中国民众对灾后心理危机干预的认知与态度 的调研 —以山东和四川为例

中国民众对灾后心理危机干预的认知与态度 的调研 —以山东和四川为例

Advances in Social Sciences 社会科学前沿, 2015, 4(3), 113-123 Published Online September 2015 in Hans. http://www.hanspub.org/journal/ass http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/ass.2015.43018

中国民众对灾后心理危机干预的认知与态度 的调研 —以山东和四川为例

中国民众对灾后心理危机干预的认知与态度 的调研 —以山东和四川为例

中国民众对灾后心理危机干预的认知与态度 的调研 —以山东和四川为例

中国民众对灾后心理危机干预的认知与态度 的调研 —以山东和四川为例

文章引用: 周俊丽, 王鹏, 代红, 范宜平 (2015) 中国民众对灾后心理危机干预的认知与态度的调研. 社会科学前沿, 3, 113-123. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/ass.2015.43018

An Investigation of Chinese People’s Cognition and Attitude toward Postdisaster Psychological Crisis Intervention

—Based on Shandong and Sichuan Province

Junli Zhou 1,2, Peng Wang 1*, Hong Dai 1, Yiping Fan 1

1

School of Psychology, Shandong Normal University, Jinan Shandong 2School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai Email: *pengsdnu@163.com Received: Aug. 5th , 2015; accepted: Aug. 18th , 2015; published: Aug. 25th , 2015 Copyright © 2015 by authors and Hans Publishers Inc. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Abstract In recent years, big natural disasters occur frequently in China, and these disasters not only cause great economic loss, but also lead to people’s serious psychologyical trauma. To recognize the current situation and influence factors of Chinese people’s cognition and attitude toward postdi-saster psychological crisis intervention, the questionnaires are administered to 1195 people from Shandong and Sichuan province. The results show: 1) The Chinese people’s cognition status of postdisaster psychological crisis intervention is rather passive, which is urgent to be improved; 2) Chinese people’s attitude toward postdisaster psychological crisis intervention are positive, and people hope the mechanism of post-disaster psychological crisis intervention could develop better; 3) The Chinese people’s cognition and attitude toward postdisaster psychological crisis interven-tion differ in education background, residence, province and experiences of crisis, and it indicates those factors influence people’s cognition and attitude towards post-disaster psychological crisis intervention. This study can provide a practical basis for improving our existing psychological cri-sis intervention, contribute to carrying out a targeted postdisaster psychological crisis interven-tion of popular science propaganda work, strengthen the objectivity understanding of postdisas-ter psychological crisis intervention of people, and help the government improve the postdisaster psychological crisis intervention mechanism and the quality of postdisaster psychological crisis intervention. Keywords

Postdisaster Psychological Crisis Intervention, Cognition, Attitude, Investigation

*通讯作者。

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