Exercises for Chapter One of American Literature(第一章)

1. 选择题

1. Which of the following statements is NOT a famous concept of Transcendentalism?

[A]Nature is ennobling

[B] The individual is divine and self-reliant.

[C] Man is capable of knowing truth by intuition

[D] Man is corrupted in nature.

2. Which of the following works began to make Irving internationally known?

[A] The Sketch Book

[B] A History of New York to the End of the Dutch Dynasty

[C] Bracebridge Hall

[D] Tales of Traveler

3. Which of the following is NOT true concerning Irving?

[A] He is the father of the American short stories.

[B] He is the American Goldsmith.

[C] He is the first American writer

[D] He is the first writer to declare the independence of American literature.

4. The Scarlet Letter by Hawthorne is mainly concerned with ___________.:

[A] the corruption of the society

[B] the consequence of sin and guilt

[C] the wrong doing of one generation that lives in,, successive ones

[D] "overreaching intellect"

5. Rip Van Winkle has taken from ________.

[A] Spanish stories [B] A German Legend

[C] English tales [D] Italian folktales

6. "But it would have been worth any statesman's money to have heard the profound discussions that sometimes took place, when by chance an old newspaper fell into their hands, from some passing traveler. " What is the rhetorical device used in this sentence?

[A] Hyperbole. [B] Metaphor. [C] Irony. [D] Paradox.

7. Which of the following statements about Emerson is NOT true?

[A] He was generally known as an essayist.

[B] He was the chief spokesman of Transcendentalism.

[C] He practiced the theory by living a simple life.

[D] For him, nature is symbolic.

8. For Emerson, nature could symbolize the following except ________.

[A] God [B] Spirit [C] Oversoul [D] the whole universe

9. What is Hawthorne's attitude toward Puritanism?

[Al Negative. [B] Affirmative. [C] Indifferent. [D] Mixed.

10. One typical feature of Irving's writing is _________.

[A] always preaching [B] his best classic style

[C] short and difficult to [D] symbolic

11. " I celebrate myself, and sing myself,

And what I assume you shall assume,

For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you. "

Who could have written these lines?

[A] Edgar Allen Poe. [B] Walt Whitman.

[C] Ralph Waldo Emerson. [D] Henry David Thoreau.

12. Which of the following is NOT true with Transcendentalism?

[A] It inherited much from American Puritanism and European realism.

[B] It focused on the intuitive knowledge.

[C] Nature is its unofficial manifesto.

[D] It is related in some way with the German idealism.

13. What kind of narrative point of view is adopted in Moby Dick?

[A] The first person.

[B] The second person.

[C] The third person limited.

[D] The third person omniscient.

14. Which of the following has influenced Melville's: EXCEPT ________.

[A] Shakespearean tragic vision [B] Emersonian Transcendentalism [C] Hawthorne's black vision of life [D] Irving's writing

15. Which of the following writers is NOT optimistic about human nature?

[A] Ralph Waldo Emerson. [B] Nathaniel Hawthorne

[C] Walt Whitman. [D] Henry David Thoreau

16. Which of the following cannot poetry?

[A] Elegant and gentle.[B] Simple and open.

[C] Unconventional. [D] Colloquial.

17. When Emerson states in the introduction to his Nature:

"Our age is retrospective. " Which of the following is closest to its understanding?

[A] We are conservative.

[B] We see this world through our ancestors' eyes.

[C] We usually look back upon the good old days.

[D] We write a lot of books about the past.

18. Which of the following novels does not represent the theme return to nature?

[A] Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.

[B] Thoreau's Walden .

[C] Cooper's Leather-Stocking Tales.

[D] Melville's Moby Dick .

19. Which of the following is NOT a typical feature of the American Romantic writings?

[A] Expression of the artist's imaginations, emotions, impressions, or beliefs.

[B] Emphasis on rules of order, reason, logic, restrained emotion, good taste and decorum.

[C] Love for the remote, supernatural, mysterious, exotic and illogical quality of things.

[D] To see nature as a source of mental cleanness and spiritual understanding.

20. The statement that a man's journey to the dark forest and his encounter with the devil are symbolic of man's life journey from innocence to knowledge, from good to evil may well sum up one of the major themes of ________.

[A] Irving's "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow"

[B] Edgar Allen Poe's "The Fall of the House of Usher"

[C] Hawthorne's "Y oung Goodman Brown"

[D] O. Henry's "The Cop and the Anthem"

21. Here is a short passage from a story: "He recognized on the sign, however, the ruby face of King George, under which he had smoked so many a peaceful pipe, …and underneath was painted in large characters, GENERAL WASHINGTON. " The story must be ________.

[A] Cooper's "Leather-stocking Tales"

[B] Hawthorne's "Young Goodman Brown"

[C] Irving's "Rip Van Winkle"

[D] Hemingway's "Indian Camp"

22. "The universe is composed of Nature and the soul . . present everywhere. " This is the voice of the book _______ which pushed American Romanticism into a new phase of New England Transcendentalism.

