2014年12月英语四级考试真题及答案(第2套)

2014年12月四级真题(第2套)

Part IWriting(30minutes)

Directions:For this part,you are allowed30minutes to write a short essay about a course thathas impressed you most in college.You should state the reasons and write at least120words but no more than180words.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

Part IIListening Comprehension(30minutes)

Section A

Directions:In this section,you will hear8short conversations and2long conversations.At the end of each conversation,one or more questions will be asked about what was said.Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once.After each question there will be a pause.During the pause,you must read the four choices marked A.,B.,C.and D.,and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet1with a single line through the centre.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

1.A.She used to be in poor health.

B.She was popular among boys.

C.She was somewhat overweight.

D.She didn't do well at high school.

2.A.At the airport.

B.In a restaurant.

C.In a booking office.

D.At the hotel reception.

3.A.Teaching her son by herself.

B.In a restaurant.

C.Asking the teacher for extra help.

D.Telling her son not to worry.

4.A.Have a short break.

B.Take two weeks off.

C.Continue her work outdoors.

D.Go on vacation with the man.

5.A.He is taking care of his twin brother.

B.Take two weeks off.

C.He is worried about Rod's health.

D.He has been in perfect condition.

6.A.She sold all her furniture before she moved house.

B.She still keeps some old furniture in her new house.

C.She plans to put all her old furniture in the basement.

D.She bought a new set of furniture from Italy last month.

7.A.The woman wondered why the man didn't return the book.

B.The woman doesn't seem to know what the book is about.

C.The woman doesn't find the book useful any more.

D.The woman forgot lending the book to the man.

8.A.Most of the man's friends are athletes.

B.Few people share the woman's opinion.

C.The man doesn't look like a sportsman.

D.The woman doubts the man's athletic ability.

Questions9to12are based on the conversation you have just heard.

9.A.She has packed it in one of her bags.

B.She is going to get it at the airport.

C.She has probably left it in a taxi.

D.She is afraid that she has lost it.

10.A.It ends in winter.

B.It will cost her a lot.

C.It will last one week.

D.It depends on the weather.

11.A.The plane is taking off soon.

B.The taxi is waiting for them.

C.There might be a traffic jam.

D.There is a lot of stuff to pack.

12.A.At home.

B.At the airport.

C.In the man's car.

D.By the side of a taxi.

Questions13to15are based on the conversation you have just heard.

13.A.She is thirsty for promotion.

B.She wants a much higher salary.

C.She is tired of her present work.

D.She wants to save travel expenses.

14.A.Translator.

C.Language instructor.

B.Travel agent.

D.Environmental engineer.

15.A.Lively personality and inquiring mind.

B.Communication skills and team spirit.

C.Devotion and work efficiency.

D.Education and experience.

Section B

Directions:In this section,you will hear3short passages.At the end of each passage,you will hear some questions.Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once.After you hear a question,you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A.,B.,C.and D..

Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet1with a single line through the centre.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

Passage One

Questions16to19are based on the passage you have just heard.

16.A.They care a lot about children.

B.They need looking after in their old age.

C.They want to enrich their life experience.

D.They want children to keep them company.

17.A.They are usually adopted from distant places.

B.Their birth information is usually kept secret~

C.Their birth parents often try to conceal their birth information.

D.Their adoptive parents don't want them to know their birth parents.

18.A.They generally hold bad feelings towards their birth parents.

B.They do not want to hurt the feelings of their adoptive parents.

C.They have mixed feelings about finding their natural parents.

D.They are fully aware of the expenses involved in the search.

19.A.Early adoption makes for closer parent-child relationship.

B.Most.people prefer to adopt children from overseas.

C.Understanding is the key to successful adoption.

D.Adoption has much to do with love.

Passage Two

Questions20to22are based on the passage you have just heard.

20.A.He suffered from mental illness.

B.He bought The Washington Post.

C.He turned a failing newspaper into a success.

D.He was once a reporter for a major newspaper.

21.A.She was the first woman to lead a big U.S.publishing company.

B.She got her first job as a teacher at the University of Chicago.

C.She committed suicide because of her mental disorder.

D.She took over her father's position when he died.

22.A.People came to see the role of women in the business world. B.Katharine played a major part in reshaping Americans'mind.

C.American media would be quite different without Katharine.

D.Katharine had exerted an important influence on the world.

Passage Three

Questions23to25are based on the passage you have just heard.

23.A.It'll enable them to enjoy the best medical care.

B.It'll allow them to receive free medical treatment.

C.It'll protect them from possible financial crises.

D.It'll prevent the doctors from overcharging them.

24.A.They can't immediately get back the money paid for their medical cost. B.They have to go through very complicated application procedures.

C.They can only visit doctors who speak their native languages.

D.They may not be able to receive timely medical treatment.

25.A.They don't have to pay for the medical services.

B.They needn't pay the entire medical bill at once.

C.They must send the receipts to the insurance company promptly.

D.They have to pay a much higher price to get an insurance policy.

Section C

Directions:In this section,you will hear a passage three times.When the passage is read for the first time,you should listen carefully for its general idea.When the passage is read for the second time,you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard.Final-ly,when the passage is read for the third time,you should check what you have written.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

More and more of the world's population are living in towns or cities.The speed at which cities are growing in the less developed countries is(26)__________. Between1920and1960big cities in developed countries increased two and a half times in size,but in other parts of the world the growth was eight times their size. The(27)__________size of growth is bad enough,but there are now also very disturb-ing signs of trouble in the(28)__________of percentages of people living in towns and per-centages of people working in industry.During the nineteenth century cities grew(29)__________the growth of industry.In Europe the proportion of people living in citiesWasalwayssmallerthanthatoftheworkForceworkingin factories.Now,however,the(30)__________is almost always tree in the newly industrialised world:the percentage of people living in cities is much higher than the percentage working in industry.

