实训报告正文

实训报告正文

实训报告正文

实训报告正文

实训报告

教学院计算机

课程名称外语交流与协调

专业

班级

姓名

指导教师黄丛生、陈刚、吕璐、邓丹君、缪

贤浩

年月日

实训项目一:计算机专业英语相关词汇其特征实训作业:

1. artificial intelligence

2. paper-tape reader

3. optical computer

4. neural network

5. instruction set

6. parallel(serial) processing

7. ActiveX control

8. addressing capability

9. high resolution

10. amount of memory

11. the storage and handling of data

12. very large-scale integrated circuit

13. black box

14. audio card

15. analogue computer

17. general-purpose computer

18. processor chip

19. operating instructions

20. BIOS (Basic Input Output System)

21. circuit board

22. beta testing

23. thin-client computer

24. cell phone

25. digital video(DV)

26. Pentium processor

27. virtual screen

28. desktop computer specifications

29. radio frequency

30. wearable computer

31. Windows Registry

32. swap file

34. power plug(socket)

35. control panel

36. information retrieval

37. voice recognition module

38. touch-sensitive region

39. address bus

40. flatbed scanner

41. dot-matrix printer

42. cathode ray tube(CRT)

43. video game

44. audio signal

45. liquid crystal display(LCD)

46. inkjet(laser) printer

47. volatile memory

48. hard(fixed) disk drive

49. floppy disk (diskette)

50. CD(compact disc)/ optical disk

51. pointing device

52. graphical user interface(GUI)

53. time-slice multitasking

54. object-oriented programming

55. click on an icon

56. context switching

57. distributed system

58. pull-down lists of commands

59. simultaneous(concurrent) access

60. command-line interface

61. spreadsheet program

62. storage media

63. command interpreter

64. serial port

65. configuration utility

67. token ring

68. fast Ethernet

69. Internet protocol

70. SVGA (Super Video Graphics Array)

71. network throughput

72. scalable file server

73. static Web page

74. Plug and Play (PnP)

75. network adapter

76. modem (modulator/demodulator)

77. SMP (symmetric multiprocessing)

78. assembly language

79. assembler

80. machine language

81. compiler and interpreter

82. intermediate language

83. nonprocedural language

84. data declaration

85. mnemonic instruction

86. syntax and semantics

87. SQL (Structured Query Language)

88. function call

89. event-driven programming

90. click on a push button

91. class hierarchy

92. scroll bar

93. dialog box

94. check box

95. radio button

96. multithreaded program

97. Java-enabled browser

98. pull-down menu

100. software package

实训项目二:计算机软件英文提示信息实训作业:

编程中错误代码,错误信息解释:

Out of memory

Identifier expected

Unknown identifier

Duplicate identifier

Syntax error

File not found

Undefined type in pointer def

Type mismatch

Unexpected end of file

Invalid file name

File not found

Error in type

Boolean expression expected

Error in expression

Division by zero

Invalid file type

Internal stack overflow

CASE constant out of range

Include files are not allowed here Overflow in arithmetic operation

BIOS中的提示信息:

System halt

Keyboard controller error

Keyboard error or no keyboard present BIOS ROM checksum error BIOS

Single hardisk cable fail

FDD Controller Failure BIOS

HDD Controller Failure BIOS

Driver Error

Cache Memory Bad, Do not Enable Cache Error: Unable to control A20 line

Memory write/Read failure

Memory allocation error

CMOS Battery state Low

Keyboard interface error

Hard disk drive failure

Hard disk not present

CMOS checksum error-defaults loaded.

系统提示信息:

Insert diskette for drive and press any key when ready

Your program caused a divide overflow error. If the problem persists, contact your program vendor.

Windows has disabled direct disk access to protect your long filenames

The system has been halted. Press Ctrl+Alt+Del to restart your computer

You started your computer with a version of MS-DOS incompatible with this version of Windows. Insert a Startup diskette matching this version of Windows and then restart

The sector size specified in this file is too large

The following file is missing or corrupted: http://m.wendangku.net/doc/c0244a7b1eb91a37f1115c78.html http://m.wendangku.net/doc/c0244a7b1eb91a37f1115c78.html

A memory allocation error occurred during startup. Restart your computer and select Interactive Start to identify the problem

Warning: Windows did not finish loading on the previous attempt. Choose Safe mode, to start Windows with a minimal set of drivers

Warning: Windows multi-boot may not function correctly

Check for system files in your root directory with conflicting extensions

Error loading operating system

Missing operating system

stack overflow

run-time error

not enough space for environment

实训项目三:计算机英文文献的翻译

实训作业:

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/c0244a7b1eb91a37f1115c78.htmlputer hardware is the physical part of a computer, including the digital circuitry, as distinguished from the computer software that executes within the hardware.The hardware of a computer is infrequently changed,in comparison with software and data,which are “soft” in the sense that they are readily created,modified or erased on the computer.

2. Random Access Memory(RAM)-- for program execution and short term data storage,so the computer does not have to take the time to access the hard drive to find the file(s) it requires.More RAM will normally contribute to a faster PC.RAM is almost always removable as it sits in slots in the motherboard,attached with small clips.

