英语中的连读、失爆、缩读、同化、浊化等

英语中的连读、失爆、缩读、同化、浊化等

①连读:

一般一个词音标的尾音是辅音,而紧接着的词音标的首音是元音,则应该连读。

连读的条件:相邻的两词在意义上必须密切相关,同属一个意群。连读所构成的音节一般都不重读,只需顺其自然地一带而过,不可读得太重,也不可硬。连读符号:〉

(1)“辅音+元音”型连读

I'm working on〉it.

I’m〉an〉English boy.

It〉is〉an〉old book.

Let me have〉a look〉at〉it.

Ms Black worked in〉an〉office last〉yesterday.

I called〉you half〉an〉hour〉ago.

Put〉it〉on, please.

Not〉at〉all.

Please pick〉it〉up

(2)“r/re+元音”型连读

如果前一个词是以-r或者-re结尾,后一个词是以元音开头,这时的r或re不但要发/r/,而且还要与后面的元音拼起来连读。

They’re my father〉and mother.

I looked for〉it here〉and there.

There〉is a football under〉it.

There〉are some books on the desk.

Here〉is a letter for you.

Here〉are four〉eggs.

But where〉is my cup?

Where〉are your brother〉and sister?

但是,如果一个音节的前后都有字母r,即使后面的词以元音开头,也不能连读。

The black clouds are coming nearer and nearer.(nearer与and不可连读)

(3)“辅音+半元音”型连读

英语语音中的/j/和/w/是半元音,如果前一个词是以辅音结尾,后一个词是以半元音(特别是/j/开头,此时也要连读。

Thank〉you.

Nice to meet〉you.

Did〉you get there late〉again?

Would〉you like〉a cup〉of tea?

Could〉you help me, please?

(4)“元音+元音”型

连读如果前一个词以元音结尾,后一个词以元音开头,这两个音往往也要自然而不间断地连读到一起。

I〉am Chinese.

He〉is very friendly to me.

She wants to study〉English.

How〉and why did you come here?

She can’t carry〉it.

相关推荐
相关主题
热门推荐