Without a base of people working in industry,these cities cannot(31) __________their growth;thereis not enough money tobuildadequatehousesfor thepeoplethatlivethere,(32)__________the new arrivals.There has been little opportunity to build water supplies orother(33)__________ So,thefiguresforthegrowthoftownsandcities(34)__________proportional growth of unemployment and underemployment,a growth in the number of hopeless and (35)__________parents and starving children.

PartⅡIReading Comprehension(40minutes)

Section A

Directions:In this section,there is a passage with ten blanks.You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage.Read the passage through carefully before making your choices.Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter.Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet2with a single line through the centre.You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Questions36to45are based on the following passage.

As an Alaskan fisherman,Timothy June,54,used to think that he was safe from industrial pollutants(污染物)at his home in Haines--a town with a population of 2,400people and4,000eagles,with8million acres of protected wild land nearby. But in early2007,June agreed to take part in a36of35Americans from seven states. It was a biomonitoring project,in which people's blood and ur/ne(尿)were tested for37of chemicals--in this case,three potentially dangerous classes of compounds found in common household38like face cream,tin cans,and shower curtains.The results--39in November in a report called"Is It in Us?"by an environmental group--were rather worrying.Every one of the participants,40from an minois state

senator to a Massachusetts minister,tested positive for all three classes of pollutants.And while the41presence of these chemicals does not42indicate a health risk,the fact that typical Americans carry these chemicals at all43June and his fellow participants.

Clearly,there are chemicals in our bodies that don't44there.A large,ongoing study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has found148 chemicals in Americans of all ages.

And in2005,the Environmental Working Group found an45of200chemicals in the blood of10new-borns."Our babies are being born pre-polluted,"says Sharyle Patton of Commonweal,which cosponsored"Is It in Us?This is going to be the next big environmental issue after climate change."

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

A.analyses

B.average

C.belong

D.demonstrated

E.excess

F.extending

G.habitually

H.necessarily

I.products

J.ranging

K.released

L.shocked

M.simple

N.survey

O.traces

Section B

Directions:In this section,you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it.Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived.You may choose a paragraph more than once.Each paragraph is marked with a letter.Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet2.

In Hard Economy for All Ages,Older Isn't Better...It's Brutal

[A]Young graduates are in debt,out of work and on their parents'couches.People in their30s and40s can't afford to buy homes or have children.Retirees are earning near-zero interest on their savings.

[B]In the current listless(缺乏活力的)economy,every generation has a claim to having been most injured.But the Labor Department's latest jobs reports and other recent data present a strong case for crowning baby boomers(二战后生育高峰期出生的人)as the greatest victims of the recession and its dreadful consequences.

[C]These Americans in their50s and early60s--those near retirement age who do not yet have access to Medicare and Social Security--have lost the most earnings power of any age group,with their household incomes10percent below what they made

when the recovery began three years ago,according to Sentier Research,a data analysis company.Their retirement savings and home values fell sharply at the worst possible time:just before they needed to cash out.They are supporting both aged parents and unemployed young-adult children,earning them the unlucky nickname "Generation Squeeze."

[D]New research suggests that they may die sooner,because their health,income security and mental well-being were battered(重创)by recession at a crucial time in their lives.A recent study by economists at Wellesley College found that people who lost their jobs in the few years before becoming qualified for Social Security lost up to three years from their life expectanv'y(预期寿命),largely because they no longer had access to affordable health care.

[E]Unemployment rates for Americans nearing retirement are far lower than those for young people,who are recently out of school,with fewer skills and a shorter work history.But once out of a job,older workers have a much harder time finding another one.Over the last year,the average duration of unemployment for older people was53weeks,compared with19weeks for teenagers,according to the Labor Department's jobs report released on Friday.

[F]The lengthy process is partly because older workers are more likely to have been laid off from industries that are downsizing,like http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd53a8ffbe1e650e53ea9914.htmlpared with the rest of the population,older people are also more likely to own their own homes and be less mobile than renters,who can move to new job markets.

[G]Older workers are more likely to have a disability of some sort,perhaps limiting the range of jobs that offer realistic choices.They may also be less inclined,at least initially,to take jobs that pay far less than their old positions.

[H]Displaced boomers also believe they are victims of age discrimination,because employers can easily find a young,energetic worker who will accept lower pay and who can potentially stick around for decades rather than a few years.

[I]In a survey of older workers who were laid off during the recession,just one in six had found another job,and half of that group had accepted pay cuts.14%of the re-employed said the pay in their new job was less than half what they earned in their previous job."I just say to myself:'Why me?What have I done to deserve this?'"said John Agati,56,whose last full-time job,as a product developer,ended four years ago when his employer went out of business.That position paid$90,000, and his resume lists jobs at companies like American Express,Disney and USA Networks. Since being laid off,though,he has worked a series of part-time,low-wage, temporary positions,including selling shoes at Lord&Taylor and making sales calls for a car company.

[J]The last few years have taken a toil not only on his family's finances,but also on his feelings of self-worth."You just get sad,"Mr.Agati said."I see people getting up in the morning,going out to their careers and going home.I just wish I was doing that.Some people don't like their jobs,or they have problems with their jobs,but at least they're working.I just wish I was in their shoes."

