新视野大学英语视听说教程(第二版)第三册听力原文及答案

UNIT 1 With Alzheimer's, you meet a lot of new people.

Ⅰ. Lead-in

Work in pairs, discuss the following questions and then share your answers with the whole class.

(√) 1. What factors may weaken one's memory?

(√) 2. Can you describe some possible advantages of having a poor memory?

(√) 3. What can you do to make sure all your relatives and friends are on the guest list for your birthday party?

(√) 4. How do you ensure important phone numbers are always at your fingertips?

Ⅱ. Basic Listening Practice

Listen to the short dialogs and choose the best answer to each question you hear.

1. A) The man is offering to pay.

B) The woman is offering to pay.

C) The man paid last time.

D) The woman paid last time.

2. A) Memorizing the words.

B) Memorizing the texts.

C) Learning the texts by heart.

D) Reading the texts time and again.

3. A) He can't remember people by sight.

B) He can't remember people by name.

C) He has a terrible memory for football.

D) He has a hard time recognizing names.

4. A) To remind the woman to lock the door when going out.

B) To remind the woman to take her keys when going out.

C) To remind guests to close the door after them.

D) To prevent visitors from having an accident.

5. A) He set a difficult essay question.

B) He found the history exam difficult.

C) He has a good memory.

D) His memory is declining.

Word Tips

Kit:(运动队的)服装(a set of clothes and equipment that you use when playing a sport) photographic memory:准确得惊人的记忆力(the ability to remember in exact detail of something one has seen)

Ⅲ. Listening In

Task 1: Is your memory in good shape?

Listen to the dialog and fill in the blanks with the information you hear.

While the man is wondering why the woman is suddenly ______, she says she read _____ on studying and remembering. It tells about ______ like "Mental Visualization", that is, creating ______ in one's mind of ______. This reminds the man of the principle of "______", which means connecting what one wants to remember with something one is ______. Then the woman adds the

principle of "_____", or reviewing one's notes after class and absorbing the ______ into _____. When the man promises to study ______ hours a day, the woman recommends the principle of "______", which favors ______ study sessions distributed over ______. Finally, the woman tells the man that memory is like _______ and it needs ______.

Word Tips

mental visualization: 头脑中形成图像、意象

association: 联想(a feeling or memory that is connected with a particular place, event, word, etc.)

consolidation: 巩固,加强(the act of making something strong and secure)

sieve: 筛子(a wire tool for separating small objects from large objects)

Task 2: Y ou forgot my toast!

Listen to the passage and mark the statements T (true) or F (false). If the statement is false, explain why.

1. The couple went to their doctor to have a complete physical checkup.

A) T

B) F

2. At first the wife asked the husband to get her only ice cream.

A) T

B) F

3. The husband refused to write a note, for he believed he could remember the toast.

A) T

B) F

4. Finally, the husband brought the wife both ice cream and strawberries.

A) T

B) F

5. The wife blamed the husband for forgetting to bring her ice cream and strawberries.

A) T

B) F

Word Tips

toast: 烤面包,吐司(bread that has been heated and browned in a toaster or an oven)

check over:检查(examine; inspect)

bacon: 咸肉,熏肉(salted or smoked meat from the back or sides of a pig, often served in narrow thin pieces)

Listen to the passage again and answer the questions.

1. Why did the husband refuse to write down the wife's instructions?

_______________

2. When the husband brought the wife a plate of bacon and eggs, what was her reaction?

_______________

Task 3: Memory-Improving Techniques

Listen to the passage and choose the best answer to each question you hear.

1. A) Learning different things.

B) Learning to dance.

C) Learning to use a computer.

D) Learning to play chess.

2. A) Noticing even a small object like a pen.

B) Memorizing anything that catches your attention.

C) Concentrating only on what is important.

D) Both A) and B).

3. A) Y ou can focus only on its color.

B) Y ou can focus on one of its characteristics.

C) Y ou can associate it with other objects.

D) Y ou can focus on its features.

4. A) Y ou can stop breathing in for a minute and then breathe out.

B) Y ou can stop breathing in for a short time, and then breathe out slowly.

C) Y ou can breathe hard for ten seconds.

D) Y ou can hold your breath and count to ten.

5. A) The importance of stimulating one's memory.

B) The relationship between stimulation and association.

C) The importance of improving one's memory.

D) Memory-developing skills.

