河南省洛阳市第一高级中学2020学年高二英语12月月考试题

河南省洛阳市第一高级中学2020学年高二英语12月月考试题

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.What will Jane do on Sunday?

A. Go to Canada.

B. Go to the man's house.

C. Have dinner with the man.

2. What's the weather like today?

A. Rainy.

B. Windy.

C. Cold

3. When docs the plane take off?

A. At 7: 00

B. At 8: 00.

C. At 9: 00.

4. Where does the conversation probably take place?

A. In a shop.

B. In a hotel.

C. In a restaurant

5. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

A. Why the woman is late.

B. How the accident happened.

C. How traffic jams can be reduced.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22. 5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍…

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. What is the woman doing?

A. Doing some shopping

B. Making a shopping list.

C. Preparing

dinner.

7. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Mother and son.

B. Sister and brother.

C. Husband and wife.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. Where does the man want to go?

A. The City Hall.

B. The Plaza Hotel.

C. The Post Office.

9. How will the man go downtown?

A. On foot.

B. By underground

C. By bus

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. Who is answering the phone?

A. Julia’s brother.

B. Julia's cousin.

C. Tim’s cousin

11. What has happened to Tina's bat?

A. It’s lost.

B. It's stolen.

C. It’s broken

12. What does Tina ask Julia to do tomorrow?

A. Call Tina back.

B. Bring the CD and the extra bat.

C. Play table Tennis with her cousin.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. What did the man do at 17?

A. He left the northern states.

B. He went to college.

C. He made many friends.

14. What was life like in the northern states for African Americans?

A. They were treated as friends.

B. They were nice to most outsiders.

C. They were not treated equally as whites.

15. When did the man win the Nobel Prize?

A. In 1986.

B. In 1968.

C. In 1916.

16. What did the man do with the prize money?

A. He gave it to poor children.

B. He gave it to the government.

C. He gave it to the Freedom Movement.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. What is the main purpose of the talk?

A. To give some advice on sleeping problems.

B. To give instructions on taking sleeping pills.

C. To tell people to go to bed early.

18. Why is it useless to keep turning around when you can’t sl eep?

A. It makes you tired.

B. It makes you excited.

C. It increases your heart rate.

19. Which of the following can cause sleeplessness?

A. Lack of sleep on weekends.

B. Too much exercise in the evening.

C. Eating cheese before going to bed.

20. What can we learn about sleeping pills?

A. They’ll make sleeping worse.

B. They're rich in a kind of acid.

C. They'll produce a chemical in the brain.

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节:(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给出的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Italy’s 5 most amazing ancient Roman sites

The Romans helped to shape the world, and their legacy lives on in arts and culture throughout Italy. For a truly en joyable holiday, don’t miss these unique ancient treasures.

◆Rome

A city threaded with historic treasures, Italy’s capital is a live spot recalling Roman life. The Colosseum (古罗马竞技场) is a wonderful landmark; As the world’s largest theatre, the 70000 capaci ty venue impresses with sheer size. Nearby, the Roman Forum reminds you of the center to the Empire: remains of temples, political buildings and even an ancient water system have survived.

◆Pompeii

Pompeii, struck by the eruption of the Mount Vesuvius, is an archaeological victory. Theatres, baths, villas and temples make up the complex flattened by ash and stones in 79 AD, leaving behind a snapshot of the past.

◆Ostia Antica

Rome’s ancient port city is a freeze frame of early AD life. Originally founded to defend the mouth of the River Tiber, it later became a trading post for grain, oil and wine. As the river changed course, river mud choked the settlement.

◆Hadrian’s Villa, Tivoli

A showy display of power and wealth, Emperor Hadrian’s 2nd century AD villa (别墅) is a flashy five-star pad. Stone baths made use of hot springs can be seen and a pool with splendid statues showing imperial conquests(帝国

征服) was a favourite place for summer baths.

◆Capua Amphitheatre

Romans loved to watch a bloody battle. Capua’s th eatre has a larger Roman cousin, the Colosseum. Underground, the galleries, and tunnels are in much better condition, making it easy to imagine the days when the slaves fought from this site.

21. Which site will make a visitor interested if he is keen on archaeology?

A. The Pompeii.

B. The Roman Forum.

C. Roman temples.

D. Political buildings.

22. Why did Emperor Hadrian have his villa built?

A. To show imperial conquests.

B. To attract power and wealth.

C. To show off his power and wealth.

D. To protect the fruit of imperial conquests.

23. What do Colosseum and Capua Amphitheatre have in common?

A. They are the same in size.

B. They are places where the slaves had to fight for their lives.

C. They were founded to defend the mouth of the River Tiber.

D. They were both struck by the eruption of the Mount Vesuvius.

B

When my best friend and I were teenagers, our favourite place to hang out was the Hallmark store. If we had the money, we would choose the perfect card for each other and then share tears or smiles depending on what emotion the words motivated. In those years we developed a friendship built on sincere feelings and we often found comfort in the words of a Hallmark card. I think it is perhaps because of those years that I have become a greeting card collector.