He said he cannot afford to go back to school,as many younger people without jobs have done.Even if he could afford it,economists say it is unclear whether older

workers like him benefit much from more education.

[K]"It just doesn't make sense to offer retraining for people55and older,"said Daniel Hamermesh,an economics professor."Discrimination by age,long-term unemployment,and the fact that they're now at the end of the hiring queue just don't make it sensible to invest in them."

[L]Many displaced older workers are taking this message to heart and leaving the labor force entirely.The share of older people applying for Social Security early rose quickly during the recession as people sought whatever income they could find. The penalty they will pay is permanent,as retirees who take benefits at age62will receive as much as30%less in each month's check for the rest of their lives than they would if they had waited until full retirement age(66for those born after 1942).

[M]Those not yet qualified for Social Security are increasingly applying for another, comparable kind of income support that often goes to people who expect never to work again:disability benefits.More than one in eight people in their late50s is now on some form of federal disability insurance program,according to Professor Mark Duggan at the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School.

[N]The very oldest Americans,of course,were battered by some of the same ill winds that tormented(折磨)those now nearing retirement,but at least the most senior were cushioned by a more readily available social safety net.More important,in a statistical twist,they may have actually benefited from the financial crisis in the most fundamental way:longer lives.

[O]Death rates for people over65have historically fallen during recessions, according to a November2011study by economists at the University of California, Davis.Why?The researchers argue that weak job markets push more workers into accepting relatively undesirable work at nursing homes,leading to better care for residents.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

46.Greater mobility puts younger people at an advantage in seeking new jobs.

47.Many of the older workers laid off during the recession had to accept lower pay in their new jobs.

48.Those who lose their jobs shortly before retirement age live a shorter-than-average life.

49.Seniors at nursing homes could benefit from the weak job market.

50.Age discrimination in employment makes it pointless retraining older workers.

51.According to recent reports and data analyses,boomers suffer most from the weak economy.

52.Unemployed boomers are at a disadvantage in job-hunting because employers tend to hire younger workers.

53.People in their fifties and early sixties bear the heaviest family burdens.

54.People who take benefits from Social Security before official retirement age will get much less for the rest of their lives.

55.Older workers'choice of jobs can be limited because of disability.

Section C

Directions:There are2passages in this section.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked'A.,B.,C.and D..

You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet2with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions56to60are based on the following passage.

New Yorkers are gradually getting used to more pedaling(骑车的)passengers on those shining blue Citi Bikes.But what about local bike shops?Is Citi Bike rolling up riders at their expense?

At Gotham Bikes in Tribeca,manager W.Ben said the shop has seen an increase in its overall sales due to the bike-share program."It's getting more people on the road,"he said.James Ryan,an employee at Danny's Cycles in Gramercy also said Citi Bike is a good option for people to ease into biking in a city famed for its traffic jams and aggressive drivers."They can try out a bike without committing to buying one,"he said.

Rentals are not a big part of the business at either Gotham Bikes or Danny's Cycles. But for Frank's Bike Shop,a small business on Grand St.,the bike-share program has been bad news.Owner Frank Arroyo said his rental business has decreased by90%since Citi Bike was rolled out last month.

Arroyo's main rental customers are European tourists,who have since been drawn away by Citi Bikes.

However,Ben said the bike-share is good for bike sales at his shop."People have used the bike-share and realized how great it is to bike in the city,then decide that they want something nicer for themselves,"he noted.

Christian Farrell of Waterfront Bicycle Shop,on West St.just north of Christopher St.,said initially he was concerned about bike-share,though,he admitted,"I was happy to see people on bikes."

Farrell's early concerns were echoed by Andrew Crooks,owner of NYC Velo,at64 Second Ave."It seemed like a great idea,but one that would be difficult to implement,"Crooks said of Citi Bike.He saidhe worried about inexperienced riders' lack of awareness of bildng rules and strong negative reaction from non-cyclists. However,he said,it's still too early to tell ff his business has been impacted. While it's possible bike-share will cause a drop in business,Crooks allowed that the idea is a positive step forward for New York City.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

56.What is the author's chief concern about the increasing use of Citi Bikes in New York?

A.How non-cyclists will respond to it.

B.Whether local bike shops will suffer.

C.Whether local bike businesses will oppose it.

D.How the safety of bike riders can be ensured.

57.What happened to Gotham Bikes as a result of the bike-share program?

A.It found its bike sales unaffected.

B.It shifted its business to rentals.

C.It saw its bike sales on the rise.

D.It rented more bikes to tourists.

58.Why is the bike-share program bad news for Frank's Bike Shop?

A.It cannot meet the demand of the bike-share program.

B.Its customers have been drawn away by Citi Bikes.

C.Its bike prices have to be lowered again and again.

D.It has to compete with the city's bike rental shops.

59.Why did Andrew Crooks think that the bike-share program would be difficult to execute?

A.Inexperienced riders might break biking rules.

B.Conflicts might arise among bike rental shops.

C.Traffic conditions might worsen in the downtown area.

D.There are not enough lanes to accommodate the bikes.

60.What is the general attitude of local bike shops towards Citi Bike?

A.Wait-and-see.

B.Negative.

C.Indifferent.

D.Approving.

Passage Two

Questions61to65are based on the following passage.

Various studies have shown that increased spending on education has not led to measurable improvements in learning.Between1980and2008,staff and teachers at U.S.public schools grew roughly twice as fast as students.Yet students showed no additional learning in achievement tests.

Universities show similar trends of increased administration personnel and costs without greater learning,as documented in Richard Arum and Josipa Roksa's recent book Academically Adrift:Limited Learning on College Campuses.