Word Tips

stimulate: 刺激;促进(encourage an activity to begin or develop further)

memorize: 记住;熟记(learn words, music, etc.)

characteristic: 特征,特性(a quality or feature of something or somebody that is typical of them and easy to recognize)

Listen to the passage again and answer the question.

What are the four memory-developing techniques introduced in the passage?

______________

Ⅳ. Speaking Out

Describing Good and Poor Memory; Expressing Sympathy; Resuming Interrupted Speech MODEL 1 It slipped my mind!

Listen to the dialog. If you have difficulty understanding the words missing from the blanks, you may refer to the boxes of useful expressions.

Amy: I sent out the invitations to the dinner party.

Bill: That's good. Now what should we do?

Amy: We've got to plan the menu.

Bill: Oh, that's right. ______?

Amy: I think I'm going to make the chicken salad we had at the Christmas party. ______? Bill: Y eah, but ______?

Amy: Linda? Oh, my gosh! ______! ______. She'll be mad at me.

Bill: Well, ______. It's not too late yet. I'll make a phone call. Don't worry.

Amy: Thanks! Y ou see, ______. I think I'm getting old!

Bill: Looks like you are, sweetheart.

Word Tips

chef: 厨师(a skilled cook who manages the kitchen)

recipe:食谱,配方(a set of instructions for cooking a particular type of food)

Listen to the dialog again, repeat it sentence by sentence, and then role-play it in pairs.

Now Y our Turn

in the boxes if necessary.

A wants to have a party and asks

B to suggest some guests. B names John, who has just lost his job and is feeling low. B then mentions Julia, who has just moved to the city. (B can add more.) A admits to being forgetful and thanks B.

Useful Expressions

Do you have anything in mind?

Are you thinking about anything in particular?

Remember I asked the chef for the recipe?

Don't you remember I asked the chef for the recipe?

...did you forget that Linda doesn't eat chicken?

Don't you remember Linda doesn't care for chicken?

I forgot to invite Linda!

I forgot Linda. I should have invited her.

It just slipped my mind.

I just forgot it.

...everyone forgets something sometimes.

Everyone forgets one thing or another from time to time.

...I'm getting forgetful.

My memory is going/failing/fading.

MODEL 2 I can't think of it off the top of my head.

Listen to the dialog. If you have difficulty understanding the words missing from the blanks, you may refer to the boxes of useful expressions.

Language and Culture Tip

off the top of one's head (informal) without taking time to think or prepare, oneself properly John: Hey, Sue. ______?

Susan: ______. I don't have my address book on me, and I don't have my mobile phone with me, either.

John: That's too bad! I've got to find him now. It's urgent! If I can't find him today, I'll be dead! Susan: Y ou might want to look it up in the phone book.

John: I've checked already, but it seems that his phone number is unlisted.

Susan: Maybe it's under his roommate's name.

John: Well, I guess so.

Susan: Well, _______? She has his phone number.

John: I've tried, but no one answered!

Susan: Maybe call his office and ask his secretary.

John: I've already tried. She won't tell me. She says it's private.

Susan: Oh, that's right. ______.

John: It's a pity. Y ou usually ______, but you can't help today. What's wrong with you? Y our memory seems to be fading early.

Susan: It's not that my memory is fading. ______, but ______.

Listen to the dialog again, repeat it sentence by sentence, and then role-play it in pairs.

Now Y our Turn

in the boxes if necessary.

A wants to attend a lecture given by a visiting professor but cannot remember the time. A asks

B for help. B doesn't remember, either, so B suggests looking at the notebooks and calling the dean or secretary of the department for information.

Useful Expressions

Do you know what Jack's home phone number is?

Do you know Jack's phone number?

I can't think of it off the top of my head.

I can't think of it off hand.

... why don't you call Jane?

Y ou might as well call Jane.

They usually don't release private information over the phone.

It is against the company's policy to give out someone's personal information on the phone to a stranger.

...have a powerful memory...

...have a(n) good/reliable/retentive/photographic/ unfailing memory...

I do have a good memory for faces and names...

I (can) remember faces and names well.

... a poor one for numbers and dates.

I forget numbers and dates easily.

MODEL 3 What's wrong with your memory?

Listen to the dialog. If you have difficulty understanding the words missing from the blanks, you may refer to the boxes of useful expressions.

Bill: Hi, honey! My trip to London was wonderful.

Amy: Tell me what thrilled you most.

[The telephone rings and Bill answers it....He hangs up.]

Bill: Er, ______?

Amy: ______.

Bill: Oh, yeah.

Amy: I bet you had a great time.

