实用综合教程(第二版)4

Unit 1 Persistence

实用综合教程(第二版)4

1.Although we have tried very hard to achieve the goal,we still encounter great difficulties in our work.虽然我们很努力来达到我们的目标,我们仍在我们的工作遇到很大的困难。

2.I have tried all kinds of ways , but still cannot bend my daughter to my will.

我已经尝试了各种方式,但仍然不能让我的女儿屈从于我的意志。

3.It is natural that babies tumble when they are learning to walk.

婴儿学步时摔倒是很自然的。

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/c5c3bbbee109581b6bd97f19227916888486b988.htmlst time he failed in the exam, so this time he made a serious attempt to pass it.

上次他考试不及格,所以这次他认真地试图通过考试。

5.After so many misfortunes, the mother was not able to stand this heavy blow

在这么多的不幸之后,母亲不能忍受这次沉重的打击。

6.He suddenly took a swipe at her face and knocked her down on the ground.

他突然猛打她的脸,把她撞倒在地上。

7.I’m afraid that his efforts will be of no avail

我担心他的努力将不起作用

8.They attempted to escape from the prison, but failed.

他们试图逃离监狱,但失败了。

B.Full in the blanks with the proper form of the given words.(P9)

1.For years, his persistent (persistence )attempts had enabled him to gain the position in the government.

多年来,他坚持不懈的努力使他得以在政府中获得职位。

2.A severe flood struck the food base of the city and consequently (consequence)caused a shortage of food.

一场严重的洪水袭击了这个城市的食物基地,因此造成了食物短缺。

3.Under the bright (brighten)moon, he told her his love story.

在明月下,他告诉她他的爱情故事。

4.Because of his improbable (probable)and unexpected victory in the contest, his mother cried. 因为他在比赛中可能的和意想不到的胜利,他的母亲哭了。

5.Her experience shows how thoughts and behavior affect the good and bad fortune (misfortune)we have in our lives.

她的经历显示了在我们的生活中的思想和行为如何影响好的和坏命运.

6.Take it easy;it is just a trifle (trifling)

放轻松;这只是一件小事

7.Do not undertake (undertaking)a project unless you can implement it.

不要承担一项计划,除非你能实现它。

8.The doctor will prescribe (prescribed) some medicine for you.

医生会给你开一些药。

Complete each of the following sentences with an attributive clause.(P11)

1.The girl whom you want to marry (你想娶的)stole my wallet yesterday.

你想娶的那个女孩昨天偷了我的钱包

2.I hate the hotel in which/where I stayed.(我住过的)

我讨厌我住过的那个旅馆。

3.I will never forget the autumn when/in which I studied and lived together.

我永远也忘不了我们共同生活和学习的那个秋天

4.Is there anything that I can do for you?(我能帮你的)

有什么事我能帮你的吗?

5.As the teacher told me yesterday, he didn’t pass the exam.

正像老师昨天说的那样,他没有通过考试。

6.We are studying the business English, which is very useful for us In the future.

我们现在学的商务英语在将来对我们非常有用

7.He is the very worker whose picture we saw in the newspaper yesterday.

他就是我们昨天在报纸上见到照片的那个工人。

8.I never really understand the reason for which /why he made such a serious mistake.

我从来没有真正理解他为什么犯这样一个严重的错误。

Comprehensive Exercises

A.Read the following passage and choose the best answer for each blank.(P15)After hearing a story from my Chinese teacher I have changed my opinion on failure. It was a story about a girl who always succeeded and never 1 A . Luck never 2 C .Her life was totally perfect until she 3 A working.She found she could not stand any 4 C in her work,and she envied either her boss or any colleague who was better than her .At last she went mad, only because she was always thinking that she had no 5 D , she was the best one.

I’ve really learned something from this story that failure can easily defeat a person who seldom fails or never learns 6 C from it; yet it can never 7 B the wings of a person who is strong-willed and always tries to get something from it. Although sometimes it is true that failure stabs you to the heart, it gives you power and 8 B you grow up and have strong will. It also teaches you to be calm and never 9 A when you are in trouble.

So don’t be afraid of failure. If you think you are on the right 10 A ,just keep on doing it and you will succeed one day.