A survey shows that63%of employers say that recent college graduates don't have the sldlls they need to succeed and25%of employers say that entry-level writing skills are lacking.

Some simplistically attribute the decline in our public education system to the drain of skilled students by private schools,but far more significant events were at work. Public schools worked well until about the1970s.In fact,until that time,public schools provided far better education than private ones.It was the underperforming students who were thrown out of public schools and went to private ones.

A prominent reason public schools did well was that many highly qualified women had few options for worldng outside the house other than being teachers or nurses.They accepted relatively low pay,difficult working conditions,and gave their very best. Having such a large supply of talented women teachers meant that society could pay less for their services.Women's liberation opened up new professional opportunities for women,and,over time,some of the best left teaching as a career option,bringing about a gradual decline in the quality of schooling.

Also around that time,regulations,government,and unions came to dictate pay,

prevent ac~ustments,and introduce bureaucratic(官僚的)standard for advancement. Large education bureaucracies and unions came to dominate the landscape,confusing activity with achievement.Bureaucrats regularly rewrite curriculums,talk nonsense about theories of education,and require ever more admires"trators.The end result has been that,after all the spending,students have worse math and reading skills than both their foreign peers and earlier generations spending far less on education--as all the accumulating evidence now documents.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答

61.What do we learn from various studies on America's public education? A.Achievement tests have failed to truly reflect the quality of teaching. B.Public schools-lack the resources to compete with private schools.

C.Little improvement in education has resulted from increased spending. D.The number of students has increased much faster than that of teachers.

62.How do some people explain the decline in public education?

A.Government investment does not meet schools'needs.

B.Skilled students are moving to private schools.

C.Qualified teachers are far from adequately paid.

D.Training of students'basic skills is neglected.

63.What was a significant contributor to the past glory of public schools? A.Well-behaved students.

B.Efficient admirestration.

C.Talented women teachers.

D.Generous pay for teachers.

64.Why did some of the best women teachers leave teaching?

A.New career opportunities were made available to them by women's liberation. B.Higher academic requirements made it difficult for them to stay in their jobs. C.They were unhappy with the bureaucratic administration in their schools. D.The heavy teaching loads left them little time and energy for family life. 65.What does the author think is one of the results of government involvement in education?

A.Increasing emphasis on theories of education.

B.Highly standardized teaching methods.

C.Students'improved academic performance.

D.An ever-growing number of administrators.

Part IVTranslation(30minutes)

Directions:For this part,you are allowed30minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English.You should write your answer on Answer Sheet2.

中国的互联网社区是全世界发展最快的。2010年,中国约有4.2亿网民(netizen),而且人数还在迅速增长。互联网的日渐流行带来了重大的社会变化。中国网民往往不同于美国网民。美国网民更多的是受实际需要的驱使。用互联网为工具发电子邮件、买卖商品、做研究、规划旅程或付款。中国网民更多是出于社交原因使用互联网,因而更广泛地使用论坛、博客、聊天室等。

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

2014年12月四级真题答案详解(第2套)

Part IWriting

The Most Impressive Course in My College Life

写作指南

本年度的作文文体比较自由,不再局限于议论文。题目要求考生介绍自己“印象最深刻的一门课”,并阐述原因。

根据题目要求,文章的结构可安排如下:

第一段:引出话题,指出大学的课程各有各的作用,但是“我”个人印象最深刻的一门课程是“文学鉴赏”。

第二段:具体描述该门课,注意重点介绍其特别之处,如老师独特的阅读及讨论要求。

第三段:简要说明自己学习该门课程后的收获,如锻炼了分析能力和批判思维能力。

范文与译文范文译文

In coUege,we take a variety of courses to develop different Sldlls.Some courses are meant to broaden our horizon ;others are designed to shape our thinking abili—ties.Among all those courses.the one the has impressed me most is Literature Appreciation.This course is unique in that the teacher has his own way to encourage students to become better readers .He calls it all “ABC ”approach to literature.“ABC”stands for“appreciative but critical”.Whenever we are assigned a poem,or a short story,he first asks US to appreciate the beauty of the literary works,in terms of diction,plots,rhythm etc.Then he asks US to be cntical,trying to find fault with the literary works.Everyone in class must contribute one appreciative comment and one cnfical comment;and no one shall repeat what has been said.I find this approach quite beneficiM as well as im-pressive ,because it cultivates my analytical

thinking and critical thinking skills.Thanks to

this course,I anl now an attentive and alert reader.

在大学,我们学习不同的课程来发展不同的技能。一些课程旨在拓展我们的视野,另一些课程则是要锻炼我们的思维能力。在所有课程中,令我印象最为深刻的是“文学鉴赏”。

该课程的特别之处在于任课教师用其

特有的方法来鼓励学生成为聪明的读者。他称之为文学的“ABC”之路。“ABC”指的是“既要欣赏也要批判”。当我们阅读一首诗或一篇短篇小说时,他首先要求我们欣赏作品之美,如措辞、情节、韵律等方面的美。接着他会要求我们转向批判,尽量找作品的“茬”。班上每位同学都必须分别给出欣赏及批判的意见,而且之前说过的不能再重复。

我觉得这种教学方式不仅令我印象深刻,同时还让我受益匪浅,因为该方式能锻炼我的分析能力和批判思维能力。多亏这门课,我现在阅读的时候,既细心又敏锐。

2014年12月英语四级考试真题及答案(第2套)

万能句型

2014年12月英语四级考试真题及答案(第2套)

1.Among….the one that has impressed me mostis………之中.令我印象最为深刻的是……2.Among…,the one that has left me the deepestimpression is………之中.令我印象最为深刻的是……

3.Among…,…has been very impressive onme.……之中,……确实令我印象深刻。

2014年12月英语四级考试真题及答案(第2套)

1.I find…quite beneficial as well as impressive,because…我觉得……不仅令我印象深刻,同时还让我受益匪浅.因为……

2….is not only very beneficial but also impres-sive in that....…..不仅令人印象深刻,同时还让人受益匪浅,原因在于……

3.I anl very much impressed by…while at thesame time benefit a lot from it.because…我对……印象深刻,并且从中受益匪浅,因为……

写作模板

In college,we(引出话题).Some(某类事物lare meant to(发挥的作用);others are de-signed to(发挥的另一种作用).Among all those(相关事物),the one that has impressed me most is(印象最深刻的事物).

