U1听力原文：The Importance of Protecting Sea Resources
During the 19th century, people in Europe and America claimed声称that marine resources were unlimited. For example, a noted biologist at the t ime commented that none of the world’s great sea fisheries were ever goin g to be exhausted疲劳.
Today though, there is evidence showing that marine海洋
resources are as seriously endangered as those of the land and the air. In fact , in some ways the threats to fish are more alarming than the threats to anim als and birds. This is because fish is a much needed food resource, as people throughout the world depend on fish as an important part of their diet. It is reported that to satisfy food demands, 20 billion pounds of fish are harvest ed 收获every year in the North Atlantic alone. Sea resources are also rapidly declini ng in many other parts of the world.
Scientists now believe that food supplies from the sea won’t last forever. They warn that excessive fishing will destroy fish reserves within the next fe w years. They also warn that the decline in fish supply will cause starvation i n some parts of the world.
What Has Technology Brought Us?
Technology plays a vital role in our society. It makes our life more comforta
ble and convenient. Without it, we couldn’t evolve or cope up with the ev er changing world we live in.
Firstly, technology shortens the distance between people and makes commu nication much easier. Today, the Internet is widely used not only for the coll ection of information but also for correspondence.
Secondly, modern means of transportation, such as airplanes and high-spee d trains make our journey smoother and faster. With the help of modern tra nsportation, we can go almost anywhere we want to. To journey into outer s pace and other planets is not a dream any more. Rockets and space shuttles have made the dream come true.
Thirdly, modern medicine prolongs our life and relieves patients from pain. Some deadly diseases, such as cancer and AIDS can be treated now, and we can live longer and better.
Last but not least, technology expands our vision of the world. It provides u s with larger possibilities by giving us ideas that never occurred to us in the past.
It is hard to imagine what the world would be like without technology.
▇ Script: Four Steps to Successful Goal-setting
Successful people always have clear goals. Great musicians, great athletes, su
ccessful salespeople and inspiring leaders know what they want in life, and t hey go after it. No one becomes successful by accident!
And yet, a lot of young people that I know just live their lives with no goals at all, or with only vague dreams, hopes and wishes. No wonder they have a chieved so much less than they could!
For those who have not yet experienced the joy of setting and achieving ma gnificent goals, here is a powerful set of principles that have worked for tho usands of my clients. They will work for you, too. I call them “Four Steps t o Successful Goal-Setting”:
1. Decide what you want. Choose the life you prefer! You can?t have every thing in life. But
you can have anything you choose if you will focus, pay the price, and pursu
e it with all your heart.
2. Make clear your values. Too often, people choose goals that are inconsist ent with their
priorities and daily behavior. Do you value health, or comfort? Is financial i ndependence a priority, or merely a wish? Make sure that your goals are con sistent with your most important values.
3. Write them down. Have the courage to put your intentions on paper and i n your own
words. Be specific and describe your goals in detail. When will you achieve t hem? What will success look like? Write down the details and read your goal
s every day.
4. Take action. To run a marathon, you must jog every day. A loving marria ge or happy
kids require your time, your attention and your love, every day. Your daily a ctions need not be profound or extraordinary, but they must be consistent a nd persistent.
Success does not “just happen”. Just as an artist will make preliminary sk etches and work out the details in his mind, so your success requires written goals, careful choices, clear commitments and daily persistence. You can do this. Make something great of your life!
Attitude Makes a Difference
Attitudes affect the way people get along at home, at school, and at work. Y our attitude will influence your feelings of job satisfaction and your career s uccess. Attitude is the way you think about things and act toward others. In fact, many employers believe that the most important factor in job succes s is a positive attitude. They know that an employee’s work performance i s closely related to his or her attitude. Employees with a positive attitude enj oy better business performance.
If you view a new job as an opportunity, a chance to learn new things, and a ct with interest and enthusiasm, you are expressing a positive attitude. You a lso demonstrate a positive attitude when you are polite, cooperative and con
siderate with your co-workers and superiors. People with a positive attitude view the world as a friendly place. They take responsibility for their decision s and have the ability to control their feelings. People with a positive attitud e are easy to get along with. Theyare honest in expressing their thoughts and feelings. And they are open to suggestions and constructive criticism.