1.A.failed B.suffered C.blamed D.disappointed

2.A.turned to her B.went against her C.threw her off D.got across her

3.A.started B.kept C.meant D.continued

4.A.failure B.envy C.criticism D.weakness

5.A.advantage B.progress C.reputation D.defect

6.A.achievements B.appreciations C.lessons D.classes

7.A.keep off B.break up C.take out D.carry off

8.A.encourages B.helps C.requires D.urges

9.A.frustrate B.discourage C.defeat http://m.wendangku.net/doc/c5c3bbbee109581b6bd97f19227916888486b988.htmlplain

10.A.track B.mind C.opinion D.idea

B.Translate the following sentences into English.(P15)

1. 我不会因为失败而绝望地放弃自己的理想(in despair)

I will not give up my ideals in despair because of failure.

2.在太多数情况下,不去尝试便不能肯定我们能够做些什么。(make an attempt)

In most cases, we are not sure what we can do if we do not make an attempt to do it.

3.她把注意力集中在如何发现自己的优点(focus on)

She focused her attention on how to find her own advantages.

4. 虽然经历了很多失败,她还是努力建立自信。(build up)

Although she has experienced many defeats, she still tried hard to build up her self-confidence. 5. 无论别人说什么,我们都将坚持自己的梦想(hold to)

No matter what is said by others, we will hold to our dreams.

C.Translate the following paragraph into Chinese.(P16)

我绝不考虑失败,我的字典里不再有放弃、不可能、办不到、没法子、成问题、失败、行不通、没希望、退缩…这类愚蠢的字眼。我要尽量避免绝望,一旦受到它的威胁,立即想方设法向它挑战。我要辛勤耕耘,忍受苦楚。

Unit2 Animation

实用综合教程(第二版)4

1.Thank you for coming to my birthday party and for your lovely present.

谢谢你来我的生日聚会和你的可爱的礼物

2.The doll was my daughter's favorite toy and she carried it with her everywhere.

这个娃娃是我女儿最喜欢的玩具,她带着它无处不在。

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/c5c3bbbee109581b6bd97f19227916888486b988.htmlcking a partner, I had to sing solo.

缺少一个伴侣,我不得不独自歌唱

4. The present situation concerns all the students in my class.

目前的情况关系到我班上的所有学生。

5.Her laziness show in her exam results.

她的懒惰展现在她的考试成绩。

6.This famous comic actor is loved by the public even after his death.

这个著名的喜剧演员甚至在他死后也被公众所喜爱。

7.Step on it or we'll miss the beginning of the show.

赶快,否则我们将错过节目的开始

8.The children fold their arms and sit up straight to wait for their teachers.

孩子们折叠他们的胳膊和端坐,等待他们的老师。

B.Full in the blanks with the proper form of the given words.(P27)

1.Those students give mutual support and inspiration to each other.

这些学生互相支持,互相鼓励。

2.The dentist told the boy not to eat too many sweets.

牙医告诉男孩不要吃太多糖果。

3.The continual noise in the classroom made him slap his notebook down on the desk.

教室里连续不断的噪音使他把笔记本拍打在书桌上。

4.The company is tying to popularize its main products.

公司正在努力推广其主要产品。

5.His collection of paintings will go on the block tomorrow.

他收藏的画明天将展出。

6.She is very happy to see that her method is working in the classroom.

她很高兴看到自己的方法在教室里实施。

7.The minister is trying to improve his public image.

部长正在努力改善他的公众形象。

8.We are astounded by his action.

他的行为使我们感到惊讶。

Complete each of the following sentences with an appositive.(P29)

1.John Smith,one of your old friend,has just called.

你的一个老朋友约翰给你打电话了。

2.His bad habits, smoking and drinking, have done much harm to his health.

他的坏习惯、抽烟和喝酒对他的健康造成了很大的危害。

3. Let me introduce to you Mr. Collins, Vice President of our university.

让我介绍一下我们大学副校长科林斯先生。

4. Suddenly came the news that he was diagnosed with HIV.

突然传来他被诊断出携带艾滋病毒的消息。

5. They both are in favor of the arrangement.

他们两人都赞成这个安排。

6. The number of students enrolled in this school is 800, about half that of last yer.

这个学校的学生人数是800,大约是去年的一半。

7. We expressed the hope that he would visit China again.

我们希望他再次来中国访问。

8. All these years she had but one aim- to provide as much help to AIDS patients

as possible.