[A] Walden by Thoreau [B] The Scarlet Lette r by Hawthorne

[C] Moby Dick by Melville [D] Nature by Emerson

23. In Whitman's giant work, Leaves of Grass, and, above all, ________.are all that concerned him.

[A] individualism [B] divine love

[C] sympathy [D] the power of blackness

24. Which of the following is NOT a typical feature of Hawthorn "Y oung Goodman Brown"?

[A] Allegory. [B] Ambiguity.

[C] Interior monologue. [D] Symbolism.

25. In Irving's "Rip Van Winkle" all the drastic changes lapsed 20 years displeased Rip EXCEPT that ________.

[A] he has got his neck out of the yoke of matrimony

[B] the country has finally got its independence from the yoke of the British colonial rule

[C] there comes now the scramble for powers between parties.

[D] past glories and a tranquil life of the small village are gone.

B. 阅读理解题(Reading comprehension)

1. "In like manner, nature is already, in its forms and describing its own design. Let us interrogate apparition, that shines so peacefully around us. Let to what end is nature?"

Questions :

A. Identify the work and the author.

B. What is "the great apparition"?

C. What is the writing style?

2.... Had Goodman Brown fallen asleep in the forest, and only dreamed a wild dream of witch-meeting?

Be it so, if you will. But, alas! It was a dream of evil omen for young Goodman Brown. A stern, a sad, a darkly meditative, a distrustful, if not a desperate man, did he become; from the night of that fearful dream. "


A. Identity the work and the author.

B. What is the general idea of this passage?

C. Did the author tell for sure whether it was only a dream or not?

3. "I loafe and invite my soul,

I learn and loafe at my ease observing a spear of summer grass. "


A. Identify the poem and the poet.

B. What is the meaning of the phrase "a spear of summer grass" ?

C. What is the implied meaning of the two lines?

4. "Now small fowls flew screaming over the yet yawning gulf; a sullen white surf beat against its steep sides; then all collapsed, and the great shroud of the sea rolled on as it rolled 5, 000 years ago.


A. Identify the work and the author.

B. What is the basic tone of this passage?

C. What is the meaning of the underlined part?

5. "God knows, ... I'm not myself-I'm somebody else-. . . I'm changed, and I can't tell what's my name, or who I am.


A. Identify the work and the author.

B. The speaker says he is changed. Do you think changed, or the social environment changed?

C. What idea does the quoted sentence express?

6. "Standing on the bare ground, -my head bathed by the blith air and uplifted into infinite space, -all mean egotism vanish I become a transparent eyeball. I am nothing. I see all. The currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am pa or particle of God. "


A. Identify the work and the author.

B. What does the word "blithe" mean here?

C. What idea does the quoted passage express?

B. Reading comprehension

1. A. Ralph Waldo Emerson: Nature.

B. The great apparition here refers to nature, which is silent and contains truth.

C. The sentences are short and compact but rich in meaning. The last two imperative sentences render the passage a speech-like tone.

2. A. Nathaniel Hawthorne: Y oung Goodman Brown.

B. Maybe the terrible experience was only a dream that Goodman Brown made when he slept in the forest. It is all right if you think that way. But after that Brown became sad and distrustful man.

C. The author did not allow himself to decide whether the events of that night happened in a dream or in reality. The ambiguity is central to understand the theme of the story. This kind of writing is typical of Hawthorne, who tends to put everything ambiguous in his work and leave readers in doubts.

3. A. Walt Whitman: Song of Myself.

B. A spear of summer grass just means a leaf of grass, because grass leaf looks like a spear. The author emphasizes summer grass, because grass grows well in summer. So it stands for life and power. It is also the symbol of the poet's feeling of experience while wandering.

C. The two lines show the relationship between the soul and body, which is passively invited to meet and finally gets unified with the former.

4. A. Herman Melville: Moby-Dick.

B. The basic tone is sad and mournful. The screaming birds, the sullen surf and the shroud of sea all constitute a gloomy and depressed picture.

C. The sea was like a great shroud because many people had died in it. However the sea remained unmoved, rolling indifferently as ever. Melville suggests here that the silent immensity of the sea, unchanged by five thousand years, bespeaks the impossibility of man's attempt to force his will upon the universe and attain the ungraspable phantom of life.

5. A. Washington Irving: "Rip V an Winkle".

B. The social environment is changed.

C. When Rip is back home after a period of 20 years, he finds that everything has been changed.

All those old values are gone, and he can hardly feel at home in a changed society. One of the functions that Rip serves in the story is to provide a measuring stick for change. It is through him that Irving drives home the theme that a desire for change, improvement, and progress could subvert a stable society.

6. A. Ralph Waldo Emerson: Nature.

B. Cheerful and having no worries.

C. It is a classic piece in American Transcendental writings. For it first of all contains the most effective pun on "I" (eye) used to demonstrate fully the spirituality of human beings.

C. 回答题(Questions and answers)

1. Nature is a philosophic work, in which Emerson gives an explicit discussion on his idea of the Oversoul. What is your understanding of Emersonian " Oversoul " and its relationship with "a transparent eyeball"?

