管理学第9版 练习题 英文版 附答案 1

Chapter 1 Introduction to Management and Organizations

TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS

A MANAGER’S DILEMMA

1.Today’s managers are just as likely to be women as they are men.

2.Management affects employee morale but not a company’s financial performance.

WHO ARE MANAGERS?

3.In order to be considered a manager, an individual must coordinate the work of others.

4.Supervisors and foremen may both be considered first-line managers.

WHAT IS MANAGEMENT?

5.Effectiveness refers to the relationship between inputs and outputs.

6.Effectiveness is concerned with the means of getting things done, while efficiency is concerned with

the attainment of organizational goals.

7. A goal of efficiency is to minimize resource costs.

8.Efficiency is often referred to as “doing things right.”

9.Managers who are effective at meeting organizational goals always act efficiently.

WHAT DO MANAGERS DO?

10.The four contemporary functions of management are planning, organizing, leading, and controlling.

11.Determining who reports to whom is part of the controlling function of management.

12.Directing and motivating are part of the controlling function of management.

13.Fayol’s management functions are basically equivalent to Mintzberg’s management roles.

14.The roles of figurehead, leader, and liaison are all interpersonal roles.

15.Disturbance handler is one of Mintzberg’s interpersonal roles.

16.Mintzberg’s informational management role involves receiving, collecting, and disseminating

information.

17.Mintzberg’s resource allocation role is similar to Fayol’s planning function because it involves the

coordination of employee’s activities.

18.Resource allocation and disturbance handling are both considered decisional roles.

19.A finance manager who reads the Wall Street Journal on a regular basis would be performing the

figurehead role.

20.Katz found that managers needed three essential skills: technical, human, and informational.

21.Technical skills become less important as a manager moves into higher levels of management.

22.Conceptual skills become less important as a manager moves into top management.

23.Interpersonal skills involve a manager’s ability to think about abstract situations.

24.Coaching and budgeting are skills closely related to the management function of leading.

25.Budgeting is a skill that is related to both planning and controlling.

26.In today’s world, organizational managers at all levels and in all areas need to encourage their

employees to be on the look-out for new ideas and new approaches.

27.Only first-line managers and employees need to be concerned with being customer-responsive.

28.Innovation is only important in high-tech firms.

WHAT IS AN ORGANIZATION?

29.A distinct purpose is important in defining an organization.

30.A nontaxable organization, such as the United Way, cannot be considered an organization. MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS

For each of the following choose the answer that most completely answers the question.

A MANAGER’S DILEMMA

31.Which of the following statements regarding managers in today’s world is accurate?

a.Their age range is limited to between 30 and 65.

b.They are found only in large corporations.

c.They can be found exclusively in for-profit organizations.

d.The single most important variable in employee productivity and loyalty is the quality of the

relationship between employees and their direct supervisors.

32.According to data collected by Catalyst, a nonprofit research group, _________ percent of corporate

officers in Fortune 500 companies are women.

a.55.3

b.15.7

c.39.7

d.21.9

WHO ARE MANAGERS?

33.Someone who works with and through other people by coordinating their work activities in order to

accomplish organizational goals is ___________.

a.an assembly line worker

b. a laborer

c. a manager

d. a salesperson

34.In the past, nonmanagerial employees were viewed as employees who ___________.

a.reported to top executives

b.reported to middle managers

c.supervised others

d.had no others reporting to them

35.Which of the following types of managers is responsible for making organization-wide decisions and

establishing the plans and goals that affect the entire organization?

a.first-line managers

b.top managers

c.production managers

d.research managers

36.All levels of management between the supervisory level and the top level of the organization are

termed _____________.

a.middle managers

b.first-line managers

c.supervisors

d.foremen

37.Which of the following levels of management is associated with positions such as executive vice

president, chief operating officer, chief executive officer, and chairman of the board?

a.team leaders

b.middle managers

c.first-line managers

d.top managers

38.Agency head or plant manager is most likely associated with which of the following?

