沪教牛津版七年级英语 UNIT5 Visiting the Moon

UNIT 5Visiting the Moon

Ⅰ重点单词

diary 日记复数:diaries leave 离开,剩下,留下

able adj. 能;能够space 太空,不可数

spaceship 宇宙飞船spacesuit 宇航服

nervous adj.紧张的gravity 重力

float v.漂浮ourselves 我们自己的

without 缺乏,没有tie v.捆;系;绑tied, tied, tying breathe 呼吸if 如果

camera 相机work v. 运转;运行

garden 花园rock 岩石

postcard n.明信片machine 机器

return 不及物动词,回来,返回=come back 及物动词,归还=give back weak 虚弱的,无力的he is weak in English.

Ⅱ重点短语

leave for 动身去某地more than 超过,多余more···than 比···更be able to会,能have to 不得不so that 以便

take photos拍照as ···as one can 尽某人所能

as soon as possible 尽可能快地that is 也就是说

such as例如at the moment 现在,此刻(可用于现在时和过去时)

III常考句型

1.How far ···?

2.···so that ··

3.I’m going to···

4.That’s a good idea.

IV详细讲解

1.It’ll take us to the Moon.(page59)它将把我们带到月球。

take ···to··把··带到··

take 拿,带。强调将某人/某物从说话的地点带到其他地方去

如:I want to take some books to classroom.

bring 刚好相反,强调将某人/某物从别处带到说话的地方。

如:Could you bring me a pen?

2.It’ll take us about four days to get there.(page59)

将花费我们大约四天时间到达那里。

It will take sb. some time to do sth. 花费某人多少时间做某事

一般现在时的结构:It takes sb. some time to do sth.

一般过去时的结构:It took sb. some time to do sth.

3.we’ll all be able to float around in the spaceship. (page59)

我们都能在飞船里漂浮。

be able to 表示经过努力能达到的目的可以用在将来时和完成时中

can 表示有能力做某事只有现在时和过去时

(过去时中可以和be able to互用)4.We’ll have to tie ourselves to our beds so that we won’t float away in our sleep!(page59)我们不得不把我们自己系在床上,以便我们睡着时不会漂走。have to 必须,不得不,后面加动词原形。

have to 侧重客观上的“必须”

I have to study hard.(爸爸压

着)比must更多时态上的

变化

否定形式:

don’t/doesn’t have to

must 侧重个人主观意愿“必须”

I must study hard.(想上大学)可以表示现在和将来,

人称和数不用变化

直接在后面加“not”,

是“禁止”的意思。

5.feed sth. to sb. 用食物喂某人或动物

feed后加的是食物,to 后加的是动物或者小孩feed sb. on sth. 给某人或动物喂点食物

feed后加人或动物名称,on后加食物

6.We will be able to build hotels there in the future.(page68)

在将来我们将能在那里建造旅馆

in the future 在将来,在未来时间范围比in future还大in future 今后,从此以后指离现在较近的一段时

in future

in the future 巧计:这个的单词组成较长,所以时间范围也比较长

7.Thousands of years ago, there was a Chinese story about Chang’e flying to the Moon.(page70)

几千年前,有一个嫦娥奔月的中国传说。

thousands of 数以千计的

①hundred (百),thousand(千),million(百万)等用复数形式修饰时要有··of+复数名词,前面不能加具体的数字。

②hundred,thousand,million,billion(十亿)前面如有具体数字,不能在他们后面加“s”

IV语法

一般将来时:表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或者存在的状态,常与一些表示将来的时间的状语连用。

1.基本结构:一般由“助动词will+动词原形”或者“be going to +动词原形”构成。

2.注意:will是助动词,不能独立使用,前面的主语无论是什么人称,后面都是will。它的否定形式是will not,缩写为won’t.

3.时间状语:tomorrow,next time/week ,in a month/week, from now on ,soon.

4.基本句型:

(1)肯定句:主语+will/be going to +动词原形+其他

如:He will come here at once.

(2)否定句:主语+won’t/be not going to +动词原形+其他

如:He will not go to Shenzhen.

(3)一般疑问句:will+主语+动词原形+其他?

be(am,are,is)+主语+动词原形+其他?

如:Will you help me with my English?

Are you going to Happy Valley of Shenzhen?

(4)特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句?

What will the students have for breakfast?

5.will 和be going to 的区别:

(1)will:与主观意图无关的将来,表示必然要发生的客观规律。

如:The flowers will come out in a few days.

(2)be going to:一般表示计划、打算或准备要做的事情,和有迹象将要发生或者肯定要发生的事情。如:Look! It’s going to rain.

课堂练习

一.翻译一下单词

diary gravity weak rock

太空呼吸明信片照相机

able spaceship float if

机器返回工作花园spacesuit tie nervous ourselves leave without garden camera

二、写出以下短语的中文意思

more than so that that is

such as be able to as…as

be away go away from

a lady with long hair float away in the future

get weak a large amount of get excited bring back something a letter about

三、选词填空

1.Jason keeps a _______(daily/diary) in English

2.Most people feel_______(nervous/important) when they speak in public(公共(场合)

3.Please turn off the lights when you______(leave/return) the moon.

4._____(with/without) light and water, plants cannot grow.

5.She is too _____(weak/strong) to walk home by herself.

6.I will call you when I______(leave/return) to London.

四、写出同义词

1. I feel worried when I make a speech to my classmates._________

2. I will go away from the meeting room as soon as the meeting is over.__________

3. You should not go out if you don’t have your keys.___________

4. The special suits for astronauts help people to breathe in the space.__________

5. She is still not strong after her illness.___________

五、以正确的形式完成下列句子

be able to have to take photos as….as such as

1.Every year millions of people from all over the world come to China to visit interesting place______________the Great Wall.