Bill: Y es, I particularly enjoyed visiting the Tower of London.

Amy: How did you get there? By bus or underground?

Bill: _______....Sorry, ______.

Amy: _______?

Bill: I hope it's not Alzheimer's disease. ______.

Amy: I don't think so. Perhaps _______. Y ou'll be all right after a good sleep.

Bill: I hope so. But as this is happening so often recently, I think I must go to see a doctor and get some pills.

Amy: It's not as serious as that. Anyway, I wish you had a good memory for happy events, and a bad one for unhappy things.Word Tip

Alzheimer's disease: 阿耳茨海默氏病,早老性痴呆病(a condition in which a person's brain and body gradually stop working properly)

Listen to the dialog again, repeat it sentence by sentence, and then role-play it in pairs.

Now Y our Turn

Create a dialog with your partner according to the instructions, referring to the useful expressions in the boxes if necessary.

Y ou are telling your partner about your trip to Beijing when the door bell rings. After answering the door, you forget where you left off. With your partner's help, you continue to talk favorably about your Beijing trip. On the other hand you complain about the high admission fees at some historical and scenic sites. But when asked about the exact fees, you do not remember them. Useful Expressions

...where was I?

Where did I leave off?

What was I saying?

Let's back up.

Y ou were talking about your tour in London.

Y ou were telling me about your trip to London.

We got as far as your trip to London.

Let me see.

Let me think.

Just a moment.

...I can't remember any more.

My mind has gone blank.

I've forgotten it all.

What's wrong with your memory?

What's the matter with your memory?

Is there anything wrong with your memory?

I don't want to forget my own name.

I don't want to lose my memory (before long/too soon).

...it's just temporary forgetfulness.

Y ou only forget things momentarily.

Y our memory just isn't working for the time: being.

Y our memory is having a little time out.

Questions for Discussion

1. Can you guess why some famous scientists and professors are forgetful in their daily life?

2. A computer has a memory far better than man's. But why can't the computer replace human beings?

3. What is your earliest memory?

4. What did you have as a child that today's children do not have?

Ⅴ. Let's Talk

How to Improve Our Memory

Listen to the dialog and complete the table with the information you hear.

Ways of Improving One's Memory: Creating images

Examples: To remember the items to buy at the grocery store such as ______

Examples: Images that may help:

1. _______

2. _______

3. _______

Ways of Improving One's Memory: Establishing associations

Examples: To find your _______

Examples: Associations with the sound and touch that may help:

1. _______

2. _______

Word Tip

carton: 硬纸盒,纸板箱(a box or container usually made of paperboard)

Discussion

The following seven techniques are considered important in promoting a good memory. Select two of them, then work with a partner, and take turns giving examples to illustrate the techniques you've selected.

associating creating images

developing an interest in the subject

reorganizing the facts into meaningful groups

slowing down in learning

intensive practice or repenting

having breaks or rest

Notes

_____________

_____________

_____________

Ⅵ. Further Listening and Speaking

Listening

Task 1: The Role Memory Plays in Our Life

Listen to the passage and choose the best answer to each question you hear.

1. A) Factors related to memory development.

B) The importance of food in memorization.

C) The important role of a good memory.

D) The misery caused by a poor memory.

2. A) They contain protein.

B) They contain vitamins.

C) They contain water.

D) A full stomach leads to a good sleep.

3. A) Babies.

B) Teens.

C) Adults.

D) Older people.

4. A) A weak memory.

B) Confusion.

C) Difficulty in thinking.

D) All of the above.

5. A) Sleep can control the senses.

B) Sleep promotes rest.

C) Sleep helps the brain to revise and store information.

D) Sleep reduces tiredness.

Word Tips

cereal: 谷类食物(如麦片等) (a breakfast food made from grain and usually eaten with milk) synthesize: 合成(make something by combining different things or substances)

Task 2: Where did the professor go?

Compound Dictation: Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks with the information you hear.

This is a ______ story, which happened ______ friends of ours in a small town in South Africa. They were a hospitable couple who often _______ their neighbors for drinks, tea or dinner. On this ______ spring night they had invited a _____ professor to supper. During the evening, it began to _____ with rain, and the heavens really _____. Because he had walked there, they offered to put him up for the night. They pointed out that _______. He agreed on the soundness of that idea, thanked his hosts profusely, and the matter seemed to be settled. But while they were ______. No one could find him anywhere. Eventually, after about 40 minutes, the front door bell rang. There was the professor, soaked to the skin. When he was asked what on earth he had been doing in the rain, he replied that ______.

