大学英语四复习题及答案

大学英语(四)期末复习题

第一部分:交际用语

此部分有15个未完成的对话,每个对话中未完成的部分有4个选项,

请从A、B、C、D中选出最佳一项填入空白处。

1.--Would you mind giving me an introduction of your

company?

--A

A. Of course not.

B. Thank you.

C. I’m fine.

D. You’re welcome.

2. –Are there any morning flights to Wuhan?

--B

A. Which one do you like?

B. Yes, there are two.

C. Not at all.

D. You’re welcome.

3. –Excuse me, how long can the taxi get here?

--C

A. Twenty meter long.

B. Thank you.

C. In ten minutes.

D. It’s all ri ght.

4. --What do you think of this tour?

--A

A. It’s terrific!

B. It doesn’t matter.

C. Thank you for saying that.

D. Good idea.

5. –Would you mind going to the bank with me?

--C

A. Thank you.

B. Good idea.

C. Not at all.

D. That’s true.

6. –What kind of account do you want to open?

--D

A. Not at all.

B. That’s OK.

C. I have an account.

D. A savings account.

7. –Why don’t we go to the thea ter this evening?

--B

A. I think so.

B. Good idea!

C. I agree with you.

D. It’s fine.

8. –I’m not satisfied with your product.

--B

A. It doesn’t matter.

B. What seems to be the problem?

C. That’s all right.

D. Fine.

9. –Do you mind my smoking here?

--B

A. I’m fine.

B. Yes, I do.

C. Go away.

D. See you later.

10.—Are you married?

--C

A. None of your business.

B. Not sure.

C. Not yet.

D. How about you?

11. –How do you get along with others?

--A

A. I get along with others well.

B. I don’t like other people.

C. They don’t like me.

D. I don’t work with others.

12. –Is the meeting postponed?

--D

A. That’s all right.

B. Generally.

C. I’m OK.

D. I’m afraid so.

13. –Can you finish the work on time?

--A

A. I’m afraid not.

B. It’s good.

C. Good idea.

D. I think it’s perfect.

14. –How long will you stay in here?

--B

A. I like the city.

B. Three days.

C. I arrived this morning.

D. I will come back next month.

15. –Can you get a taxi for me?

--A

A. Of course.

B. So long.

C. Go on.

D. That’s OK.

第二部分:阅读理解

此部分共有6篇短文,每篇短文后面有5个问题。请从每个问题后的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Passage 1

For someone who is such an extraordinarily successful investor, Warren Buffett comes off as a pretty ordinary guy. He was born and bred in Omaha, Nebraska. He wears wrinkled suits, drives his own car, drinks Cherry Coke, and is more likely to be found in a Dairy Queen than a four-star restaurant.

But the 68-year-old Omaha native has led an extraordinary life. Even as a young child, Buffett was investor, pretty serious about making money. He used to go door-to-door and sell soda pop. Later, he also worked at his grandfather's grocery store. At the ripe age of 11, Buffett bought his first stock.

Already a successful businessman, Buffett wasn't keen on going to college but ended up at Wharton at, the University of Pennsylvania--his father encouraged him to go. Later, Buffett applied to Harvard Business School but was turned down, which was one of the worst admission decisions in Harvard history. The outcome ended up deeply affecting Buffett's life, for he ended up attending Columbia Business School, where he studied under famous Benjamin Graham, the father of securities analysis who provided the foundation for Buffett's investment strategy.

1.Buffett led an extraordinary life for he liked

luxuries.(B)

A.T

B. F

2.As a young child, Warren Buffett was keen on making

money. (A)

A.T

B. F

3.Warren Buffett made his living by working at his

grandfather’s grocery store. (B)

A.T

B. F

4.When he was 11, Warren Buffett bought stocks with

the help of his parents. (B)

A.T B F

5.Warren Buffett studied how to analyze securities

at Columbia Business School. (A)

A.T

B. F

Passage 2

Drilling or digging for oil has occurred in one way or another for hundreds of years. The Chinese, for instance, invented a bamboo rig to obtain oil and gas for lighting and cooking.

But only in the last 40 years has humankind been able to efficiently extract petroleum from beneath the seas--an achievement to rank with this century's mightiest technological triumphs.

In Australia, nearly 90 percent of our petroleum wealth is found offshore. The search is difficult, extremely expensive, and often fruitless--but critical to the nation's economic future.

