上海高考词汇手册(及时雨)NO

nail n.钉子;指甲

name n.姓名vt.给…取名、命名

last/family name (组)姓

first/given name (组)名

in the name of (组)以…的名义

be named after (组)被以…的名字命名

namely adv.即,也就是

nap n./vi.小睡,打盹

napkin n.餐巾;尿布

narrow adj.狭窄的;狭隘的;勉强的v.(使)变窄;缩小nasty adj.龌龊的;下流的;(气味等)使人难受的;恶意的nation n.国家;民族

nationwide adj.全国性的

national adj.国家的;民族的

National Day (组)国庆节

nationality n.国籍

native adj.本土的;本国的n.本地人;本国人

native language (组)本国语或本民族语

native speaker (组)说本国语或本民族语的人

go native (组)入乡随俗

natural adj.自然的;天然的;当然的

unnatural adj.不自然的

naturalist n.博物学家

naturally adv.自然地;当然

nature n.大自然,自然界(一般不加冠词);性质,本质,本性by nature (组)生来

in nature (组)本质上

naughty adj.顽皮的,淘气的,不听话的

naval adj.海军的

navy n.海军

near prep.在…附近adj./adv.近的(地)

nearby adv./adj.附近(的)

nearly adv.几乎(除not nearly外一般不与否定词连用)

not nearly (组)远非

neat adj.整洁的

necessary adj.必要的,必需的,必然的

if(it is)necessary (组)如有必要

not necessarily (组)未必

necessity n.需要,必要性;必需品

unnecessary adj.不必要的

neck n.颈,脖子

necklace n.项链

need v.aux./vt./n.需要

need/want/require doing/to be (组)需要被做

done

needn't have done (组)本不必做(但实际做了)

meet/fill/answer/satisfy/fulfill the

(组)满足某人/对某物的需要

needs of sb./for sth.

There is no need(for sb.)to do sth. (组)(某人)没有必要做某事

be badly in need of sth.=need sth.

(组)急需某物

badly

needle n.针

negative adj.否定的;消极的

neglect vt./n.疏忽,忽视

negotiate vi.谈判;洽谈;协商vt.通过谈判达成(或解决)negotiation n.(常~s)谈判;洽谈;协商

neighbo(u)r n.邻居

neighbo(u)ring adj.邻近的

neighbo(u)rhood n.街坊;住宅区;邻近地区

neither adj./pron.两者都不adv.也不neither…nor…(组)既不…也不…(谓语动词单复数遵循就近原则)nephew n.侄子;外甥

nerve n.神经

nervous adj.紧张的;神经的

net n.网;网状物

network n.网状组织,网络

never adv.永不;从来没有

Never/Never

(组)否定词)+部分倒装

before/Seldom/Rarely/Hardly/No

where

nevertheless adv.然而

new adj.新的

New Year's Day (组)元旦

New Year's Eve (组)除夕

newcomer n新来的人

news n.(U)新闻;消息

a piece of news (组)一则新闻;一条消息newsagent n.报刊经销人(或店)

newspaper n.报纸;报社

daily/morning/evening newspaper (组)日报/早报/晚报

wall newspaper (组)墙报

in the newspaper (组)在报上

next adj.下一个;隔壁的adv.其次;下一步next to (组)与…相邻;仅次于

nice adj.好的

niece n.侄女;外甥女

night n.夜晚

at night (组)在夜里,晚上

all night(long)(组)整晚,彻夜

no adv.不adj.没有,不是;(常用于标牌中)禁止noble adj.贵族的;高贵的;高尚的,崇高的n.贵族nobody pron.没有人(=no one)

nod v./n.点头;打瞌睡,打盹

noise n.噪音;吵闹声

make noises (组)发出噪音

noisy adj.嘈杂的;吵闹的

none pron.(三者以上或不可数名词)没有任何人(或物)nonfiction n.非小说类(写实)文学作品

nonsense n.胡说,废话

nonstop adj./adv.中途不停(的),直达(的)

noodle n.(常~s)面条

noon n.中午

at noon (组)在中午

nor conj./adv.也不

normal adj./n.正常(的)

