希望英语第二版第一册期末试卷及答案

****职业技术学院

2010-2011学年第一学期《希望英语》期末试卷

希望英语第二版第一册期末试卷及答案

I. Grammar and Structure.(20 points)

1. She insisted on staying at home______ going to the cinema. . A. more than B. rather than C. less than D. other than

2. Foreign language learning should be more like a child ____his native language. A. achieving B. requiring C. acquiring D. requesting

3. She _____ shopping alone before she got married.

希望英语第二版第一册期末试卷及答案

A. used to be

B. was used to be

C. used to

D. was used to 4. Never in my life _______ such a thing.

A. have I seen

B. I have seen

C. I saw

D. did I see 5. Either of the students ________ able to dance and sing. A. be B. are C. is D. have been

6. Not that John doesn’t want to help you, _____it’s beyond his ability. A. and that B. for that C. but that D. in that

7. His sister read the picture-book three times yesterday.

A. so she did

B. she did so

C. so did she

D. so did he 8. It’s time you ______ your homework.

A. do

B. will do

C. to do

D. did

9. The old man has two daughters,_______ are doctors. A. both of them B. both of whom C. both who D. they both

10. They manager told us never to _____ till tomorrow what we can do today. A. come up B. put off C. turn on D. give out

11.The old woman __________ (worry) about her granddaughter. 12. I will give it to her as soon as she _____(come) back to the office. 13. The boy was seen __________ (run away) barefooted.

14. I sincerely thank you for your (invite)______ _ to the History Exhibition.

15. Without computers, we_______(not make) the great progress in the last decades. 16. We _______(finish) the repairs to your car by last night. 17. He is______( strong) of the two.

18. I am sorry to learn that you have made no (improve) _________ on the design at all.

19. The old couple decided to move to countryside because they wanted very much to lead a ________(relax) life.

20. Don ’t worry. I will take full______(responsible) for breaking the window. II. Fill in each blank with proper word in right form. (10 points) 21. Nobody can answer that question with complete_____ 22. The post office you ’re looking for _____ next to the city hall.

23. When doing experiments, don ’t ____ __ the mistakes that you made last time. 24. These overseas students ______ from all contact with their homeland.

25.This _______ net can prevent construction workers from being injured if they fall off .

26. As a player, you should be very ______ with the rules of football.

27.My father, _____ _ his colleagues, believes in the importance of this plan. 28. Don ’t eat so much bread or you ’ll have no _______ for dinner. 29. Most companies took a wait-and-see _______ toward the new policy. 30. Don ’t _______ other people in your mistakes.

III. Reading comprehension (30 points)

系: 班级: 姓名: 学号:

(A)

How can we get rid of garbage? Do we have enough energy sources to meet our future energy needs?

These are two important questions that many people are asking today. Some people think that men might he able to solve both problems at the same time. They suggest using garbage as an energy source.

For a long time people buried garbage or dumped it on empty land. Now, empty land is scarce. But more and more garbage is produced each year. But garbage can be a good fuel to use. The things in garbage do not look like coal, petroleum, or natural gas; but they are chemically similar to these fossil fuels. As we use up our fossil-fuel supplies, we might be able to use garbage as an energy source.

Burning garbage is not a new idea. Some cities in Europe and the United States have been burning garbage for years. The heat that is produced by burning garbage is used to boil water. The steam that is produced is used to make electricity or to heat nearby buildings. In Paris, France, some power plants burn almost 2 million metric tons of the city's garbage each year. The amount of energy produced is about the sane as would be produced by burning almost a half million barrels of oil!

But there are problems in using garbage as a fuel. Garbage that burns easily, such as food scraps and paper, must be separated from metals, glass, and other materials that do not burn easily. This separation process is normally costly. Another problem is that burning garbage can pollute the air.

Our fossil fuel supplies are limited. Burning garbage might be one kind of energy source that we can use to help meet our energy needs. This method could also reduce the amount of garbage piling up on the earth.