2.In the future, people will______________travel to the Moon.

3.Lily loves __________when she goes to other countries.

4.My father is a driver. Her hair is _____white______snow.

六、用下面的短语完成这篇文章

as…as have to such as be able to more than take photos

Life in the future

What will life be like in the future? No one can answer that for sure. Today, cameras in space can___________of places billions of light years away from the Earth. Maybe with advances(进步) in science and technology, we can also visit those places Because the Earth will not be able to support so many people.

In the future ,we will___________travel very fast in our spaceships. Our spaceships will be ____big___a city, and each ship will carry ________1,000,000 people. Our ships will also have many different facilities(设施),_________hospital, schools and cinemas.

一般将来时练习

一、填空。

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I ________ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends.

2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday?

I _______ ________ _______ play basketball.

3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

________ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________?

Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit.

4. 你们打算什么时候见面。

What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?

二、改句子。

5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)

Nancy ________ going to go camping.

6. I’ll go and join them.(改否定)

I _______ go ______ join them.

7. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句)

________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?

8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句)

_______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30?

9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问)

________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school?

10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上)

_________ _________ _________ __________________ _________going to do the day after tomorrow?

三、用所给词的适当形式填空。

11. Today is a sunny day. We __________ (have) a picnic this afternoon.

12. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week.

13. Tom often ____________(go) to school on foot. But today is raining.

He ______________ (go) to school by bike.

14. What do you usually do at weekends?

I usually __________ (watch) TV and __________(catch) insects?

15. It’s Friday today. What ________she _________ (do) this weekend?

She _________ (watch) TV and _________ (catch) insects.

16. What ___________ (do) you do last Sunday?

I ____________ (pick) apples on a farm.

What ______________ (do) next Sunday?

I ______________ (milk) cows.

17. Mary ____________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.

18. Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.

19. David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday.

20. I ________________ (plan) for my study now.

七、阅读理解。

One day, Mr. Smith went to a dinner party. He was wearing very old clothes. He came into the room. But people in the room didn’t look at him. They didn’t ask h im to sit at the table. He wasn’t happy. But he said nothing.

Mr. Smith went home quickly and put on (穿上)his best clothes. He went back to the party. Everyone in the room stood up and looked at him. They gave him good food to eat.

Mr. Smith took off his coat, and put it on the food and said, “Eat, coat!”

The other people were surprised and asked, “What are you doing? Why do you do that?”

Mr. Smith answered, “I am asking my coat to eat food. When I wore old clothes, you didn’t look at me. You didn’t ask me to sit down. Now I am wearing these nice clothes. And you give me good food. Now I see, you give the food to my coat, not to me.”

()1. One day, Mr. Smith went to__________.

A. a birthday party

B. a dinner party

C. an English party

D. a movie

()2. When he came into the room, the people didn’t look at him. Why?

A. Because the people didn’t ask him to come.

B. Because Mr. Smith wore old clothes.

C. Because Mr. Smith didn’t say hello to them first.

D. Because it was night, they didn’t see him.

()3. Why did he go home quickly?

A. Because he didn’t want to stay here.

B. Because he went home for his best clothes.

C. Because the people there asked him to leave.

D. Because he didn’t like the food there.

()4. What’s the meaning of “surprised” in Chinese?

A.高兴的

B.不满的

C.感到奇怪的

D.生气的

()5. Which statement is right?

A.A person in good clothes should eat good food.

B.A good coat should eat good food.

C. We can’t judge(判断)a man by his clothes.

D. Mr. Smith is stupid(愚蠢的).

补充:[ h ] [ r ] [l]

[ h ]

音标特征:声门摩擦辅音

发音要诀:发这个音时气流从两条声带间的缝隙(声门)间通过,气流不受阻碍,自由逸出口腔,只在通过气门时发出轻微的摩擦。摩擦声门而成,但是声带不振动,是个清辅音,很像喘一口气,口形不定,随后面的元音而变化。

注意: [ h ] 和汉语里的“h”音的区别。汉语的“h”音比英语的[ h ]紧张有力。发英语时舌后部和软颚间不产生摩擦。

[ r ]

音标特征:舌尖齿龈后部摩擦辅音

发音要诀:唇形稍圆,舌尖向上齿龈后部上卷,舌前部下陷,舌身略凹,舌身两侧收拢,发音时舌端抬起,向后面的硬颚弯曲,发生磨擦而成。要注意舌的动作是由前向后弯,声带振动,是个浊辅音。

双唇略突出,气流由舌面与硬颚间泄出,震动声带。

舌边音: [l]

音标特征:舌端齿龈边辅音(也叫旁流音)

发音要诀:双唇微开,舌端紧抵上齿龈,气流从舌的一侧泄出,属于浊辅音,震动声带。

注意: [l]有两个发音,即清晰音[l]和含糊音[l]。发清晰音[ l ] 时:舌前向硬颚抬起,清晰音出现在元音前面。发含糊音[l]时:舌前下降,舌后上台,舌面形成凹槽,可以和元音一样长,含糊音出现在辅音前面和词的末尾。

音标复习练习:

1. wait play ()

2. cake apple ()

3. train bag ()

4. make name ()

5. like little ()

6. wife sit ()

7. try fly ()8. pain wait ()

9. boy my ()10. toy joy ()

11. go no ()12. so do ()

13. know now ()14. rose not ()

15. how house ()16. how flower ()

17. dear bear ()18. pear near ()

19. deer cheer ()20. pair chair ()

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