八年级英语第二单元知识点及练习

初中英语---unit2

知识点:

一、重点短语

such as例如;诸如junk food n.垃圾食品;无营养食品more than超过;多于;不仅仅;非常less than不到;少于

help with housework帮助做家务on weekends在周末

how often多久一次hardly ever几乎从不

once a week每周一次twice a month每月两次

every day每天be free有空

go to the movies去看电影use the Internet用互联网

swing dance摇摆舞play tennis打网球

stay up late熬夜;睡得很晚go to bed early早点睡觉

have dance and piano lessons上舞蹈课和钢琴课at least至少

play sports进行体育活动be good for对……有好处

go camping去野营not…at all一点儿也不…

in one’s free time在某人的业余时间more than多于;超过

the most popular最受欢迎的old habits die hard积习难改

go to the dentist去看牙医less than少于

help sb.with sth.帮助某人做某事by doing sth.通过做某事

How about…?......怎么样?want sb.to do sth.想让某人做某事How many+可数名词复数+一般疑问句?……有多少……?

spend time with sb.和某人一起度过时光

It’s+adj.+to do sth.做某事的……的。ask sb.about sth.向某人询问某事

What’s your favorite……?你最喜爱的…..是什么?

the best way to do sth.做某事的最好方式

二、重点句型

1.-----What do you usually do on weekends?-----I often go to the movies.

2.hardly ever几乎从不相当于hardly,ever起强调作用。

3.----How often do you watch TV?----Twice a week.

4.What's your favorite program?=What program do you like best?

5.How come?怎么回事?怎么会?

6.I go to the movies maybe once a month.我也许一个月去看一次电影。

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/a90a0cdfdbef5ef7ba0d4a7302768e9950e76e14.htmlst month we asked our students about their free time activities.

8.Although many students like to watch sports,game shows are the most popular.

9.It is healthy for the mind and the body.这有益于身心健康。

stay healthy=keep healthy=keep in good health保持健康

10.Old habits die hard.旧习难改。

三、重点语法

(1)表示次数、频率的副词称为频度副词。常用的频度副词按高低依次为

always>usually>sometimes>seldom>hadly ever>never

100%80%60%30%10%0%

(2)表示具体的频率、次数时,一次用once,两次用twice,三次或三次以上用”基数词+times”

(3).对频度副词提问时,用how often

基础练习

一、根据汉语意思完成英语句子

1.你多久读一次英语?

____________________do you read English?

2.他有时在家帮着做家务。

He sometimes__________________________it home.

3.Kate几乎不玩电子游戏。

Kate___________________plays computer games.

4.我每周至少去看两次电影。

I go to the movies________________________a week.

5.她每月看四次电影。

She watches TV____________________________________.

二、按要求改写下列句子

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/a90a0cdfdbef5ef7ba0d4a7302768e9950e76e14.htmlura sometimes goes to the movies.(对画线部分提问)

___________________________Laura________to the movies?

2.He usually reads newspapers on Friday afternoon.(对画线部分提问)

_________________he usually________on Friday afternoon?

3.She often goes shopping.(改为一般疑问句,并作否定回答)

_________she often__________shopping?No,she_______.

4.They exercise twice a week to keep healthy.(改为否定句)

They__________________twice a week to keep healthy.

5.My favorite program is CCTV News.(对划线部分提问)

_________________your favorite program?

Unit 2 单元练习

一、单项填空

( )1. What _______ she usually _________ on Sunday?

A. is do

B. does do

C. does does

D. did do

( ) 2. ——________ do you go swimming? ——Every day.

A. How often

B. When

C. How many

D. How long

( ) 3. What time do you get up ________ weekends?

A. in

B. of

C. on

D. to

( ) 4. He _________goes to the movies.

A. sometime

B. some time

C. sometimes

D. some times

( ) 5. ——How was the weather yesterday?

——It rained _______. People could ___________go out.

A. hardly; hard

B. hard hard

C. hardly; hardly

D. hard hardly

( ) 6. ——How often do you dance? ——I dance __________ a week .

A. once and twice times

B. two and three times

C. one or two

D. once or twice

( ) 7.The old man is very well because he often __________.

A . drinks B. exercises C. sleeps D. plays

( ) 8. ——What does Mary do on weekends?

——She usually __________ the Internet at home .

A, use B. go on C. uses D. goes on

( ) 9.__________ (about 85%) students do homework every day .

A. Most

B. All

C. Some

D. No

( ) 10. My father likes soccer. But he __________ it . He only ________ soccer games on TV.