31. What two problems can be solved by burning garbage?

A. The shortage of energy; Air pollution.

B. The shortage of energy; The shortage of empty land for holding garbage.

C. Air pollution; The shortage of empty land for holding garbage.

D. Air pollution; The shortage of fossil fuel.

32. Which of the following is NOT a result of burning garbage?

A. The heat produced is used to boil water.

B. The steam produced is used to make electricity.

C. The garbage burned is turned into fossil fuels.

D. The steam produced is used to heat buildings.

33. According to the passage. Which of the following four groups of garbage is ready for burning?

A. food scraps and metals

B. paper and glass

C. metals and glass

D. food scraps and paper

34. Which of the following methods of exposition is NOT used in this passage?

A. questions and answers

B. figurers

C. examples

D. analogy

35. What is the general tone of the passage?

A. optimistic

B. indifferent

C. advocating

D. anxious

(B)

In most large Japanese companies, there is a policy of lifetime employment. What this means is that when people leave school or university to join an enterprise, they can expect to remain with that organization until they retire. In effect, the employee gets job security for life, and can only be fired for serious mistakes in work. Even in times of business recession, he or she is free from the fear of being laid off.

One result of this practice is that the Japanese worker identifies closely with his company and feels strong loyalty to it. By working hard for the company, he believes he is safeguarding his own future. It is not surprising that devotion to one's

company is considered a great virtue in Japan. A man is often prepared to put his firm's interests before those of his immediate family.

The job security guaranteed by this system influences the way employees approach their work. They tend to think in terms of what they can achieve throughout their career. This is because they are not judged on how they are performing during a short period of time. They can afford to, take a longer perspective than their Western counterparts.

This marriage between the employee and the company - the consequence of lifetime employment - may explain why Japanese workers seem positively to love the products their company is producing and why they are willing to stay on after work, for little overtime pay, to participate in earnest discussions about the quality control of their products.

36 Lifetime employment in the Japanese company means that the employee

A leaves his company only when business is bad.

B gets a job soon after he leaves school or university.

C can work there throughout his career.

D can have his serious mistakes in work corrected.

37 Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?

A Family and company interests are equally important

B The Japanese worker is very loyal to his company.

C One's future is guaranteed through hard work.

D Devotion to one's company is encouraged

38 Lifetime employment influences one's_____ .

A achievements at work.

B performance at work.

C career options.

D attitude toward work.

39 The Japanese worker is fond of his company's products because of____ .

A his marriage with the daughter of the president.

B the close link between him and his company.

C his willingness to work overtime.

D his active participation in quality control,

40 The passage mainly discusses______ .

A how lifetime employment works in Japan.

B what benefits lifetime employment has brought to Japanese workers

C what lifetime employment is.

D how lifetime employment is viewed.

(C)

From the earliest times,man has been interested in art.People have often worked together to collect and save the world's art treasures.

Fine art treasures from many countries are kept in an art museum called the Louvre in Paris,France.The works of art have been collected by the people of France over many centuries.

The Louvre has not always been a museum.The first building was a fort(炮台).In 1190,it was the king's castle with high walls and a round tower.It had a moat to keep out his enemies.

Over the years,the number of buildings around the castle grew.By 1350,the castle was no longer needed as a fort.The Louvre became a palace home for French kings and queens.

During times of peace,new treasures were brought in.During days of war,many treasures were stolen,and the buildings were damaged.

When Francis I became king of France in 1515,he brought in artists from many countries.One of the artists was Leonardo da Vinci from Italy.Da Vinci's"Mona Lisa" is the best known painting in the museum today.

In 1793,the Louvre became a public museum,just as it is now.It is a place

where art treasures have been saved for everyone to enjoy.

41.On the whole,this passage is mainly about____. .

A.an art museum called the Louvre

B.an Italian artist named Leonardo da Vinci

C.a king of France named Francis I

D.the best known painting in Louvre

42.Which of the following is not true?

A.The Louvre used to be a fort a very long time ago.

B.French kings and queens once lived in it.

C.The Louvre was taken by enemies in 1190.

D.Many treasures were brought into the Louvre over the years.

43.Why is it good for great art to be kept in public museums?

A.It helps people remember who the King of France is.

B.It keeps people out of the palaces.

C.It gives everyone a chance to enjoy good art.

D.It helps people to know who is the greatest artist.

44.From the passage we know that _____.

A.it is not possible for treasures to be stolen

B.old forts always make the best museums

C.great art should be shared with all the people

D.king Francis I of France brought in artists from an old fort

45.In the third paragraph the word "moat" probably means_____.

A.a high tower built in former times where soldiers watched out for enemies B.a long and deep ditch dug round a castle and was usually filled with water C.a cart pulled by horses on which soldiers fought

D.a long and high wall around castle

IV. Translation(25points)

46. 下次来上课前请预习课文。

47. 她的努力给老师留下了深刻的印象。

48. 你为什么不参加这项极限运动?