这些年来她只有一个目的—尽可能的帮助艾滋病患者.

Comprehensive Exercises

A.Read the following passage and choose the best answer for each blank.(P33)When she appeared on stage, singing a Japanese song, hundreds of 1 A teenagers crowded around shouting, “Curarpikt(酷拉皮卡)! It’s Curarpikt!” At the Beijing Comic and Animation Expo last week, that’s exactly who Shi Jia was. The Senior 1 girl was cosplaying(角色扮演)”Curarpikt”,a character from the popular Japanese comic book Hunter X Hunter(《猎人》)by Yoshihiro Togashi. “I 2 B Curarpikt because I like him,” said the pretty 15-year-old girl. “I’m 3 D by his sad story and I’m 4 A by his courage and 5 B .” In the adventure comic story, Curarpikt, a handsome and kind-hearted boy, struggles to become a hunter so he can capture the men who killed his people.She has read all the comic books and is a big fan of the animated series of Hunter X Hunter. Then last year she saw a real ”Curarpikt” in a cosplay show.”I had watched cosplay shows before but only for fun,”she explained. “It’s really exciting to see young people wearing the make-up and costumes of characters that you’ve read about and are familiar with. But that time I just fell in love with cosplaying, probably because I like Curarpikt so much. I thought I could play the character 6 A , so I decided to have a go.” She bought some cloth and asked a 7 D to make a Curarpikt costume foe her. She was 8 A to find out there was a cosplay show in Beijing in October. “It’s a great way to spend the national holiday. Posing on the stage for all the comic book fans, I knew I was doing something I had always wanted to do,” she said.

1.A.excited B.exciting C.boring D.bored

2.A.copy B.cosplay C.make D.enjoy

3.A.movement B.moves C.moving D.moved

4.A.attracted B.enjoyed C.liked D.attractive

5.A.beauty B.personality C.weapon D.sword.

6.A.better B.well C.good D.best

7.A.waiter B.waitress C.shopkeeper D.tailor

8.A.delighted B.sad C.exciting D.moved

B.Translate the following sentences into English.(P34)

1. 为了追求自己的理想,他十七岁时退学了(drop out)

In order to pursue his ideal, he dropped out of school when he was seventeen.

2.他自身的理解和创新催生出独特的设计风格(give birth to)

His understanding and innovation gave birth to his unique design style.

3.我们必须指出,动漫体现的是电影制作者的技巧(point out)

We must point out that animation is the embodiment of the filmmaker’s skills.

4.贝约追求的不仅是动画,而是经典(seek)

What peyo seeks is not only the animation, but something classic.

5. 这部影片的动画效果令人满意(come off)

The animation effects in this film came off satisfactory.

Unit3 The Car and Life

实用综合教程(第二版)4

1.How long does it take him to drive to the shopping mall?

他开车到购物中心要多长时间?

2.A survey of middle school students' parents showed that most of them are dissatisfied with the present education system.

初中学生家长的调查表明,他们中的大多数都不满意目前的教育体系。

3.Those children got out of control while seeing the candies in the basket.

那些孩子看见糖果在篮子里,就失去了控制。

4.Do you mind reading out the text of the message?

你介意阅读信息的文本吗?

5.The long and boring control to the church made us all tired.

教会的长期和无聊的控制使我们都累了。

6.The editor planned to print your article in the next issue.

编辑计划在下一期中打印您的文章

7.I had no choice but to accept the job offer from the foreign company.

我别无选择,只能接受来自外国公司的工作机会。

8.Er, let me see.Sorry, my mind is completely blank now.

嗯,让我想想。抱歉,我的头脑现在完全是空白。

B.Full in the blanks with the proper form of the given words.(P45)

1.We can only through the financial crisis by reducing our expenses.

我们只有通过减少开支才能度过这次金融危机。

2.For some reason or other I feel a little bit faint.

出于某种原因或其他原因,我感到有点头晕。

3.The heating system has recently been repaired to make it more efficient.

供暖系统最近进行了修复,使其更有效率。

4.The commuter train between the town center and bus stop is never punctual.

市中心和汽车站之间的往返列车从不准点。

5.I will speak up for those people when others talk negatively about them.

当别人否定他们时,我会为他们说话。

6.She is very interested in the meteorological study of climates and their phenomena.