(该事物)is unique in thatf概述该事物的独特之处).(分点详述该事物的独特之处).I find(该事物)quite beneficial as well as impressive,because it(阐述原因l).Thanks to(该事物),I am now(阐述原因2).

Part HListening Comprehension

Section A

1.W:I ran into Sally the other day.I could hardly recognize her.Do you remember her fromhigh school?

M:Yeah.She was a little out of shape back then.Well,has she lost a lot of weight? Q:What does the man remember of Sally?

[C]【解析】男士说Sally当时体形有点不成样子,随后问“她是不是减肥了”,说明她当时体重超重,即C。

【点睛】①she选项题,一般问对话中的女士,可本题问对话中谈到的Sally,需区分。②选项关键词位于表语(或谓语)部分,poor health,popular,overweight和(do)well等修饰词提供依据。③听到out of shape.a lot of weight,即可迅速解题。

2.W:We don't seem to have a reservation for you,sir.I'm sorry.

M:But my secretary said that she had reserved a room for me here.I phoned her from

the airport this morning just before I got on board the plane.

Q:Where does the conversation most probably take place?

[D]【解析】根据reserved a room可知对话发生在宾馆前台。

【点睛】①介词选项,要求判断对话发生的地点。②要根据对话关键词解题,比如本对话中的reserved a room。需要注意的是。录音中也出现了airport和plane,但要听清楚在这个场景下发生的动作是过去发生的,前面的here才能表明对话所在地。

3.W:What would you do if you were in my place?

M:If Paul were my son,I'd just not worry.Now that his teacher is giving him extra help and he is working harder himself,he's sure to do well in the next exam. O:What's the man's suggestion to the woman?

[B]【解析】女士问男士有什么建议,男士说“不用担心”,她儿子下次会考好的。即建议女士要对自己的儿子声信心,故选B。

【点睛】①动词的现在分词选项,涉及her son,应当问“女士如何做”。②C、D分别利用单词extra help,not worry混淆视听。

4.M:You've had your hands full and have been overworked during the last two weeks.

I think you really need to go out and get some fresh air and sunshine.

W:You are right.That's iust what I'm thinking about.

Q:What is the woman most probably going to do?

[A]【解析】男士建议女士“出去呼吸一下新鲜空气,晒晒太阳”,即A“稍微休息一下”。【点睛】①动词原形选项,多问建议、将来的打算,重点是听懂对话中的建议句型。②不可根据对话中的片言只语two weeks,go out选B、C。

5.W:Hello,John.How are you feeling now?I hear you've been ill.

M:They must have confused me with my twin brother Rod.He's been sick an week,but I've never felt better in my life.

Q:What do we learn about the man?

[D]【解析】男士明确说:“我一辈子从来没有感觉到比现在更好的”,意即他身体状况很好,故D正确。

【点睛】①He选项,ill,health,perfect condition表明对话涉及健康状况,需关注有关男士的描述。②本题若问男士的孪生兄弟Rod的健康状况,则应选B。③否定词never和比较级better连用,表达最高级含义,与选项D中的perfect一致。@but之后的内容往往是考点。

6.M:Did you really give away all your furniture when you moved into the new house last month?

W:Just the useless pieces,as I'm planning to purchase a new set from Italy for the sitting room only.

O:What does the woman mean?

[B]【解析】男士问女士是否把全部旧家具都扔了,女士用了just,only说明没有全部扔掉,因此答案为B。

【点睛】①选项均提及She如何处理furniture,听对话时可预期相应内容。②A、C选项中的all具有绝对化的含义,一般不会是答案。B含some,极可能是正确答案。③D具有一定的迷惑性,但时态不对。

7.M:I've brought back your Oxford Companion to En.qlish Literature.I thought you might use it for your paper.Sorry not to have returned it earlier.

W:I was wondering where the book was.

Q:What can we infer from the conversation?

[D]【解析】男士还女士书时,女士说“我还在纳闷书到哪里去了呢”,说明她忘了曾把书借给男士,即D。

【点睛】①以The woman开头的选项,都带否定含义,核心词是book,相关词有return,about,useful,lend,可猜测对话内容。②听懂女士的回答,不难作出正确推理。

8.W:To tell the truth,Tony,it never occurred to me that you are an athlete. M:Oh,really?.Most people who meet me,including some friends of mine,don't think so either.

Q:What do we learn from the conversation?

[C]【解析】女士及大多数认识男士的人都不觉得男士是运动员,说明C正确。

【点睛】①各选项主语均不一致,在听力题中比较少见,可以看作是“哪个选项正确”的问题。②关键词是athletes,sportsman,另外涉及到friends,few people。辨明这些词之间的关系,就能解题。③对话中的关键句型值得学习:it never occurred to me that…虽然是否定句,表达的却是肯定含义;not.。either(也不)表示“观点相同”,故B、D

均错误。

Now you'll hear the two long conversations.