49. 那条公路修好后,这座城市周围新建了许多工厂。50. 人们开始对这里的大气污染表示忧虑。

51. 大家都应对我厂的发展贡献自己的一份力量.

52. It is natural for young people to be critical of their parents at times and to blame them for most of the misunderstanding between them. They have always complained, more or less justly, that their parents are out of touch with modern ways; that they do not trust their children to deal with crises; that they talk too much about certain problems; and that they have no sense of humor —at least in parent-child relationships.

V. Writing (15 points)

You are required to write an Invitation Letter based on following information given in Chinese.

写信日期:2010年1月10日

邀请人:UST电子公司总经理Mike Kennedy

被邀请人:张威

内容:UST电子公司为庆祝公司创立三十周年,定于2010年1月19日(星期二)晚上7点在假日酒店举行庆祝晚宴。为了感谢张威先生多年来的支持和合作,UST电子公司总经理邀请他出席庆祝晚宴。

Words for Reference

电子公司:Electronics Corporation

三十周年:30th anniversary

庆祝晚宴:dinner party

假日酒店:Holiday Inn

****职业技术学院

2010-2011学年第一学期《希望英语》期末答题纸

使用班级: 人数:

希望英语第二版第一册期末试卷及答案

I. (20分,每小题1分) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

11 ---------------- 12 --------------- 13 ------------- 14 --------------- 15 --------------- 16 ------------- 17 ---------- 18 ------------- 19 ------------- 20 ----------

Ⅱ. (10分,每小题1分)

21 22

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

希望英语第二版第一册期末试卷及答案

IV. (25分)(36-41题,每小题3分;42题7分)

46. 47.

48. 49.

50. 51. 52.

…………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………….. ……... V. (15分)

…………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………….. ……... ………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………….. …….. ………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………..………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………..……... …………………………………………………………………………………

系: 班级: 姓名: 学号:

****职业技术学院

2010-2011学年第一学期《希望英语》期末试卷答案

及评分标准

希望英语第二版第一册期末试卷及答案

I. Grammar and Structure. (20 points)

1. She insisted on staying at home______ going to the cinema. . A. more than B. rather than C. less than D. other than

2. Foreign language learning should be more like a child ____his native language. A. achieving B. requiring C. acquiring D. requesting

3. She _____ shopping alone before she got married.

A. used to be

B. was used to be

C. used to

D. was used to 4. Never in my life _______ such a thing.

A. have I seen

B. I have seen

C. I saw

D. did I see 5. Either of the students ________ able to dance and sing. A. be B. are C. is D. have been

6. Not that John doesn’t want to help you, _____it’s beyond his ability. A. and that B. for that C. but that D. in that

7. His sister read the picture-book three times yesterday.

A. so she did

B. she did so

C. so did she

D. so did he 8. It’s time you ______ your homework.

A. do

B. will do

C. to do

D. did

9. The old man has two daughters,_______ are doctors.

A. both of them

B. both of whom

C. both who

D. they both

10. Their manager told us never to _____ till tomorrow what we can do today. A. come up B. put off C. turn on D. give out

11.The old woman __was worried_____ (worry) about her granddaughter. 12. I will give it to her as soon as she __comes___(come) back to the office. 13. The boy was seen _to run away_ (run away) barefooted.

14. I sincerely thank you for your (invite)___inviting_ _ to the History Exhibition. 15. Without computers, we_would not have made_(not make) the great progress in the last decades.

16. We __had finished__(finish) the repairs to your car by last night. 17. He is_the stronger __( strong) of the two.

18. I am sorry to learn that you have made no (improve) _improvement__ on the design at all.

19.The old couple decided to move to countryside because they wanted very much to lead a _relaxed___(relax) life.

20. Don ’t worry. I will take full__responsibility____(responsible) for breaking the window.

11.The old woman __________ (worry) about her granddaughter. 12. I will give it to her as soon as she _____(come) back to the office. 13. The boy was seen __________ (run away) barefooted.

14. I sincerely thank you for your (invite)______ _ to the History Exhibition.

15. Without computers, we_______(not make) the great progress in the last decades. 16. We _______(finish) the repairs to your car by last night. 17. He is______( strong) of the two.