她对气候及其现象的气象学研究非常感兴趣。

7.His family is the driving force behind his accomplishments.

他的家庭是他成就的动力

8.These goods were damaged in transit.

这些货物在运输途中受损。

Grammar Tips: Complete each of the following sentences in the subjunctive mood.(P47)

1.If the doctor had come earlier, the child wouldn’t have died.

如果医生早点来的话,孩子就不会死了。

2.I suggested my husband should park the car in garage.

我建议我丈夫把车停在车库里。

3.If I had enough money,I would have bought a much bigger car.

如果我有足够的钱,我就会买一辆更大的车。

4.If he were to leave to,he would get there by Friday.

如果他明天就出发,他将在星期五到达那里。

5.It is proposed that the boss should raise the salary for workers.

建议老板给工人涨工资。

6.If the car had stopped in time,it wouldn’t have crashed into the truck.

如果汽车及时停车,就不会与卡车相撞了。

7.If it should rain tomorrow,what could we do?

如果明天下雨,我们该怎么办?

8.He requested that the manager give him an interview.

他要求经理给他面试的机会。

Comprehensive Exercises

A.Read the following passage and choose the best answer for each blank.(P51)Today the car is the most popular sort of transportation in all of the United States. It has completely 1 replaced the horse as a 2 means of everyday transportation.Americans use their car for nearly 90% of all .........The average price of a 3 regularly made car was $1500 in 1950,$2600 in 1960........During this period American car manufacturers set about 4 improving their products and work efficiency. As a result, the yearly income of the 5 average family increased from 1950 to 1975 6 faster than the price of cars. For this reason 7 purchasing a new car takes a smaller.........In 19518 proportionally it took 8.1 months of an average........In addition, the 1975 cars were technically9 superior to models from previous years. The 10 influence of the automobile extends...........

B.Translate the following sentences into English.(P52)

1. 我宁愿开车去那里(would rather)

I would rather drive car to go there.

2.研究资料表明,目前有私家车的家庭占到30%以上(account for)

Studies indicate that the families who have private vehicles account for more than 30 percent.

3. 现在飞机可以超音速飞行,它们可以突破音障(break through)

Now planes can fly faster than the speed of sound, breaking through the sound barrier.

4.中国新能源汽车技术的发展历史最早可以追溯到上世纪(date back to)

The history of new energy automotive technology development in china dates back to the last century.

5.有一辆陌生的车子拐入了我们这条街(turn into)

There is a strange car turning into our street.

Unit4 Career Choice

实用综合教程(第二版)4

1.The head office has been transferred from Boston to New York. 总部已从波士顿转移到纽约。

2.I don't wish to associate myself with what he is doing.

我不想把自己与他所做的事联系起来

3.Oil price will be the focus of next month's conference.

油价将是下个月会议的焦点。

4.stock market prices continue to advance.

股票市场价格继续上涨。

5.Our department has a strong team of professors and associate professors.

我们系有一支强大的教授和副教授队伍。

6.I have received an advance payment.

我已收到预付款。

7.If you don't like this subject, you can apply for transfer at the end of the the first semester. 如果您不喜欢这个主题,您可以在第一学期结束时申请转学。

8.We should focus our attention on the most important issues.

我们应该把注意力集中在最重要的问题上。

B.Full in the blanks with the proper form of the given words.(P65)

1.His decision to resign surprised all of us.

他辞职的决定使我们大家都感到惊讶。

2.The aim of a university should be the advancement of learning.

大学的目标应该是学习的进步。

3.I am in charge of the maintenance of these machines.

我负责维护这些机器。

4.He is lucky enough to have bought a large but inexpensive apartment.

他很幸运,买了一幢又大又便宜的公寓。

5.Vocational education has been making very important contributions to China’s social and economic development.

职业教育对中国的社会经济发展做出了非常重要的贡献。

6.This fund is intended for emergency use only.

这笔资金只供紧急使用。

7.Now in China experienced technicians are much needed and usually well paid.

现在在中国非常需要有经验的技术人员,而且通常报酬丰厚。

8.As her son hadn’t yet come home,she became increasingly worried.

当她的儿子还没有回家的时候,她变得越来越担心了。

Grammar Tips: Complete each of the following sentences in the subjunctive mood.(P67)

1.I wish I knew both English and French.

我希望我既懂英语又懂法语。

2.Were I to do it ,I would make a survey of public opinion at first.

