深圳初中英语语法第3讲【现在完成时态】

第3讲现在完成时态

深圳初中英语语法第3讲【现在完成时态】

一)课前小测

1.It ________ the year of the horse next year.

A. is going to be

B. is going to

C. will be

D. will is

2.One of the boys_____ a black hat.

A. have

B. there is

C. there are

D. has

3.When ___________ usually go to work in the morning?

A. does people

B. do peoples

C. does peoples

D. do people

4.(2011广东,43)--Let’s go fishing if it _____ this weekend. --But nobody knows if it _____.

A. is fine; will rain

B. will be fine; rains

C. will be fine; will rain

D. is fine; rains

5.(2010茂名,36)Everyone _____ the Spring Festival especially the kids, because they can get money in red packets.

A. enjoy

B. enjoys

C. is enjoying

D. are enjoying

6.(2010广东,43)The Greens will visit Hainan as soon as they ____ to China.

A. comes

B. come

C. came

D. will come

7.(2007广东)The woman and her husband _____ in the same company.

A. work

B. works

C. is working

D. has worked

8.(2011重庆,26) I called you ,but nobody answered. Where ______ you?

A. is

B. are

C. was

D. were

9.(2011江西,36)I’m now in New York with my friend Jenny. We _____ by plane on Monday.

A. arrive

B. arrived

C. are arriving

D. will arrive

10.(2010江苏南京,9)--I hear Sam has gone to Qingdao for his holiday.

--Oh, how nice! Do you know when he _____?

A. left

B. told

C. has left

D. had left

11.I am twelve; Mike is fourteen; Mary is thirteen. So Mike is the _________ of the three.

A. old

B. older

C. oldest

D. the oldest

12.His _________ son often go to see him on Sunday.

A. eldest

B. older

C. the eldest

D. the older

13.He is two years _________ than I.

A. elder

B. smaller

C. younger

D. less

14.The Yang Tze River(扬子江)is longer than_____ river in Japan.

A. any other

B. any others

C. the other

D. any

15.The Yang Tze River is longer than ______rivers in China.

A. any other

B. the other

C. any

D. the others

16.Who is _________, Jack or Tim?

A. more young

B. young

C. younger

D. more younger

17.This kind of rose is ________ on show.

A. the beautifulest

B. beautifulest

C. more beautiful

D. the most beautiful

18.There is ________ tea in the green cup than in the blue one.

A. little

B. few

C. fewer

D. less

19.There are _________ new words in Lesson Five than Lesson Six.

A. little

B. less

C. least

D. fewer

20.--Which star is near the earth?

--The moon is ________.

A. much

B. very near

C. the nearest

D. fewer

21.--Our brain is________!

--Really? We are all _________ at what you said. Tell us something about it.

A. amazed, amazing

B. amazed, amazed

C. amazing, amazing

D. amazing, amazed

22.Don’t just believe the advertisement. That kind of camera is ________ it says.

A. as good as

B. not so good as

C. as well as

D. not as well as

二)知识要点

1、现在完成时

1)构成

①肯定:主语+ have/has + done(过去分词).

I have had lunch.

②否定:主语+ have/has + not + done(过去分词).

I have not had lunch.

③否定:Have/Has + 主语+ done(过去分词)?

Have you had lunch?

2)用法

①表示过去某一时间发生的动作或存在的状态,对现在仍有影响。She has been ill for three days.

He has already left.

②表示从过去某一时间开始一直持续到现在的动作或状态。

We've known each other since we were children.

3)have been to, have gone to, have been in 区别及have been

① have been意为“成为……多长时间”;have been in意为“在某地呆了多长时间”。二者都常与表示一段时间的状

语连用。

She has been a teacher for five years.

I have been here for two hours.

His parents have been in China for three months.

② have been to意为“曾经去过某地”,现在已不在那里了,常与ever, just, never等词连用。其后可接once, twice等

表示次数的词。

He has just been to the library.

They have never been to the Great Wall.

I have been to Beijing many times.

③ have gone to意为“到某地去了”,说话时作句子主语的人不在现场,通常是第三人称作句子的主语.

Where is Tom? He has gone to the post office.

Mr Green isn’t here。He has gone to Shanghai.

三)精选习题

用简单的英语解释下列句子

01.He joined the army two years ago.

a) He _________ __________ a ____________ for two years.

b) He ___________ _____________ __________ the army for two years.

c) It ____________ two years ____________ he joined the army.

d) Two years ____________ ____________ ____________he joined the army.