2. One of the most distinctive features of Hawthorne's writing is his art of ambiguity. Exemplify it with his story, "Y oung Goodman Brown".

3. Like Hawthorne, Melville is fond of symbolism in his writings. The white whale, Moby-Dick, is the most important symbol in the novel. What symbolic meaning does Moby Dick stand for?

4. Whitman is one of the most important figures in American poetic history. He has carried on a sort of experiment on the form of poetry by choosing free verse as his medium of expression. What are the characteristics of Whitman's free verse?

5. Literary critics have seen Rip V an Winkle as a symbol of several aspects of America. What are the aspects that the story and its hero symbolize?

D. 论述题(Topic discussion)

1 . Melville's Moby Dick is more than a great whale story that reflects the American whale industry in 19th century; it is capable of multiple interpretations. Discuss the themes you can find in the fiction.

2. In his whole life, Hawthorne is preoccupied with sin and evil in man; and in almost every novel he wrote, Hawthorne discussed sin and evil. Then what makes Hawthorne obsessed with all this sin and evil?

Exercises for Chapter One of American Literature(第二章)

A.多项选择(Multiple choice questions)

1: Who is generally considered to be the one “w ith but a deformed conscience" in Mark Twain's works ?

[A] Tom Sawyer.[B] Huckleberry Finn.

[C] Hank Morgan. [D] Widow Douglas

2. Which of the follow ing is Twain's language?

[A] V ernacular.[B] Colloquial.

[C] Elegant. [D] Humorous.

3. Which of the follow ing writers is famous for his "international theme"?

[A] Henry James. [B] William James.

[C] Mark Twain. [D] Theodore Dreise

4. Winterbourne is used as a narrator of the events in Henry James __________.

[A ] Daisy Miller[B] The American

[C] The Turn of the Screw[D] The Wing of the Dove

5.Which of the following statements about Emily Dickinson is true?

[A] Since she scarcely goes out of her house, she pays little attention to the outside


[B] She prefers to explore the inner life of herself rather that the social one.

[C] She is strongly influenced by Calvinism and has a firm: belief in after-life.

[D] She is not interested in love because she herself never gets married.

6. Which of the follow ing does NOT belong to Theodore Dreiser's Trilogy of Desire? "

[A] The Financier'.[B] The American

[C] The Titan. [D] The Stoic.

7. Which' of the follow ing is a correct match between the writer? and his work? , .

[A] Mark Twain: The Financier[B] Theodore Dreiser: Daisy Miller

[C] Henry James; The Turn of the Screw

[D] Emily Dickinson: The Wing of the Dove

8. " Her Message is committed/To hands I can not see---" The above two lines are taken from


[A] Whitman's: "Song of Myself"

[B] Dickinson's "This is my letter to the World"

[C] Pound's: "A Pact"

[D] Frost's: "The Road Not Taken"

9. Theodore Dreiser gives his novel the title of "An American Tragedy" mostly


[A] he tries to give an ironical meaning to the story.

[B] he attempts-,to reproduce an authentic trial fictionally

[C] it is the typical thing that can happen to an American in the pursuit of riches

[D] he is surprised that such tragedy should happen in America.

10.Isabel, the heroine in The Portrait of a Lady, returns to her unhappy home in Rome at the end of the novel because__________.

[A] she is still naive and immature

[B] she wants to be responsible to her husband

[C] she- wants to be responsible to her own choice

[D] she has nowhere else to go

11.. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

[A] Mark Twain became doubtful about the' idea of develop?ment and skeptical of the goodness of human nature in his later years.

[B] Henry James; who never: criticizes his fellowmen, is the spokesman for the wealthy and leisured c lass in America.

[C] From Emily Dickinson's poetry, one can hardly find any traces of political movement in the society of her time.

[D] To Theodore Dreiser, communism is a likely means improving the social organization

of man. , :

12. During the period after the Civil War, the American soc iety entered in what Mark Twain, referred to as __________.

[A] the Golden Age [B] the Puritan Age

[C] the Gilded Age [D] the Modern Age

13. Local colorism is a unique variation, of American literary realism, the representatives of which does NOT inc lude __________.

[A] Sarah Orne Jewett [B] Bret Harte

[C] Hamlin Garland [D] Stephen Crane ,

14. "I was letting on to give up sin, but away. inside of me; I was holding on to the biggest one

of all. " The sentence, which taken from The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, is written: in a(n) __________ tone.

[A] ironic, [B] regretful

[C] sincere [D] delightful

15. Henry James' idea of realism differs from that of the realist writers because his emphasis

is on man's__________.

[A] language [B] inner world

[C] surroundings[D] real actions

16. As a naturalist writer, Theodore Dreiser was greatly influenced by __________.

[A] Mark Twain [B] Charles Darwin

[C] Henry James[DI Ralph Wa1do Emerson

17. However, innocence, the keynote of Daisy Miller's character, turns out to be an admiring

but a dangerous quality and her __________ of social taboos in the Old World finally brings her to a disaster in the clash between two different cultures.