Word Tips

profusely: 丰富地(exhibiting great abundance)

pajamas: 睡衣(soft and loose clothes that you wear in bed)

Task 3: How to Remember Names

Listen to the passage and answer the questions.

1. According to the passage, what may happen after we hear a name on the phone?

______________

2. What does the speaker advise us to do to remember the name mentioned on the phone?

______________

3. What are the two things the speaker advises us to do to remember the name of somebody we meet in person?

______________

4. What does the speaker advise us to write on a card?

______________

5. According to the passage, how can we use a card to remember names?

______________

Word Tips

implant: 灌输(strongly fix an idea, feeling, or way of behavior in someone's mind) visualize: 设想;想像(form a picture of someone or something in one's mind; imagine) proficient: 精通(well advanced in an art, occupation, or a branch of knowledge)

News Report

A Dolphin Exhibition

Watch the news report and fill in the blanks with the missing words.

A recent art exhibition in Florida honored the animal often seen as man's most ______ friend, the dolphin.

The "Dolphins on Parade" exhibition in the Florida Keys featured life-sized decorated

dolphin ______ made of wood and other materials. The dolphins were ______ at area businesses and along the beach. Sponsors paid U.S.$750 to ______ the artists' fee and the cost of materials.

There were more than 100 dolphin themes, _____ a beer-belly dolphin. They showed the work of _____ artists, as well as the beach _______ the Keys are famous for.

Probably the most _____ was special because of its artist, Pandora. Pandora the dolphin ______ is a real dolphin, at the Dolphin Research Center, in Marathon, Florida. The playful artist streaks colors across a dolphin painting, holding a brush in its ______.

The exhibition was held by the Monroe [Florida] Council of the Arts as part of a plan to make the Keys an international arts center. The paintings were to be auctioned off in March, with the money earned going to community art programs.

Word Tips

dolphin: 海豚

theme: 主题(a subject of artistic representation)

streak: 划条纹;划线(mark with lines)

auction: 拍卖(a public sale in which property or items of merchandise are sold to the highest bidder)

Language and Culture Tips

Florida Keys the chain of smell islands running southwest from the U.S. Stale of Florida

area businesses businesses such as stores and hotels in the area

Questions for Discussion

1. Search the Internet for information about dolphins, and give some examples to show the dolphin's good memory or high intelligence. Share your information with your partners.

2. On the basis of the news report you've seen and the following story, do you think a dolphin is more intelligent than a monkey or a three-year-old child?

"At Marine World, U.S.A., a group of dolphins were taught to pick up the trash in their pool and bring it to their trainer for a fish reward. One dolphin seemed to be getting more trash than the others. It was discovered that the dolphin had hidden trash and would tear a piece off for his reward, and then return and tear off another piece for another reward."

UNIT 2 This is going to be a great semester!

Ⅰ. Lead-in

Work in pairs, discuss the following questions and then share your answers with the whole class.

(√) 1. What subject do you like best? What made you like it: your personal interests, the teacher, the practical applications of the course in future, etc.?

(√) 2. Do you think it is necessary for some Chinese children to do a lot of difficult math problems for the Olympic Math Competition?

(√) 3. What study habits seem to be common among successful students?

(√) 4. How to prevent students' cheating in examinations?

Ⅱ. Basic Listening Practice

Listen to the short dialogs and choose the best answer to each question you hear.

1. A) English writing.

B) French writing.

C) Marketing.

D) Economics.

2. A) She wants to borrow his notes and advises him to attend the lecture.

B) She wants to borrow his notes and advises him to attend the seminar.

C) She can lend him her notes right now and advises him to attend the lecture.

D) She can't lend him her notes right now and advises him to attend the seminar.

3. A) To study fashion designing.

B) To look at pretty girls.

C) To review lessons for an exam.

D) To collect material for a classroom presentation

4. A) Steven works hard, but Suzie does not.

B) Suzie works hard, but Steven does not.

C) Both work hard.

D) Neither works hard.

5. A) The teaching is very practical.

B) The teaching is highly theoretical.

C) The teaching is given by famous Harvard professors only.

D) The teaching is supported mainly by law cases.

Word Tips

elective: 选修课(a course of study that you choose to do, rather than one that you must do) compulsory: 义务的,强制的(that must be done because of a rule or law)

statistics: 统计学(the science of using numbers to represent facts and to describe situations) case: 事例,实例(an example of a particular situation, problem, etc.)

