大学英语A3(新视野)期末试题(附参考答案)

2005-2006-1学期大学英语A3(新视野)期末试题

Part ⅠListening Comprehension (20%)

Section A Short Conversations

Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

1. A. 15 minutes B. 35minutes C. 20 minutes D. 25minutes

2. A. She reads books. C. She works in the garden.

B. She goes to the park. D. She watches TV.

3. A. Stephen C. Stephen’s father.

B. Stephen’s wife. D. Stephen’s father-in-law.

4. A. Rice should be served with the chicken.

B. The dishes here are never salty.

C. Both the chicken dish and the salad taste salty.

D. There really is chicken in the salad.

5. A. She’s putting it in her house. C. Ken is taking it on vacation.

B. It will accompany her. D. It will be staying with Ken.

6. A. Attend the party. C. Listen to the concert.

B. Go to the post office. D. Meet his wife.

7. A. She found it boring. C. She found it informative.

B. She found it interesting. D. She found it too long.

8. A. That they’re not very smart.

B. That they’ll become clever.

C. That they’re clever.

D. That people working in an office needn’t be smart.

9. (A) No one believes she won the first prize.

(B) It isn’t true that she won the first prize.

(C) She is surprised that she got the first prize.

(D) She won the first prize as she expected.

10. (A) Go to the beach with her friends.

(B) See the headmaster after class.

(C) Listen to a speech with her friends.

(D) Put off her meeting with the headmaster.

Section B

Directions: Listen to the following two passages. Each passage is followed by five questions. After you hear the question, there’ll be a break of 10 seconds. During the break, you’ll read the four choices marked (A), (B), (C) and (D), and choose the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage 1

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the passage you have just heard.

11. (A) Tennis.

(B) Golf.

(C) Boxing.

(D) Swimming.

12. (A) There are shouts and cheers during the play.

(B) Winners can get a lot of money.

(C) Players are chosen from those who are best at the sport.

(D) Local TV stations broadcast the games live.

13. (A) They call out the names of players in their cheers.

(B) They jump up and down and shout for their team.

(C) They wear clothes of a bright color.

(D) They come from a special club.

14. (A) By standing up and showing respect to the flag.

(B) By reciting school regulations.

(C) By singing their school song.

(D) By cleaning the American flag in their classrooms.

15. (A) The United States and its history.

(B) The United States and its power.

(C) The United States and its equality.

(D) The United States and its freedoms.

Passage 2

Questions 16 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16.(A) Because the bills stick together easily.

(B) Because the design of the bills is similar.

(C) Because the bills are all the same color and size.

(D) Because the figure on the bills is difficult to distinguish.

17. (A) Silver.

(B) Copper.

(C) Gold.

(D) Iron.

18. (A) One cent or a penny.

(B) A ten cents coin.

(C) Five cents or a nickel.

(D) Twenty cents or a quarter.

19. (A) One cent or a penny.

(B) A ten cents coin.

(C) Five cents or a nickel.

(D) Twenty-five cents or a quarter.

20. (A) Six, $1, $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100.

(B) Five, $1, $5, $10, $50 and $100.

(C) Four, $1, $5, $10, and $50.

(D) Three, $5, $10 and $100.

Part ⅡReading Comprehension (40% )

Directions: There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them the re are four choices marked A),B),C) and D). you should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Passage 1

Clothes play a critical part in the conclusions we reach by providing clues to who people are, who they are not, and who they would like to be. They tell us a good deal about the wearer's background, personality, status, mood, and social outlook.

Since clothes are such an important source of social information, we can use them to manipulate people's impression of us. Our appearance assumes particular significance in the initial phases of interaction that is likely to occur. An elderly middle-class man or woman may be alienated(疏远) by a young adult who is dressed in an unconventional manner, regardless of the person's education, background, or interests.

People tend to agree on what certain types of clothes mean. Adolescent girls can easily agree on the lifestyles of girls who wear certain outfits(套装), including the number of boyfriends they likely have had and whether they smoke or drink. Newscasters, or the announcers who read the news on TV, are considered to be more convincing, honest, and competent when they are dressed conservatively. And collage students who view themselves as taking an active role in their inter personal relationships say they are concerned about the costumes they must wear to play these roles successfully. Moreover, many of us can relate instances in which the clothing we wore changed the way we felt about ourselves and how we acted. Perhaps you have used clothing to gain confidence when you anticipated a stressful situation, such as a job interview, or a court appearance.

In the workplace, men have long had well-defined precedents and role models for achieving success. It has been otherwise for women. A good many women in the business world are

uncertain about the appropriate mixture of "masculine" an d "feminine" attributes they should convey by their professional clothing. The variety of clothing alternatives to women has also been greater than that avail able for men. Male administrators tend to judge women more favorably for managerial positions when the women display less "feminine" grooming(打扮)-shorter hair, moderate use of makeup, and plain tailored clothing. As one male administrator confessed, "An attractive woman is definitely going to get a longer interview, but she won't get a job."

