ is something we had not expected.

A. which

B. it

C. that

D. what

(分数:1.00)

A. √

B.

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 非限制性定语从句引导词用法题。此处用which指代前面一整句话,属非限制性定语从句,故正确答案为A。

6.He is quite worn out from years of hard work. He is not the man ______ he was twenty years ago.

A. which

B. that

C. who

D. whom

(分数:1.00)

A.

B. √

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 强调句用法题。此处是强调句,故应由that引导,答案是B。

7.She would have been more agreeable if she had changed a little bit, ______?

A. hadn't she

B. hasn't she

C. wouldn't she

D. didn't she

(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[解析] 反义疑问句用法题。本句是过去虚拟式,反义疑问句的助动词应为would,故正确答案为C。

8.I parked my bike behind the building, but now it's gone. It ______.

A. may be stolen

B. must be stolen

C. must have been stolen

D. must have stolen

(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[解析] 情态动词用法题。此处应用过去完成语态表示对过去发生的事情的推测,且应为被动语态,所以正确答案为C。

9.I suppose these apples are for ______.

A. us three

B. we three

C. our three

D. three us

(分数:1.00)

A. √

B.

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 数量词用法题。for为介词,因此后面应用宾格,所以B和C错误。表示我们三个,可以说three of us,也可以说us three。因此正确答案为A。

10.______ the end of the film, more and more people left the cinema.

A. To

B. At

C. By

D. Towards

(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C.

D. √

解析:[解析] 介词词义辨析题。表示一个动态过程,因此所选介词也应具有该意义,而在诸选项中,只有

D towards表示动态过程,其余都连接确定的某一时间点,因此答案为D。

11.She was ordinarily of a peaceful ______, but this time she felt the blood boil within her.

A. appetite

B. disposition

C. morality

D. perception

(分数:1.00)

A.

B. √

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 名词词义辨析题。这句话是在描写人的性格特征,B disposition意为“性格,性情”,符合题意。

12.The headquarters of this textile company is in London while its 20 ______ companies are located in different parts of the world.

A. duplicated

B. subsidiary

C. inferior

D. inclusive

(分数:1.00)

A.

B. √

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 形容词词义辨析题。B subsidiary意为“附设的,次要的”,符合句意。A duplicated:复制的。C inferior:下等的,下级的。D inclusive:包括的。

13.He tested this ______ experimentally, and found that his results were consistent with the idea.

A. detection

B. formula

C. hypothesis

D. statistics

(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[解析] 名词词义辨析题。C hypothesis意为“假设,假说”,符合句意。A detection:对于某事物的觉察与探测。B formula:公式。D statistics:数字统计;统计学。

14.I should have gone back and changed my jeans had I known how ______ I should be among the formally dressed people.

A. eminent

B. obvious

C. humorous

D. conspicuous

(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C.

D. √

解析:[解析] 形容词近义词辨析题。D conspicuous意为“显眼的,明显的”,符合题意,A eminent:卓越的;著名的。B obvious:明显的,显而易见的。C humorous:幽默的。

15.She is an ______ girl; she does everything her parents ask her to do.

A. exclusive

B. imperative

C. obedient

D. empirical

(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[解析] 形容词词义辨析题。C obedient意为“听话的,驯服的”,符合句意。A exclusive:专用的。B imperative:必要的,极重要的;命令的。D empirical:凭经验的,经验主义的。

16.How did it ______ that you didn't report this to us in good time?

A. come about

B. come across

C. come around

D. come at

(分数:1.00)

A. √

B.

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 动词词组用法题。A come about意为“发生”,符合题意。B come across:偶遇,不划而遇。C come around(round):恢复知觉,复原;顺便来访。D come at:得到;扑向。

17.In film making, sometimes a sheet of metal was shaken to ______ the noise of thunder.

A. pretend

B. simulate

C. manufacture

D. assume

(分数:1.00)

A.

B. √

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 动词同义辨析题。B simulate意为“模仿,模拟”,符合题意。A pretend意为“假装”,后接动词不定式。C manufacture:制造。D assume:假没。

18.Many modern language teachers make occasional use of teaching aids such as computers and tape recorders, but only a few use them systematically as an ______ part of their work.

A. incredible

B. individual

C. integral

D. associate

(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[解析] 形容词词义辨析题。C integral意为“构成整体所必需的,基本的”,符合句意。A incredible:不可思议的。B individual:单个的。D associate:副职的,如:associate professor副教授。

19.Living in the countryside has its ______ as well as advantages.

A. inferiority

B. setbacks

C. drawbacks

D. validity

(分数:1.00)

A.

B.

C. √

D.

解析:[解析] 名词近义词辨析题。C drawback卷为“不利条件,缺点,欠缺”,符合句意。A inferiority:下级,下等;自卑感。B setback:失败,挫折。D validity:正确性;有效性。

20.The air that holds a maximum amount of water vapor is ______, like a sponge unable to hold any more water.

A. immersed

B. saturated

C. quantified

D. ventilated

(分数:1.00)

A.

B. √

C.

D.

解析:[解析] 动词词义辨析题。B saturate意为“使充满,使饱和”,符合题意,为正确答案。A immerse:使沉浸在,使专心于。C quantify:确定……的数量,量化。D ventilate:使通风;把……公开。

21.Electric wires in your house are ______ with poor conductors like rubber or silk.

A. segregated

B. insulated

C. isolated

D. severed

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