Language and Culture Tip

pull one's weight make one's contributions

Ⅲ. Listening In

Task 1: On the First Day

Listen to the dialog and fill in the blanks with the information you hear.

Seeing that Jenny has bought ______ for the biology c lass, Harrison says nobody does much on _____ because it's still add-drop, which means students are ______ from class to class. Jenny knows the professor is ______, but Harrison warns her that the professor is good only if students are ______, for he expects ______.

After class, Jenny admits that ______ of what the professor said went _____, and Harrison ______ her that a lot of what the professor said is ______. When Jenny asks to borrow Harrison's ______, he says "no problem", for they don't ______ until Wednesday. Finally, Harrison says ______ at the seminar is an important part of the education there.

Task 2: Money for College

Listen to the passage and mark the statements T (true) or F (false). If the statement is false, explain why.

1. Robert was short of money because he had spent a lot on fun.

A) T

B) F

2. Robert asked his mother for money, saying he had no more money for food.

A) T

B) F

3. The mother sent Robert two books and two checks.

A) T

B) F

4. The father was against sending Robert a lot of money, for they were poor.

A) T

B) F

5. The mother doubted whether her son could find the larger check, for she suspected that he would not read the calculus book.

A) T

B) F

Word Tips

calculus: 微积分

tape: 用胶带粘上(stick something onto something else using tape)

Listen to the passage again and answer the questions.

1. Why did the father object to sending Robert $1,100?

______________

2. Where did the mother put the $1,000 check?

______________

Task 3: How to Get Straight A's

Listen to the passage and choose the best answer to each question you hear.

1. A) They won't eat snacks.

B) They won't play computer games.

C) They won't answer phone calls.

D) They won't watch TV.

2. A) He worked out every day.

B) To save time he did not even brush his teeth.

C) He used his spare time to memorize new terms.

D) He read actively and thought deeply.

3. A) Sitting up late.

B) Getting up early.

C) Reviewing immediately after class.

D) Leaving a certain period of time everyday for studying.

4. A) One who asks many questions for full understanding.

B) One who focuses on the most difficult parts of a book.

C) One who reads extensively.

D) One who reads fast and understands everything.

5. A) How do bottom students become top students?

B) How to educate super-achievers.

C) The strong and weak points of some top students.

D) Secrets of successful students.

Word Tips

straight A's: 全优的(all A's)

super-achiever: 超级成功者(one who achieves far more than others)

priority: 优先考虑的事(the thing that you think is most important and that needs attention before anything else)

intrusion: 干扰,侵扰(an unwanted event or person in a situation that is private)

snack: 点心;小吃(a small amount of food, eaten between meals)

consistency: 连贯性,一致性(the quality of always being the same or always being good) Listen to the passage again and answer the question.

What are the four good qualities of super-achievers mentioned in the passage?

________________

Ⅳ. Speaking Out

Talking About V arious Aspects of School Life; Making and Replying to Suggestions; Using Exaggerations

MODEL 1 Y ou're just going to have to study hard.

Listen to the dialog. If you have difficulty understanding the words missing from the blanks, you may refer to the boxes of useful expressions.

Language and Culture Tips

up to my ears in homework fully occupied with homework; having a lot of homework to do

hit the books study hard

rub off on somebody give somebody an example to follow

Nora: Only our first day back at school, and ______.

Chris: Only our first day back at school, and ______.

Nora: Y ou're going to _____ if you want to keep your grades up.

Chris: ______! I already have two reports, two book reports, a composition, an oral report, and a research project—all due before midterms.

Nora: We could study together. Maybe some of my organized study habits would ______. Chris: Better yet, maybe you could do my homework for me.

Nora: Forget it! That would be cheating.

Chris: All right, all right. I have yet to write a term paper. ______? Y ou'd better give me the exact pages where I can find what I want.

Nora: Y ou could borrow ideas from those references, but ______.

Chris: ______. If you don't help me, I'll have to prepare some study sheets and hide them in my hand when I take the test.

Nora: Oh, no! If you're caught, the professor will definitely give you an F. _____. Y ou're just going to have to study hard.

Chris: All right. I'll take your advice. The library is going to be my new home, and in the dorm ______.

Word Tips

plagiarize: 剽窃;抄袭(use another person's idea or work and pretend that it is your own)

a study sheet: 作弊用的小纸片(a piece of paper with information on it, prepared to allow cheating in an exam)

Listen to the dialog again, repeat it sentence by sentence, and then role-play it in pairs.

