统考英语专项练习3(中英对照)

2017.4月统考(三)、知识点复习—词汇与语法

1、I like the teacher _____classes are very interesting and creative.

A、which

B、who

C、whose

D、what

考点:定语从句。whose引导限定性定语从句。

句意:我喜欢那位老师,她的课非常有趣并有创意。

2、- Write to me when you get home.- OK, I _______.

A、must

B、should

C、will

D、can

考点:情态动词。will 表示愿意做某事,含有许诺或决心等意思,符合题意。

句意:“你到家就给我写封信。”“好的,我会的。”

3、"Let me ______ you," said my boss, "you should call me immediately after you arrive at the airport."

A、ask

B、advise

C、remember

D、remind

句意:我提醒你,“我的老板说,”你到机场后应该马上给我打电话.

4、- Do you want to wait?- Five days ________ too long for me to wait.

A、was

B、were

C、is

D、are

考点:主谓一致。数词+名词(表示时间、长短、重量或金钱等)当作单一的数量时,谓语动词为单数。

句意:你要等吗?五天对我来说太长了。

5、I often see ______ the road on his way home.

A、he cross

B、him cross

C、him crossed

D、he crossing

考点:非谓语动词。在某些感官动词或使役动词see,hear, make(使,让), have(使,让)等之后接不带to的动词不定式作宾语补足语,即:see(hear,make,have)sb. do sth.。

句意:我经常看见他在回家路上穿过那条马路。

6、Don’t forget ________ the window before leaving the room.

A、to have closed

B、to close

C、having closed

D、closing

考点:非谓语动词。forget+动词不定式表示不要忘记去做某事,而forget+动名词则表示忘记已经做过某事。

句意:离开这个房间前,别忘了关窗户。

7、The computer system ________ suddenly while he was searching for information on the Internet.

A、broke down

B、broke out

C、broke up

D、broke in

考点:动词短语。break down “坏了”;break out “爆发”;break up “打碎”;break in “闯入”。

句意:他在网上找信息时,他的计算机系统坏了。

8、Jane’s dress is similar in design ___her sister’s.

A、like

B、with

C、to

D、as

考点:形容词短语。be similar to 为固定搭配。

句意:在设计上Jane与她姐姐的衣服很相似。

9、The top of the Great Wall is ________ for five horses to go side by side.

A、wide

B、so wide

C、wide enough

D、enough wide

考点:副词enough修饰形容词时要放在被修饰的形容词之后。

句意:长城上面宽到足以能让五匹马并行。

10、The higher the temperature, _____the liquid evaporates.

A、the faster

B、the more fast

C、the slower

D、the more slower

考点:比较级。“the+形容词或副词比较级……,the+形容词或副词比较级……”,表示越……,越……。

句意:温度越高,液体蒸发得越快。

11、The grey building is the place where the workers live, and the white building is the place where the

spare parts _____.

A、are producing

B、are produced

C、produced

D、being produced

考点:动词被动语态。be+动词过去分词表示被动语态。spare parts是主语,与produce是被动关系。

句意:灰色楼是工人住的地方,而白色大楼是生产部件的地方。

12、_______ these honours he received a sum of money.

A、Except

B、But

C、Besides

D、Outside

考点:介词。except “排除,不包括在内”。Besides “包括在内”。

句意:除了荣誉之外,他还得到了一笔钱。

13、His salary as a driver is much higher than ________.

A、a porter

B、is a porter

C、as a porter

D、that of a porter

考点:比较级。that代替前面提到的salary,比较对象及句子结构中第二部分如果需要用代词代替主句of结构所修饰的词,单数用that.

句意:作为一个司机,他的工资比一个搬运工高得多。

14、I would like to do the job _____ you don’t force me to study.

A、in case

B、although

C、though

D、as long as

考点:状语从句。as long as“只要”引导条件状语从句。in case意为“万一”。

句意:只要你不强迫我学习,我愿意做这项工作。

15、I don’t know _______ to deal with such matter.

A、what

B、how

C、which

D、/

考点:非谓语动词。有些动词如know、ask、learn等之后常跟疑问词how / what / when / where +动词不定式,动词不定式作宾语。

句意:我不知道如何处理这类问题。

16、The harder you study, ____ you will learn.

A、much

B、many

C、the more

D、much more

考点:比较级。用两个叠加的比较级形容词或副词可以表示“越…越…”。

句意:你学习越努力,学到的东西越多。

17、He _______ driving me home, even though I told him I lived nearby.