normally adv.通常;正常地

north n./adj.北方(的)adv.向北

northeast n./adj.东北(的)adv.向东北

northern adj.北部的

northwest n./adj.西北(的)adv.向西北

nose n.鼻子

not adv.不

note n.笔记;注释;便条;纸币vt.记录,记下;注意(到)take/make notes (组)做笔记

notable adj.值得注意的;显著的

noted adj.著名的

notebook n.笔记本

nothing pron.没有东西;无事

for nothing (组)徒然地,白白;免费

notice v.注意(到)n.注意;通知,布告,启事

notice sb. do/doing (组)注意到某人做/正在做

take no/little notice of (组)不理会…

at short notice (组)一通知到就…

until further notice (组)直到另行通知

without notice (组)没有事先通知,擅自

unnoticed adj.未被注意的

noticeable adj.值得注意的;显著的

noun n.名词

novel n.(长篇)小说

novelist n.小说家

now adv./n.现在

now that (组)(连)既然

until/till/by/up to now (组)迄今,到现在为止(与现在完成时连用)

from now on (组)从今往后(与一般将来时连用)

(every)now and then=(every)

(组)不时地

now and again

nowadays adv.现今

nowhere adv.任何地方都不

be nowhere to be found (组)到处都找不到

get nowhere (组)一无所成,进行得不顺利

nuclear adj.核的;核能的

nuclear weapon (组)核武器

number n.数字;(与阿拉伯数字连用是略作No.)号码vt.给…编号a large/great/good/small number

(组)许多/少数(修饰可数名词复数,谓语动词用复数)

of

the number of (组)…的数目(后接可数名词复数,谓语动词用单数)

in large numbers (组)大量地

outnumber vt.数目比…多

numerous adj.许多的(修饰可数名词复数)

nurse n.护士;保育员v.护理;照顾

nursery n.托儿所;苗圃

nursing n.护理专业

nut n.坚果

nutrient n.(C)营养物

nutrition n.(U)营养(物)

nutritious adj.有营养的

obey v.服从;遵守

obedient n.服从的;顺从的

object v.反对,不赞成n.物体;对象;目标object to (组)反对…(to为介词)objection n.反对

objection to (组)反对(to为介词)objective adj.客观的n.目的,目标subjective adj.主观的

oblige vt.迫使;使感激(常用被动)

be obliged to do (组)不得不做,被迫做;有义务做be much obliged to sb. for (组)因某事对某人非常感激obligation n.义务,责任

observation n.观察;注意

observe vt.观察;注意到;遵守;庆祝observe sb. do/doing (组)注意到某人做/正在做observer n.观察者

obstacle n.障碍物

obtain vt.获得

obvious adj.明显的,显然的

It is obvious that…(组)显而易见…(=obviously)

occasion n.场合;时刻

on…occasion(s) (组)在…场合

occasional adj.偶尔的

occupation n.工作,职业

occupy vt.占据;占有

be occupied with sth./in

doing=occupy oneself with sth./in

(组)从事,专心,忙于

doing

occur vi.发生;被想起,浮现

It(never)occurred to sb. that…(组)某人突然(从没)想到…

sth. occurred to sb. (组)某人突然想到…

ocean n.海洋

o'clock n.…点钟

odd adj.古怪的

of prep. …的

be of (组)具有…(如be of great help/importance/use/valu off adv.离开;中断prep.从…离开

offend v.激怒,冒犯,得罪;犯罪,违反,犯错

offense,offence n.冒犯;犯罪

offensive adj.冒犯的

offer vt./n.(主动)提供;提议;出价

offer sb. sth.=offer sth. to sb. (组)提供某人某物

offer to do (组)(主动)提供做

office n.办公室;公职,官职

take/leave office (组)就职/辞职

officer n.军官;警官

official n.官员adj.官方的;正式的

often adv.经常

oh interj.哦;诶呀

oil n.油;石油;汽油

oily adj.油腻的

O.K. adv./adj./interj.可以;行

old adj.年老的;…岁的;旧的

the old/aged (组)老年人(“the+形容词”表示一类人或物)