18. I am sorry to learn that you have made no (improve) _________ on the design at all.

20. The old couple decided to move to countryside because they wanted very much to lead a ________(relax) life.

20. Don ’t worry. I will take full______(responsible) for breaking the window.

系: 班级: 姓名: 学号:

II. Fill in each blank with proper word in right form. (10 points)

希望英语第二版第一册期末试卷及答案

21. Nobody can answer that question with complete_confidence

22. The post office you’re looking for is located _ next to the city hall.

23. When doing experiments, don’t _ignore__ the mistakes that you made last time.

24. These overseas students _were cut off_ from all contact with their homeland.

25.This __flexible__ net can prevent construction workers from being injured if they

fall off .

26. As a player, you should be very _familiar__ with the rules of football.

27.My father, _along with _ his colleagues, believes in the importance of this plan.

28. Don’t eat so much bread or you’ll have no _appetite_ for dinner.

29. Most companies took a wait-and-see _attitude__ toward the new policy.

30. Don’t __involve__ other people in your mistakes.

III. Reading comprehension (30 points)

(A)

How can we get rid of garbage? Do we have enough energy sources to meet our future energy needs?

These are two important questions that many people are asking today. Some people think that men might he able to solve both problems at the same time. They suggest using garbage as an energy source.

For a long time people buried garbage or dumped it on empty land. Now, empty land is scarce. But more and more garbage is produced each year. But garbage can be a good fuel to use. The things in garbage do not look like coal, petroleum, or natural gas; but they are chemically similar to these fossil fuels. As we use up our fossil-fuel supplies, we might be able to use garbage as an energy source.

Burning garbage is not a new idea. Some cities in Europe and the United States have been burning garbage for years. The heat that is produced by burning garbage is used to boil water. The steam that is produced is used to make electricity or to heat nearby buildings. In Paris, France, some power plants burn almost 2 million metric tons of the city's garbage each year. The amount of energy produced is about the same as would be produced by burning almost a half million barrels of oil!

But there are problems in using garbage as a fuel. Garbage that burns easily, such as food scraps and paper, must be separated from metals, glass, and other materials that do not burn easily This separation process is normally costly. Another problem is that burning garbage can pollute the air.

Our fossil fuel supplies are limited. Burning garbage might be one kind of energy source that we can use to help meet our energy needs. This method could also reduce the amount of garbage piling up on the earth.

31. What two problems can be solved by burning garbage?

A. The shortage of energy; Air pollution.

B. The shortage of energy; The shortage of empty land for holding garbage.

C. Air pollution; The shortage of empty land for holding garbage.

D. Air pollution; The shortage of fossil fuel.

32. Which of the following is NOT a result of burning garbage?

A. The heat produced is used to boil water.

B. The steam produced is used to make electricity.

C. The garbage burned is turned into fossil fuels.

D. The steam produced is used to heat buildings.

33. According to the passage. Which of the following four groups of garbage is ready for burning?

A. food scraps and metals

B. paper and glass

C. metals and glass

D. food scraps and paper

34. Which of the following methods of exposition is NOT used in this passage?

A. questions and answers

B. figurers

C. examples

D. analogy

35. What is the general tone of the passage?

A. optimistic

B. indifferent

C. advocating

D. anxious

(B)

In most large Japanese companies, there is a policy of lifetime employment. What this means is that when people leave school or university to join an enterprise, they can expect to remain with that organization until they retire. In effect, the employee gets job security for life, and can only be fired for serious mistakes in work. Even in times of business recession, he or she is free from the fear of being laid off.

One result of this practice is that the Japanese worker identifies closely with his company and feels strong loyalty to it. By working hard for the company, he believes he is safeguarding his own future. It is not surprising that devotion to one's company is considered a great virtue in Japan. A man is often prepared to put his firm's interests before those of his immediate family.

The job security guaranteed by this system influences the way employees approach their work. They tend to think in terms of what they can achieve throughout their career. This is because they are not judged on how they are performing during a short period of time. They can afford to, take a longer perspective than their Western counterparts.

This marriage between the employee and the company - the consequence of lifetime employment - may explain why Japanese workers seem positively to love the products their company is producing and why they are willing to stay on after work, for little overtime pay, to participate in earnest discussions about the quality control of their products.

36 Lifetime employment in the Japanese company means that the employee

A leaves his company only when business is bad.

B gets a job soon after he leaves school or university.

C can work there throughout his career.

D can have his serious mistakes in work corrected.

37 Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?