A、insisted on

B、insisted at

C、insisted that

D、insisted in

考点:动词短语。insist on doing sth. “执意做某事”。

句意:尽管我告诉他我住在附近,但是他坚持开车送我回家。

18、Although they are twins, they have nothing in _________.

A、usual

B、common

C、always

D、fact

句意:虽然他们是双胞胎,但没有共同之处。

19、- I am very _______ with my own cooking. It looks nice and smells delicious. - Mm, it does have a _______ smell.

A、pleasant; pleased

B、pleased; pleased

C、pleasant; pleasant

D、pleased; pleasant

句意:我对自己的烹饪很满意。它看起来很好而且闻起来很美味。-毫米,它有一个愉快的气味。

20、The workers are busy ____models for the exhibition.

A、to make

B、with making

C、being making

D、making

考点:非谓语动词。be busy +(in)+ 动名词,等同于be busy with + n.,表示忙于做某事……。

句意:那些工人在忙着为展览会做模型。

21、I don’t know the park, but it's______ to be quite beautiful.

A、said

B、told

C、spoken

D、talked

考点:名词性从句(主语从句)。” It is said that…表示“据说。It 是形式主语,而that引导的句子才是实际主语,that无词义。

句意:我不知道那个公园,据说相当漂亮。

22、Eggs, though rich in nourishments, have ______ of fat.

A、a large number

B、the large number

C、a large amount

D、the large amount

考点:量词。首先an amount of修饰不可数名词,而a number of 修饰可数名词。a large amount of 大量……。句意:鸡蛋虽然营养丰富,但含有大量的脂肪。

23、Nancy is considered to be ________ the other students in her class.

A、less intelligent

B、the most intelligent

C、intelligent as well

D、as intelligent as

考点:状语从句。as+形容词原级+as,表示同程度或同级的人或事比较。这是一个比较状语从句,表示“和……一样”。句意:大家认为Nancy和她这个班上其他同学一样聪明。

24、- _______ is your girl friend like?- She is very kind and good-looking.

A、How

B、What

C、Which

D、Who

考点:疑问词 what与like构成的惯用表达。What is he/she like? 是固定搭配,表示询问某人的外貌或品行等。句意:“你的女朋友是什么样的一个人?”“她很善良也很漂亮。”

25、He _______ lives in the house where he was born.

A、already

B、yet

C、still

D、ever

考点:副词用法。still “仍然”可以和动词一般现在时连用。Already “已经”,yet “仍然,还”, 和ever “曾经”这类表示时间的副词常和动词完成时连用,而且yet常放在句末。

句意:他仍然住在他出生的那间屋子。

26、Measles(麻疹) ________ a long time to get over.

A、spend

B、spends

C、take

D、takes

考点:主谓一致。Measles “麻疹”、mumps“腮腺炎”、mathematics“数学”、statistics “统计学”等表示疾病或学科这类词在句中作主语时,谓语动词用单数。take time “花费时间”, 是固定搭配。

句意:麻疹要很长时间才能好。

27、She wonders ____will happen to her private life in the future.

A、that

B、it

C、this

D、what

考点:名词性从句(宾语从句)。that和what都能引导宾语从句,但是that在从句中不作任成分(无词义),而what 有词义,在从句中作主语。

句意:她不知道未来在她私人生活中会发生什么事。

28、Will you_________ me a favor, please?

A、do

B、make

C、bring

D、give

考点:(短语)固定搭配。do sb. a favor “帮某人一个忙”。

句意:请帮个忙好吗?

29、He asked the waiter ________ the bill.

A、on

B、of

C、for

D、after

考点:介词。ask sb. for sth.为固定搭配,表示向某人要某物。

句意:他向服务员要账单。

30、She is not only my classmate ________ also my good friend.

A、or

B、but

C、and

D、too

考点:连词。not only…but also“不仅……而且……”是固定搭配。

句意:她不仅是我的同学,而且还是我的好朋友。

31、It’s ________ that he was wrong.

A、clearly

B、clarity

C、clear

D、clearing

考点:形容词。clear“明显的,显然的”是形容词;clearly是副词;clearing“清除,清理”是名词。

句意:很显然,是他错了。

32、If she wants to keep slim, she must make a _____ in her diet.

A、change

B、turn

C、run

D、go

考点:动词短语。make a change “转变”;make a turn “转弯”。

句意:如果她要保持苗条,必须在饮食上改变。

33、________ you are leaving tomorrow, we can have dinner together tonight.