Now Y our Turn

Create a dialog with your partner according to the instructions, referring to the useful expressions in the boxes if necessary.

A worries about his/her term paper and a test and mentions ways of cheating (such as asking

B to write a term paper for him/her, downloading articles from the Internet, preparing a cheat-sheet).

B promises to help but warns against any forms of cheating, and finally A promises to study hard.

Useful Expressions

...already I feel like I've learned a lot.

I feel I've learned a great deal.

I feel as if I've learned a great deal.

...I already feel like I'm up to my ears in homework.

I'm already up to my neck in (my) homework.

I already have my hands full with assignments.

...have to hit the books...

...must do some serious studying/study hard...

...have to buckle down to work...

Tell me about it!

Tell me what to do.

Give me some advice.

...rub off on you.

...give you a model/set an example for you.

...show you how to get ahead.

Can you recommend any articles and books?

Could you suggest some articles and books?

Can you tell me where to look for information?

...if you quote without giving the sources, you're plagiarizing.

If you quote something without citing the sources, you'll be criticized/punished for plagiarism /you're plagiarizing.

If you copy straight from a text, show where it's from, or you'll be accused of plagiarism.

The quiz next week will be a headache.

I'm worried about the next quiz.

Next week's quiz is killing me.

Probably, you'll have to repeat the year.

Maybe you'll have to repeat the grade.

Y ou'll probably have to do the year again.

...I'll be burning the midnight oil.

I'll be sitting up/staying up late.

I'll be working like a slave.

MODEL 2 Which class do you prefer?

Listen to the dialog. If you have difficulty understanding the words missing from the blanks, you may refer to the boxes of useful expressions.

Chris: First period is math with Mr. Woods. I don't know ______?

Nora: I like Mr. Woods. He's interesting.

Chris: He's boring! ______! Who do you have for economics?

Nora: Mrs. Jenkins. ______. Students really learn a lot from her.

Chris: ______! Y ou have to work hard in her class, or you'll probably fail.

Nora: ______!

Chris: Nonsense. _______. But not many students opt for his class.

Nora: ______?

Chris: Often, the highest grade he gives on a term paper is a C+, and ______.

Nora: _______. Well, how about PE? What are you doing this semester?

Chris: That's the worst part. In PE, we're learning t'ai chi. ______.

Nora: Ha-ha! _______ our class is playing your favorite sport: basketball.

Chris: Oh... _______! This is going to be a terrible semester.

Nora: This is going to be a great semester!

Word Tip

opt: 选择(choose one thing or one course of action instead of another)

Language and Culture Tips

rub salt into the wound make things worse

That figures. That's to be expected./Just as I thought.

Listen to the dialog again, repeat it sentence by sentence, and then role-play it in pairs.

Now Y our Turn

Create a dialog with your partner according to the information in the following table, referring to the useful expressions in the boxes if necessary.

A

History class/teacher: finds it/her boring

Economics class/teacher: likes it/him

English teacher: finds her kind

B

History class/teacher: finds it/her interesting

Economics class/teacher: finds him tough

English teacher: _______

Useful Expressions

...how am I ever going to stay awake?

How can I manage to keep awake?

How am I ever going to keep my eyes open?

He could put the entire basketball team to sleep—during the championship game!

The whole audience would surely fall asleep during his lecture.

If you want to sleep soundly for an hour, take his class.

She's smart.

She's clever.

She's intelligent.

She's tough!

She's difficult (to deal with).

She's strict.

No pain, no gain!

Nothing worthwhile is won without effort.

If at first you don't succeed, try again.

Y ou could have learned even more with Mr. Sharp.

Mr. Sharp would have taught you more.

With Mr. Sharp you'll be sure to learn more.

What's wrong with him?

What's the matter with him?

Why not?

...he usually fails half of the students.

He regularly flunks half the class.

Normally, only half of the students can pass his exam.

No wonder he's got the nickname Mr. Shark.

It's not surprising that he is nicknamed Mr. Shark.

They don't call him Mr. Shark for nothing.

I'm bored to death.

I'm extremely bored.

I'm suffering from terminal boredom.

Not to rub salt into the wound, but...

This is going to hurt/I don't mean to hurt you, but...

Not to make things worse, but...

...that figures!

That's to be expected.

Just as I thought (it was/it would be).

MODEL 3 Publish or perish!

Listen to the dialog. If you have difficulty understanding the words missing from the blanks, you may refer to the boxes of useful expressions.