[A] admiration [B] sympathy,

[C] disgusting [D] defiance

18. Which of the following statements about Em ily Dickinson's verse is true?

[A] It exposes the evils of the society.

[B] It paves the way for the follow ing generation of free verse poets;.

[C] It shares the same poetic conventions with Walt Whitman.

[D] It exhibits a sensitiveness to the symbolic implic ations of her experience of

love, death, and immortality.

19. Compared w ith the writings of Mark Twain's, Henry James's fiction is noted for their


[A] frontier vernacular[B] rich colloquialism

[C] refined elegant language [D] vulgarly descriptive words

20. By the end of Sister Carrie, Dreiser writes; "It was forever to be the pursuit of that

radiance of delight which tints the distant hilltops of the world. " Dreiser implies that__________.

[A] there is a bright future lying ahead

[B] one can never fulfill one's desire

[C] one should 'always :have forward looking

[D] happiness is found in the end

21. Emily Dickinson wrote many short' poems .an various' aspects of life. Which of the

following is NOT a usual subject of her poetic expression? .

[A] Religion and immortality [B] Life and death.

[C] War and peace. [D] Nature and society

22. In Daisy Miller, James chose the Castle of Chillon as the setting of the story clearly

because of its status-as a shrine to ___________, consecrated by Byron in his assoc iation

with Daisy whose American habits of free social intercourse runs up the elaborately regulated code of manners in Europe.

[A] integrity [B] freedom

[C] constancy . [D] autocracy

23. The sentence "only the fittest can survive in a completive amoral society" may be

regarded as an appropriate summary of _________.

[A] Jack London's Martin Eden [B] `Hemingway's For Whom. the bell Tolls

[C] Drsiser's Sister Carrie[D] Melville’s Moby Dick

24. Here is a passage from, a novel: "The man gave him a last push and closed the door. As he

did so, Hurstwood slipped and fell in the snow: It hurt him, and some vague sense of shame returned. He began to cry and swear -foolishly. " The novel must be_________.

[A] Dreiser's Sister Carrie

[B] Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath

[C] London's Martin Eden

[D] Twain’s The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

25. Here are a few lines from a poem: " With Blue-uncertain stumbling Buzz─/Between

the light ─and me─/And the Windows failed─and then/I could not see .to see─." The poem must be _______.

[A] Emily Dickenson's “I Heard a Fly buzz-when I died─"

[B] Edgar Allen Poe's "Annabel Lee"

[C] Walt Whitman's "Song of Myself" .

[D] Robert Frost's. "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening"

B.阅读理解题(Reading comprehension)

1. “I studied a minute, sort of holding my breath, and then says to myself: `All right, then;: I'll

go, to hell' -,─and tore it up."


A. Identify the novel and the writer.

B. Why do "I" dec ide to go to hell?

C. How do you understand this decision of going to hell?

2. "Tell All the Truth, but Tell it Slant. "


A. Identify the poet.

B. What special feature can you draw from the form-of this line?

C. What idea does this statement convey?

3. "And neigh like boanerges─

Then─prompter than a Star

Stop─doc ile and omnipotent

At its own stable door, ─(Emily Dickinson: “I like to see it lag the:Miles”)


A. What is being described *in, this, poem?

B. What rhetoric devices are used in this stanza?

C. What is the poet's attitude toward this object being described?

4. "In your rocking-chair, by your window dreaming, shall you long, alone. In your

rocking-chair, by your, window, shall y dream such hap piness as you may never feel.”

(Theodore Dreiser: Sister Carrie)


A. Who does "you" in the quotation refer to?

B. What mood; do you think, was the narrator in, judging from this quotation?

C. What idea can you draw from the "rocking-chair"?

5 . "'Terrible-! ' said, that little lady, joining her, “ I hope it snows enough to go sleigh riding.

“ “ Oh, dear,”said Carrie, w ith whom the sufferings of Father Goriot were still keen.

“That's all you think of. Aren't you sorry for the people who haven’t anything tonight?"”(Theodore Dreiser: Sister Carrie )



A. What does snow mean to the little lady?

B. What kind of mood, do you think, was Carrie in, judo from the above dialogue?

C. What idea does the quoted passage express?

B. Reading comprehension

1. A. Mark Twain: Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.

B. Because he knows that to help a slave get away from his owner is against the law, and if

he does something against the law he w ill be damned in hell. But he has made up his mind to help Jim fight for freedom, so he dec ides to go to hell.

C. In order to help Jim, Huck even gets ready to go to hell--the most terrible scene he can

imagine. It shows that he is not going down on the moral scale, but just on the contrary, he is moving upward.

2. A. Emily Dickinson.

B. The poet uses capital letters in the middle and at the end of the line, which is against the

usual rule. By this way, she emphasizes what she thinks important.