Oil—black gold--is one of the ocean's greatest resources. Today from crude oil we make gasoline for our cars, diesel fuel for our trucks and ships, and jet fuel for our airplanes. Crude oil is a mixture of organic chemicals (chemical compounds containing the element carbon) of liquids and dissolved gases which are of little use in its crude state. In addition, oil is used to generate electricity, heat our buildings, lubricate out machines, and even make plastics, detergents, rubbers, and chemicals. Oil has transformed our daily lives. In fact, nearly one-third of the world's oil comes from offshore fields in our oceans. Areas most popular for oil drilling are the Arabian Gulf, the North Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico.

The new deep ocean drilling, by use of the latest technology, aims at drilling operation at greater depth than were possible by conventional methods. At the same time, through recovery of samples of rock and sedimentation as well as sensoring inside the bore hole, it should add knowledge to such issues of mankind as global warming, earthquake, and the origin of life.

6Humankind was not able to extract petroleum efficiently from beneath the sea until 40 years ago. (A)

A.T

B. F

7Searching oil from offshore fields is very important for Australian economic future. (A)

A.T

B. F

8Crude oil can be used in many aspects of our life even in its crude state. (B)

A.T

B. F

9More than 30% of the world’s oil comes from offshore fields in the oceans. (A)

A.T

B. F

10By using new technology, the new deep ocean drilling cannot achieve the goal of drilling operation at great depth. (B)

A.T

B. F

Passage 3

Welcome to the Franklin Business Institute E244 Conversational English class. The object of this course is to learn how to converse fluently and effectively in English. For the next 10 weeks we will finely tune your skills in the art of debating and role-playing. We will also practice speech rhythm and diction with an emphasis on enunciation(清晰的发音) and specific speech problems faced by those who are studying English as a foreign language.

Numerous discussions on a wide variety of subjects will be held, including topics in business, fiction, travel, differences between Western and Chinese Culture, education and life experience.

You will have many opportunities to give oral presentations and voice your opinions on the various topics that we plan to cover. It is very important that you talk as much as you can. Don't wait for your instructor to ask you to speak. If you have a question, ask it. Additionally, if you have any questions about anything your fellow students say, please feel free to ask.

11. What kind of the course is E244? (B)

A. It's a composition one.

B. It's a conversational one.

C. It's for listening skill.

D. It's a grammar one.

12. The purpose of this course is to make the students ________.(D)

A. remember those unknown words

B. know various rules of English grammar

C. learn how to write their term papers

D. express themselves fluently and effectively in English

13. How long will the course take? (B)

A. 5 weeks.

B. 10 weeks.

C. One month.

D. Two months.

14. Which topic will not be held during the study? (B)

A. Education.

B. Politics.

C. Culture.

D. Business.

15. It's very important for those who take E244 to ________.(A)

A. talk as much as they can

B. prepare the course before the class

C. look up every unknown word and phrase

D. recite each lesson

Passage 4

Some people seem to have a knack(诀窍) for learning languages. They can pick up new vocabulary, master rules of grammar, and learn to write in the new language much more quickly than other people. They do not seem to be any cleverer than others. What makes language learning so much easier for them? Perhaps if we take a close look at these successful language learners, we may discover a few techniques which make language learning easier for them.

Firstly, successful language learners are independent learners. They do not depend on the book or the teacher; they'd rather discover their own way to learn the language than wait for the teacher to explain everything. They try to find the sentence patterns, the rules and the meaning of the new word by themselves. They are good guessers. They look for clues and form their own conclusions. When they guess wrong, they guess again. They try to learn from their mistakes.

Besides, successful language learning is active learning. Therefore, successful learners do not wait for a chance to use the language; they look for such a chance. They find people who speak the language and they ask these people to correct them whenever they make a mistake. They will try anything to communicate. They are not afraid to repeat; they are willing to make mistakes and try again. When communication (交流) is difficult, they can accept information that is inexact or incomplete. It is more important for them to learn to think in the language than to know every word's meaning.

Finally, successful language learners are learners with a purpose. They want to learn the language because they have an interest in the language and the people who speak it. It is necessary for them to learn the language in order to communicate with these people and to learn from them.

