1. If you _____ in such a hurry, you _____ sugar into the sauce instead of salt. (TEM4-1992-50)
A. were not, would not put
B. were, would put
C. had been, would have put had not been, would not have put
2. _____ their help, we would not have succeeded. (TEM4-1992-55)
A. Hadn’t been for
B. Had not it been for
C. It hadn’t been for Had it not been for
3. She asked that she _____ allowed to see her son in
police custody. (TEM4-1993-50)
A. would be
B. could be be
4. _____ your timely advice, I would never have known
how to go about the work. (TEM4-1994-53)
A. Unless But for C. Except for
D. Not for
5. It was recommended that passengers _____ smoke
during the flight. (TEM4-1994-58)
not B. need not C. could not
D. would not
6. _____ you were busy, I wouldn’t have bothered you
with questions. (TEM4-1994-62)
A. If I realized Had I realized C. I realized
D. As I realized
7. _____, he would not have recovered so quickly.
A. Hadn’t he been taken good care of Had he
not been taken good care of
C. Had not he been taken good care of
he been not taken good care of
8. I _____ the party much more if there hadn’t been
quite such a crowd of people there.
A. would enjoy
could have enjoyed D. will be
9. He left orders that nothing _____ touched until the
police arrived there. (TEM4-1997-43)
should be B. ought to be C. must be
D. would be
10. I was to have made a speech if _____.
A. I was not called away
nobody would have called me away
I had not been called away D. nobody
called me away
11. If your car _____ any attention during the first 12
months, take it to authorized dealer.
A. shall need should need C. would
need D. will need
12. If you have really been studying English for so long,
it’s about time you _____ able to write letters in English. (TEM4-1999-49)
A. should be were C. must be
13. All of us would have enjoyed the party much more if
there _____ quite such a crowd of people there.
B. hasn’t been hadn’t
been D. will need
14. _____ for the fact that she broke her leg, she might
have passed the exam. (TEM4-2002-50)
Had it not been B. Hadn’t it been C. Was it not D. Were it not
15. ―What courses are you going to do next semester?‖
―I don’t know. But it’s about time _____ on something.‖ (TEM4-2002-51)
A. I’d decide I decided C. I decide
D. I’m deciding
16. _____ if I had arrived yesterday without letting you
know beforehand? (TEM4-2004-44)
A. Would you be surprised
B. Were you
C. Had you been surprised Would you
have been surprised
17. It is imperative that students _____ their term papers
on time. (TEM4-2004-46)
hand in B. would hand in C. have to hand in D. handed in
18. If you explained the situation to your solicitor, he
_____ able to advise you much better than I can.
would be B. will have been C. was
19. If only I _____ play the guitar as well as you! (TEM4-2006-52)
A. would could C. should
20. It’s high time we _____ cutting down the rainforests. (TEM4-2006-54)
stopped B. had to stop C. shall stop D. stop
21. It is imperative that the government _____ more
investment into the shipbuilding industry.
B. shall attract attract
D. has to
22. If only the patient _____ a different treatment instead
of using the antibiotics, he might still be alive now.
had received B. received C. should receive D. were receiving
23. It is absolutely essential that William _____ his study
in spite of some learning difficulties.
A. will continue
B. continued continue
24. If there were no subjunctive mood, English _____
much easier to learn. (TEM4-2009-52)
A. could have been would be C. will be D. would have been
1.T he compositions contained so few errors that the teacher got the students _____ one another’s papers. (TEM4-1992-58)
A. correct to correct C. correcting
D. to be correcting
2. I don’t like _____ bills bu t when I do get them I like
_____ them promptly. (TEM4-1992-60)
A. to get, paying getting, to pay C. to get,
to pay D. getting, paying
3. I never regretted _____ his offer, for it was not where
my interest lay. (TEM4-1993-53)
A. not to accept
B. not having
C. having not accepted not accepting
4. Arriving at the bus stop, _____ waiting there.
A. a lot of people were he found a lot
C. a lot of people
5. _____ regular training in nursing, she could hardly
cope with the work at first. (TEM4-1994-55)
A. Not received
C. Having received Not having
6. The coun try’s chief exports are coal, cars and cotton
goods, cars _____ the most important of these.
A. have been
B. are being D. are
7. He noticed the helicopter hovering over the field.
Then to his astonishment, he saw a rope ladder _____ out and three men climbing down it.
A. throwing being thrown C. having thrown
D. having been thrown
8. He resented _____ to wait. He expected the minister
_____ him at once. (TEM4-1995-53)
A. to be asked, to see being
asked, to see
C. to be asked, seeing
9. This missile is designed so that once _____ nothing
can be done to retrieve it. (TEM4-1995-63)
fired B. being fired C. they fired
D. having fired
10. _____ time, he’ll make a first-class tennis player.
A. Having Given C. Giving D.
11. He wasn’t asked to take on the chairmanship of the
society, _____ insufficiently popular with all members.
A. having considered
C. was being considered being
12. In international matches, prestige is so important that
the only thing that matters is to avoid _____.
A. from being beaten being beaten
D. to be
13. _____ no cause for alarm, the old man went back to his
A. There was
14. _____, he can now only watch it on TV at home.