As you begin your new job, guard against a negative attitude. People with a negative attitude frequently complain and have careless work habits. They al ways blame others for their own problems. Besides, they are critical and indi fferent to the needs of others.
Living a Frugal Life
People who live a frugal lifestyle often live with less stress. This is because they know how to take control of their money and, therefore, they have mo re control over their lives in general. And if you have more control of your li fe, you are likely to have more peace of mind. With that peace of mind com es what may be called "frugal freedom", namely, freedom from debt, freedo m from envy, freedom from shame, freedom from worry, and freedom fro m loss of one's identity. Living a frugal life does not mean having nothing or living poor and cheap. Neither does it mean denying oneself the luxuries of life. A frugal lifestyle simply means that you have the intelligence to live a h appy and fulfilling life without possessing a lot. Much of the transition from
being extravagant to being frugal is within the mind. For example, before y ou leave your room, remember to turn off the light; keep all windows and o utside doors closed when the air conditioning is on; turn off the tap water i mmediately after use; when you go shopping, use your brain to save money on certain things for something else you need or want. In short, living a frug al lifestyle means that you don't have to "keep up with the Joneses" and that you do not have to follow trends and fads.
We should always remember that it is easier to spend less than it is to make more. It is easier to be frugal than to free oneself from financial stress. So, le t us be frugal and live within our means. It is a great way of life.
Always Be Positive
Being positive is a discipline. There are so many things we cannot control, f orces we are powerless to change because so much of life is unpredictable. We cannot control diseases. We cannot control injuries. We cannot control t he weather and so many other things that are a part of our lives.
But we can control our moods. A mood is simply a reflection of our attitude and we certainly can change our attitude.
For example, when one of your co-workers asks you how you’re doing wit h your work, your answer may be “I feel great”. But do you really feel gre at? Probably not.
If your answer were negative, you would make your co-workers feel bad and uncomfortable. In that case, you’ve begun a whole cycle of negativity. Ag ain, it’s an attitude. A good attitude and a bad attitude are really just two di fferent ways of looking at the same situation.
Here’s another example. You have a big work project due on the boss’s desk tomorrow morning. You are up against a deadline. And you are half-do ne. Now there are two ways to look at the project. You can worry about all t he work still left for you to do. Or you can tell yourself that half of it is alrea dy done, and you are certainly better off than when you first started the proj ect. That’s your choice: is the glass half-empty or half-full? That’s the ch oice we have to make every morning when we get out of bed.
Looking honestly at the reality of the situation and seeing the positive side o f it may indeed increase the quality of our life. Self-motivated people look at each day as a new opportunity. They love what they do. They cannot wait t o get to work in the morning.
You know you have to read “between the lines” to get the most out of a nything. I want to persuade you to do something equally一样 important in the course of your reading, that is: “write between the line s”. Unless you do, you are not likely to do the most efficient kind of readin g. I contend that marking up a book is an act of love.
There are two ways in which one can own a book.
The first is the property right you establish by paying for it, just as you pay f or clothes and furniture. But this act of purchase is only the prelude序幕to possession. Full ownership comes only when you have made it a part of y ourself, and the best way to make yourself a part of it is by writing in it. Why is marking up a book indispensable to reading? First, it keeps you awak e. And I don’t mean merely conscious; I mean wide awake. In the second place, reading, if it is active, is thinking, and thinking tends to express itself i n words, spoken or written. The marked book is usually the thought-throug h book. Finally, writing helps you remember the thoughts you had, or the th oughts the author expressed.
If reading is to accomplish anything more than passing time, it must be activ e. You can’t let your eyes glide across the lines of a book and come up wit h an understanding of what you have read. The books you read for pleasure can be read in a state of relaxation and nothing is lost. But a great book, rich in ideas and beauty, a book that raises and tries to answer fundamental ques tions, demands the most active reading. When you’ve finished reading a b ook, and the pages are filled with your notes, you know that you read activel y.