a.team leaders

b.middle managers

c.first-line managers

d.top managers

39.The lowest level of management is ______________.

a. a nonmanagerial employee

b. a department of research manager

c. a vice president

d. a first-line manager

40.Supervisor is another name for which of the following?

a.team leader

b.middle manager

c.first-line manager

d.top manager

41.Managers with titles such as regional manager, project leader, or plant manager are

_______________.

a.first-line managers

b.top managers

c.production managers

d.middle managers

42.Which of the following best reflects the management structure of a traditional organization?

a.pyramid

b.circle

c.hub with spokes

d.infinite line

43.Division manager is associated with which of the following levels of management?

a.team leaders

b.middle managers

c.first-line managers

d.top managers

WHAT IS MANAGEMENT?

44._____________ is the process of getting activities completed efficiently and effectively with and

through other people.

a.Leading

b.Management

c.Supervision

d.Controlling

45.The distinction between a managerial position and a nonmanagerial position is _______________.

a.planning the work of others

b.coordinating the work of others

c.controlling the work of others

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlanizing the work of others

46.Which of the following is an example of an efficient manufacturing technique?

a.cutting inventory levels

b.increasing the amount of time to manufacture products

c.increasing product reject rates

d.decreasing product output

47.Wasting resources is considered to be an example of managerial _____________.

a.efficiency

b.effectiveness

c.inefficiency

d.ineffectiveness

48.An automobile manufacturer that increased the total number of cars produced at the same cost, but

with many defects, would be _____________.

a.efficient and effective

b.increasing efficiency

c.increasing effectiveness

d.concerned with inputs

49.Effectiveness is synonymous with _____________.

a.cost minimization

b.resource control

c.goal attainment

d.efficiency

50.Efficiency refers to _____________.

a.the relationship between inputs and outputs

b.the additive relationship between costs and benefits

c.the exponential nature of costs and outputs

d.increasing outputs regardless of cost

51.In successful organizations, ______________.

a.low efficiency and high effectiveness go hand in hand

b.high efficiency and low effectiveness go hand in hand

c.high efficiency and high effectiveness go hand in hand

d.high efficiency and high equity go hand in hand

52.Whereas _____________ is concerned with the means of getting things done, _____________ is

concerned with the ends, or attainment of organizational goals.

a.effectiveness; efficiency

b.efficiency; effectiveness

c.effectiveness; goal attainment

d.goal attainment; efficiency

WHAT DO MANAGERS DO?

MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS

53.How many management functions were originally proposed in the early part of the twentieth century?

a.three

b.four

c.five

d.nine

54._____________ was a French industrialist who first identified the basic management functions.

a.Weber

b.Taylor

c.Herzberg

d.Fayol

55.Today, the basic management functions are considered to be ______________.

a.planning, coordinating, staffing, and directing

b.planning, organizing, leading, and directing

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlmanding, organizing, leading, and staffing

d.planning, organizing, leading, and controlling

56.Which of the following management functions from the mid-1950s is no longer included in the basic

functions of management?

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlmanding

b.staffing

c.leading

d.controlling

57.Writing an organizational strategic plan is an example of the ______________ management function.

a.leading

b.coordinating

c.planning

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlanizing

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlanizing includes _____________.

a.defining organizational goals

b.hiring organizational members

c.motivating organizational members

d.determining who does what tasks

59.A manager resolving conflict among organizational members is performing what function?

a.controlling

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlmanding

c.directing

d.leading

60.The process of monitoring, comparing, and correcting is called _____________.

a.controlling

b.coordinating

c.leading

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MANAGEMENT ROLES

61.__________ developed a categorization scheme for defining what managers do, consisting of 10

different but highly interrelated roles.

a.Henri Fayol

b.Henry Ford

c.Henry Mintzberg

d.Henry Morris

62.According to Mintzberg’s management roles, the _____________ roles are those that involve people

and other duties that are ceremonial and symbolic in nature.