要是我来做这件事,我首先要做一个民意调查。

3.But for his help,we couldn’t have done it successfully.

要不是他的帮助,我们不可能成功地做这件事。

4.I would rather you had promised me last night.

我宁愿你昨晚答应我

5.It is high time that we made great efforts to learn English.

现在是我们努力学习英语的时候了。

6.In that case we could have accomplished the task earlier.

如果那样的话,我们本来可以提前完成任务的。

7.He gets up early lest he should be late for school.

他早起以免上学迟到。

8.I would just as soon you had passed CET-6.

我希望你能尽快通过大学英语六级考试。

Comprehensive Exercises

A.Read the following passage and choose the best answer for each blank.(P72)Any huge success 1 takes preparation and hard work........Bill Gates was a silent computer programmer before he became the focus of 2 attention . Michael Jordan was a hardworking and determined high-school and college athlete 3 before he became one of the greatest athletes of all time. These men have different careers and ambitions, but they have 4 devoted themselves to their work.......They know that success 5 depends on learning from mistakes and overcoming challenges.

It’s not 6 enough to be ambitious..........And the path to success is scattered with unfulfilled dreams and disillusioned(幻灭的)people who 7 never achieved the recognition or success they felt they deserved. It would be great to go straight to the rewards 8 without having to make of time.........So,no matter 9 what career you will choose.........The journey will lead you to your goal, and the lessons and skills you learn on the path can be as rewarding as the10 goal itself.

B.Translate the following sentences into English.(P72)

1. 她不多讲话,但言之有理(make sense)

She doesn’t talk much, but what she says makes sense.

2. 我代表我们公司欢迎你来这里(on behalf of)

On behalf of our company, I would like to welcome.

3.我在这里是办公事而不是度假(as opposed to)

I am here on business as opposed to on holiday

4. 我们的最终目的是最迟年底完成这项工作(aim for)

We aim for the completion of the task by the end of this year.

5.为了完成论文我打算熬夜不睡(stay up)

I am going to stay up late to finish my paper.

C.Translate the following paragraph into Chinese.(P73)

这些相对便宜的课程可以在高中、社区学院和技术学校获得,并提供证书、执照或副学士学位。此外,越来越多的社区和技术学院与四年制大学建立起了工作关系,接受这些学分转学。职业和技术教育“对许多年轻人来说只是一个开始,而不是一个死胡同,”阿普尔盖特说。

Review Test 1(Units 1-4)

PartⅡStructure(P77)

16.It is quite natural that my coming late again B them very angry.

A.had made

B.would make

C.makes

D.make

17.He will have learned English for eight years by the time he C from the university next year.

A.will graduate

B.will have graduate

C. graduates

D.is to graduate

18.-Must I renew the magazine now?

-No, you D . You that before the deadline.

A.mustn’t; should do

B.needn’t; should have done

C. may not; should do

D.needn’t; could do

19.Twenty miles B a long way to cover.

A.seem to be

B.is

C.are

D.were

20.The climate of Shanghai is better than A of Nanjing.

A.that

B.it

C.which

D.what

21.The prize of the game show is $30000 and an all-expenses- B vacation to

China.

A.paying

B.paid

C.to be paid

D.being paid

22.It is thought to be a wise way to have some money A for old age.

A.put aside

B.take off

C.given in

D.set out

23.The question is A me and I am completely at a loss.

A.beyond

B.beside

C.exceed

D.over

24.The harder I tried, D it seemed to solve that math problem.

A.the impossible

B.most impossible

C.the most impossible

D.the more impossible

25.The investigation, C will soon be published, was made by John.

A.at which the results

B. the results on which

C.whose results

D.of whose results

PartⅢReading Comprehension(P79)

Task 1 Each day, computers help millions of people do their jobs more efficiently.For example, they can help manager............

36.A 37.D 38.D 39.B 40.C

Task 2 How men first learn to invent words is unknown; in other words, the origin of language is a mystery...............

41.A 42.C 43.D 44.D 45.B

Unit5 Gender Roles

实用综合教程(第二版)4

1.No credit is given at this shop.

本店概不赊欠.

2.the idea sound a very good one to me.

这个主意听起来很好。

3.The death of the Queen mark the end of an era.

女王的死亡标志着一个时代的结束。

4.The order urged the armed forces to keep up their morale.