Conversation One

M:Mary,[12]I hope you are packed and ready to leave.

W:Yes,I'm packed,but not quite ready.[9]I can't find my passport.

M:Your passport?That's the one thing you mustn't leave behind.

W:I know.I haven't lost it.[9]I've packed it,but I can't remember which bag it's in.

M:Well,you'll have to find it at the aJ_rport.[11]Come on,the taxi is waiting. W:[12]Did you say taxi?I thought we were going in your car.

M:Yes,well,I have planned to,but I'll explain later.You've got to be there in an hour.

W:The plane doesn't leave for two hours.Anyway,I'm ready to go now.

M:Now,you are taking just one case,is that right?

W:No,[12]there is one in the hall as well.

M:Gosh,what a lot of stuffl[10]You are taking enough for a month instead of a week.

W:Well,you can't depend on the weather.It might be cold.

M:It's never cold in Rome.Certainly not in http://m.wendangku.net/doc/bd53a8ffbe1e650e53ea9914.htmle on,we really must go. W:Right,we are ready.We've got the bags.I'm sure there is no need to rush. M:There is.[11]I asked the taxi driver to wait two minutes,not twenty.

W:Look,I'm supposed to be going away to relax.You are making me nervous.

M:Well,I want you to relax on holiday,but you can't relax yet.

W:OK.I promise not to relax,at least not until we get to the airport and I find my passport.

9.What does the woman say about her passport?

[A]【解析】对话开头,女士说找不到护照,并说“我拿了的。只是不记得放在哪一个袋子里了”,故A正确。

【点睛】①选项均讨论She把it怎么样了。由动词packed,get,left,lost不难对各选项予以区别。②对话开头的passport由男士重复反问过,是信息重点,猜测即是选项中的it。

女士否认“遗失(lost)”,排除D。③由原文中的pack即可选定答案。

10.What do we know about the woman’s trip?

[C]【解析】根据男士的讽刺“你带的东西都够一个月而不是一周用了”,可见女士计划外出一周。

【点睛】①难点是判断选项主语it的含义,必须根据对话来理解。②选项关键词是winter,cost a lot,one week。weather。录音提到a week和weather,但说到weather时用的是否定句。故可排除D,选C。A、B均未提及。

11.Why does the man urge the woman to hurry?

[B]【解析】男士两次提及taxi在等,故答案为B。

【点睛】①由plane,taxi,traffic jam猜测,本题可能与交通有关。②离飞机起飞还有两个小时,时间充裕,A不对;C未提及;尽管东西多,但都已经打好包了,D也不准确。B 是对话中重复出现的信息,是正确答案。③可以根据听到的提问方式确认答案。12.Where does the conversation most probably take place?

[A]【解析】根据“离开”、“厅里(还有一个箱子)”、“你的车”等关键词可知二人准备离开家外出旅游。

【点睛】显然问“对话发生在何处”。根据对话中的关键词(信息)推理判断。Conversation Two

W:Oh,[13]I'm fed up with my job.

M:Hey,there is a perfect job for you in the paper today.You might be interested. W:Oh?What is it?What do they want?

M:Walt a minute.Eh,here it is.[14]The European Space Agency is recruiting translators.

W:The European Space Agency?

M:Well,that's what it says.They need an English translator to work from French or German.

W:So they need a degree in French or German,I suppose.Well,I've got that.What's more,I have plenty of experience.What else are they asking for?

M:Just that.A university degree and three or four years of experience as[14]a translator in a profes-sional environment.They also say the person should have a lively and inquiring mind,effective com-munication skills and the ability to work individually or as a part of the team.

W:Well,if I stay at my present job much longer,I won't have any mind or skills left.By the way,[15]what about salary?just hope it isn't lower than what I get now.

M:It's said to'be negotiable.[15]It depends on the applicant's education and experience.In addition to basic salary,there is a list of extra benefits.Have a look yourself.

W:Hmm,travel and social security plus relocation expenses are paid.Hey,this isn't bad.I really want the job.

13.Why is the woman trying to find a new job?

[C]【解析】对话第1句女士就说自己厌倦了自己的工作,故答案为C。

【点睛】①选项涉及She对工作的态度、期望。②对话首尾处是出题重点。③答案中的be tired of是原文be fed up with的同义表达。

14.What position is being advertised in the paper?

[A]【解析】对话多次提到所招聘职位是“翻译”,故选A。

【点睛】①表示职业、职务的名词选项,只需听到原文相关信息“对号入座”即可。②关键信息是考点,往往在对话中多次出现。

15.What are the key factors that determine the salary of the new position?

[D]D【解析】对话中男士说,工资待遇“取决于求职者的教育背景和工作经历”,D是原文再现,正确。

【点睛】①名词选项。不仅需理解各选项的含义,还需在录音中听到有关信息,并做相应记录。②A、B的内容在对话中同时出现,作并列成分,故可同时排除。C未提及。SectionB.

Passage One

When couples get married,they usually plan to have children.Sometimes however, a couple cannot have a child of their own.In this case,they may decide to adopt a child.In fact,adoption is very common today.There are about60,000adoptions each year in the United States alone.Some people prefer to adopt infants.Others adopt older children.Some couples adopt children from their own countries.Others adopt children from foreign countries.In any case,they all adopt children for the same reason:[16]they care about children and want to give their adopted child a happy life.Most adopted children know that they are adopted.Psychologists and childcare experts generally think this is a good idea.However,many adopted children or adoptees have very little information about their biological parents.[17]As a matter of fact,it is often very difficult for adoptees to find out about their birth parents,because the birth records of most adoptees are usually sealed.The information is secret,so no one can see it.Naturally,adopted children have different feelings about their birth parents.Many adoptees want to search for them, but others do not.The decision to search for birth parents is a difficult one to make.[18]Most adoptees have mixed feelings about finding their biological parents. Even though adoptees do not know about their natural parents,[19]they do know that their adoptive parents want them,love them and will care for them.