Chris: Tell us, Professor Grant, _______?

Professor Grant: Well, _______. It's tough being an associate professor. It's publish or perish. Chris: So, you spend a lot of time in your office?

Professor Grant: Y es, but I also have to prepare class notes, give lectures, hold office hours. ______.

Chris: With all those responsibilities, _______.

Professor Grant: I wish. Actually, I spend a lot of time ______. Then I can offer assistantships and scholarships to the worthy graduate students who can help me with my research project. Chris: I see why they call you "the boss". But _______.

professor Grant: Actually, I think you were in one of my classes...

Chris: Um... _______, Professor Grant!

Professor Grant: No, I remember very clearly now! _______!

Chris: Sorry, I have too much work to do for the Student Union Newsletter, and _______. Professor Grant: _______.

Word Tips

perish: 灭亡(die, especially in a terrible or sudden way)

grant: 研究经费(an amount of money given by the government or an organization for a special purpose, such as research or study)

assistantship: 助教职位;给助教的津贴(the position or money for a teaching assistant) Listen to the dialog again, repeat it sentence by sentence, and then role-play it in pairs.

Now Y our Turn

Create an interview with your partner according to the instructions, referring to the useful expressions in the boxes if necessary.

Y ou are a reporter for the Student Union newspaper and ask a Canadian visiting professor a number of questions, including questions about the professor's research, research funds, undergraduate teaching, graduate students, etc. Finally you thank the professor for the interview. Useful Expressions

...what are your primary duties as a professor?

As a professor, what are your main responsibilities?

What are your important obligations as a professor?

...I do a lot of research and writing.

I do a lot of research and writing in my field.

Research and writing play a large part in my career.

Teaching is an important part of being a professor.

For a professor, teaching is important.

Teaching is one of a professor's principal tasks.

...you must make a lot of money.

Y ou must earn lots of money.

Y ou must be well paid.

...applying for grants to fund my research.

...applying for grants to support my research projects.

...asking for/looking for grants to support my research.

...being a professor sounds pretty competitive.

It's certainly competitive to be a professor.

It seems the competition among professors must be keen.

...I think you're mistaken...

I'm afraid you're wrong.

Oh no, that's not so.

Y ou owe me an essay!

Y ou haven't handed in/passed in/sent in your term paper.

Y ou haven't fulfilled the term-paper requirement.

I have to work two jobs to pay for school.

I have to do two spare-time jobs to support/fund my studies.

I've taken on two part-time jobs to earn enough to stay in school.

So you get an F in this course.

So you should get an F for the course.

So I have to fail you in the course.

Questions for Discussion

1. Is there any class that impresses you deeply? If so, tell us about it.

2. Do you think the courses you are following will be useful in your future career?

3. Have you ever skipped a class? Why?

4. What do you think are the qualities of a good teacher?

Ⅴ. Let's Talk

Problems with Our Educational System

Listen to the passage and complete the table with the information you hear.

Problems: Educators just want ______. They only focus on ______ but neglect ______. Results: Kids ______.

Problems: Educators often exert ______ on students to be _______.

Results: Some intelligent kids ______.

Problems: "Weak" students ______.

Results: Their grades _______.

Word Tips

well-rounded: 多方面发展的(good in many aspects)

optimal: 最佳的,最适宜的(the best or most suitable)

Debate

Many Chinese children are learning English early. A and B have different opinions, positive and negative, on this issue. Create a dialog based on the following possible pros and cons, and add arguments as you like.

Pros:

1. Children often learn a foreign language faster than adults.

2. At a later age one can hardly acquire the correct pronunciation.

3. An English examination is required for entry into some good schools.

4. Learning a foreign language may promote development of mental abilities (memory, attention span, etc.)

Cons:

1. Children learn pronunciation better than adults, but adults learn vocabulary and grammar faster.

2. If children learn English in a wrong way, it'll be harmful to their future studies.

3. By spending too much time on English, children may lag behind in other subjects like Chinese and math.

4. Too much time for studying and little time for playing may be harmful to children's moral and physical development.

Ⅵ. Further Listening and Speaking

Listening

Task 1: Harvard University

Listen to the passage and choose the best answer to each question you hear.

1. A) The past and present size of Harvard University.

B) The development of Harvard University.

C) Some important presidents of Harvard University.

D) The religious influence on Harvard University.

2. A) 1.

B) 10.

C) 9.

D) 18.