The other day, while cleaning out the storage in our home, I came across the bag in which I have kept greeting cards. They were the lasting messages that spoke the meanings of my life. I pulled out a card to look. It had a stick figure on the front that seemed to be drawn in my picture. I giggled (咯咯地笑) as I realized this was exactly how my oldest daughter saw her mum. Opening it up I saw a hand drawn heart with eyes and a big smile. On the other side were some words “You are the best mum in the world!” This may be one card that Hallmark can’t compete with, for it is a treasure more precious than gold. I can’t go back to where I’ve been but, from time to time, I can be taken into a welcomed memory trip.

These are the Hallmark moments of our lives. Words from once upon a time inspire us to appreciate the people in our lives who mean so much. When we sometimes have doubts, or when the world deals us unfair blows, the encouraging words are there in black and white, sometimes drawn as in a homemade stick figure with a heart shaped smiley face standing out from the rest of the pile.

Life is a Hallmark card when you care enough to send the very best.

24. What influence does the Hallmark card have on the author?

A. Finding her real hobby.

B. Becoming a postcard designer.

C. Getting real friendship and comfort.

D. Sharing the experience of life with friends.

25. The author uses “a welcomed memory trip” in Paragraph 2 to show that ____.

A. she rarely remembers her past

B. those cards are very meaningful for her

C. her daughter’s words move her deeply

D. drawing herself on the cards is very meaningful

26. Why does the author think the words on the cards mean a lot?

A. Because they make her filled with thankfulness.

B. Because they are written in different colors.

C. Because they can help her overcome doubts.

D. Because they always give her opportunities.

27. Which of the following can be the best title of the passage?

A. Words on the Cards

B. Life Is a Hallmark Card

C. Collecting Greeting Cards

D. Memory in the Childhood

C

Almost none of us have the time to read everything we’d like to read. Yet we lose countless hours to daily activities that bring us little joy like taking buses and waiting in line. What if we could turn these little blocks of unoccupied time into precious and rewarding moments for learning and thinking?

Established in 2020, iReader, a micro-learning app on mobile phones, brings the biggest ideas from best-selling books through 15-minute audio (音频) and text. So far, more than 3,000 books have been included, ranging from psychology and parenting to management and economics, with new titles added every day.

iReader is pioneering a new method of reading, with over 9 million users enjoying the benefits already. According to the Pew Research Center (PRC), the British read just 4 paper books a year and over 25% haven’t read a single paper book this year, but reading isn’t dying. There are now more ways for the British to read than ever before, due to the widespread use of e-books and audio books.

The books in iReader are rewritten to ensure it is easy to remember the

main content. The way the content is edited has been specifically designed to ensure it is useful in practice. Besides, the content is rewritten with related examples in real life, which means users are more likely to remember and apply what is helpful to them.

Holger Seim, German co-founder of this app, declares, “iReader gives you the biggest ideas in the shortest possible time. It transforms great ideas into little packs you can listen to or read in just 15 minutes.”

28. What does the author suggest people do in the unoccupied time?

A. Bring joy to daily routines.

B. Write and share.

C. Avoid taking buses.

D. Read and think.

29. What can we infer from the PRC findings?

A. The British benefit a lot from reading.

B. Reading methods are more important than before.

C. Digital technology took the place of paper books.

D. New forms of books are changing the way the British read.

30. How does iReader make the content easy to remember?

A. By bringing fun to it.

B. By making it useful.

C. By using artistic designs.

D. By taking users as examples.

31. What is the best title for the text?

A. iReader Prevents Reading from Dying

B. iReader Unites Worldwide Book-lovers

C. iReader: The Best New App Creation

D. iReader: Big Ideas in Small Packages

D

Making beers on the moon might seem like a pipe dream to many, but for a group of students from the University of California at San Diego, there is a chance to take their research beyond Earth’s surface.The Lab2Moon competition, held by TeamIndus, is offering students the chance to secure a spot on the TeamIndus rocket this year.

Taking craft beer to the next level, the students want to test whether it’s possible for yeast(酵母) to work and create beer on the moon. However, they believe the experiment is not just a creative concept for astronauts, it’s also important for the development of drugs and yeast-containing food, like bread.

“T he idea started out with great excitement among a group of friends,” said Neeki Ashari, a fifth-year bioengineering students at UC San Diego. “We all appreciate the craft beer. When we heard that there was an opportunity to design an experiment that would go up on India’s moonlander, we thought we could combine our hobby with the competition by focusing on the practicality of yeast in outer space.”