21. According to the passage, the way we dress __________.

A) provides clues for people who are critical of us

B) indicates our likes and dislikes in choosing a career

C) has a direct influence on the way people regard us

D) is of particular importance when we get on in age

22. From the third paragraph of the passage, we can conclude that young adults t end to

believe that certain types of clothing can __________.

A) change people's conservative attitudes toward their lifestyle

B) help young people make friends with the opposite sex

C) make them competitive in the job market

D) help them achieve success in their interpersonal relationships

23. The word "precedent" (Line 1, Para.4) probably refers to __________ .

A) early acts for men to follow as examples

B) particular places for men to occupy especially because of their importance

C) things that men should agree upon

D) men's beliefs that everything in the world has already been decided

24. According to the passage, many career women find themselves in difficult situations because __________.

A) the variety of professional clothing is too wide for them to choose

B) women are generally thought to be only good at being fashion models

C) men are more favorably judged for managerial positions

D) they are not sure to what extent they should display their feminine qualities

through clothing

25. What is the passage mainly about?

A) Dressing for effect. B) How to dress appropriately.

C) Managerial positions and clothing. D) Dressing for the occasion

Passage 2

Who coined the term personal computer? The Oxford English Dictionary says Byte magazine used it first, in its May 1976 issue. But Y ale Law School librarian Fred Shapiro decided to do some digging on his own his own, with help from JSTOR, an online electronic database for

academic journals. JSTOR’s arts and sciences archive offers scans of 5 million pages from 117 journals, some dating back 150 years. Using character-recognition software, JSTOR creates searchable files for each document, allowing full-text searches across 15 academic fields.

While searching for the origin of personal computer, Shapiro uncovered several competing claims. Stewart Brand, founder of Whole Earth Catalog, says on his Web site that he first referred to a “personal computer” in a 1974 book; and GUI pioneer Alan Kay is said to have used the term in a paper published in 1972.

But a search on JSTOR’s general science archive turned up what Shapiro says is the earliest recorded use of personal computer, in the October 4, 1968, issue of Science. The issue contains a Hewlett-Packard advertisement for its new HP 9100A. “The new Hewlett-Packard 9100A personal computer,” the advertisement says, is “ready, willing and able… to relieve you of waiting to get on the big computer ” The $4,900device, a desktop scientific calculator equipped with magnetic cards doesn’t seem like much of a computer nowadays. And at 40 pounds, it wasn’t very personal, either. But according to Shapiro, it was the first device to be called a personal computer.

21.The term “personal computer” first appeared_______.

A in Byte magazine

B in a 1974 book.

C in a Hewlett-Packard ad in Science

D in a paper published by Alan Kay

22.What is JSTOR?

A It is a research organization.

B It is an online database.

C It is a kind of computer software.

D It is an academic journal.

23.Shapiro succeeded in his search for the origin of the term personal computer by_______.

A looking into the Oxford English Dictionary

B digging into magazines that are more than 150 years old

C focusing on academic journals such as Science

D scanning JSTOR’s general science archive on line

24.With a HP9100A, according to the Hewlett-Packard advertisement, you ___________.

A can save a lot of money

B don’t have to get on the big computer

C will be willing and ready to do scientific work

D can easily get on the big computer.

25.What do we learn from the passage about the first device that was called a personal

computer?

A It looked very different from the PC we know today.

B It was as efficient as a big computer.

C It relieved people of a great deal of tedious work.

D It was small, light and easy to carry around.

Passage 3

To understand how Americans think about things, it is necessary to understand “ the point.”Americans mention it often: “Let’s get right to the point,”they will say. “My point is…”“ What’s the point of all this”

The “point” is the idea or piece of information that Americans suppose is, or should be, at the center of people’s thinking, writings, and spoken comments. Speakers and writers are supposed to “ make their points clear,” meaning that they are supposed to say or write clearly the idea or piece of information they wish to express.

People from many other cultures have different ideas about the point. Africans traditionally tell stories that express the thoughts they have in mind, rather than stating “the point”clearly. Japanese traditionally speak indirectly, leaving the listener to figure out what the point is. Thus, while an American might say to a friend, “I don’t think that coat goes very well with the rest of your outfit,” a Japanese might say, “Maybe this other coat would look even better than the one you have on.” Americans value a person who “ gets right to the point.” Japanese are likely to consider such a person insensitive if not rude.

The Chinese and Japanese languages are characterized by vagueness and ambiguity. The precision and directness Americans associate with “the point” cannot be achieved, at least not with any grace, in Chinese and Japanese. Speakers of those languages thus have to learn a new way of reasoning and expressing their ideas if they are going to communicate satisfactorily with Americans.