C. It might be the poet's dec laration on poetry writing. She thinks that truth should be

revealed gradually so that people might understand it step by step. Otherwise, a direct explanation of truth might make people puzzled and doubtful, just as the sudden lightning might make one blind. Her poems are sometimes difficult to understand, which might be attributed to her telling the truth slant.

3. A. Train.

B. Simile, metaphor, personification, and onomatopoeia. (Any two of them. )

C. She is delighted to see the train and is very proud of this human invention.

4. A. Carrie Meeber.

B. He is in a sad and melancholy mood because he sees that Carrie is always alone and

lonely in her longing and she w ill always dream of the happiness which she can never feel.

C. The "rocking-chair" is a symbol standing for fate. It is like a cradle that makes one feel

peaceful. It is also like a tide that ever goes on with life, the destiny of which is uncertain.

At the end of the novel, Carrie sits in the rocking-chair, which implies that her future is still uncertain and hard to foresee.

5. A. It means a lot of fun and enjoyment.

B. She was in a kind of gloomy and sad mood.

C. It presents a sharp contrast of the feelings between the two ladies towards snow. While

the little lady only thought about her own amusement, Carrie expressed her great concern towards the suffering poor. So the dialogue reveals that Carrie has not lost her sympathy for the poor completely.

C. 回答题(Questions and answers)

1. "Poor Winterbourne was amused, perplexed-above all he' a charmed. He has never yet

heard a young girl express herself just this fashion; ... Certainly she was very charming, but how extraordinarily communicative and how tremendously easy

(Daisy Miller by Henry James)

Question: What kind of narrative point of view is employed 114 What does this quotation reveal of the character of the young (Daisy Miller)?

2. "Since then─ 'tis Centuries─:.and yet Feels shorter than the Day

I first surmised the Horse s 's Heads Were toward Eternity─"

("Because I could not stop for Death-" by Emily Dickinson.

Question: What kind of meaning, can you get from the first two lines in the above q uotation?

What is Dickinson's understanding of death?

3. Mark Twain and Henry James are both; considered to be great realistic writers. What are the

differences ,between ;them in the aspects of theme and language?

4; What literary group does Theodore Dreiser belong t?? What are the characteristics of this group? Name two more American representatives that belong to this group.

5. "The only thing I don't like, she proceeded, is, the. society. "

(Daisy Miller by Henry James)

Question: What kind of soc iety does Daisy not like? Why?

D论述题(T opic discussions)

1. Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn:. can be interpreted in many, ways and, has-

won its :lasting, place in the American canon. Discuss the image ?f Huck Finn,and the social significance bf this character.

2. Henry James is regarded as an -international messenger who bridges the New-America w ith

the Old Europe: His characters are inevitably encountered with cultural conflicts. Take -Daisy Miller as an example to analyze the two characters; Daisy Miller and Winterbourne and the cultural conflicts they undergo.

综合美国文学第三章综合练习(Exe rcise s)

A. 多项选择(Multi ple choice que stions)

1. “The w oods are lov e ly, dark a nd dee p, But I have prom is es to keep,

And m iles to go befor e I slee p, And m iles to go bef ore I sle ep. ”

The abov e four lin es are tak en from_______.

[A] Frost's "Stopp ing b y Woods on a Snow y Ev en ing"

[B] D ic k inson's "I h eard a F ly bu zz-w hen I d ied-"

[C] Frost's "After App le-P ic k in g"

[D] Dic k inson's “Bec ause I c ould not stop for De ath”

2. In w riting th e poem “Th e Riv er-Merc hant's Wif e: A Lett er”

Pound took its mater ia l from the anc ie nt _______ poetry:

[A] Frenc h[B] Ita lian

[C] Ch ines e[D] Japanese

3. In "Aft er App le-Pic k in g", Robert Frost w rote: "For I have too muc h/Of

app le-p ic k in g: I am overt ir ed/Of th e grea t harvest I myse lf d esir ed. " From these lines w e c an c onc lude that th e speak er is ________.

[A] happy about th e harvest

[B] w earing out th e freshness of app le-p ic k ing

[C] still d esir ed of app le-p ic k ing w hen see in g the harv est

[D] ind iffer ent of w hat onc e desir ed

4. In The Emperor Jones an d The Ha iry Ape, O'Ne ill ado pted ______ to p ortray

the he lp less situat ion of human b e ings in a host ile un iverse.

[A] ex pressio n ist tec hn iques[B] surrea list ic appro ac h

[C] romant ic approac h[D] dramat ic mono logu es

5. In " peta ls on a w et, blac k bough", the f igure of spe ec h used here is______.

[A] met aphor[B] hy perbo le

[C] pun[D] sim ile

6. "My litt le horse must th ink it qu eer/To stop w itho ut a farm house n ear."

The abov e tw o lines are t aken from Frost’s "Stopp ing by Woo ds on a Snow y Eve n ing", a be aut ifu lly struc tured po em w hic h fo llow s______.

[A] iam b ic tetramet er[B] ia mb ic pentam eter

[C] troc haic tetram eter[D] troc haic penta met er

7. Here ar e four lin es from a short poem: "I f ee l th e la dder sw ay as the boughs

bend. /And I keep he ar ing from t he c ellar b in/Th e rumb ling sound/Of lo ad on lo ad of app les c oming in. " The poem must be______.

