B级英语试题及答案

Practice makes perfect!孰能生巧。为了帮助大家备考大学英语B级考试,从本期开始,我们为大家收集整理了一系列的英语B级模拟试题,希望大家通过练习能提高考试成绩。

第一部分:英语知识运用
1. — How do you like the movie we saw yesterday?
— ______________________________________.
A. I’ve no idea. B. How about you?
C. I’ve never seen a better movie than it. D. It is popular among young people.
2. — Hello, who is calling?
— ____________________________.
A. Mary is calling. B. Hello, this is William from IBM.
C. It’s me. D. Can you guess?
3. — Mr. Li is not in at the moment. Would you like to leave a message?
— _____________________________________________.
A. Yes, please. B. Yes, is it too much trouble?
C. No, I would not. D. No, don’t bother.
4. — Look, it’s going to rain.
— _______________________.
A. Let’s call someone, then. B. Are you worried about it?
C. I don’t know it will rain. D. Don’t worry, we’ll finish soon.
5. — Mr. Smith, What do you complain of?
—Doctor, ____________________.
A. Yes, I have a lot to complain.
B. I’ve nothing to complain.
C. I’m not lucky enough to win the first prize.
D. I fell off the stairs and sprained my ankle this morning.
6. — I suppose documentary films are the least amusing.
— ___________________________________.
A. I like horror films best. B. Yet they have great educational value.
C. Are you sure? D. I will not see this one, then.
7. — Any development about your job-hunting?
— __________________________________.
A. I haven’t found one yet. B. I am satisfied with my job.
C. My old job suits me better. D. I like to find a highly-paid job.
8. — Darling, why are you so excited today?
— ___________________________________.
A. I happened to meet a friend. B. I am so happy.
C. Do you know who I met today? D. The book is really interesting.
9. — I think digital dictionaries are very useful.
— ______________________________________.
A. Yes, so do I. B. It’s a good idea.
C. Neither do I. D. I got one, too.
10. — David, nice to meet you. I have heard a lot about you.
— ______________________________________.
What have you heard about me?
What do you know me about?
Tell me about yourself.
Nice to meet you.
第二部分:阅读理解
Passage 1
 When did you last see a polar bear(北极熊)? On a trip to a zoo, perhaps? If you had attended a winter activity in New York a few years ago, you would have seen a whole polar bear club. These "Polar Bears" are people who meet frequently in the winter to swim in freezing cold water. That day, the a

ir temperature was 3℃, and the water temperature was a bit higher. The members of the Polar Bear Club at Coney Island, New York are usually about the age of 60. Members must satisfy two requirements. First, they must get along well with everyone else in the group, this is very important because there are so many different kinds of people in the club. Polar Bears must also agree to swim outdoors at least twice a month from November through February.
Doctors do not agree about the medical effects of cold-water swimming. Some are worried about the dangers of a condition in which the body's temperature drops so low that finally the heart stops. Other doctors, however, point out that there is more danger of a heart attack during summer swimming because the difference between the air temperature and water temperature is much greater in summer than in winter.
The Polar Bears themselves are satisfied with the benefits of cold-water swimming. They say that their favorite form of exercise is very good for the circulatory system(循环系统)because it forces the blood to move fast to keep the body warm. Cold-water swimmers usually turn bright red after a few minutes in the water. A person who turns blue probably has a very poor circulatory system and should not try cold-water swimming.
The main benefits of cold-water swimming are probably mental. The Polar Bears love to swim year-round; they find it fun and relaxing. As one 70-year-old woman says. "When I go into the water, I pour my troubles into the ocean and let them float away."
11. The members of the Polar Bear Club must meet the following requirements except
that_____.
A. they should be easy to make friends with
B. they must swim outdoors at least 8 times in the four cold months
C. they must agree to swim outdoors from November through February
D. they must reach the age of 60
12. Doctors _____.
A. encourage people to take part in cold-water swimming actively
B. point out the possible danger of blood illness during cold-water swimming
C. believe swimming is helpful both in winter and in summer
D. have different ideas about the medical effects of cold-water swimming
13. According to the passage, some doctors believe it is true that _____.
A. you are healthy if cold-water swimming turns your skin color blue
B. cold-water swimming causes more heart attacks in summer than in winter
C. cold-water swimming can make the body temperature dangerously high
D. Polar Bears are bears swimming in freezing water
14. The Polar Bears like to swim all the year round, for _____.
A. they can remain young
B. it is an easy way to keep the body warm in winter
C. they find it enjoyable and interesting
D. they might meet fewer troubles in life
15. The passage is mainly about _____.
A. a group of cold-water swimming lovers
B. the Polar Bears' life in New York
C. doct