16.Accordingtothespeaker,whydosome couples adopt children?

[A]【解析】短文先介绍了种种收养孩子的行为,然后总结说:不管是什么样的情形,人们收养孩子都出于同一个理由:他们喜欢孩子。故A正确。

【点睛】①由选项中的need,want可知,本题问“他们”的目的、打算。内容上涉及children,old age和life experience,可重点关注有关内容。(室)care about children是原词再现。③说明理由的内容常是考点。

17.Why is it difficult for adoptees to find out about their birth parents?

[B]【解析】短文说到:大多数被收养者的出生记录往往不对外公开。相关资料是保密的,因此没有人能看到。B与此相符。

【点睛】①四个选项主语均不相同,但都涉及“收养”关系;distant,secret,conceal 等都有“遮蔽信息”的含义。②考点内容由because引导出来,也是语义重心所在,应不难作答。

18.Why do many adoptees find it hard to make the decision to search for the birth parents?

[C]【解析】短文提到:被收养者很难作出要寻找生身父母的决定:大多数人对寻找自己的生身父母感情复杂。mixed feelings是解题关键词。答案选C。

【点睛】①A、B、C中均提到feelings,只是各自的修饰语不同:听到录音中相应的修饰语mixed,即可作答。②不可仅凭常识自以为是地选B。实际上,A与短文内容不符。B、D则未提及。

19.What can we infer from the passage?

[D]【解析】短文开头提到,人们收养孩子是因为他们喜欢(care about)孩子;最后又说,被收养者知道,其养父母需要他们,爱(10ve)他们,会照顾他们。因此.D正确。

【点睛】①各选项均讨论“收养”关系,只是各有侧重。A、B显然不符合文章内容;C貌似正确,但短文没有讨论understandin9的问题。②推理题要依据文章的主旨、多次重复的信息解答。

Passage Two

Katharine Graham graduated from the University of Chicago in1938and got a job as a news reporter in San Francisco.[20]Katharine's father used to be a successful investment banker.In1933he bought a failing newspaper--The Washington Post.Then Kathaxine returned to Washington and got a job,editing letters in her father's newspaper.She married Philip Graham who took over his father-in-law's position, shortly after and became publisher of The Washington Post.But for many years her husband suffered from mental illness and he killed himself in1963.After her husband's death,Katharine operated the newspaper.In the1970s,the newspaper became famous around the world.And Katharine was also recognized as an important leader in newspaper publishing.[21]She was the first woman to head a major American publishing company--The Washington Post Company.In'a few years,she successfully expanded the company to include newspaper,magazine,broadcast and cable companies. She died of head injuries after a fall when she was84.More than3,000people attended her funeral including many government and business leaders.[22]Her friends said she would be remembered as a woman who had an important influence on events in the United States and the world.Katharine once wrote:"The world without newspapers would not be the same kind of world."After her death,the employees of The Washington Post wrote:[22]"The world without Katharine would not be the same at all."

20.What do we learn from the passage about Katharine's father?

[B]【解析】短文说,Katharine的父亲于l933年买下了陷入困境的《华盛顿邮报》。故8正确。

【点睛】①选项主语是He,要注意区分短文中听到的不同人物及其所作所为。有精神疾病的是Katharine的丈夫;做过记者的是Katharine;邮报是20世纪70年代闻名天下的.当时由Katharine负责。②要根据问题选择答案。

21.What does the speaker tell US about Katharine Graham?

[A]【解析】原文提到:Katharine是担任美国主要出版公司领导人的第一位女性。故A正确。

【点睛】①考点含the first woman这种强调性字眼.是文章的语义重心所在,应能听到、记住。②选项A用to lead a bi9…company解释原文中的tohead a major…company.是典型的同义替换选项。③其他选项,要么文章未提及,要么人物和事件弄混。

22.What does the comment by employees of The Washington Post suggest?

[D]【解析】文章结尾的几句都是对Katharine的评价。“她将作为一个对美国以及全世界的事件产生过重要影响的女性为世人所怀念……没有Katharine的世界将是一个完全不同

的世界。”这些表述含义相同,D与此一致。

【点睛】①各选项均谈到Katharine的影响,分析各选项的区别.主要是影响的范围不一致。A说business world.C说media,范围都太窄。B在短文中未提及。

若能记住world一词,即可准确无误答题。②文章结尾句若是对前文的重复强调,是明白无误的语义重心,则往往是出题考点。

Passage Three

Obtaining[23]good health insurance is a real necessity while you are studying overseas.It protects you from minor and major medical expenses that can wipe out not only your savings but your dreams of an education abroad.There are often two different types of health insurance you can consider buying:international travel insurance and student insurance in the country where you will be going.An interna-tional travel insurance policy is usually purchased in your home country before you go abroad.It gener-ally covers a wide variety of medical services and you are often given a list of doctors in the area where you will travel who may even speak your native language.[24]The drawback might be that you may not get your money back immediately.In other words,you may have to pay all your medical ex-penses and then later submit your receipts to the insurance company.On the other hand, [25]gettiug stu-dent health insurance in the country where you will study might allow you to only pay a certain percent-age of the medical cost at the time of service and thus you don't have to have sufficient cash to pay the entire bill at once. Whatever you decide,obtaining some form of health insurance is something you should consider before you go overseas.You shouldn't wait until you are sick with major medical bills to pay off.