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlrmational

b.interpersonal

c.technical

d.decisional

63.The roles of disseminator, figurehead, negotiator, liaison, and spokesperson are more important at

the __________ levels of the organization.

a.lower

b.middle

c.higher

d.supervisory

64.Which of the following is not an example of a decisional role according to Mintzberg?

a.spokesperson

b.entrepreneur

c.disturbance handler

d.resource allocator

65.A human resource manager attending a local Society for Human Resource Management meeting

would be functioning in which role?

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlrmational

b.leader

c.liaison

d.disseminator

66.A finance manager who reads the Wall Street Journal on a regular basis would be performing which

role?

a.figurehead

b.monitor

c.disseminator

d.interpersonal

67.The _____________ role is more important for lower-level managers than it is for either middle- or

top-level managers.

a.leader

b.entrepreneur

c.spokesperson

d.disseminator

68.The emphasis that managers give to various roles seems to be based on their _____________.

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlanizational level

b.tenure with the organization

c.experience in their field

d.personality

69.Which of the following is not an example of an interpersonal role according to Mintzberg?

a.figurehead

b.leader

c.liaison

d.spokesperson

70.According to Mintzberg’s management roles, the ______________ roles involve receiving,

collecting, and disseminating information.

a.interpersonal

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlrmational

c.technical

d.decisional

71.All of the following are examples of informational roles according to Mintzberg except

____________.

a.liaison

b.monitor

c.disseminator

d.spokesperson

72.Which of the following is not an example of a decisional role according to Mintzberg?

a.spokesperson

b.entrepreneur

c.disturbance handler

d.resource allocator

73.All of the following are managerial roles that are more important at the higher levels of the

organization except ________________.

a.leader

b.disseminator

c.figurehead

d.negotiator

74.Which of the fol lowing represents the most useful way of describing the manager’s job?

a.roles

b.functions

c.skills

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlanizational level

75.Many of Mintzberg’s roles align with the basic functions of management. For example, the

_____________ role is a part of planning.

a.figurehead

b.leader

c.liaison

d.resource allocation

76.All three of Mintzberg’s interpersonal roles are part of the _____________ function.

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlanizing

b.planning

c.leading

d.controlling

MANAGEMENT SKILLS

77.Which of the following identified the three essential managerial skills?

a.Katz

b.Lewisberg

c.Raines

d.Chambers

78.The three essential managerial skills include _____________.

a.technical, human, and empirical

b.human, empirical, and conceptual

c.technical, interpersonal, and controlling

d.technical, human, and conceptual

79.Understanding building codes would be considered a _____________ skill for a building contractor.

a.human

b.technical

c.conceptual

d.empirical

80.Which of the following is true concerning technical and managerial skills?

a.Human skills and technical skills remain equally important as managers move to higher levels.

b.Technical-skill needs remain necessary and human skills decrease as managers move to higher

levels.

c.Human skills remain necessary and technical-skill needs decrease as managers move to higher

levels.

d.Both human-skill and technical-skill needs decrease as managers move to higher levels.

81.Managers with good __________ are able to get the best out of their people.

a.human skills

b.conceptual skills

c.technical skills

d.visual skills

82.Technical skills include _______________.

a.leadership and efficiency in a certain specialized field

b.knowledge of and proficiency in a certain specialized field

c.familiarity with and interest in a general field of endeavor

d.skill and interest in a general field of endeavor

83.The ability to work well with other people, both individually and in a group, requires

________________.

a.technical skills

b.assessment skills

c.planning skills

d.human skills

84.Which of the following types of skills are described with terms such as abstract situations and

visualization?

a.interpersonal

b.human

c.technical

d.conceptual

85.Which one of the following phrases is best associated with managerial conceptual skills?

a.decision making

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlmunicating with customers

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmling information to solve business problems

d.product knowledge

86.Which of the following skills are more important at lower levels of management, as these managers

are dealing directly with employees doing the organization’s work?

a.human

b.technical

c.conceptual

d.empirical

87.Budgeting is associated with the management functions of planning and _____________.

a.directing

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlanizing

c.leading

d.controlling

88.Mentoring is primarily associated with the management function of _____________.

a.planning

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c.leading

d.controlling

WHAT IS AN ORGANIZATION?