该命令敦促武装部队保持其士气。

5.The war would harm the relative power of the Japanese state.

战争将损害日本国的相对势力.

6.His income last year reached six figures.

他去年的收入达到了六位数

7.She is cleverer than I gave her credit for.

她比我原先想的聪明。

8.I've ordered egg and chips for you.

我给你点了鸡蛋和炸土豆条

B.Full in the blanks with the proper form of the given words.(P91)

1.He spent a considerable amount of money on his new house.

他在他的新房子上花了相当多的钱。

2.You should always keep in mind your rights and responsibilities.

你应该时刻牢记你的权利和责任。

3.I had not expected that things should turn out like this.

我没料到事情会变成这样。

4.We are in favor of competing openly and justly for that position.

我们赞成公开、公正地竞争这个职位。

5.It is no good ignoring the problem; you must face up to reality.

忽视这个问题是没有好处的,你必须面对现实。

6.They have been arguing over this issue for hours.

他们已经在这个问题上争论了好几个小时。

7.He has invested all his savings in a new business.

他把全部积蓄投资于一项新业务。

8.In order to keep his business profitable, he works very hard, almost having no holidays. 为了使他的生意有利可图,他工作很努力,几乎没有假期。

Grammar Tips: Complete each of the following sentences.(P93)

1.The number of the students who will join the army is wrong.

将要参军的学生数量是错误的。

2.The means of solving the problem is very easy.

解决问题的方法很简单。

3.Some deer are playing around the river.

一些鹿正在河边玩耍。

4.Five minutes is not enough to do this exercise.

做这项锻炼五分钟是不够的。

5.Each boy and each girl likes to climb the mountain at weekends.

每个男孩和每个女孩都喜欢在周末去爬山。

6.Five years is not very long.

五年不是很长。

7.The whole family are looking for the lost child.

全家人正在寻找丢失的孩子。

8.Either your students or Mr. Wang knows how to deal with the problem.

你的学生或王先生都知道如何处理这个问题。

Comprehensive Exercises

A.Read the following passage and choose the best answer for each blank.(P97)Peggy Whitson first imagined being an astronaut at the age of nine, when, sitting excitedly before the television set, she watched Neil Armstrong become the 1 first human to walk on the 2 moon , in 1969.........when she and two Russian astronauts were launched 3 into space on the shuttle(航天飞机)Endeavor, ..........

Whitson was born on February 9, 1960.4 When still a little girl,..........Her teachers remember her 5 as a bright, diligent student with a positive attitude.During high school she 6 played on the girls basketball team and competed in other sports.In 1978, she 7 graduated second in her class from high school............

Whitson had worked for NASA(美国国家航空和航天局)for 10 years before 8 being selected as an astronaut in 1996. When Endeavor 9 reached the ISS on June 7, 2002.........and the second woman 10 to serve on the ISS.

B.Translate the following sentences into English.(P98)

1. 当今越来越多的男性开始帮忙做家务了(help out)

Today more and more males helping out to do housework now

2.妻子弄不明白她们的丈夫为何有如此大的压力(figure out)

The wives cannot figure out why their husbands are under so great.

3.不管是女性还是男性都承担着同样的社会责任(take on)

Women and men have to take on the samesocial responsibility.

4. 很多女性除了工作还要做大量家务(apart from)

Many women have to do a lot of housework apart from their job.

5. 我外出时你照料这个婴儿好吗(watch over)

Will you take care of the baby while I'm out?

C.Translate the following paragraph into Chinese.(P98)

随着妇女和男子进入彼此的传统领域,这似乎合乎情理的,我们将终于能够理解彼此的经验。现在,妇女不得不日复一日辛苦工作支撑他们的家庭。他们经常和男人一样瞄准相同的目标,今天是这样,例如,在很多的专业学校女性多于男性。现在妇女肯定能理解她们的夫一直觉得的社会压力。

Unit6 Disaster

实用综合教程(第二版)4

1.What is the impact of the tropical climate on the raw materials? 热带气候对原材料的影响是什么?

2.The old woman spread the good news around the town.

老妇人在镇上到处传播好消息。

3.he saved the little boy's life at the risk of his own.

他冒着危险挽救了这个小男孩的生命。

4.I am willing to accept his challenge.