The preparation work for the beer — up to the stage of adding yeast —will all be done on Earth, and rather than separating the fermentation (发酵) and carbonation stage of making beer, the team plans to combine them.

This removes the need to release CO2 accumulated in the process, which may result in cleanliness and safety issues out in space.

If selected, Team Original Gravity will be the first to make beer in outer space, and the fermentation will take place in a container no bigger than a soda can.

All teams competing for the place will showcase their ideas in Bangalore, India, in March.

Sadly, you won’t be enjoy ing moon beer in your local craft beer bar

anytime soon, as no samples will be brought back. However, this small experiment could provide important data on just how practical it is for us to make and create our own resources on other planets and moons by learning how consumables (消耗品) behave in different environments.

32.How did the students feel when they got the chance to design the experiment ?

A. Doubtful.

B. Tense.

C. Thrilled.

D. Casual.

33. What does the underlined word “This” in Pa ragraph 6 refer to?

A. The preparation work on Earth.

B. Adding yeast on Earth.

C. The mixing of two stages.

D. Fermentation and carbonation.

34. What can we learn about the experiment from the passage?

A. Its process was adapted to make it safer and greener.

B. It’s quite competitive compared with other designs.

C. Its design has already been approved by TeamIndus.

D. It has been designed based on similar experiments.

35. What does the author think of the students’ idea?

A. It seems like a pipe dream.

B. It’s meaningful and h elpful.

C. It’s extremely complicated.

D. It’s creative but impractical.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

The past is good for two things: the happy memories, and the lessons it provides. Take some time to think and create two lists: One, your Top Five Most Important Lessons Learned in the Year. And two, your Top Five Favorite Memories of the Year. ___36___

Take some time to think

___37___ But you just invested 8760 or so hours of your life in the previous year. To pull what is worth pulling from it, to give it proper perspective and proper closure, it surely deserves some of your focused conscious energy.

___38___

Maybe you lost half your investments this year. Or your job. Or your house. Or you faced health challenges. You may dwell(细想) on the negative, self-defeating questions like “How could I be so stupid?” or “How could God let this happen to me?” But a child doesn’t touch fire, get burned, and then spend the rest of his days – or even hours – thinking bitterly how this could have happened to him. He learns not to touch the fire and twenty minutes later he is happily playing again. ___39___

Don’t bang on the beehive(蜂窝)

When discussing the past year I have already heard so many people stating how bad it was. I hear them recalling all the bad memories. It is like banging on a beehive. Because here is a universal law: whatever you seek, you will find plenty of. ___40___ Likewise, if you are focused on good memories, the beauty in the world, and things to feel grateful for, they will nourish your mind, your heart, and allow your life to blossom.

A. Learn from the past experiences.

B. First and foremost, bear in mind that the key aspect of this experience is to“take some time to think”.

C. No matter how much you have invested, sometimes the healthiest thing you can do is let go.

D. In today’s go-go faster-faster world, you may be attracted to rush through this experience, to treat it like another task to get off your to-do list.

E. Remember the wisdom of a child.

F. If you are focused on bad memories, problems, and things to complain about, they will drown your mind and your heart, and sting your life.

G. Now before you race off to do this, read the rest that provides important perspective on doing this.

第三部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

My father was born in a small town in the US. He wasn’t sure what he wanted from ____41___, but something told him to get out and begin a(n) ___42___. He took his wife and three daughters with him and went wherever the road took him.

It’s easy to feel___43___when you’re on the road. As my mother said repeatedly, “We made lots of new friends on our trip – most of them were mechanics ( 机修工)”, ___44___we often spent hours in ____45____shops. But that was way ____46____than sitting by the roadside while waiting for the engine (发动机) to ____47____when it was 40 ℃ outside.

___48___on sometimes seemed impossible. There were always a lot of ____49____, especially among us back-seat passengers about who had to sit in the middle.

But even if it was hard, we did learn a lot about___50___.

When we were traveling in the Philippines, we drove to Quezon City one day. It should have been a one-hour drive but was nearly three, ____51____bad roads and worse traffic. “Did you put our ___52___in the car?” my father asked my mother as we arrived. “No,” she said, slowly

turning toward my father. “I thought you did.” That was ____53____a

seven-hour car trip turned into a 16-hour car trip, which was mostly

_____54_____in silence.

On occasions like that, we had to learn to___55___our anger because we

were stuck (困在) in a rolling box with the same people for the ____56____of

the journey. Even if I sometimes felt like opening the car door and

____57_____one of my sisters out, I kept my feelings to myself.

This is why road trips were like ____58____universities to us. We earned

our____59____ in how to get on just by traveling in that old car.

And if we were ____60____given a second chance at life, we would do it

all over again. Only this time, I myself would put the suitcases in the car.