02.His grandfather died two years ago .

His grandfather has ____________ ____________ for two years.

03.He borrowed the book 2 weeks ago.

He ____________ ____________ the book for 2 weeks.

04.He bought the motorbike a month ago.

He ____________ ____________ the motorbike for a month.

05.He arrived here three days ago.

He ____________ ____________ here since three days ago.

06.They turned off the light 2 hours ago.

The light ____________ ____________ ____________ for 2 hours.

07.He left here 2 years ago.

He ____________ ____________ ____________ from here for 2 years.

08.The film began 30 minutes ago.

The film ____________ ____________ ____________ for 30 minutes.

09.They opened the door an hour ago.

The door ____________ ____________ ____________ for an hour.

10.They closed the door an hour ago.

The door ____________ ____________ ____________ for an hour.

11.He went out 3 hours ago.

He ____________ ____________ ____________ for three hours.

单项选择

01.When he arrived at the bus stop, the bus _____ for 20 minutes.

A. has left

B. had left

C. has been away

D. had been away

02.I ______ the League for 5 years so far.

A. joined

B. have joined

C. have been in

03.The factory ____ since the February of 1990.

A. has been open

B. has opened

C. was open

D. opened

04.Mary and Rose ____friends since they met in 2006.

A. have made

B. have been

C. made

D. have become

05.The meeting _____ for a week now.

A. has finished

B. has ended

C. has been over

06.Miss Gao ______ this school for nearly 5 years.

A. has been in

B. has come to

C. has taught

07.Ben ______ a teacher for 4 years.

A. has been

B. has become

C. was

D. became

08.I ______ home for a week.

A. have returned

B. have been back

C. returned

09.How long _______ he ________ ?

A. died

B. has, died

C. has, been dead

10.He ______ at eight yesterday afternoon.

A. slept

B. was sleeping

C. has sleep

D. had slept

11.He ________ the car for a week.

A. bought

B. has bought

C. has had

12.--How long _____ you _____ ill ?

--Two weeks.

A. did fall

B. have, fell

C. have, been

13.Since 2000, he _____ his hometown.

A. has left

B. has moved away

C. has been away from

14.I'll lend you the book , but you can only _____ it for 2 days.

A. borrow

B. keep

C. take

15.It is ten years _____ I last saw her.

A. after

B. since

C. for

D. that

16.--Who will go to the station to meet Lorry?

--I will. I _____ her several times.

A. met

B. have met

C. had met

D. will meet

17.--What a nice dress! How long _____ you _____ it?

--Just 2 weeks.

A. will, buy

B. did, buy

C. are, having

D. have, had

18.--Do you know Lydia very well?

--Yes, She and I _____ friends since we were very young.

A. have made

B. have become

C. have been

D. have turned

19.The Smiths _______ in China for 8 years.

A. has lived

B. lived

C. have been

D. live

20.--Hello, this is Mr. Green speaking. Can I speak to Mr. Black?

-- Sorry. He ______ the Bainiao Park.

A. has been to

B. has gone to

C. went to

D. will go to

21.-- ____ you ever ____ to the US?

-- Yes, twice.

A. Have, gone

B. Have, been

C. Do, go

D. were, going

22.--Where is your father? --He ________ Beijing.

A. has been to

B. has gone to

C. has gone

D. has been

23.Zhao Lan already in this school for two years.

A. has ; studied B. will; study C. was ; studying D. are; studying

24.I haven’t seen the film , but I have read the book.

A. yet; already

B. already; yet

C. ever; ever

D. yet; yet

25.--Where ______ John _______ ? --To the library. He _________ there for an hour.

A. has…been…has gone

B. has…gone…has been

C. did…go…went

D. did…be…went

26.“Have you to England? ” “ Yes, twice. “

A. gone

B. been

C. went

D. go

27.______ you _______ the text yet ? Yes, we ______ it two hours ago.

A. Did…copy…did

B. Have…copied…have

C. Have…copied…did

D. Did …copy…had

28.“He ____to draw horses already”. “When ______ he do it ?” “ Last year “

A. learned...has B. learned...did C. has learned...has D. has lea rned (i)

根据句子意思,用所给单词的适当形式填空

01._________ (sudden), it began to rain heavily.

02. A mouse _________(sudden) appeared and made the girl cry.

03.Congratulations! You got ______________ (one) prize.

04.Don’t _____________ (copy) other’s homework.