我愿意接受他的挑战

5.He's quite crazy:he goes to school in very odd clothes.

他很疯狂:他上学穿着非常古怪的衣服。

6.He threw his cigarette end on the floor.

他把烟头扔在地板上。

7.here are some difficult tasks given by the boss to challenge you and your friends.

这是老板给你和你的朋友挑战的一些困难的任务。

8.They end the party with a song.

他们用一首歌结束了聚会。

B.Full in the blanks with the proper form of the given words.(P109)

1.Many kinds of rare animals and birds are now extinct.

许多稀有动物和鸟类现已灭绝。

2.His long illness and consequent absence put him far behind in his work.

他的长期疾病和随之而来的缺席使他的工作远远落后。

3.What’s more, to be a doctor is very challenging.

更重要的是,成为一名医生是非常具有挑战性的。

4.The car was severely damaged by the force of the collision.

汽车因碰撞而严重受损。

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/c5c3bbbee109581b6bd97f19227916888486b988.htmlrmation must be stored so that it is secure from mistaken deletion.

信息必须存储起来,以免被错误删除。

6.The ship was completely wrecked after the enemy’s attack.

这艘船在敌人进攻后完全被毁了。

7.Those two countries agreed to interconnect the services after the severe earthquake.

这两个国家同意在强烈地震后互相服务。

8.Our civil rights should be preserved.

我们的公民权利应该得到保护。

Grammar Tips: Complete each of the following sentences.(P111)

1.Many a student has missed the opportunity to further study abroad.

许多学生错过了出国深造的机会.

2.A pair of chopsticks was in front of every foreign guest.

每位外宾面前都有一双筷子。

3.This kind of women is fit for this kind of work.

这种女人适合这种工作。

4.This Japanese works in the electronic company.

这个日本人在电子公司工作。

5.Going to bed early and getting up early is a good habit.

早睡早起是一个好习惯。

6.A knife and fork is on the table.

桌子上有一把刀叉。

7.Your shoes are black,while ours are brown.

你的鞋是黑色的,而我们的是棕色的。

8.Those who want to go please sign your names here.

那些想去的人请在这里签名。

Comprehensive Exercises

A.Read the following passage and choose the best answer for each blank.(P115)

There appear to be more and more natural disasters1 happening on our earth,..........Our technology is not yet good enough to 2 predict these events accurately, so people can only try to 3 minimize the losses afterwards.

In order to deal with natural disasters, we should try to get ready in a number of 4 different ways.

1. More money should be 5 invested in disaster prediction...........

2.Rescue teams should be based on the country’s military forces........The training would not 6 affect the army’s regular military training or practice.

3.A certain percentage of the country’s economy should be reserved as a fund for 7 emergency use or for sponsoring scientific research.

4.Emergency response training should be arranged by local community centers and school to educate the citizens about the 8 right things to do when a natural disaster 9 occurs.

We may not be able to 10 get rid of natural disasters.............

B.Translate the following sentences into English.(P116)

1. 天气转暖,冰层就会分裂(break up)

The ice will break up when the warm weather comes.

2.市民可以自由使用图书馆(have access to)

Citizens may have free access to the library.

3.他认为他的成功是艰苦工作是结果(attribute to)

He attributes his success to working hard.

4.闪电打下来之后,突然爆发了一场森林大火(break out)

A huge forest fire broke out after the lighting struck.

5. 假如我们努力做的话,我们将能够提前完成任务(ahead of)

If we work hard, we’ll finish it ahead of time.

C.Translate the following paragraph into Chinese.(P98)

其他自然灾害包括气候突变或火山爆发。这些都可能导致全球性的灾难,将消灭地球上的大部分的生命,但鉴于我们已经生存了几十万年,而面临这些灾难,这种自然灾害不可能在未来几个世纪造成灾难。

Unit 7 Problems Facing Cities

实用综合教程(第二版)4

reach

一定要将瓶子放在儿童接触不到的地方。

2.The rain was beating heavily against the windows.

雨水猛烈地打在窗户上。

3.Who will bear the expense of the trip?

谁负担这次旅行的费用?

4.There has been a switch in classes between the teachers.

老师和班级之间进行了转换

5.why is she always in such a rush?

为什么她总是这么忙?

6.what he says bears little relation to what he does.

bear no\little relation to sth.:与什么极不相称;与某事(某物)无关

他所说的与他所做的一点关系不大。

7.your letter reached me yesterday.