A. Obtaining not a ticket for the match
B. Not obtaining a ticket for the match
Not having obtained a ticket for the match
D. Not obtained a ticket for the match
15. The Clarks haven’t decided yet which hot el _____.
A. to stay
B. is to stay to stay at
D. is for staying
16. _____enough time and money, the researchers would have been able to discover more in this field. (TEM4-1998-51)
B. To give Given
D. Being given
17. The three men tried many times to sneak across the border into the neighboring country _____ by the police each time. (TEM4-1999-42)
A. had been captured
B. being always captured
only to be captured D. unfortunately captured
18. Professor Johnson is said _____ some significant advance in his research in the past years. (TEM4-1999-43)
A. having made
B. making to have made
D. to make
19. There _____ nothing more for discussion, the meeting came to an end half an earlier. (TEM4-2000-45)
A. to be
B. to have been being
20. _____ at in this way, the present economic situation doesn't seem so gloomy.(TEM4-2000-51)
A. Looking Looked C. Having looked D. To look
21. Even as a girl, _____ to be her life, and theater audiences were to be her teachers. (TEM4-2001-42)
A. performing by Melissa were
B. it was known that Melissa's performances were
C. knowing that Melissa's performances were Melissa knew that performing was
22. _____ him tomorrow? (TEM4-2001-43)
A. Why not to call on
B. Why don't call on
C. Why not to calling on Why not call on
23. ______ is not a serious disadvantage in life. (TEM4-2001-51)
A. To be not tall
B. Not to be tall
C. Being not tall Not being tall
24. Agriculture is the country’s chief source of wealth, wheat ____ by far the cereal crop. (TEM4-2003-41)
C. be being
25. The opening ceremony is a great occasion. It is essential _____ for that.(TEM4-2003-47)
for us to be prepared B. that we are prepared
C. of us to be prepared
D. our being prepared
26. Time _____, the celebration will be held as scheduled. (TEM4-2003-48)
A. permit permitting
27. If not _____ with the respect he feels due to him, Jack gets very ill-tempered and grumbles all the time. (TEM4-2004-45)
being treated B. treated
C. be treated
D. having been treated
28. The minister of finance is believed _____ of imposing new taxes to raise extra revenue. (TEM4-2004-48)
A. that is thinking to be thinking
C. that he is to think
D. to think
29. There are only ten apples left in the baskets, _____ the spoilt ones. (TEM4-2006-63)
not counting B. not to count C. don’t count
D. having not counted
30. Linda was _____ the experiment a month ago, but she changed her mind at the last minute. (TEM4-2007-54)
A.to start to have started C. to be starting D. to have been starting
31. It is not uncommon for there _____ problems of communication between the old and the young. (TEM4-2007-63)
B. would be
C. be to be
32. _____ at in this way, the situation doesn’t seem so desperate. (TEM4-2007-64)
A. Looking Looked C. Being looked
D. To look
33. What does ―He wisely refused to spend his money‖ mean? (TEM4-2008-59)
It was wise of him to refuse to spend his money.
B. He refused to spend his money in a wise manner.
C. He was short of money and didn’t want to buy anything.
D. He refused, in a wise manner, to spend his money.
34. What a nice day! How about the three of us _____ a walk in the park nearby?
A. to take
B. take taking D. to be taking
35. "It seems that she was there at the conference." The
sentence means that (TEM4-2009-62)
A. she seems to be there at the conference.
B. she seemed to be there at the conference.
she seems to have been there at the conference.
D. she seemed to being there at the conference.
36. "The man preparing the documents is the firm's
lawyer" has all the following possible meanings
A.the man who has prepared the documents...
B. the man who has been preparing the documents...
C. the man who is preparing the documents...
the man who will prepare the documents...
Verb Tense and Voice
1. When I arrived at the meeting, the first speaker _____
and the audience _____. (TEM4-1992-47)
had finished speaking, were clapping
B. had finished speaking, had clapped
C. finished speaking, clapped
D. finished speaking, were clapping
2. The doctor is feeling the little girl’s pulse. He says it
_____ normal. (TEM4-1992-51)
feels B. is feeling C. has felt
D. is felt
3. I _____ writing the paper as scheduled, but my
mother’s illness interfered. I hope you will excuse me.
A. am to have finished was to have
C. was to finish
D. ought to
4. How can I ever concentrate if you _____ continually
_____ me with silly questions? (TEM4-1997-41) A. have …interrupted B.
5. Mr. White works with a chemicals import & export
company, but he _____ for the industrial fair, since he is on leave. (TEM4-1997-44)
A. has worked
C. has been working is working
6. For some time now, world leaders _____ out the
necessity for agreement on arms reduction.
A. had been pointing have been
C. were pointing
7. The experiment requires more money than _____.
A. have been put in
B. being put in
has been put in D. to be put in 8. Jack _____ from home for two days now, and I am
beginning to worry about his safety.
has been missing B. has been missed
C. had been missing
D. was missed
9. James has just arrived, but I didn’t know he _____ until
A. will come was coming C. had been coming
10. _____ conscious of my moral obligations as a citizen.
A. I was and always will be
B. I have to be
and always will be
C. I had been and always will be I have been and
always will be
11. That was not the first time he _____ us. I think it’s
high time we _____ strong actions against him.
A. betrayed…take had
C. has betrayed…took
12. The student said there were a few points in the essay
he _____ impossible to comprehend.
A. has found
B. was finding had found
D. would find
13. The committee has anticipated the problems that
_____ in the road construction project.
A. arise will arise C. arose D. have
14. The student said there were a few points in the essay
he _____ impossible to comprehend.
had found B. finds C. has found D.
15. He would have finished his college education, but he
_____ to quit and find a job to support his family.
A. had had
B. has had D. would
16. In his plays Shakespeare ______ his characters live
through their language. (TEM4-2008-63)
A. would make
B. had made
1.T he door was open.
It _____ open. I had locked it myself and the key was in my pocket. (TEM4-1992-48)
A. can’t be
B. mustn’t be can’t have been
D. mustn’t have been
2. – I bought this shirt for 35 yuan yesterday.
–It’s on sale today for only 30. You should have waited.
–Oh really? But how _____ I know? (TEM4-1993-48)
B. can did D. do