05.Edison was a great _________ (invent).

06.Einstein was one of the greatest __________ (science) in the world.

07.He has the _________(able) to remember everything he reads.

08.He invented many things. He is a great___________(invent).

09.He wants to be a _________ (music) in the future.

10.He was __________(bear) in Shenzhen in 1998.

11.How many ___________( dollar) do you have?

12.I am going to be a _________(science) when I grow up.

13.I believe that you have the _________ (able) to pass the examination.

14.I’ll go shopping with my sister instead of _____________ (watch) a film.

15.It’s very kind of you to give me some ______________ (advice).

16.Jim was _______ (bear) in 2000.

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/a5b4fe9d03d8ce2f006623d9.htmlst year, Li Na _________(win) the tennis game.

18.Lily challenged ______________ (he) to a game.

19.My father used to _________ (drive) to work. But now he takes the subway.

20.She spends about sixty ________ (dollar) on books every month.

21.Six students are playing table tennis, _________(include) three girls.

22.Some dinosaurs could _________(fly).

23.Students should make good use of their _________(intelligent) and learn more at school.

24.The artist created many interesting _________(draw) in his life.

25.The books here ___________ (include) some of my favorite ones.

26.The famous _________(music) will give a show next week.

27.The iPad is a wonderful _________(invent).

28.The number of the visitors _____________ (be) 200.

29.The old woman is very ill. She is _____________(die).

30.There _____________ (be) a large number of chessboards in the room.

31.These books are very __________(help) to us.

32.They___________ (win) the game yesterday.

33.Tom is an _____________(Italy).

34.--What day is it today? -- It’s Friday. The _____________ (five) weekday of a week.

35.What would you like__________(be) in the future, a printer or an engineer?

36.What would you like__________(eat) for breakfast.

37.What you said made the story ______________ (interest).

38.Would you like _____________ (play) chess with me?

39.You can do it because you have so much _____________ (intelligence).

40.You must make him _________(work) hard at his lessons.

单项选择

01.His parents live in the countryside. They live the city.

A. inside

B. outside

C. in the center of

02.Birds have a musical ability. They sing.

A. can

B. cannot

C. are happy to

03.The book includes some beautiful photos. These photos are the book.

A. part of

B. at the end of

C. connected to

04. A human being is a(n) .

深圳初中英语语法第3讲【现在完成时态】

江同学| 初二| 一对一| 刘老师

A. animal

B. machine

C. person

05.When somebody is born, he/she .

A. comes out of his/her mother’s body

B. leaves his/her parents

C. goes to see a doctor

06.Tom used to live in Shenzhen.

A. lived

B. lives

C. living

D. live

07.Tom isn’t so tall as Jim.

A. is taller than

B. is as tall as

C. is shorter than

D. has the same height as

08.Walt Disney is famous for his cartoon characters.

A. is famous as

B. is well-known for

C. is well-known as

D. is famous about

09.Do you always go for a walk with your parents after dinner?

A. have a walk

B. walk to school

C. go shopping

D. go to a walk

10.She often helps her mother with housework.

A. helps her mother did

B. helps her mother doing

C. helps her mother does

D. helps her mother do

11. A long time ago, we had no TV sets or computers.

A. Long long ago

B. Ten years ago

C. Since 1990

D. For 5 years

12.The king would like to play a game.

A. want

B. would like to

C. wish

D. hope

13.One plus two is three.

A. add…get

B. add… to

C. add… equals

D. and… equal

14.Follow my suggestions and you’ll succeed.

A. advices

B. advice

C. idea

D. opinion

15.Sine then, she has become careful and hardworking.

A. From now on

B. Since now

C. From then

D. From then on

16.It took more than ten months to build the bridge.

A. about

B. over

C. nearly

D. around

17.Perhaps everybody can answer the question except me.

A. Maybe

B. Sometimes

C. Even

D. Certainly

18.When he heard the news, he grew very happy.

A. looked

B. tasted

C. got

D. sounded

19.I’ve found out the meaning of the word in a dictionary.

A. looked for

B. looked up

C. looked at

D. looked around

20.This is their well-known song.

A. helpful

B. famous

C. ordinary

D. lively

21.The meal consisted of several different Italian dishes.

A. was made from

B. was included

C. was from

D. was made up of

22. A goat is different from a sheep.

A. not the same as

B. as big as

C. smaller than

D. more than

23. A human being can think and talk, but an animal cannot.

A. person

B. machine

C. child

D. people

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