昨天你的信送到我手上

8.she suddenly switched the conversation to another subject.

她突然将对话切换到另一个主题。

B.Full in the blanks with the proper form of the given words.(P128)

1.She sounded the horn in irritation but the car in front wouldn’t move.

她愤怒地鸣喇叭,但前面的汽车不动。

2.Decorating the house will be a considerable expense.

装修房子将是一笔相当大的开支。

3.It’s wonderful to see you so cheerful.

看到你这么高兴真是太好了。

4.I think his proposal is quite acceptable.

我认为他的建议是可以接受的。

5.His rude behavior drove her to the very limit of her patience.

他粗鲁的行为把她逼到了忍耐的极限。

6.She is very weak and hasn’t enough strength to walk upstairs.

她很虚弱,没有足够的力气上楼。

7.He sold information that may have damaged our national security.

他出售了可能损害我们国家安全的情报。

8.There is a shortage of low-cost housing in the city.

这个城市缺少廉价住房。

Grammar Tips: Complete each of the following sentences.(P129)

1.Arriving at the school,we found that class had begun.

我们赶到学校时,发现已经开始上课了。

2.Not having checked the watch the night before,they found it had stopped when they woke up. 由于前一天晚上没有检查手表,他们醒来时发现表已经停了。

3.Being asked to give a performance,he couldn’t very well refuse.

有人邀请他表演一个节目,他不好拒绝。

4.Having been made at the meeting,the decision could be carried out.

会议已经作出了决议,这个决议可以执行

5.He is a promising actor.

他是一个很有前途的演员。

6.We met many foreigners visiting in the nearby areas.

我们遇到了许多在附近地区参观的外国人。

7.They lived in a room facing the east.

他们住在一间朝东的房间里。

8.Having fulfilled the task, he felt a stone lifted from his heart.

这项任务完成后,他心中的一块石头落了下来。

Comprehensive Exercises

A.Read the following passage and choose the best answer for each blank.(P134)

Many people believe that cities will continue to draw people. But 1 whatever the future may hold today’s cities are in trouble now! And no 2 solution is in sight for.......Nor has anyone found a means to 3 eliminate crime..........

Some would argue that governments...........But is solving the problems of cities as simple as writing out a(n)4 check ?Decades ago the book The Death and Life of Great American Cities said, “There is a myth 5 that if only we had ..........But look at the low-income projects we have built 6 with the first several billions.They have become worse centers of pollution and crime than the slums they were supposed to 7replace !” These words ring true even today.

But if money is not the solution, what is? We must remember that cities are 8 made up of people...........So in the final 9 analysis , it is people..........If pollution, crime , social inequality and other problems are to be eliminated , 10 more is required than an increased................

Review Test 2(Units 5-8)

PartⅡStructure(P157)

16.It is high time we D home.

A.will go

B.would go

C.have gone

D.went

17.I wonder why Jenny A us recently. We should have heard from her by now.

A.hasn’t written

B.doesn’t written

C.hasn’t written

D.hasn’t written

18.There C be any difficulty about passing the road test since you have practiced

a lot in the driving school.

A.mustn’t

B.shan’t

C.shouldn’t

D.needn’t

19. B help if you can, and our country will improve more quickly and grow better.

A.Giving

B. Give

C.Given

D.To give

20. The storm left, D a lot of damage to this area.

A.caused

B.to have caused

C.to caused

D.having caused

21.So carelessly D that he almost killed himself.

A.he drives

B.he drove

C.does he drive

D.did he drive

22.Try not to be absent A class again for the rest of the term.

A.from

B. on

C. in

D. of

23.There is not doubt C Robert is the most hard-working student in our class.

A.whether

B.what

C.that

D. if

24.He will go to America next month, if he A ready then.

A. is

B. will be

C. shall be

D. is going to be

25.The government official explained that there’s no point C about inflation.

A.to worry

B.with them worrying

C.in worrying

D.worry PartⅢReading Comprehension(P158)

Task 1 Nike is one of the world’s best-known sports shoes and clothes companies...........

36.C 37.A 38.A 39.C 40.A

Task 2 Sponsorship may seem to someone a simple matter of asking a rich company for money and the money may be treated as a donation..............

41.C 42.D 43.A 44.B 45.A

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