16. Successful language learners are independent, so successful learners __________. (D)

A. depend on the book or the teacher

B. wait for the teacher to explain everything

C. learn from their mistakes

D. discover their own way to learn languages

17. According to the passage, what will successful language learners do when they meet some new words? (A)

A. Try to guess their meanings.

B. Ask their teachers.

C. Look the new words up in the dictionary.

D. Pay no attention to them.

18. Successful language learning is active, so successful learners _________. (B)

A. wait for a chance to use the language

B. look for a chance to use the language

C. only use the language in class

D. try to avoid using the language

19. Why do successful language learners want to learn the language? (C)

A. Because they want to find better jobs.

B. Because they want to get good marks in their exams.

C. Because they are interested in the language and the people who speak it.

D. Because they have a knack for learning languages.

20. The purpose of the passage is to _________. (B)

A. explain the importance of language learning

B. introduce some useful techniques of language learning

C. teach people how to learn English

D. compare language teaching with language learning

Passage 5

In order to rent and drive a car in Japan, you require a Japanese driving license or an international driving permit. In case of France, Germany and Switzerland, an official translation of your home country's driving license is required.

International driving permits must be obtained in your home country, usually through the National Automobile Association, before you leave for Japan. They are valid for one year and must be accompanied by your home country's driving license in order to be valid.

Japan recognizes only international driving permits, which are based on the Geneva Convention of 1949. Some countries, such as France, Germany and Switzerland, however, issue international driving permits, which are based on different conventions. The permits issued by those countries are not valid in Japan.

Instead, people with a French, German or Swiss driver's license can drive in Japan for up to one year with an official Japanese translation of their driving licenses. Contact the respective embassies or consulates in Japan for details on how to obtain a recognized translation.

The minimum age for driving in Japan is 18 years.

21. What kind of permit should a foreigner obtain if he wants to rent or drive a car in Japan? (D)

A. He must have a driver' s license of his own country.

B. He must have a German driving license.

C. He should have a France driving license.

D. He should have an international driving permit.

22. What should people do if they own a Swiss driving license and want to rent a car in Japan? (B)

A. They should have their Swiss driving license translated into English.

B. They should have their home country's driving license translated into Japanese.

C. They should have their home country's driving license translated into French.

D. They should get a new driving license in Japan.

23. Where do people usually get their international driving license? (A)

A. They obtain it in their home country.

B. They obtain it while they arrive in Japan.

C. They obtain it in a third country.

D. They can buy one instead.

24. Why driving permits issued by countries such as France, Germany and Switzerland are not valid in Japan? (C)

A. Because they don't issue international driving permits.

B. Because they don't use English or Japanese.

C. Because they are based on different conventions.

D. Because they are also based on Geneva Convention of 1949.

25. The last sentence means______.(C)

A. people in all ages are allowed to drive in Japan

B. people under the age of 15 can also drive in Japan

C. people at or above the age of 18 can be allowed to drive in Japan

D. people can be allowed to drive for 18 years at least

Passage 6

Packaging is a very important form of advertising. A package can sometimes motivate people to buy products. For example, a little child might ask for a breakfast food contained in a box with a picture of a TV character. The

child is more interested in the picture than in breakfast food. Pictures for children to color or cut out, games printed on a package, or a small gift inside a box also motivate many children to buy products - or to ask their parents to buy for them.

Some packages suggest that a buyer will get something for nothing. Food products sold in reusable containers are examples of this. Although a similar product in plain container might cost less, people often prefer to buy the product in a reusable glass or dish, because they believe the container is free. However, the cost of the container is added to the cost of the product.

The size of a package also motivates a buyer. Maybe the package has “Economy Size” or “Family Size” printed on it. This suggests that the larger size has the most product for the least money. But that is not always true. To find it out, a buyer has to know how the product is sold and the price of the basic unit.

The information on the package should provide some answers. But the important thing for any buyer to remember is that a package is often an advertisement. The words and pictures do not tell the whole story. Only the product inside can do that.

26.“A buyer will get something for nothing” in paragraph

2 may tell us the following except _______.(A)

A. a buyer will not get what he pays for

B. a buyer will get more than what he pays for

C. a buyer will get something useful free of charge

D. a buyer will get more but pay less

27. From the passage we know the buyer pays more attention to ________.(C)

A. the size of a container

B. a container with attractive picture

C. a well-designed container

D. a plain container with low cost

28. What suggestion does the writer give in the passage?

(D)

A. It's not good to buy the product which is sold in a glass or dish.

B. The quality of a container has nothing to do with the quality of the product.

C. The best choice for a buyer is to buy a product in a plain package.

D. A buyer should buy what he needs most rather than

a well-designed package.