23.Why does the speaker advise overseas students to buy health insurance?

[C]【解析】短文开头说,好的健康保险可以使你免受大大小小的医疗费用的困扰:这些费用不仅会耗尽你的积蓄,而且还会让你的留学梦破灭。C正确。

【点睛】①选项中的关键信息是“就医”(medical care/

treatment)、“钱”(free,financial crises,over-charge).可据此听取有关信息.②考点是第2句.它是对第1句(主题句)的解释说明.

24.What is the drawback of students’buying in.ternationai travel insurance?[A][解析]短文提到,购买国际旅行保险的缺点是你不能马上拿回你支付的钱.A与此完全一致.是答案.[点睛]①各选项要么是否定句,要么有only.verycomplicated等修饰语,都具有负面含义,涉及返款、申请程序、就医限制等.②可一边听录音一边对相关选项作正误判断,不难推知,B、C、D均不正确.

25.Wllat does the speaker say about students'get.ting health insurance in the country where they will study.[B][解析]短文说,在留学国购买健康保险可以在就医时只支付部分医疗费,而不必一下子支付所有费用.选项B与原文一致.[点睛]①A、B是好处,C、D说局限(“不得不……”)其中,A是全盘的否定,B是部分否定.注意这些细微差别,便于在听到相应信息时判断、辨别.②短文先概述两种健康险(对应第23题),然后分别介绍两种保险的特点(对应第24题和第25题),出题点和文章结构一一对应.

Section C

26.alarming[解析]空格所在句的主干是The speed is空格位于系动词is后,与is共同构成句子的谓语.alarming在句中为形容词,意为‘‘令人担忧的”.

27.sheer[解析]空格前是定冠词The,空格后是名词词组size of growth“增长的规模”,

故空格处应填人size of growth的修饰成分.sheer在句中意为“纯粹的”. 28.comparison[解析]空格前是定冠词the,空格后是of引导的介宾短语,故空格处应填人用名词(词组).名词comparison为动词compare“比较,对比”的派生词,意为“比较”.

29.as a result of[解析]空格前的句意为“城市发展”,空格后为名词词组“工业的发展”,填入as a result of"作为……的结果”,表现城市的发展是由业的发展造成的. 30.reverse[解析]空格位于定冠词the后面,故应填入名词(词组),作句子的主语.reverse 在句中作名词.意为“相反的情况”.

31.pay for[解析]空格位于情态动词cannot后面.故应填入动词(词组)的原形,pay for 表示“负担……的费用,偿还”,在句中意为“这些城市无法承担城市人口发展所带来的代价”.

32.let alone[解析]let alone意为“更不用说,不必考虑”.空格所在句意为“尚且没有足够财力为当地人建造足够的房屋,更不用说为新移民建房屋了.”

33.facilities[解析]由空格前的or可知,空格所在的other与前面的water supplies 并列,都是一些基本设施、设备.facility意为“设施,设备”,常用复数形式. 34.represent[解析]空格所在句缺少谓语成分,故空格处应填入动词(词组0represent 意为“代表”.

35.despaifing[解析]由空格前的and可知,空格填入的成分与hopeless“失去希望的”并列,都应该是含负面意义的修饰语.despairing意为“绝望的”.

PartⅢReading Comprehension

Section A

全又翻译

五十四岁的阿拉斯加渔民蒂莫西·朱恩曾经以为他住在家乡海恩斯就可以免受工业污染的危害.海恩斯是个拥有2400人、4000只鹰的小镇,附近还有800万英亩的自然保护区.但是在2007年初,朱恩参加了一项针对美国7个州35人的调查.这是一个生物监测的项目,通过检测人体血液和尿液来追踪化学物质.该调查在面霜、锡罐和浴帘等日常家居用品中发现了三类具有潜在危险的化学物.调查结果非常令人担忧.11月,一个环保组织将该结果发表在一份名为“是否存在于我们体内?”的报告中.每个参与调查的人,从伊利诺斯州的参议员到马萨诸塞州的部长.

上述三类污染物的检测结果都呈阳性.尽管人体内存在这些化学物质并不一定表明有健康隐患,但普通美国人携带这些化学物质的事实的确让朱恩和其他参与者深感震惊.显而易见,我们体内有一些本不属于我们自身的化学物质.美国疾病控制与预防中心正在进行的一项大型研究在各年龄段的美国人体内共发现了148种化学物质.而在2005年,环境工作小组在10个新生儿的血液中发现平均有200种化学物质.《公益》杂志(该杂志是.是否存在于我们体内?”报告赞助方之一)的莎瑞尔·帕顿说:“我们的孩子在出生之前就已经被污染了,这将是自气候变化之后的又一大环境问题.”

词性分析

名词:analyses分析;分析报告[复数]average平均数,平均excess过量,过度;超过products产品;乘积[复数]survey调查;测量;全面审视traces痕迹,踪迹;微量[复数]

动词:analyses分析[第三人称单数]average平均,求平均数belon9属于;应归入;适应demonstrated论证;演示;举例说明;举行示威游行[过去式或过去分词]extending 延伸,扩展;提供,给予;达到[现在分词或动名词]ranging(在某范围内)变动;(over)涉及;使排列成行f现在分词或动名词]released释放,解除;发布,发表[过去式或过

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