3. Instruction set architecture, or ISA, is the abstract image of a computing system that is seen by a machine language (or assembly language) programmer, including the instruction set, memory address modes, processor registers and address and data formats.

4. The circuitry in a typical computer that performs operations(such as addition and subtraction) data is not directly connected to the storage cells in the machine’s main memory. Instead, this circuitry is isolated in a part of the computer called microprocessor, or the central processing unit (CPU).This unit consists of two parts:the arithmetic/logic unit.which contains the circuitry that performs data manipulation, and the control unit.which contains the circuitry for coordinating the machine’s activities.

5. To perform an operation on data stored in main memory, it is the control unit’s responsibility to transfer the data from memory into the general-purpose registers,to inform the arithmetic/logic unit which registers hold the data,to activate the date circuitry within the arithmetic/logic unit,and to tell the arithmetic/logic unit which register should receive the result.

6. It is instructive to consider registers in the context of a machine memory facilities. Registers are used to hold the data immediately applicable to the operation at hand; main memory is used to hold the data that will be needed in the near future; and mass storage is used to hold data that will likely not be needed in the future.

7. Another collection of operations available within most arithmetic/logic units allows the contents of registers to be moved to the right or the left within the register.These operations are known as either SHIFT or ROTATE operations ,depending on whether the bits that “fall off the end”of the register when its content are moved are merely discarded (SHIFT)or are used to fall the holes left at the other end(ROTATE).

8. Computer software,consisting of programs,enables a computer to perform specific tasks,as opposed to its physical components(hardware)which can only do the tasks they are mechanically designed for.The term includes application software such as word processors which perform productive tasks for users,system software such as operating systems,which interface with hardware to run the necessary services for user-interfaces and applications,and middleware which controls and coordinates distributed systems.

9. At the lowest level, software consists of a machine language specific to an individual processor.A machine language consists of groups of binary values signifying processor instructions(object code),which change the state of the computer from its preceding state.Software is an ordered sequence of instructions for changing the state of the computer hardware in a particular sequence.It is usually written in high-level programming languages that are easier and more efficient for humans to use (closer to natural language)than machine language.

10. System software helps run the computer hardware and computer system.It includes operating device drivers,diagnostic tools,servers,windowing systems,utilities and more.The tools of systems software is to insulate the applications programmer as much as possible from j of the particular computer complex being used,especially memory and other hardware and such accessory devices as communications,printers,readers,displays,keyboards, etc.

11. Instructions may be performed sequentially, conditionally or iteratively. Sequential instructions are those operations that are performed one after another.Conditional instructions are performed such that different sets of instructions execute depending on the value(s) of some data. Iterative instructions are performed repetitively and may depend on some data value.

12.An operating system(OS)is the software that manages the sharing of the resources of a computer.An operating system processes raw system data and user input and responds by allocating and managing tasks and internal system resources as a service to users and programs of the system.At the foundation of all system software,an operating system performs basic tasks such as controlling and allocating memory, prioritizing system requests,controlling input and output devices,facilitating networking and managing file systems.

13. Process management is an operating system’s way of dealing with running multiple processes.Since most computers contain one processor with one core.multitasking is done by simply switching processes quickly.Depending on the operating system,as more processes run,either each time slice will become smaller or there will be a longer delay before each process is given a chance to run.Process management involves computing and distributing CPU time as well as other resources.

14. Current computer architectures arrange the starting from the fastest registers,CPU cache,computer’s memory in a hierarchical manner,random access memory and disk storage.An operating system’s memo ry manager coordinates the use of these various types of memory by tracking which one is available,which is to be allocated or deallocated and how to move data between them.This activity,usually referred to as virtual memory management,increases the amount of memory available for each process by making the disk storage seem like main memory.

be stored in the relations.These are usually defined in the form of expressions that result in a Boolean value, indicating whether or not the constraint holds.Constraints are a way of implementing business rules into the database.

16. SQL queries allow the user to specify a description of the desired result set.A query includes a list of columns to be included in the final result immediately following the SELECT keyword.An asterisk(“*”)can also be used as a“wildcard”indicator to specify that all available columns of a table(or multiple tables)are to be returned.

17.Intelligent hubs perform the same functions as passive and active hubs;however,they can make informed path selections and perform some network management.Intelligent hubs route traffic only to the branch of the star on which the receiving node is located. If redundant paths exist,an intelligent hub can route information around normally used paths when cable problems occur. Routers,bridges,

18.Local area Networks, generally called LANs, are privately-owned networks within

a single building or campus of up to a few kilometers in size.They are widely used to connect Personal computers and workstations in company offices and factories to share resources(e.g. printers) and exchange information.LANs are distinguished from other kinds of networks by three characteristics:(1)their size,(2)their transmission technology, and(3)their topology.

19. Broadcast networks can be further divided into static and dynamic,depending on how the channel is allocated.A typical static allocation would be to divide time into discrete intervals and a round—robin algorithm, allowing each machine to broadcast only when its time slot comes up. Static allocation wastes channel capacity

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