89.An organization is ______________.

a.the physical location where people work

b. a collection of individuals working for the same company

c. a deliberate arrangement of people to accomplish some specific purpose

d. a group of individuals focused on profit making for their shareholders

90.One of the common characteristics of all organizations is ____________, which is typically

expressed in terms of the organization’s goals.

a.its people

b.its goals

c.its systematic structure

d.its purpose

91.One of the common characteristics of all organizations is _____________, which clarifies members’

work relationships.

a.its people

b.its goals

c.its deliberate structure

d.its purpose

92.A deliberate arrangement of people to accomplish some specific purpose is _____________.

a. a structure.

b. a process.

c.an organization.

d.an assembly operation

93.A difference between traditional organizations and new organizations is that the new organizations

tend to be more _____________.

a.stable

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlmand oriented

c.rule oriented

d.dynamic

WHY STUDY MANAGEMENT?

94.Which of the following best describes the concept that management is needed in all types and sizes

of organizations, no matter the country in which they’re located?

a.the partiality of management

b.the segmentation of management

c.the universality of management

d.the cultures of management

95.Universality of management means that _____________

a.all managers in all organizations perform the four management functions

b.all managers in all organizations can perform their job the same way

c.all organizations can hire any manager to perform the management jobs

d.any manager can work in any organization and perform any management job

96.As members of the general public, we have a vested interest in improving the way organizations are

managed because _________________.

a.we stand to benefit personally from an individual organization’s profits

b.we interact with organizations every single day of our lives

c.if organizations don’t improve, we won’t have a place to work in the future

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlanizations supply inputs to other organizations

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlanizations that are well managed ____________.

a.choose the best suppliers for their products

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlpete on an international basis because they have the best products

c.always have the lowest-cost products

d.develop a loyal customer base, grow, and prosper

98.According to management expert Peter Drucker, management is about ______________.

a.profits

b.people

c.planning

d.participation

99.Which of the following types of managerial positions is most likely to involve clerical duties?

a.shift supervisor

b.regional department head

c.project manager

d.chief executive officer

100. A manager’s success is typically _______________.

a.dependent on how hard the manager works

b.how closely the manager supervises the employees

c.based on how skilled the manager is at the technical elements of the job

d.dependent on others’ work performance

101. A primary responsibility of managers is creating a work environment that _______________.

a.is safe and well lit

b.is clean and organized

c.allows employees to do their work to the best of their ability

d.provides excellent customer service

102.Managers often ______________.

a.are prevented from making business decisions

b.change their career paths during their work lives

c.have opportunities to think creatively and use their imaginations

d.must depend on their employees for guidance in dealing with superiors

103.Which of the following represents a challenge of management?

a.enjoy relatively easy work

b.work with a variety of people

c.have little influence on organizational outcomes

d.have to deal with a variety of personalities

104.Each of the following represents a challenge of management except _______________.

a.must operate with limited resources

b.are highly valued by organizations

c.must motivate workers in uncertain situations

d.success depends on others’ performance

SCENARIOS AND QUESTIONS

For each of the following choose the answer that most completely answers the question.

WHO ARE MANAGERS?

Managerial Basic Training (Scenario)

Imagine that your marketing company has just merged with a manufacturing organization. You have been asked to help provide some “basic” managerial training to the engineers in the research and development unit of the new sister company. To make sure you are covering the necessary issues, your boss has asked to see an overview of materials that you will be providing the engineers.

