英语修辞整理及例子

1.Alliteration 头韵heart,home

2.Assonance 元韵late,make

3.Consonance 辅韵sing,rang

4.Onomatopoeia 拟声The stream murmurs through the woods.

5.Aposiopesis 跳脱“You’d better do this or else…”

6.Apostrophe 呼语Captain!my captain!rise up and hear the bells:

7.Pun 双关ball:(1)any round or spherical object (2)a formal social dance

8.Repetition 重复The rain pours and pours.

9.Anaphora 首语重复法Light come,light go.

10.Epiphora 句末重复法Waste not,want not.

11.Simploce首结语重复法This is the world’s fight,This is civilization’s fight.

12.anadiplosis 顶针With Bewick on my knee,I was then happy:happy at least in my way.

13.Parallelism 平行结构The young actor was tall,dark,and handsome.

14.Antithesis 对偶Marriage is easy,housekeepin g is hard.

15.Climax 层进法We want peace,we want freedom,we want a better life.

16.Anticlimax 突降法Where shall I find hope,happiness,friends,cigarettes?

17.Syllepsis 一语双叙He lost his coat and his temper.

18.Zeugma 轭式修辞法We ate a bun and a glass of milk.

19.Chiasmus 回文One should eat to live,not live to eat.

20.Asyndeton 连词省略法Nothing is insider them,they were sealed up before the creation of pestilence.

21.Polysyndeton 连词叠用法I am a soul.or a body, a mind.

22.Rhetorical question 反问Isn’t it the best choice?

23.Simile 明喻Time flies like an arrow.

24.Metaphor 暗喻You are my sunshine.

25.Metonymy 借喻He has a good ear for music.

26.Synecdoche 提喻He paid the workers $5 per head.

27.Antonomasia 换称Hitler---a tyrant

28.Personification 拟人The bird is singing joyfully.

29.Parody 仿拟I had no outlook,but an uplook rather.

30.Synesthesia 通感The music breathing from her face.

31.Transferred epithet 移情a sleepless bed

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