A. plays; doesn’t watch

B. doesn’t play; doesn’t watch

C. doesn’t play; watches

D. plays; watches

二、根据短文内容,选择适当的单词或短语填空,使语意通顺完整

was, didn’t, want, sport, parents, arrived at , lost, cool, on, helped

Do you each have a great summer camp? I had a great one with my friends last year, After saying

goodbye to our ______1_______, we got on the bus. ___2_____ the way, we laughed (笑) and talked happily . After we ____3___ the campground(营地), we jumped and ran around the place. This ____4___ the first time we left home . Some of us felt homesick (想家的) . However , when the night party started , the homesickness was ____5___ .

The next day , we went boating. AT first, my friends and I worked hard , but the boat ______6 ___ listen to us and wouldn’t go to the right places . Then the guide _____7______ us. After any times , we did it much better.

Swimming is my favorite ___8___ . It was about the hottest time of a day and the best time to stay in the ____9__ water. The swimming guide was a funny man , and he often made us ___10__ to laugh.

1. _________ 2 _________ 3. ________ 4. _____________ 5. _____________

6. ________

7. _________

8.___________

9.__________ 10. _____________

三、从方框中选择恰当的单词完成句子

Hardly never program full maybe

1. ——Do you have any friends in this city? ——No, I _______ came here before.

2. I’m ______ now and I can’t eat any more.

3. He’s not here . ________ he’s in his bedroom.

4. Please pass (传递) me my glasses. I can ______see the words in the book.

5. My sister’s favorite _________ is I Am a Singer.

II. 用括号内所给词的适当形式填空

1. Candy always helps her mother ________(cook) dinner.

2. He _________ (usual) reads books in the school library.

3. My mom is very busy. She has much _______ (housework) to do .

4. Most women like going ________ (shop) when they are free.

5. I have to _______(practice) the piano this evening.

四、阅读理解

(A)

Bruno was a boy of eight. His father worked in a cinema and his mother worked in a shop. He lived not far from his school. He always walked there and walked home. On his way to school, he had to pass a playground. It was very wet after it rained. One day, when he got home, his clothes

were all wet. His mother became angry(生气的)and said, “Don’t play in the water on your way home from school!”

On the next day Bruno came home with wet and dirty(脏的)clothes. His mother became even angrier. “I’ll tell your father if you come back wet again,” said his mother. “He’ll punish(惩罚) you, you know.” The third day the little boy was dry when he came home.

“You’re a good boy today”, his mother said happily. “You didn’t play in the water.”“No,” the boy said unhappily. “There were too many older boys in the water when I got there th -is afternoon. There wasn’t any room(空地方)for me at all!”

根据文章内容选择正确答案

()1.Bruno went to school ________every day.

A. by bike

B. by bus

C. by car

D. on foot

()2.The playground was between _______ 。

A. two classrooms

B. the cinema and shop

C. Bruno’s house and school

D. the shop and Bruno’s school

()3. The little boy liked to play on the playground _________.

A. when it snowed

B. when there was some water there

C. when the children played football there

D. when his father was busy with his work ()4.Bruno was afraid of ________the most.

A. his father

B. his mother

C. his teacher

D. the older boys

()5. That afternoon, the boy’s clothes were dry because _________.

A. nobody made room(地方)for him in the water

B. there was no water on the playground

C. he took off his clothes before he played there

D. he played in the water carefully

(B )

Kong Rong was a famous writer during the Han Dynasty(汉朝). He was considerate when he was only four.

Kong had five elder brothers and a young brother. One day, their father bought lots of pears. Some of the pears were big and looked good. Some were small and didn’t look so good. The boys were happy and began to choose(选择) some. Kong chose the smallest one. Kong’s father

found this strange and asked, “Why not choose a bigger one, my son?” Kong answered, “ I am younger. My elder brothers are older and eat more. They should take the bigger ones.”

“But you have a young brother. He should take the smallest one!”

“ He is younger and needs more nutrition(营养). He should get a bigger one, too.”Kong’s father was very happy that Kong could be so considerate. He didn’t think of what he hi-mself wanted. He thought of what others wanted first.

6. How many kids are there in Kong Rong’s family?

A. 5

B. 6

C. 7

D.4

7. What does “ considerate” mean?

A. Always thinking of other people want.

B. Only thinking of what oneself wants.

C. Always doing bad things.

D. Never doing wrong things

8. Kong Rong chose the smallest pear because_______.

A. he couldn’t eat a big one.

B. He liked small ones.

C. He wanted his brothers to eat the big ones.

D. He wanted to make others happy.

9. What was Kong Rong during Han Dynasty?

A. A writer

B. A painter

C. A poet

D. A leader

10. Which of the following is true according to the story?

A. Kong Rong lived in the Tang Dynasty.

B. Kong Rong was the youngest boy in his family.

C. Kong Rong’s mother died when he was four.

D. Kon个 R ong’s father felt very happy about his considerate son.

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