[A] Frost's "After App le-P ic k ing"

[B] D ic ke nson's "Bec ause I c ould not stop for De ath"

[C] Eliot's "Th e Lov e Song of J. Alfre d Prufroc k"

[D] Whitm an's "Ther e Was a Ch ild Went Forth"

8. Eugine O'Ne ill's p lay, The Ha iry Ape, is often sa id to be c onc erned

w ith______.

[A] the w retc hed s ituat ion of w orking p eop le

[B] th e prob lem of mod ern man's ident ity

[C] the c onflic t betw ee n illusion and re a lity

[D] the in ev it ab ility of ma n's fina l sa lv at ion

9. Whic h of the fo llow ing statem ents is NOT a typ ic a l fe ature of Frost's poetry?

[A] It is usua lly present ed in the dra mat ic mono lo gue.

[B] It is ric h in imag es, metaphors and symbo ls.

[C] Nature is one of the most impor t ant th emat ic c onc erns in h is poetry.

[D] Most of his poems are w ritten in th e form of free verse.

10.Wh ic h of th e fo llow ing p lays is reg arded as a se m i-auto b iogra ph ic p lay by

O'Ne ill?

[A] Beyon d the Hor izon. [B] h e Emp eror Jones.

[C] Long D ay's Journey Into N ight. [D] The Ic eman Cometh.

11.N ic k Carraw ay is both a c harac ter an d a narrat or in th e nov e l: ent it led

[A] Th is Sid e of Parad ise[B] The Sun Also Rises

[C] Tender is the N ight[D] The Great Gatsby

12,Who is th e person that used th e term "Th e Lost Gen erat ion" fc - the f irst t ime.

to refer to w riters like Hem ingw ay?

[A] Gertr ude Ste in[B] T. S. Eliot

[C] Sherw ood Anderson[D] Ezra Pou nd

13. “Grac e under pressure” is a ma jor featur e of______'s nove ls.

[A] William Fa u lkner

[B] Henry James

[C]Theodor e Dre iser

[D] Ernest Hem ingw ay

14.Hem ingw ay w on h is Nobe l Pr iz e for the book ent it led______.

[A] The Su n Also Rise s

[B] Th e Old Man and th e Sea

[C] A Fare-v eil to arm s

[D] For Whom th e Bell Tolls

16. William F au lkn er w as w orldly famo us not on ly for his inge nuous mastery of

the streams of c onsc iousness tec hn iqu e, but a lso for im ag in at ive c reat ion of a myth ic kin gdom c a lled______.

[A] The Miss issip p i Riv er

[B] Yokna pat aw pha Cou nty

[C] Oxford Coun ty

[D] The Tow n of Jeffeson

17. Whic h of the fo llow in g w orks by Faulkn er in vo lves Shak espe arean a llus ion in

its t it le?

[A] The Sound a nd the Fury. [B] Light in August.

[C] Absa lom , Absa lom [D] Go Dow n, Moses.

18. "A w eek later the m ayor w rote her h imse lf, offerin g to c all or to send h is c ar

for her, and rec eived in reply a note on paper of an arc haic shape, in a thin, flow ing

c alligr aphy in fade

d ink, to th

e effec t that she no long er w ent out at all. The tax

not ic e

w as also enc los ed, w ithout c omme nt. " The abov e tw o sentenc es must be taken from______.

[A] Irv ing's story "The Legend of Sleepy Ho llow"

[B] Fa u lkn er's story "A Rose f or Emily"

[C] Hem ingw ay's story "Indian Camp"

[D] James's story "Daisy Miller"

19. The statement that a poor youn g man from the West tryin g make h is fortune in

the East but d is illus ion ed in th e qu est of idea lize d drea m may w e ll sum up the them e of______..

[A] The H airy Ape[B] Fo r Who m the Bell Tolls

[C] The G reat G atsby[D] Go Down , Mose s

20. "In a Station of the Metro"is a typ ic a l im ag ist po em that fu lly d isp lays

Pound's defin it ion of ima ge, w hic h is______..

[A]to present an int e llec tua l and emo t iona l instant of t ime

[B] to rev ea l a poet's inst anta neous ex per ie nc e of life

[C] to brin g out a natur a l outburst of the po et's emot ions 689

[D] to rete ll a poet's past mome nt of exper ienc e

21. That profound ide as are delivere d under the disgu is e of the pla in lan guag e and

the simp le form may be a very a ppropr iate statem ent to desc ribe ______'s


[A] T.S. Elio t[B] Ezra Po und

[C] Robert Frost[DI Em ily D ic kenson

22. "Later w hen he start ed to opera te Unc le Ge orge and thr ee Ind ia n men he ld the

w oman still. She b it Unc le Ge orge on th e arm and Unc le Georg e sa id, 'Damn squaw bitc h! ' an d the youn g Ind ia n w ho had row ed Unc le George over laugh ed at h im.” The ab ove tw o sentenc es must be tak en from______.