A、Since

B、While

C、For

D、Before

考点:状语从句。连词since“既然”一般放在句首,引导原因状语从句。For “因为”常放在句中,表示非直接原因。

句意:既然你明天就要离开,那么今晚我们一起吃晚饭。

34、There ________ a book and some magazines on the desk.

A、is

B、be

C、have

D、has

考点:主谓一致。there be 句型中,其谓语动词单复数取决于和它最近的那个词。

句意:桌子上有一本书和一些杂志。

35、I didn’t expect you to turn _____ at the meeting yesterday.

A、up

B、to

C、out

D、over

考点:与动词搭配的副词。turn up意为“出现”;turn to “转向;求助于”;turn out “出动”;turn over “翻滚”。

句意:昨天我没有想到你会出现在会议上。

36、_________her and then try to copy what she does.

A、Mind

B、See

C、Stare at

D、Watch

考点:动词词义辨析。”mind”“注意”,”stare at”“盯着”。 Watch “留心观察”。

句意:留心观察她,然后照她做的去做。

37、Tom ________ more than twenty pounds on the novel.

A、spent

B、paid

C、cost

D、took

考点:动词短语固定搭配。spend money on sth. 表示花钱买某物。

句意:Tom 花了20多英镑买了这本小说。pay money for sth.;cost的主句应当是物。

38、I fell and hurt myself while I ________ basketball yesterday.

A、was playing

B、am playing

C、play

D、played

考点:动词时态。while “当……时”引导的时间状语从句与主句的动作同时发生,因此谓语动词要选进行时,又因为从句中有yesterday,所以谓语动词过去进行时符合题意。

句意:昨天我在打篮球的时候摔伤了。

39、Twenty people were ________ wounded in the air crash.

A、quickly

B、wrongly

C、bitterly

D、seriously

考点:副词。be seriously wounded “受重伤”。

句意:在这次飞机失事(坠毁)中,20个人受重伤。

40、While I was in the university, I learned taking photos, ____ is very useful now for me.

A、it

B、which

C、that

D、what

考点:定语从句。which和that都可以引导限定性定语从句,但引导非限定性定语从句只能用which, 替代前面一个句子。意为“这……”。

句意:上大学时,我学习过摄影,现在这对我非常有用。

41、A police officer claimed he had attempted to ____ paying his fare.

A、avoid

B、reject

C、refuse

D、neglect

考点:非谓语动词。句中的paying 为动名词,四个答案中,只有avoid 后需用动名词做宾语。

句意:警官声称他企图逃票。

42、Mike is better than Peter ____ swimming.

A、for

B、at

C、on

D、in

考点:形容词固定短语。be good at是一常用固定短语,意为“擅长” ,“在……方面做得好”。该句中用了good 的比较级形式better。

句意:Mike比Peter 更擅长游泳。

43、Australia is one of the few countries ____ people drive on the left of the road.

A、which

B、that

C、where

D、on which

考点:定语从句。在表示地点的一些特定名词如place,room,country,street等之后,可接一个由where或in which 引出的限制性定语从句。

句意:澳大利亚是少数几个沿左侧开车的国家之一。

44、Once environmental damage ______, it takes many years for the system to recover.

A、is to do

B、does

C、had done

D、is done

考点:动词被动语态。本题从句部分的主语中心词是damage“破坏”,与do是动宾关系。

句意:一旦环境遭到破坏,需要很多年才能恢复过来。

45、Neither John ____his father was able to wake up early enough to catch the morning train.

A、nor

B、or

C、but

D、and

考点:主谓一致。neither …nor 是固定搭配,意思是:两者都不。谓语动词要和nor后面的名词保持一致。

句意:John和他的父亲都没能早起,因此误了火车。

46、You had better ________ a doctor as soon as possible.

A、seeing

B、saw

C、see

D、seen

考点:had better+动词原形的用法。had better + do sth. ( had better之后接省去to的动词不定式),表示最好是去做某事。

句意:你最好尽快去看医生。

47、He is not seriously ill, but only a ______ headache.

A、obvious

B、delicate

C、slight

D、temporary

考点:名词词义辨析。slight “轻微的”,符合句意。obvious “明显的”;delicate “精致的”;temporary “暂时的”。

句意:他病得并不严重,只是轻微的头痛。

48、At first I showed great interest in the play, but soon I ________ it.

A、tired

B、got tired of

C、was tired from

D、was tired with

句意:起初我对这出戏很感兴趣,但不久我就厌倦了。

49、- It’s a good idea. But who’s going to_________ the plan?- I think John and Peter will.

