现代化进程中乡村社会治理模式的困境与出路

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现代化进程中乡村社会治理模式的困境与出路

作者:吴莹

来源:《北方论丛》2017年第02期

[摘要]我国乡村社会在现代化进程中发生了深刻变革,在社会结构上体现为开放性与流动性、在权力结构上体现为自主性与多元性、在农民身份角色上体现为职业身份和生活方式的转变。在乡村社会治理层面,开放流动的乡村社会现状与“封闭排他”“城乡二元”和“计划行政”等传统乡村社会治理模式形成了明显张力,需要以多元主体协商对话机制、农村经济体制模式和“契约性整合理念”为进路,构建转型期乡村社会治理机制优化路径。基层社会治理是国家治理体系的社会基础,乡村社会治理是基层社会治理能力的重要参照,在推进我国国家治理现代化的进程中需要准确研判社会问题,并在国家治理层面推进社会多元主体的协同参与。

[关键词]社会转型;乡村社会治理;国家治理

[中图分类号]D67[文献标识码]A[文章编号]1000-3541(2017)02-0130-05

Abstract: China's rural society has undergone profound changes in the process of modernization. It manifests openness and mobility in social structure, autonomy and diversity in power structure,and professional identity and lifestyle change in role of farmer's identity. In rural social governance,the current condition of open and flowing rural society forms a clear tension with traditional rural social governance model such as “seclusion and exclusion”,“dual structure of urban and rural areas”,“planning administration” and so on. It needs to construct the optimization path of rural social governance mechanism in the transitional period with multiple subject consultation and dialogue mechanism, rural economic system model and contractual integration as access. Social governance at the grassroots level is the social basis of the state governance system and rural social governance is an important reference to the ability of social governance at the grassroots level. Accurate judgment of social problems and the promotion of cooperative participation of social multi subject at the level of national governance are required in promoting China's national governance modernization process.

Key words:Social Transformation; Rural Social Governance; National Governance

一、引言

黨的十八届三中全会提出全面深化改革的宏伟战略,中国特色社会主义现代化建设步入了崭新的历史阶段。市场经济与民主法治成为这一历史阶段的总体话语,市场经济以其资源配置方式和价值观念重塑为中国发展提供了经济和思想上的不竭动力,以民主法治主导的政治体制改革为中国政治建设提供了结构和观念上的目标指引。

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