31 According to the passage, Americans expect speakers and writers to_______

A be clear about their main ideas

B give as much information as possible

C express their personal views

D be honest about their true feelings

32. Which of following peoples will tell a story to express what they have in mind?

A Americans

B Africans

C Japanese

D Chinese

33. In the sentence “ I don’t think that coat goes very well with the rest of your outfit”, the word

“outfit” most probably means__________

A office

B time

C speech

D clothes

34. According to the passage, Japanese may consider it unacceptable to be_____.

A indirect

B straightforward

C poorly-dressed

D curious

35. In order to communicate with Americans satisfactorily, speakers of Chinese need

to__________

A learn the language well

B change their way of thinking

C be careful about their choice of words

D explain their reasons clearly

Passage 4

The idea of respect comes from the concept that everyone, including yourself, has self-worth, and therefore should be treated with dignity. Say, for example, that you’re having a discussion with your boyfriend or girlfriend and your opinions are different. While you may disagree with each other, each of you still has a right to your own feelings. Y ou can show each other respect by sticking to your own values or beliefs while agreeing to disagree. Calling someone names or making fun of them because they think, act, or look differently deprives them of their dignity, and is disrespectful. It is important to treat others fairly and with respect, just as you would want to be treated yourself.

Can you think of times when someone has or hasn’t shown you respect? How did it feel? What could that person have done differently?

Each person in a relationship has a level of responsibility. This means that if you’ve committed yourself to something, it’s up to you to carry it out and see it through. This can include anything from saying you’ll call someone at a certain time and then calling that person, to deciding what you would do if you or your girlfriend had to make an important decision. What does responsibility mean to you? Have there been times when someone you know committed to something and then didn’t follow through? How did that make you feel?

Whenever you think about responsibility, it’s a good idea to keep respect in the back of your mind—and vice versa. There are respectful ways of handling responsibilities, and there are disrespectful ways. And no matter what happens, we must all answer for our own actions. The best relationships are developed when people respect one another and take responsibility for themselves and for their role in the relationship. According to the writer, it is important to respect other people because___________.

36. A. everybody needs to keep his own dignity

B. everybody needs other people’s support

C. no discussion is possible if respect is neglected

D. no agreement can be reached without respect

37. Though people may have different opinions, they can still pay respect to each other _________.

A. by telling some jokes to each other

B.by persuading other people to accept their own opinions

C. by agreeing to accept each other’s opinions later

D.by allowing each other to hold different beliefs

38.What kind of responsibility is talked about in the passage?

A. General responsibilities concerning the environment.

B. Responsibilities concerning human relationships.

C. Social responsibility.

D. Family responsibility.

39.The writer tries to impress the importance of responsibility on the readers by__________.

A. emphasizing the appropriate use of the telephone

B. listing a lot of examples of responsible people

C .asking them about their personal experiences

D criticizing some people’s lack of responsibility

40.We can conclude from the passage that_________.

A. respect and responsibility exist in all relationships

B. respect is connected with dignity and responsibility

C. good relationships can not be created and maintained unless we always agree to disagree

D. young people tend to forget their responsibilities most of the time

Part III. Vocabulary and structure.(15%)

41 The police’s _____ of Anthony William was aroused when they discovered that his deposits in

the bank were very large.