3. A) It was not influenced by any religion.

B) It was heavily influenced by one religious group.

C) It was not dominated by a single religious group.

D) It was devoted only to religion.

4. A) Increasing the professors' pay.

B) Increasing financial aid to students.

C) Improving the facilities.

D) Promoting the university's research.

5. A) He tried to identify some of Harvard's main intellectual priorities.

B) He paid attention to the quality of the undergraduate teaching.

C) He allowed students with limited finances to enter the university,

D) All of the above.

Word Tips

faculty: 全体教师(all the teachers in a university or department)

affiliate: 附属于(be officially connected with a larger organization or group)

fund-raising: 集资;募捐(money raising, fund collecting)

professorship: 教授职位(the position of a professor) coordination: 协调(the process of organizing people in order to make them work together effectively)

era: 时代(a long period of time in history that is different in some way from other periods) Language and Culture Tips

Pilgrim (1620年到达美洲的)清教徒前辈移民(a member of the group of English people who sailed on the "Mayflower" to America, where they formed Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts in 1620)

Puritan 清教徒(16世纪和17世纪基督教一教派成员,主张简化宗教仪式) (a member of a strict English religious group of the 16th and 17th centuries who wanted to make religion simpler. Many Puritans moved to America in the 17th century.)

Task 2: The Final Exam

Compound Dictation: Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks with the information you hear.

At a university, there were four sophomores taking a chemistry ______. They were doing so well on all the ______, midterms, labs, etc. that each had an "A" so far for the ______.

These four friends were so ______ that on the weekend before finals, they decided to go up to the University of Virginia and ______ with some friends there. They had a great time, but after all the ______ partying, they slept all day Sunday and didn't ______ it back to school until early Monday morning.

Rather than taking the final then, they decided to find their professor after the final and explain to him why they missed it. They explained that they had planned to come back in time for the final exam, but, unfortunately, _______. As a result, they missed the final. The professor thought it over and then agreed they could make up the final the following day. The guys were relieved and elated. The next day, the professor _______.

They looked at the first problem, worth five points. It was a simple question on a chemical reaction. "Cool," they thought at the same time, each one in his separate room, "This is going to be easy." Each finished the problem and then turned the page.

Word Tips

sophomore: 大学二年级学生(a second-year student in a high school or college)

elated: 兴高采烈的(extremely happy and excited)

Task 3: Applying for a Place in an American University

Listen to the passage and answer the questions.

1. What do international students often underestimate when applying for admission to a college or university in the United States?

________________

2. How can students find the institution or program that will best serve their academic or professional goals?

________________

3. What role may university websites and other academic Internet sites play?

________________

4. In spite of the advantages provided by the websites, what three major things do students still need to do?

________________

5. Why did some students who scored high on TOEFL and GRE fail to be admitted?

________________

Word Tips

transcript: 成绩单(document that has a list of a student's classes and their results)

GRE:(美国) 研究生入学考试(Graduate Record Examinations)

News Report

Prince William in Chile

Watch the news report and fill in the blanks with the missing words.

What goes into a prince's education today? For Britain's Prince William, nature played an important ______ in his education this last winter, as the future ______ went on a 10-week expedition in Chile with Raleigh International.

The ______ was a very different one for the prince. He kayaked in ocean fjords, tracked a rare deer, and was stranded on a beach during a ______.

He also got used to sleeping on the ______ — at times in a room filled with 16 other people — and living in ______.

Those who took part, called "volunteers", both ______ and learned. The prince helped locals ______ wooden walkways and buildings, and taught English to schoolchildren.

He was described by other volunteers as ______, humble, and laid-back. As one said, "He struck a really good ______ between working hard and having fun... getting on with everyone, and taking on the _______ spirit."

The prince said he liked being treated as an "______" by other volunteers, who came from all _____ of life. Around 20 percent were from ______ backgrounds, some having had troubles with drugs or crime. It seems that there's a lot more to education than universities and books, and that the Chilean forests and a little ______ with regular people may do a lot for a British prince.

Word Tips

Chile: 智利(南美洲西南部国家)

expedition: 远征;考察(a journey undertaken by a group of people with a definite objective) kayak: 划爱斯基摩划子航行(paddle a canoe or small boat used by Eskimos)

fjords: 峡湾(a long strip of sea between steep hills)

be stranded: 搁浅(be left on the shore and unable to return to the sea)

laid-back: 自在的,悠闲的(having a relaxed or casual atmosphere or character)

Language and Culture Tips

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