the young (组)年轻人

young and old=old and young (组)老老少少

Olympic adj.奥林匹克的

the Olympic Games (组)奥运会

Olympics n.(用the~)奥运会

omit vt.省略;遗漏;忽略

omission n.省略;遗漏;忽略

prep.在…上;在…时间;关于adv.在…上;穿戴着;继续;on

On/Upon doing…(组)一…就

once adv.一次;曾经conj.一旦

at once (组)立刻

all at once (组)突然

once a day (组)每天一次

once again/more (组)再一次

once in a while (组)偶尔

once upon a time (组)从前

one n./pron./adj.一;一个pron.(泛指)一个人one after another (组)一个接一个

one or two days (组)一两天

oneself pron.自己;亲自

by oneself (组)单独;靠自己

one-sided adj.单边的;片面的

only adj./adv.仅仅,只有

Only+状语+部分倒装(组)只有…才…

onto prep.到…上

open adj.开着的;开放的v.打开;开放

in the open(air)(组)在户外;在野外

opener n.开启者;开具

opening adj.开始的

opera n.歌剧

opera house (组)歌剧院

operate v.操作,运转;经营,营业;动手术

operate on sb.=perform an

(组)为某人动手术

operation on sb.

operating room (组)手术室

operation n.操作,运转;经营,营业;手术

have an operation on (组)(病人)接受…手术

operator n.操作员;(电话)接线员

opinion n.观点;评价

in one's opinion (组)依某人的观点

have a good/poor opinion of (组)对…评价高/低

opponent n.对于

opportunity n.机会

opportunity to do/of doing (组)做…的机会

oppose vt.反对

be opposed to (组)反对…(to为介词)

opposition n.反对

n.相反的事物adj.相反的;反对的;对面的adv.在对面p opposite

on the opposite side of the street (组)在街对面

oppress vt.压迫

oppression n.压迫

oppressive adj.压迫性的

or conj.或者(谓语动词单复数遵循就近原则);否则

…or so…(组)…左右

oral adj.口头的;口的

orange n.橘子,橙子;橙色

orchestra n.管弦乐队

n.顺序;整齐;秩序;(常~s)命令;订购vt.定购;叫(菜order

料等);整理;命令

in order that (组)为了…(从句用can,could,may,might)

in order(for sb.)to do (组)为了(让某人)做…

in order (组)按顺序;整齐;状况良好

in good/bad order (组)井然有序/乱七八糟;状况良好/不佳

out of order (组)杂乱;状况不好,出事故

keep order (组)维持秩序

put…in order (组)整理…

place an order for sth.=order sth.

(组)向…定购某物

from

order sb. to do sth. (组)命令某人做某事

orderly adj.整齐的;有秩序的

ordinary adj.普通的,平常的;平凡的

organ n.器官;机构

organic adj.有机的;器官的

organism n.有机体

organization n.机构,组织

organize v.组织

organized adj.有组织的

organizer n.组织者

origin n.起源,出处;出身

originate v.起源;创始

original adj.最初的,原始的;原作的,原创的n.原作orphan n./adj.孤儿(的)

orphanage n.孤儿院

other adj./pron.其他的

other than (组)除了(用于否定句);不同于(用于肯定句)none/no other than (组)不是别的,正是…

otherwise adv./pron.否则,不然

ought v./aux.应该(否定为oughtn't to)

ounce n.盎司(英制重量单位);少量

our pron.我们的

ours pron.我们的

ourselves pron.我们自己

out adv.在(向)外

out of (组)出于(好奇心等)缺乏,没有

outing n.郊游

go for an outing (组)去郊游

outcome n.结果

outdoor adj.户外的;野外的

outdoors adv.在(向)户外;在(向)野外

outer adj.外面的,外部的

outer space (组)外太空(不加冠词)

outline n.提纲,要点vt.概述,概括

draw/make an outline(of…)(组)列(…的)提纲、要点

outlook n.观点,看法;景色,景致

output n.产量;(计)输出

outside prep.在…外面adv.在外面adj./n.外面(的)outstanding adj.突出的;出众的,杰出的

outward adj./adv.向外(的)

over prep.在…上面;越过;(数量)超过adv.结束overall adj.总的

overcoat n.外套;大衣

overcome vt.克服

overflow v.泛滥;溢出;挤满

overhead adj./adv.在头顶上(的)

overlook vt.忽视;俯视

overnight adv.整夜,通宵;一夜间

overseas adj./adv.在海外(的);向海外(的)overtake vt.赶超

owe vt.把…归功于;欠owe…to…(组)把…归功于…owe sb. some money=owe some

(组)欠某人…钱money to sb.

owing adj.欠着的,未付的owing to (组)由于(作状语)own adj.自己的vt.拥有one's own…=…of one's own (组)某人自己的…on one's own (组)单独;靠自己owner n.拥有者ownership n.所有权

ox n.(pl.)oxen公牛oxygen n.氧;氧气

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