105.Now that both companies are merged and are a systematic arrangement of people set to accomplish a specific purpose, they could be described as a(n) _____________.

a.business unit

b.multinational company

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d.holding company

106.One of the first things the engineers need to learn is that _____________ are the people who direct the activities of others in an organization.

a.directors

b.managers

c.subordinates

d.line workers

107.Another fact that engineers need to learn is that supervisors may frequently be referred to as _____________.

a.middle managers

b.top managers

c.project leaders

d.first-line managers

108.Many of the engineers in the group are unclear about what managers actually do. Your training materials explain that a manager’s job focuses on _____________.

a.the performance of clerical duties

b.personal achievement

c.helping others accomplish their work goals

d.supervising groups rather than individual employees

The Customer Meeting (Scenario)

Kelly, a production supervisor, is responsible for 10 employees who assemble components into a finished product that is sold to distributors. Kelly reports to Ben, a production manager, who in turn reports to Dan, a general manager, who reports to McKenna, a vice president of operations. Recently, McKenna asked Dan to have a meeting with Kelly and Ben regarding some customer concerns in the production area. The focus of the meeting was to judge the validity of the customer concerns, and to develop a specific plan to address these concerns.

109.What is the commonality among Kelly, Ben, Dan, and McKenna?

a.They all produce the same product.

b.They all have the same job content.

c.They all are managers.

d.They all have the same vision.

110.Kelly is considered to be what level of management?

a.top manager

b.superintendent of assembly

c.middle manager

d.first-line manager

111.Ben and Dan are considered to be what level of management?

a.top managers

b.middle managers

c.superintendents of assembly

d.first-line managers

112.McKenna is considered to be what level of management?

a.top manager

b.superintendent of assembly

c.middle manager

d.first-line manager

113.The structure of the managerial relationships among McKenna, Dan, Ben, and Kelly can best be described as a ____________.

a.flexible work group

b.traditional pyramid structure

c.innovative nuclear structure

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlmunication hub

WHAT IS MANAGEMENT?

The Perfect Manager (Scenario)

Brenda Kraft has proven herself to be an able manager. Her section has a high project completion rate with the highest-quality product and the lowest defects in her division. In addition, she accomplishes this with fewer full-time people than other managers. Some say that the secret of her success is in her ability to delegate responsibility and her understanding of the basic “management functions.”

114.Brenda’s ability to complete activities efficiently and effectively with and through other people is known as _____________.

a.management

b.leadership

c.coercion

d.delegation

115.Brenda’s ability to produce the same amount of product with fewer personnel is a reflection of her ___________.

a.effectiveness

b.process skills

c.leadership

d.efficiency

116.The fact that Brenda completes her projects is an indication of her _____________ as a manager.

a.leadership

b.effectiveness

c.efficiency

d.attention to detail

117.If Brenda accomplished her projects on time with high-quality results, but she took more time than other managers in the process, you could say that as a manager she was ____________.

a.efficient, but not effective

b. a leader, but not a top manager

c.project oriented, but not effective

d.effective, but not efficient

118.The “management functions” exemplified by Brenda include all but which of the following?

a.planning

b.controlling

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d.calibrating

WHAT DO MANAGERS DO?

Joe the Manager (Scenario)

As a production supervisor, Joe decides on Friday afternoon how many units of output his employees will be able to produce and on which days certain products will be run in his department. He also decides which of his employees are going to be responsible for operating which machines within the department next week, as his employees are multi-skilled assemblers. On Monday, he informs his employees of their assignments to specific machines by handing out assignment sheets. He tells the employees that the schedule is going to be difficult this week due to the increased number of units. He goes on to tell them that he is sure they can fulfill the schedule because they are such good and skilled employees. Each day during the week, Joe checks the amount of output that the employees have completed and the number of units that have been rejected.