A、carry out

B、get through

C、take in

D、set aside

考点:动词短语。carry out “执行,实行”;get through “完成,度过,通过”;take in “吸收,领会”; set

aside “不理会,搁置”。

句意:这是一个好主意,但谁去执行这个计划呢?

50、Sunday is the day ____people usually don’t go to work.

A、when

B、which

C、in which

D、that

考点:定语从句。在表示时间的一些特定名词如time,day,morning,month,year等之后可以接一个由when引出的限制性定语从句。

句意:星期天是人们通常不上班的日子。

51、Would you let _____ to the park with my classmate, Mum?

A、me go

B、me going

C、I go

D、I going

考点:非谓语动词。一些感官动词或使役动词,如see, hear, , make, let, have(使,让)等后面不带to 的不定式做宾补。

句意:妈妈,能让我和同学一起去公园吗?

52、- Smoking is bad for your health. - Yes, I know. But I simply can't ________.

A、give it up

B、give it in

C、give it out

D、give it away

句意:吸烟对你的健康有害。-是的,我知道。但我不能放弃它。

53、The Chinese government has taken ________ to prevent the spread of the bird flu.

A、step

B、steps

C、measure

D、something

句意:中国政府已采取措施防止禽流感蔓延。

54、They got there an hour _____than the others.

A、early

B、much early

C、more early

D、earlier

考点:比较级。与形容词一样,副词比较级常和than连用。

句意:他们比别人早到一个小时。

55、We worked hard and completed the task _____.

A、in the time

B、on the time

C、ahead of time

D、before time

考点:介词短语。ahead of time意为“提前”;in advance意为“事先,预先”;in time“及时”。

句意:我们努力工作并且提前完成了任务。

56、It’s bad ________ for you to smoke in the public places where smoking is not allowed.

A、behavior

B、action

C、manner

D、movement

考点:名词词义辨析。behavior意思为“举止,行为”;action “动作”;manner “方式”; movement “运动,行动”。

句意:在不允许吸烟的公共场合吸烟是坏习惯。

57、I won’t make the _______ mistake next time.

A、like

B、same

C、near

D、similar

考点:形容词(近义词)辨析。在same前应当加定冠词the,共同来修饰后面的名词。Like表示“相像的,相同的”。如:If you want excitement, there’s no place like Las Vegas. Similar “相似的,类似的”。其后必须跟介词to。near “接近的,近似的”。用于修饰空间、时间或关系等。

句意:下次我再也不犯同样的错误。

58、The young lady coming over to us _____ our English teacher; the way she walks tells us that!

A、must be

B、can be

C、would be

D、could be

考点:情态动词。从后面的进一步解释中我们可以看到说话人语气十分肯定,表示对……很有把握的推测,所以这里选择A。

句意:往我们这儿走的那个年轻女人肯定是我们的英语老师,从她走路的姿势可以看出来。

59、Nancy works in a shop and _______.

A、so does Alan

B、so Alan too does

C、that does Alan too

D、that Alan too does

句意:南茜在商店工作,艾伦也一样。

60、I didn’t know what to do, but then an idea suddenly ________ to me.

A、appeared

B、happened

C、occurred

D、emerged

考点:动词(易混词)辨析。an idea occurred to sb. “某人想到了一个主意”。是常用固定搭配。

句意:我不知道做什么,但是随后,我突然有了一个想法。

61、You shouldn’t _______ your time like that, Bob; you have to finish your school work tonight.

A、cut

B、do

C、kill

D、kick

考点:(短语)固定搭配。kill time “消磨时间”。

句意:Bob,你不能那样消磨时间,今晚必须完成作业。

62、____ you know, David has been well lately.

A、Which

B、As

C、What

D、When

考点:定语从句。as引导非限制性定语从句,as引导的定语从句可以放在句首,as代表后面主句的内容,意为:“正像…,如同……”。

句意:正像你所知道的那样,David近来身体很好。

63、What is the train ______ to Birmingham?

A、fee

B、tip

C、fare

D、cost

考点:名词词义辨析。fee “费用(会费,学费等),酬金”;tip “小费”;fare “(火车、汽车等交通)费用”;cost “成本,价钱,代价”。

句意:去伯明翰的火车票价是多少?

64、When Lily came home at 5 p.m. yesterday, her mother _____dinner in the kitchen.