[A] Irv ing's story "The Legend of Sleepy Ho llow"

[B] Fa u lkn er's story "A Rose f or Emily"

[C] James's story "Daisy Mille r"

[D] He m ingw ay's story "Indian Camp"

23. Whic h of the fo llow ing state ments is NOT a typ ic a l feature im ag ism?

[A] To use the lang uag e of c ommon speec h, but to emp loy a lw ays the exac t w ord.

[B] To c reate new rhythms, as the express ions of a new mood

[C] To rec ommend hero ic c ouple t as a preferab le verse form.

[D] To allow abso lute fre edom in the c ho ic e of sub jec t.

24. When w e say tha t a boy's n ight jo urney to an Ind ian v illage w itness the

vio lenc e of both birth and de ath prov ides a ll i poss ib ilit ies of a learn ing exper ienc e, w e are probab ly d isc ussi about______'s themat ic c onc ern i n h is fic t ion w rit in g.

[A] William Fa u lkner[B] Ernest Hem ingw ay

[C] Mark Tw ain[D] He nry James

25. Emily Grierson, the protagon ist in Fau lk ner's story "A Rose 2~ Em ily", c an be

regarde d as a sym bo l stand ing for a ll the fo llow ing qu a lit ies EX CEPT______.

[A] o ld v a lues[B] r ig id id eas of soc ia l status

[C] big otry and ec c entr ic ity[D] harmony and in tegr ity

B. 阅读理解题(Re ading compre he nsion)

1. "The app ar it ion of these fac es in the c row d Petals on a w et, blac k bou gh. "

Quest ions:

A. Iden t ify the po em and th e poet.

B. Wh at k ind of mood d oes the ima ge in the sec ond lin e c onvey?

C. Why is "app ar it ion " a be tter w ord c hoic e than, say, 11 a ppe aranc e" or "s igh t

2. " For I have had to o muc h

Of app le-p ic k ing: I am ov ert ired

Of the great h arvest I myse lf des ired. "

Que stions:

A. Iden t ify the po em and th e poet.

B. Who is the spea ker?

C. What ide a do the qu oted lin es express?

3. "Wh en Miss Em ily Gr ierson d ied, our w ho le tow n w ent to her funer a l: the m en

through a sort of respec tfu l affec tion for a fa lle n monum ent, the w omen mostly out of c uriosit y to see the inside of her house, w hic h no one save an old man-serv ant-a c omb ine d garden er and c ook-had seen in at least ten years.


Que stions:

A. Iden t ify the w ork and the a uthor.

B. Wh y is Miss Em ily c alled "the fa l len mon ument"?

C. Un der w hat k ind of h istor ic a l bac kgroun d does th is stor y take p lac e?

4. " Is dying hard, Da ddy?'

`No, I th ink it's pretty e asy, Nic k. It all, d epen ds.

'They w ere seated in th e boat, N ic k in th e stern, his fath er row ing. The sun w as c oming up over t he h ills. A b ass jump ed, mak ing a c irc le in the w ater.

Nic k tra ile d his han d in the w ater. It felt w arm in the sharp c hill of the morning.

In the e ar ly mor n ing o n the lak e s itt ing in th e stern of t he b oat w ith h is father row ing, he fe lt qu ite s ure th at he w ou ld nev er d ie. "

Que stions:

A. Iden t ify the w ork and the a uthor.

B. Wh at does "it a ll de pends" me an here?

C.. Why does N ic k fee l "h e w ould nev er d ie"? And do y ou th ink h e has

ac c omplished h is in it iat ion or not, p le ase g iv e your reasons.

5. "But me- I a in't got no past to t ink in,nor nothin ` dat c omin' ! on’y w hat's

now─and dat don't b e long. "

Que stions:

A. Iden t ify the w ork and the a uthor.

B. Wh at tone, do yo u th ink, does the spe aker use h ere?

C. What ide a does the qu oted p assage expr ess?

6. "Every Fr iday f ive c rates of orang es and lemo ns arr ived from fru iter er in N ew

York-e very Mond ay th ese same or anges lemons left h is b ac k door in a pyram id of pu lp less ha lves. The w as a mac h ine in th e k itc he n w hic h c ou ld extrac t the ju ic e of hundre d

oranges in h a lf an hour if a litt le b utton w as pressed tw o hun dred t im es by a but ler's thumb. "

Que stions:

A. Iden t ify the w ork and the a uthor.

B. Wh at doe th e w ord "pyram id" mea n here?

C. What p ic ture does the q uoted p assage prese nt?

Ans we rs:

1. A. Ezra Poun d: “In a Stat ion of th e Me tro”

B. “Peta ls on a w et, blac k bough”viv id ly brings out the sudden feeling of

freshness and happ in ess. The mood is joyous and e xh ilarat ing.

C. "Ap par it io n" very prec ise ly c overs the me an ing of sudd en,

unexp ec ted app ear anc e. Thus, it is a bett er c hoic e to d esc ribe th e po et's moment ary fee lin g at the s ight of the sc ene.