119.When Joe decides how many units of output his employees will be able to produce and on which days certain products will be run, he is performing which of the management functions?

a.controlling

b.leading

c.planning

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlanizing

120.When Joe checks the amount of output that the employees have completed and the number of units that have been rejected, he is performing which of the management functions?

a.controlling

b.leading

c.planning

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121.When Joe tells the employees that he is sure they can fulfill the schedule because they are such good and skilled employees, he is performing which of the management functions?

a.controlling

b.leading

c.planning

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The Busy Day (Scenario)

Don Eskew, plant manager at Control Systems, Inc., sighed as he sipped his first cup of coffee at 5 A.M. and read his agenda for the day. He is giving two company tours in the morning: the first to a newspaper reporter who is writing a story on the new plant expansion, and the second to a group of Control Systems managers from the east coast. Don then has a meeting with the unit manager, Phil Johnson, to discuss Phil’s recent drop in performanc e (a task Don always hates). Next, Don is spending a couple of hours reviewing the trade journals he receives from his high-tech association and writing up a brief synopsis for his presentation next week to the division president. Finally, in the late afternoon, he will be reviewing the new equipment malfunction and deciding whether to bring in extra people to get the equipment running as soon as possible. Whew! Just another day in the glamorous life of a manager. 122.Together, all of the functions that Don performs during his busy day correspond to the management roles discovered in the late 1960s by which one of the following management researchers?

a.Herzberg

b.Skinner

c.Mintzberg

d.Fayol

123.When Don conducts the tour for the east coast managers, he will be operating in which of the management roles?

a.leader

b.liaison

c.monitor

d.figurehead

124.When Don meets with Phil to discuss Phil’s performance issues, Don will be operating in which management role?

a.leader

b.figurehead

c.monitor

d.disturbance handler

125.What role will Don be performing when he gives the plant tour to the newspaper reporter?

a.monitor

b.figurehead

c.disseminator

d.spokesperson

126.When Don reviews the new equipment malfunction, what management role will he play when deciding whether to bring in extra people?

a.monitor

b.disseminator

c.resource allocator

d.disturbance handler

The General Manager (Scenario)

Michael is the general manager of a production facility. In a routine day, Michael might meet with city officials or civic leaders about environmental issues due to the plant’s presen ce in the community. After these meetings, he will then meet with the plant’s functional managers to discuss the concerns expressed by the city representatives. Other times, Michael might meet with the production manager, Betty, and the human resource manager, Joyce, to discuss a complaint filed by one of the employees in a production department. Michael might also spend time on the Internet looking for new technologies that can be used in the production processes of his plant.

127.When Michael gains information from city officials or civic leaders to learn how the plant’s operations may be affecting the environment, he is performing which management role?

a.leader

b.resource allocator

c.entrepreneur

d.monitor

128.When Michael meets with Betty and Joyce to discuss a complaint filed by one of the employees in a production department, he is performing which management role?

a.resource allocator

b.disturbance handler

c.liaison

d.figurehead

129.When Michael meets with the functional managers to share with them the results of the meeting with city officials or civic leaders, he is performing which management role?

a.disseminator

b.liaison

c.disturbance handler

d.negotiator

130.When Michael spends time on the Internet looking for new technologies that can be used in the production processes of his plant, he is performing which management role?

a.leader

b.entrepreneur

c.spokesperson

d.disturbance handler

131.Michael’s search for new technologies that can be used in the production processes of his plant is an example of which type of management role?

a.interpersonal

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd344871f46527d3240ce0d8.htmlrmational

c.decisional

d.controlling

132.Michael’s search for new technologies that can be used in the production processes of his plant is an example of which type of management skill?

a.conceptual

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c.effectiveness

d.interpersonal

ESSAY QUESTIONS

WHO ARE MANAGERS?

133.In a short essay, explain how the definition of a manager has changed over time. Provide an example that illustrates the current definition.

134.In a short essay, describe the similarities and differences between managerial and nonmanagerial positions in today’s work environment.

135.In a short essay, describe and provide examples of first-line, middle, and top managers.

WHAT IS MANAGEMENT?

136.In a short essay, discuss the difference between efficiency and effectiveness and include a specific example to support each concept.

WHAT DO MANAGERS DO?

137.In a short essay, list and explain the four basic functions of management.

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