A Family and company interests are equally important

B The Japanese worker is very loyal to his company.

C One's future is guaranteed through hard work.

D Devotion to one's company is encouraged

38 Lifetime employment influences one's_____ .

A achievements at work.

B performance at work.

C career options.

D attitude toward work.

39 The Japanese worker is fond of his company's products because of_____.

A his marriage with the daughter of the president.

B the close link between him and his company.

C his willingness to work overtime.

D his active participation in quality control,

40 The passage mainly discusses_____.

A how lifetime employment works in Japan.

B what benefits lifetime employment has brought to Japanese workers

C what lifetime employment is.

D how lifetime employment is viewed.

(C)

From the earliest times,man has been interested in art.People have often worked together to collect and save the world's art treasures.

Fine art treasures from many countries are kept in an art museum called the Louvre in Paris,France.The works of art have been collected by the people of France over many centuries.

The Louvre has not always been a museum.The first building was a fort(炮台).In 1190,it was the king's castle with high walls and a round tower.It had a moat to keep out his enemies.

Over the years,the number of buildings around the castle grew.By 1350,the castle was no longer needed as a fort.The Louvre became a palace home for French kings and queens.

During times of peace,new treasures were brought in.During days of war,many treasures were stolen,and the buildings were damaged.

When Francis I became king of France in 1515,he brought in artists from many countries.One of the artists was Leonardo da Vinci from Italy.Da Vinci's"Mona Lisa" is the best known painting in the museum today.

In 1793,the Louvre became a public museum,just as it is now.It is a place where art treasures have been saved for everyone to enjoy.

41.On the whole,this passage is mainly about____. .

A.an art museum called the Louvre

B.an Italian artist named Leonardo da Vinci

C.a king of France named Francis I

D.the best known painting in Louvre

42.Which of the following is not true?

A.The Louvre used to be a fort a very long time ago.

B.French kings and queens once lived in it.

C.The Louvre was taken by enemies in 1190.

D.Many treasures were brought into the Louvre over the years.

43.Why is it good for great art to be kept in public museums?

A.It helps people remember who the King of France is.

B.It keeps people out of the palaces.

C.It gives everyone a chance to enjoy good art.

D.It helps people to know who is the greatest artist.

44.From the passage we know that _____.

A.it is not possible for treasures to be stolen

B.old forts always make the best museums

C.great art should be shared with all the people

D.king Francis I of France brought in artists from an old fort

45.In the third paragraph the word "moat" probably means_____.

A.a high tower built in former times where soldiers watched out for enemies B.a long and deep ditch dug round a castle and was usually filled with water

C.a cart pulled by horses on which soldiers fought

D.a long and high wall around castle

IV. Translation(25 points)

46. 下次来上课前请预习课文。

Please preview the text before you come to class next time.

47. 她的努力给老师留下了深刻的印象。

She impressed her teacher with her hard work.

48. 你为什么不参加这项极限运动?

Why don’t you participate in this extreme sport?

49. 那条公路修好后,这座城市周围新建了许多工厂。

After that road was built, many factories sprang up around this city.

50. 人们开始对这里的大气污染表示忧虑。

People began to be concerned about the air pollution here.

51. 大家都应对我厂的发展贡献自己的一份力量.

Everyone should contribute to the development of our factory.

52.It is natural for young people to be critical of their parents at times and to blame them for most of the misunderstanding between them. They have always complained, more or less justly, that their parents are out of touch with modern ways; that they do not trust their children to deal with crises; that they talk too much about certain problems; and that they have no sense of humor —at least in parent-child relationships.

年轻人常对父母感到不满,将两代人之间的大部分误解归于父母,这种想法是很自然的。他们总抱怨父母脱离现代生活方式,独断专行,不放心让他们独立面对困境,在某些问题上喋喋不休,缺少幽默感——至少与子女们相处时如此。这些抱怨多少也有些道理。

V. Writing (15 points)

You are required to write an Invitation Letter based on following information given in Chinese.

Dear Mr. Zhang Wei,

To celebrate our 30th anniversary, UST Electronics corporation will hold a dinner party at 7’o clock p.m. on Tuesday, January 19, 2010, in Holiday Inn. To thank you for your support and cooperation in these years, we will invite you to attend the dinner party.

We are looking forward for your coming to the dinner party.

Yours sincerely,

Mike Kennedy

General Manager

UST Electronics corporation

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