2. A. Ro bert Frost: "Aft er App le-P ic king".

B. An o ld farmer w ho has ljeen p ic k ing a pp les a ll h is life.

C. The speaker beg ins to c ast a doubt on his life. He h as been

pic k ing app les-year in a nd ye ar out. To h im, a gr eat h arvest sho u ld me an a lot.

But tow ards the end of his life, he c omes to see the boredom of doing his job.

3. A. William Fau lkner: "A Rose for Em ily".

B. Emily is fallen lit era lly bec ause she has show n herself susc eptib le to death

(and dec ay) after all. An d sec ondly in the eyes of the c ommunity she is fallen, or w e c an say morally degr ade d, for her lov e affa irs w ith a North erner, a

day laborer Hom er Barren, bec ause she be trays the c ommon southern mora ls in r id ing out w ith h im pu b lic ly. At last Em ily is fa llen for she o nc e inten ded to marry a man infer ior t o her and w ou ld lose h er nob le soc ia l status. Em ily is a "monum ent" of South ern gent ility. She is, in a spec ia l w ay,an id ea l of past va lues of the tow n; thus, she is regarded as the tow n's c ommon property.

She is a liv ing-de ad to h er c ompatr iots, yet sh e impresses th em xv ith the memory of her past status and g lor y.

C. (a) The Civ il War and its inf lu enc e on the North and the So uth.

(b) The w omen's inferior status in th e soc iety.

(c) The abo lishment of s lav ery.

4. A. Ern est Hem in gw ay: "Ind ian Camp".

B. D ifferent pe.op le ho ld d iffere nt v iew s tow ards death, an d life is both

fragile and toug h, it a ll dep ends on differe nt ind iv id ua ls and d ifferent situa t ion.

C. Nic k feels that he w ill nev er die part ly bec ause h is father is a

doc tor; if so, then he still rema ins in the stage of inf anc y, and not yet mature.

How ever the w ho le sett ing of t h is end in g par agraph is fu li of h ints of an ever last in g c yc le of life a nd d eath. For exam p le, th e ear ly morn in g is both the end of the n ight and th e starting po int of the day; an d the ac tio n of row ing is a lso a k ind of c yc le a nd rep et it io n; mor eover t here's a lso the parado x of the w arm lak e w ater in a c old morn ing and th e c irc le mad e by the bass, etc.

Then if Nic k reallv rea liz es that he w ill ne ver d ie on the ac c ount that life and death ar e ind isp ensab le, w e c an say tha t he has gone through his in it iat io n.


A. Euge ne O-N e ill: The Ha iry Ap e .

B. Glo omy and d espa ir ing.

C. Yank is a man of no past glory, no future prospec t. And to make the situat ion

w orse, he has no present. His m isera b le s itu at ion is th erefore t he w orsr: in human h istory. Yan k"-s itu at ion is in fac t that of moc ic rn men in a large sense.

A. Franc is Sc ott Fit zgera ld: The Great G atsby.

B. A p ile of ob jec ts thar have b een pu t into the shap e of a pyram id.

C. A p ic ture of w astefu lness and ex trava ganc y.

C. 回答题(Questions and answe rs)

1. As on e of the lea ders of Imag ism, Poun d set forth thre e ma in pr inc ip les of

im ag ist ic poems. What are th ey?

2. "It w as you that broke the n ew w ood,

Now is a tim e for c arvin g.

We hav e one sap an d one root?

Let th ere be c ommerc e betw ee n us. "

The above quot at ion is taken from Pound's poem "A Pac t". What does the under lin ed part me an?

3. Eugene O'Ne ill, the on ly Amer ic an dram at ist ever to w in a Nobel Prize, is

regarde d as Am er ic a's greatest playw right. Name thre e of his ma jor p l ays.

Try to summarize br ief ly the spec ia l fe atures of 0'Ne ill's dram at ic w ork.

What is the the me of The Ha irv Ape, one of h is most suc c essful p lays?

4. What is t he symb o lic a l me an in g of th e "rose" in Fau lkner's "A Rose for Em ily"?

5. Great Gatsby is a high ly symbo lic nove l, in w hic h a lmost ev ery th ing has a

symbolic mea n ing. Try to list at least thre e th ings, w hic h may possess a symbolic me an ing. Then try to g iv e the

6. In " Ind ian Camp ", Hem in gw ay mak es a suc c essful use c : situ at ion a l irony.

Ple ase illustrat e th is w ith some ex amp les.

D. 论述题(Topi c dis cussions)

1. Robert Frost has long be en w ell kn ow n as be c lassif ied w it h the o ld or the new.

poetry, the th emat ic c onc erns, the form, speakers and so on.

2. Aut omob ile driv ing is an import ant symbo l in The Gre at Gatsby , try to analy ze

how the author arran ges it w ith ex amp les from the te xt.

3. The imp lic at ion of A Rose for Emily is many-fo ld. One rea d ing of the story