29. Which of the following sentences is NOT true according to the passage? (A)

A. In fact glasses or dishes used for packaging do not cost money at all.

B. “Family Size” printed on the package means that it is rather economic.

C. To a child, even to an adult, the form is far more important than the content.

D. Words and pictures written on the package are thought to be an advertisement.

30. What do you think is the best title for the passage?

(A)

A. Packaging Makes a Product.

B. Packaging Makes an Advertisement.

C. How to sell Product.

D. How to Attract More Buyers.

第三部分:词汇与结构

针对每个句子中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

1.The color of my umbrella is different from ____ of yours.

(B)

A.this

B.that

C.it

D.one

2.The old couple decided to _____ a boy and a girl though

they had three children of their own. (D)

A.adapt

B.accept

C.receive

D.adopt

3.She didn’t see Smith, _______.(A)

A.neither did I

B.nor didn’t I

C.neither I did

D.so didn’t I

4.The problem _______ at tomorrow’s meeting is a very

difficult one. (C)

A.being discussed

B.discussed

C.to be discussed

D.to discuss

5.He doesn’t know _______ to stay or not. (A)

A.whether

B.if

C.either

D.if he will

6.People appreciate_______ with him because he has a good

sense of humor. (C)

A.to work

B.to have worked

C.working

D.have working

7.We had some trouble _____ the house and nobody seemed

_____ where it was. (B)

A.in finding; knowing

B.finding; to know

C.to find; knowing

D.to find; to know

8.The meeting _____ over, we all left the room. (C)

A.is

B.to be

C.being

D.would be

9.I used to sleep with the window ______.(B)

A.opened

B.open

C.opening

D.to open

10. _______ by the police, the kidnappers had no choice

but to surrender. (A)

A.surrounded

B.surrounding

C.having surrounded

D.to be surrounded

11.____ her mother had come, her face lit up. (D)

A.Hearing

B.Having heard

C.When hearing

D.When she heard

12.It was ______ he said ______ disappointed me. (A)

A.what; that

B.that; what

C.that; when

D.it; when

13.I didn’t go to t he concert. But I do wish I ______ there.

(B)

A.was

B.had been

C.were

D.went

14.______ no problems arise in those two bodies, this

country will be as stable as Mount Tai. (B)

A.So that

B.So long as

C.As soon as

D.So as to

15.If she had worked harder, she ______ the examination

yesterday. (D)

A.would pass

B.had passed

C.pass

D.would have passed

第四部分:完形填空

以下3篇短文,每篇短文中包括5个未完成的句子,针对每

个句子中空缺部分有5个选项,请从A、B、C、D、E五个选项中,

选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Passage 1

Do Americans have any morals? That's a good question. William J. Bennett, former U.S. Secretary of Education, edited The Book of Virtues in 1993 to call Americans back

to traditional moral values. The __1___of the book shows

that many Americans still believe in moral values .

Moral values in America are __2___those in any culture.

In fact, many aspects of morality are universal. But the stories and traditions that teach them are unique to each culture. Not only that, the culture influences how people show these virtues.

One of the __3___ basic moral values for Americans is honesty. The __4___ legend about George Washington and the cherry tree teaches this value clearly. Little George cut down his father's favorite cherry tree while __5___ out his new hatchet. When his father asked him about it, George said,

"I cannot tell a li e. I did it with my hatchet.” Instead

of punishment, George received praise for telling the truth. Americans believe that “Honesty is the best policy”. (DAEBC)

A.like

B. well-known

C. trying

D. success

E. most

Passage 2

China lies ___6___ in the northern temperate zone under

the influence of monsoon(季风). From September and October

to March and April next year monsoon blow from Siberia and

the Mongolia Plateau into China and decrease in force as

it goes southward, __7___dry and cold winter in the country

and a temperature difference of 40℃ between the north and south. The temperature in China is 5℃ to 18℃ lower __8___

that in other countries on the same latitude in winter. Monsoon blows into China from the ocean in summer, bringing

warm and wet currents, thus rain.