ors' ideas about cold-water swimming
D. the requirements of the Polar Bear Club

Passage 2
Without proper planning, tourism can cause problems. For example, too many tourists can crowd public places that are also enjoyed by the inhabitants of a country. If tourists create too much traffic, the inhabitants become annoyed and unhappy. They begin to dislike tourists and to treat them impolitely. They forget how much tourism can help the country's economy. It is important to think about the people of a destination country and how tourism affects them. Tourism should help a country keep the customs and beauty that attract tourists. Tourism should also advance the well-being (health and happiness) of local inhabitants.
Too much tourism can be a problem. If tourism grows too quickly, people must leave other jobs to work in the tourism industry. This means that other parts of the country's economy can suffer.
On the other hand, if there is not enough tourism, people can lose) jobs. Businesses can also lose money. It costs a great deal of money to build large hotels, airports, air terminals, first-class roads, and other support facilities needed by tourists attractions. For example, a major international-class tourism hotel can cost as much as 50 thousand dollars per room to build. If this room is not used most of the time, the owners of the hotel lose money.
Building a hotel is just a beginning. There must be many support facilities as well, including roads to get to the hotel, electricity, sewers to handle waste, and water. All of these support facilities cost money. If they are not used because there are not enough tourists, jobs and money are lost.
16. Which of the following has most probably been discussed in the paragraph that goes before this passage?
A) Support facilities are highly necessary.
B) Building roads and hotels is essential.
C) It is extremely important to develop tourism.
D) Planning is of great importance to tourism.
17. Too much tourism can cause all these problems EXCEPT ___________.
A) pressure on traffic
B) a change of tourists' customs
C) overcrowdedness of places of interest
D) a bad effect on other industries
18. Not enough tourism can lead to ______________.
A) an increase of unemployment
B) the higher cost of support facilities
C) a decrease in tourist attractions
D) a rise in price and a fall in pay
19. It is good for local people to know well that tourism will ______________.
A) use up a large amount of water
B) help establish their customs
C) weaken their economy
D) help improve their life
20. The word "handle" in the last paragraph most probably means ___________.
A) deal with B) get in C) take down D) pick up
Passage 3
Many people with ordinary jobs may dream of long holidays in foreign countries, but they know they couldn't afford them even if they could get enough time off from the company.

However, there are a few businesses which have started schemes to reward employees with long service by giving them a chance to fulfill such ambitions by providing both the time and the money.
One company gives every employee over 50 years old and who has been with them for 25 years, six months' holiday on full pay. At the same time additional money can be made available by way of loans, to help them with projects they cannot otherwise offer. Most of the people who have already benefited from the scheme, have used the opportunity to travel to distant places like the Far East or South America and some have spent the money on their favorite hobbies, such as photography.
The cost of providing these special holidays is fairly high but the directors feel it is well worthwhile because the employees are greatly refreshed by their long break from the pressures and routines of their jobs. The only problems are that the people concerned tend to have key jobs which can be difficult to fill on a temporary basis for a relatively long time. Besides, some employees find it difficult to re-adjust to the old routine after such a long time away. In addition, one or two people may not feel secure at leaving their job in someone else's hands. On balance, however, there is no doubt that the idea is beneficial to industrial relations and a wonderful reward for long service.
21. Many workers would like to ___________.
A) dream of long holidays at home
B) spend a long time in unusual places
C) buy a holiday away from home
D) have a long holiday after many years
22. One company____________.
A) gives money to employees over 25 years
B) lends staff money to go on holidays
C) allows long holidays to certain staff
D) arranges long holidays for old employees
23. Most of the employees in the scheme ____________.
A) enjoy leisure activities B) develop their hobbies
C) take up photography D) take foreign trips
24. The directors feel that _____________.
A) the staff get a lot of pleasures from the scheme
B) older staff are very enthusiastic about holidays
C) the scheme is more expensive than they expected
D) the scheme is beneficial to staff relations
25. One of the problems is that ________________.
A) it is difficult to fill a temporary job
B) some employees are afraid of their colleagues
C) it is difficult for some people to re-adjust to the old routine after a long break
D) employees don't feel secure when they are away
Passage 4
If U.S. software companies don't pay more attention to quality, they could kiss their business good-bye. Both India and Brazil are developing a world-class software industry. Their weapon is quality and one of their jobs is to attract the top U.S. quality specialists whose voices are not listened to in their country.
Already, of the world's 12 software houses that have earned the highest rating in the world, seven are in India. That's