41.A. school B. work C. life

D.experience

42.A. adventure B. cooperation C. voyage

D. business

43.A. curious B. relaxed C. lonely D.

exhausted

44.A. until B. since C. when D. if

45.A. corner B. repair C. beauty D. coffee

46.A. less B. more C. worse D. better

47.A. scream B. start C. cool D. stop

48.A. Staying B. Getting C. Going D.

Carrying

49.A. discussions B. arguments C.

weaknesses D. ideas

50.A. tolerance B. independence C. balance D.

patience

51.A. apart from B. according to C. regardless of D. thanks to

52.A. backpacks B. suitcases C. containers D. handbags

53.A. when B. because C. how D. where

54.A. driven B. spent C. taken D. made

55.A. hold on to B. give way to C. lose sight of D. let go of

56.A. half B. part C. rest D. end

57.A. letting B. leaving C. pushing D. taking

58.A. local B. public C. open D. mobile

59.A. respect B. degrees C. reputation D. understanding

60.A. somehow B. therefore C. meanwhile D. otherwise

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式

To my dad George H.W Bush’s very la st days, his life was instructive. As he___61___(age), he taught us how to grow with dignity, humor and ___62___(kind).Day could relate to people from all walks of life. He looked ___63___the good in each person and he usually found it.

He strongly believed that it was important___64___(give)back to the community and country in which one lived. To us, he was the ___65___(bright)one among a thousand points of light. He taught us what it means to be a wonderful father, grandfather and great grandfather. He taught us that a day

was not meant to ___66___(waste).

In his inaugural(就职)address the 41st President of the United States, he said,“We cannot hope only to leave our children a bigger car, or a bigger bank account. We must hope to give them ___67___sense of what it means to be a loyal friend, a loving parent, a citizen ___68___leaves his home, his neighborhood and town better than he found it.”

Well, Dad, we’re going to remember you, and we’re going to miss you. So through our___69___(tear),let us know the blessings of knowing and loving you, a great and noble man, the best father a son or daughter could have. And in our grief, let us smile,____70____(know)that Dad is hugging Robin and holding Mom’s hand again.

第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下面划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Ted, a British boy, along with his parents were invited to visit a Chinese calligraphy exhibition in London on last Saturday. They were exciting to have such a good chance to have a close look at the traditional Chinese culture. On the show they enjoyed various fine work with great admiration. To their joy, they saw some Chinese artists giving live performances with brush pens.

Ted couldn’t resist approach an elderly Chinese artist, which was writing attentively with a big brush pen. Ted watched with great interest but asked the artist to show her how to use the brush pen. The artist agreed and gave him some instruction patient. Then Ted couldn’t wait to have a try. He admit he was deeply attracted by the Chinese calligraphy.

第二节书面表达(满分25分)

假设你是李华,为弘扬中国传统文化,你校将在暑期开展“重走丝绸之路”活动。请你根据以下要点提示,给你校的英国交换生Henry发一封电子邮件,邀请他参加。内容包括:

1.活动的目的和内容;

2.活动的吋间;

3.报名方式和截止日期。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

参考词汇:重走丝绸之路Retrace the Silk Road

________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________

________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ __________________________

高二上英语月考2.0答案

听力:

1-5 ACCBA 6-10 BCABA 11-15CBBCA 16-20 CACBA

阅读理解:

21-23 ACB 24- 27 CBAB 28-31 DDBD 32-35 CCAB 36-40 GDECF 完形填空

41-45 CACBB 46-50 DCBBA 51-55 DBCBD 56-60 CCDBA

语篇填空

61. aged 62. kindness 63. for 64. to give 65. brightest 66. be wasted 67. a 68. who/that 69. tears 70. knowing 改错

第一处:第一句,were→was。考查主谓一致。

第二处:第一句,去掉last前的on。考查介词。

第三处:第二句,exciting→excited。考查形容词。

第四处:第三句,work→works。考查名词的单复数。

第五处:第五句,approach→approaching。考查非谓语动词。

第六处:第五句,which→who。考查非限制性定语从句。

第七处:第六句,but→and。考查连词。

第八处:第六句,her→him。考查代词。

第九处:第七句,patient→patiently。考查副词。

第十处:第九句,admit→admitted。考查动词的时态。

参考范文

Dear Henry,

Here is some good news for you. Our school is to launch an activity called Retrace the Silk Road during the summer vacation. I'm writing to invite you to attend it.

In order to preserve and promote our traditional Chinese culture, our school is to organize some students to travel along the Silk Road from July 6 to July 16 under the guidance of some experienced local guides. Anyone who is interested is welcome to join. You can sign up in our school office or on the Internet by May 28. I know that you adore Chinese culture, so I think it is an opportunity that can't be missed. I believe you will have fun and benefit a lot from this activity.

Looking forward to your participation.

Yours, sincerely Li Hua

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