A、cooked

B、was cooking

C、cooks

D、has cooked

考点:动词时态。when引导的时间状语从句与主句的动作同时发生。如果从句谓语用过去时,主句谓语动词就用过去进行时。

句意:Lily昨天下午五点回家时,妈妈正在厨房里做晚饭。

65、His mother _____alone since his father died.

A、lived

B、lives

C、has lived

D、is living

考点:动词时态。Since “自……以来”是指从过去的某一时间到现在;since 引导时间状语从句,主句谓语用现在完成时。

句意:自从他父亲去世到现在,他母亲一直独自一人生活。

66、The manager will not _________ us to use his car.

A、have

B、let

C、agree

D、allow

考点:非谓语动词。四个选项中只有allow之后可以接宾语+不定式(作宾补)。allow sb. to do sth.“准许某人做某事”。

句意:经理不会允许我们用他的车。

67、My uncle _______ until he was 45.

A、married

B、didn't marry

C、has married

D、would marry

句意:我叔叔直到45岁才结婚。

68、____ she survived the accident is miracle.

A、What

B、That

C、As

D、Which

考点:名词性从句(主语从句)。that 引导的从句作主语并且位于句首,that 在主语从句中无词义,但不能省略。句意:她在这起事故中幸存,真是个奇迹。

69、The reason I did not go abroad was _____ a job in my home town.

A、because

B、due to

C、that I got

D、because of getting

考点:名词性从句。the reason…is that…之中的that引导表语从句。表示原因的表语从句也可以由because引导,其结构是:this / that is because….

句意:我没出国的原因是我在家乡找到了一份工作。

70、I am not used to speaking ________ public.

A、in

B、at

C、on

D、to

考点:介词短语固定搭配。in public “公开地,当众”。

句意:我不习惯于当众演说。

71、Both the kids and their parents ______ English, I think. I know it from their accent.

A、is

B、been

C、are

D、was

考点:主谓一致。both … and …连接的名词短语共同做句子的主语,所以谓语动词用复数。

句意:我想孩子和他父母都是英国人,我是从他们的口音得知的。

72、______ the War of Independence, the United States was an English colony.

A、Before

B、At

C、In

D、Between

考点:状语从句。Before “在…..之前”引导时间状语从句。

句意:在独立战争之前,美国是英国的殖民地。

73、On average, a successful lawyer has to talk to several _______ a day.

A、customers

B、supporters

C、guests

D、clients

考点:名词词义辨析。client “客户,委托人”;customer “消费者”;supporter “支持者”;guest “客人”。句意:总的说来,一个成功的律师一天之中必须得和几个委托人谈话。

74、We came finally _________ the conclusion that she has been telling lies all the time.

A、of

B、into

C、to

D、at

考点:动词短语。come to the conclusion为固定搭配,“得出结论”。

句意:我们最终得出结论:她一直在撒谎。

75、Tom is so talkative. I'm sure you'll soon get tired _______ him.

A、of

B、with

C、at

D、on

考点:词组固定搭配。get tired of sb./sth.=be tired of sb./sth. “讨厌或厌烦某人某事”。

句意:Tom 那么爱讲话,我肯定,你很快就会讨厌他。

76、The boy is not happy at the new school. He has ________ friends there.

A、few

B、a few

C、little

D、a little

考点:量词。few 和 a few 修饰可数名词,但few表示否定意义,表示很少,a few表示肯定意义,表示有一些;而little和a little 修饰不可数名词,little表示没有,a little表示有一点。

句意:这个男孩在新学校里不开心,因此,在那儿他几乎没有朋友。

77、A pair of spectacles ________ what I need at the moment.

A、is

B、are

C、has

D、have

考点:主谓一致。a pair of +名词(单数或复数)作主语时,谓语动词为单数。

句意:此刻我需要的是一副眼镜。

78、We’ve missed the last bus. I’m afraid we have no ________ but to take a taxi.

A、way

B、choice

C、possibility

D、selection

考点:名词近义词辨析。choice “选择,抉择”。have no choice but to do sth. “除做某事之外别无选择”。

句意:我们已经错过了最后一班公共汽车,恐怕我们别无选择,只有坐出租车了。

79、It was well known that Thomas Edison _____ the electric lamp.

A、discovered

B、invented

C、found

D、developed

考点:动词词义辨析。invent“发明”,discover“发现”,found(find的过去时)“发现”,develop“研究、发展”。句意:大家都知道托马斯爱迪生发明了电灯。

80、I have been looking forward to ____ from my parents.

A、hear

B、being heard

C、be heard

D、hearing

句意:我一直盼望着收到我父母的来信。

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