A suspicion

B suspect

C substantial

D suspicious

42 After his aunt’s death, he _____ the beautiful estate and lived a very comfortable life.

A insert

B inherited

C inspected

D inheritance

43 Someone who is ____ often gets angry without having a good reason.

A big-headed

B soft-spoken

C wide-eyed

D quick-tempered

44 The whole composition is good ____ for some careless mistakes.

A except

B besides

C long

D but

45 I have to ____ the final examination before I can leave school.

A go through

B go across

C meet with

D pass by

46 In the case of polluted air, the ____ lies in the hands of a local government.

A reason

B resolution

C remedy

D provision

47 It is important for an old person to stay ____ in order to live a long life.

A ice-cold

B peace-loving

C warm-hearted

D care-free

48 His iron deficiency ____ from the fact that he refuses to eat red meat.

A implies

B stems

C speculates

D lies

49 Finally, it became clear that no ____ conference would be possible without widening the discussion.

A preliminary

B conventional

C controversial

D public

50 Jackson was the winner for a second ____ year.

A successful

B succeed

C successive

D succession

51 The church ____ to 1773.

A comes back

B dates back

C goes back

D runs back

52 This invention was of great ____ , but few people realized that.

A magnificence

B excellence

C significance

D consequence

53 Blinded by the soap, he had to ____ his glasses.

A feel for

B look after

C search for

D take in

54 I knew that he had been in the United States the ____ year.

A next

B new

C preceding

D following

55 Having to cope with so many problems was a ____ hard to bear.

A pressure

B closure

C exposure

D failure

56 The Red Cross of the country sent a lot of food and clothes to ____ the people in flood-stricken areas.

A withdraw

B relieve

C insert

D cooperate

57 His badly injured leg ____ him to a wheelchair.

A condemned

B denied

C withdrew

D made

58 He felt secure ____ his future.

A about

B of

C at

D with

59 I am ____ this cold, so I must wear warm clothes.

A fighting against

B fighting

C fighting off

D fighting with

60 She speaks five foreign languages ____ English.

A in addition to

B except

C except that

D with

61 We ____ the robbers as they entered the store.

A fastened

B detected

C enclosed

D forecasted

62 Without rules, people would live in a state of ____.

A chaos

B precaution

C destruction C occurrence

63 We should always keep the flashlight ____ in case the fuse blows again.

A close

B near

C handy

D far

64 We are, in reality, extremely ignorance ____ the various causes of this greatest killer disease.

A about

B at

C in

D of

65 ____ the children have left home we can move to a smaller house.

A After

B Now that

C Because of

D Due to

66 Has Mr. Light ____ at the hotel yet?

A registered

B checked

C checked in

D checked out

67 Conservative people are usually ____ to change.

A resist

B resisting

C resistance

D resistant

68 Such kind of furniture has long ____?

A out of style

B gone out of style

C out of fashion

D outdated

69 The factory has ____ to the riverside.

A extended

B expand

C expanded

D extension

70 Don’t have him for a friend: he’s ____ a criminal.

A nothing but

B anything but

C everything but

D but for00000

Part IV Cloze (10%)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C), D) on the right side of the paper. Y ou should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

For the past two years. I have been working on students’ evaluation of classroom teaching. I have kept a record of informal conversations ___71___ some 300 students from a ___72___ twenty-one colleges and universities. The students were generally ___73___ and direct in their comments ___74___ how course work could be better ___75___. Most of their remarks were kindly ___76___ ----- with tolerance rather than bitterness ------ and frequently were softened by the ___77___ that the students were speaking ___78___ some, not all, instructors. Nevertheless, ___79___ the following suggestions and comments indicate, students feel ___80___ with things-as-they-are in the classroom.

Professors should be ___81___ from reading lecture notes. “It makes their ___82___ monotonous.”

If they are going to read, why not ___83___ out copies of the lecture? Then we ___84___ need to go to class. Professors should ___85___ repeating in lectures material that is in the textbook. “___86___ we’ve read the material, we want to ___87___ it or hear it elaborated on, ___88___ repeated.”“ A lot of students hate to buy a ___89___ text that the professor has written ___90___ to have his lectures repeat it.”

71. A) counting B) covering C) figuring D) involving

72. A) best B) length C) least D) large

73. A) frank B) hard-working C) polite D) reserved

74. A) at B) on C) of D) over

75. A) described B) submitted C) written D) presented

76. A) made B) addressed C) taken D) received

77. A) fact B) occasion C) case D) truth

78. A) at B) with C) on D) about

79. A) if B) though C) as D) whether

80. A) satisfactory B) unsatisfactory C) satisfied D) dissatisfied

81. A) interfered B) discouraged C) disturbed D) interrupted

82. A) sounds B) pronunciation C) voices D) gestures

83. A) hold B) give C) drop D) leave

84. A) mustn’t B) shouldn’t C) couldn’t D) wouldn’t

85. A) avoid B) prevent C) refuse D) prohibit

86. A) Until B) Unless C) Once D) However

87. A) keep B) discuss C) argue D) remember

88. A) not B) or C) and D) yet

89. A) desired B) required C) revised D) deserved

90. A) but B) how C) only D) about

Part V. Writing.(15%)

Directions: Some students like classes where teachers lecture (do all of the talking) in class. Other students prefer classes where the students do some of the talking. Which type of classes do you prefer? Give specific reasons and details to support your choice. Y ou should write at least 120 words.

有些学生喜欢整节课听老师讲,有些学生则喜欢部分时间由学生发言。

你喜欢那种上课方式。

请给出具体原因及细节支持你的选择。

你的作文应不少于120词。

A3 B卷参考答案

Keys:

1-5 C A D C D 6-10 B A ACB

11-15 CABAD 16-20 CBBDA

21.C 22.D 23.A 24.D 25.A

26-30 C B D B A31-35 A B D B B 36-40 A D B C B

41-45 A B D A A46-50 C D B A C

51-55 B C A C A56-60 B A A C A

61-65 B A C D B 66-70 C D B C A

71-75 DCABD 76-80 AADCD 81-85 BCBDA86-90 CBABC

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