largely because they have used new methodologies rejected by American software specialists. For example, for decades, quality specialists, W. Edwards Deming and J. M. Juran had urged U.S. software companies to change their attitudes to quality. But their quality call mainly fell on deaf ears in the U.S. -but not in Japan. By the 1970s and 1980s, Japan was grabbing market share with better, cheaper products. They used Deming's and Juran's ideas to bring down the cost of good quality to as little as 5% of total production costs. In U.S. factories, the cost of quality then was 10 times as high: 50%. In software, it still is.
Watts S. Humphrey spent 27 years at IBM heading up software production and then quality assurance. But his advice was seldom paid attention to. He retired from IBM in 1986. In 1987, he worked out a system for assessing and improving software quality. It has proved its value time and again. For example, in 1990 the cost of quality at Raytheon Electronics Systems was almost 60% of total software production costs. It fell to 15% in 1996 and has since further dropped to below 10%.
Like Deming and Juran, Humphrey seems to be wining more praises overseas than at home. The India government and several companies have just founded the Watts Humphrey Software Quality Institute at the Software Technology Park in Chennai, India.
Let's hope that U.S. lead in software will not be eaten up by its quality problems.
26. What country has more highest-rating companies in the world than any other country has?
A. Germany.
B. The U.S.
C. Brazil
D. India
27. Which of the following statements about Humphrey is true?
A. He is now still an IBM employer.
B. He has worked for IBM for 37 years.
C. The US pays much attention to his quality advice.
D. India honors him highly.
28. By what means did Japan grab its large market share by the 1970s and the 1980s?
A. Its products were cheaper in price and better in quality.
B. Its advertising was most successful.
C. The US hardware industry was lagging behind .
D. Japan hired a lot of India software specialists.
29. What does the founding of the Watts Humphrey Software Quality Institute symbolize?
A. It symbolizes the US determination to move ahead with its software
B. .It symbolizes the India ambition to take the lead in software.
C. It symbolizes the Japanese efforts to solve the software quality problem.
D. It symbolizes the Chinese policy on importing software.
30. What is the writer worrying about?
A. Many US software specialists are working for Japan.
B. The quality problem has become a worldwide problem.
C. The US will no longer be the first software player in the world.
D. India and Japan are joining hands to compete with the US.

第三部分:词汇和结构
31.--- We ______ that you would fix the TV set this week.
--- I’m sorry. I ______ to fix it this week, but I’ve been too busy.
A. had expected; had intended B. are expecting; h

ad intended
C. expect; intend D. expected; intend
32.--- Why? Tom, your shirt is so dirty!
-- Mum, I ______ my storeroom downstairs
A. cleaned B. have cleaned
C. was cleaning D. have been cleaning
33.They won’t buy new clothes because they ______ money to buy a new house
A. save B. are saving
C. have saved D. were saving
34.The traffic in our city is already good and it ______ even better.
A. gets B. got
C. has got D. is getting
35.--- I will come to attend your lecture at 10:00 tomorrow.
--- I’m sorry, by then my lecture will have ended and I ______ my guests in my office.
A. is being met B. will meet
C. will be meeting D. will have met
36.--- Alice came back home the day before yesterday.
--- Really? Where ______?
A. has she been B. had she been
C. has she gone D. had she gone
37.I know Mr. Brown; we ______ to each other at an international conference。
A. are introduced B. are been introduced
C. were introduced D. had been introduced
38.--- Where do you think ______ he ______ the computer?
--- Sorry. I have no idea.
A. has; bought B. 不填; bought
C. did; buy D. 不填; buys
39.Don’t bother to look for my dictionary --- it ______ some day.
A. turns up B. has turned up
C. will turn up D. is going to turn up
40. --- What do you think of this kind of TV set, which ______ in Shanghai?
--- Well, I don’t care about such things.
A. was made B. is made
C. has been made D. had been made

41. In the United States, the foreign policy is decided by the ________ government, not by each state.
A. federal B. figure
C. scientific D. service
42. He works in our university as a visiting _______, not as a formal faculty member.
A. traditional B. scholar
C. nurse D. pilot
43. When you fill in the application form, please use your _______ address so that we can contact you easily later.
A. policy B. plain
C. permanent D. principal
44. John _______ to be a polite man. But in fact he is very rude.
A. pretends B. assures
C. affords D. melts
45. We can not trust him any more because he often ________ his duty.
A. owes B. spoils
C. deserts D. neglects
Fire can help people in many ways. Fire can heat water, ___46__ your house, give light and cook food. But fire can burn things too. Nobody knows ___47___ people began to use fire. One story from Australia tells about a man a very long time ago. He __48____ the sun by a rope and brought fire down.
Today people know how to __49__ a fire with matches. Children sometimes like to play with them. But matches can be very ___50___.
Fire kills people every year. So you must be ca

reful___51___ matches. You should also learn to __52__ fires. Fires need oxygen. Without oxygen they die. There is___53___ in the air. Cover a fire with water, sand, or___54___, with your coat or a blanket. This keeps the air from a fire and kills it.
Be careful with fire, and it will help you. Be careless with fire, and it might___55___ you.
46. A. brighten B. warm C. beautify D. lighten
47. A. where B. when C. what D. how
48. A. watched B. got up to C. went up to D. discovered
49. A. set B. make C. cause D. catch
50.A. dangerous B. bright C. unusual D. common
51. A. about B. to C. On D. after
52. A. lay out B. put out C. put away D. do away with
53. A. fire B. moisture C. oxygen D. substance
54. A. in general B. in particular C. in a hurry D. in an emergency
55. A. injure B. hurt C. destroy D. spoil
第四部分:写作 About Self Study

参考答案
Part Ⅰ Use of English CBADD BACAD
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension DDBCA DBADA BCDDC DDABC
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure Section A ADBDC BCBCB ABCAD
Section B BDCBA ABCDB

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