Great differences in climate are found from region to region __9____ to China' s extensive territory and complex topography(地形). The northern part of Heilongjiang Province in northeast China has no summer, Hainan Island

has a long summer but no winter; the Huaihe River valley features four clear seasons; the western part of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is __10__ by snow all year round; the southern part of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau is spring-like

all the year; and the northwestern inland region sees a

great drop of temperature in the day. (CDEBA)

A.covered

B. owing

C. mainly

D. causing

E.

than

Passage 3

In Shanghai, a growing number of foreign-funded banks

are looking for local people to fill executive positions(行

政主管的岗位) rather than people from their own countries

__11___ they did in the past. U. S.-based Citibank (花旗

银行) put a job __12___ in a local newspaper last week calling for executive trainees. It was part of Citibank'

s business plan in China to draw local professionals (专

业人员). Demand for personal banking services has been on

the __13___ since China joined the World Trade Organization

at the end of 2001. The move does not only happen to Citibank. Many other foreign-funded banks in the city have made similar decisions. The U. K. ' s Standard Chartered last

year employed over 30 graduates from Chinese universities

and colleges as executive trainees. They are expected to

__14___ managerial positions at the bank's Shanghai branch

after a two-year training program overseas.

The Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC)

has announced it will employ more new graduates in China

in the coming year. Local people __15___ over 92 % of the

office workers in its Shanghai operation.

(BCDEA)

A.take up

B. as

C. announcement

D. rise

E. account for

第五部分:英译汉

请把下列英文句子翻译成中文。

1.To my amazement, there was a small piece of whiteness,

shining softly like the mercury, even without moonshine. 我甚是奇怪,没有月光,却有一块小小的白色,水银般柔和地亮着。

2.For colleagues in the East, the pain is more likely to

come through a pay cut. 对于东方“同仁”们来说,很可能是减薪带来的不快。

3.In the Confucian societies of East Asia, individual

differences in endowment are assumed to be modest, and differences in achievement are thought to be due largely to effort. 在东亚的儒家社会中,人们认为天资方面的差别是不大的,一个人的成就的大小很大程度上取决于自身的努力。

4.Researchers reported women who suppressed their anger

felt more like swearing than men. 调查者们报告说,那些抑制愤怒情绪的女性比男性更想破口大骂。

5.It hadn’t occurred to me that others hadn’t figured

it out. 当时我并不知道其他人没有意识到这一点。

6.We shall continue to make economic construction as the

central task and stick to the pursuit of comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development. 我们将坚持以经济建设为中心,坚持全面、协调、可持续的发展观。7.He felt excited at seeing the magnificent snow

mountains, but was regretful about the visible effect of global warming on Antarctica. 举目看到气势磅礴的雪山,令他心情十分亢奋,但更感慨在全球气候暖化现象下,南极已不能幸免。

8.The rising and developing of the internet society are

changing the real society deeply, as a result, the so-called internet moral problems turned up. 网络社会的崛起和发展深刻地改变这现实社会,也产生了所谓“网络道德问题”。

9.Danes are taught not to stand out in a crowd. 丹麦人

所受的教育是在人群中不要显得很引人注目。

10.For most little girls fairy tales are the stuff that

dreams are made of, and their little lives are bounded by the fairyland. 对于大部分小女孩来说,童话故事构成了她们的梦幻世界,她们小小的生活天地也系于童话仙境中。

11.Trad itionally, they promise to love each other “for

better, for worse, for richer, for poorer, in sickness and in health”.按照传统习惯,双方许诺要彼此相爱,“无论害死顺境还是逆境,富裕或贫穷,疾病或健康”。12.Fame, wealth and knowledge are merely worldly

possessions that are within the reach of anybody striving for them. 名声、财产、知识只是身外之物,人人都可求而得之。

13.When you are going downhill you tend to underestimate

yourself, mistaking difficulties and misfortunes for

your own incompetence. 人在不得意时,又往往把自己估计过低,把困难和不幸看作是自己的无能。

14.The earliest teachings my father once gave me linger

on in my memory scores of years later. 父亲给我的家训几十年后我还记忆犹新。

15. I would keep putting my dream to the test even though

it meant living with uncertainty and fear of failure.

尽管这意味着要生活在不确定和失败的恐惧中,但是我依然坚持我的梦想,愿意接受考验。

第六部分写作(手机百度搜索)

根据下面所给的题目和提纲用英语写出一篇不少于80词的短文。

题目一:Sports and Health

1.健康是非常重要的;

2.运动让我们保持健康;

3.我们应该多参加运动。

题目二:Hobbies

1.爱好是我们生活中重要的一部分;

2.我们在日常生活中有各种各样的爱好;

3.在我家中每个人都有自己的爱好。

题目三:My Favorite English Book

1.介绍你喜欢的一本英文书;

2.说明喜欢它的理由。

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