七年级下知识点归纳(七)-(八) (3)

2013-2014学年福州十九中七年级(下)英语复习要点(五)班级_________ 姓名____________ 座号_________ Unit 7 The Birthday Party Topic 1 When is your birthday?

一.重点词组

1. talk about 谈论

2. talk with sb. 和某人交谈

3. after class 课后

4. a big fan of sb 某人的超级粉丝

5. be born 出生

6. next Sunday 下个周日

7. plan to do 计划做某事

8. have a birthday party 举办生日聚会

9. a model plane 一个飞机模型

10. use sth for doing / use sth. to do sth 用来做

11. cook a big dinner 做一顿丰盛的晚餐

12. buy a birthday cake 买个生日蛋糕

13.

in January/February/March/April/May/June/July/August/September/October/November/December

在一至十二月

14.on May 22nd,1967 在1967年5月22日

15.a present for Kangkang’s birthday 给康康的生日礼物

二.重点句子

1.--When is your birthday? --May 13th 你的生日是什么时候?五月13号

2.--What’s the date today? --It’s May 8th. 今天是几月几号?五月8号。

3.–What’s the shape of your present?= What shape is your present? 你的礼物是什么形状的?

--It’s round(a circle)/a triangle/a rectangle/an oval/a square

是圆形的/ 三角形/长方形/椭圆形/ 正方形

4.–What color is it? -- It’s black and white. 它是什么颜色的?是黑白相间的。

5.–How long / wide is it? --It’s 10 centimeters long/ wide.它有多长/宽? 它有10厘米长、宽。

6.--What do we use it for? --We use it to keep pencils.我们用它来做什么?我们用它来放铅笔。

7.Michael is talking about his favorite writer with Kangkang after class.

课后迈克正在和康康谈论他最喜欢的作家。

8.–May I have a look? -- Sorry, I’m afraid you can’t. 我能看看吗?对不起,恐怕你不能。

9.–What is it like? -- It is like a flower. 它像是什么? 它像一朵花。

--Was it like a flower before? -- No, it wasn’t. It was like a star. 它之前像朵花吗?不,它像颗星星。

10. That would be a wonderful day for Mrs. Brown..对于布朗夫人那将会是精彩的一天。

11. When were you born? I was born on May 1st. 你是什么时候出生的?我出生在五月一号

Where were you born? I was born in Fuzhou.你在哪里出生?在福州出生

12.I get it. It’s a soccer ball.我猜到了,是个足球。

三.重点语法。

(一).一般过去时中be动词的用法。

一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常与before, a year ago等表示过去的时间状语连用。在本话题中主要学习的是在过去时中be动词的用法。

在过去时中be动词am, is改为was,are 改成were

eg. I was a student. I wasn’t a student.

He (She, It….) was a teacher. He (She, It….) wasn’t a teacher.

We (You, They) were students. We (You, They) weren’t students.

I was born on May 1st. Were you born on May 1st? Yes I was. No, I wasn’t.

He was born in Fuzhou. Was he born in Fuzhou? Yes, he was. No, he wasn’t. (二). 序数词。

序数词表示事物的顺序,往往与定冠词the连用,当其前面有this, that, one’s等限定词修饰时则不用the.

Turn right at the second turning. Today is his tenth birthday.

序数词的构成规则。

1.序数词一般由基数词词尾加th构成。

ten—tenth six--sixth

2.以ty结尾的基数词,要先变y为i,再加eth

twenty—twentieth eighty--eightieth

3.有些基数词变成序数词时,有其特殊的地方。

one—first two—second three—third five—fifth eight—eighth nine—ninth

twelve—twelfth

4. 对于多位数词,将其个位上的基数词变为序数词即可。

forth-three ---forth-third one hundred and sixth-eight--- one hundred and sixty-eighth

5 序数词的缩写,通常以th结尾.

first— 1st second---2nd third---3rd

(三)日期的表达方式。

1. 在英语中表达日期有两种方式,月、日、年或日、月、年。

20th December, 1999 the twentieth of December, nineteen ninety-nine

July 7th, 1937 July seventh, nineteen thirty-seven

2. 在年,月之前加in,有具体日期出现时要用on

I was born on December 2nd, 1992.

3. 月份的缩写。

September 缩写为Sept. May 缩写为May

其他的月份都是取前三个字母缩写,如March—Mar.

4.年份的表达方式

1840 eighteen forty 1900 nineteen hundred 1904 nineteen o four

2000 two thousand 2008 two thousand and eight

四.练习(一)翻译句子。

1.康康出生于2000年10月3号。_________________________________________

2.它之前是什么形状的?是正方形。

_________________________________________________________________________ 3.我们使用MP4来听音乐。

_______________________________________________________________________

4.我的朋友们正在计划为我举办一场生日聚会。

_______________________________________________________________________ (二)写出下列日期的读法

1. 2050 _______________________________ 1903____________________________

3. October 1st, 2008 _______________________________________

4. 22nd August, 1960 _______________________________________

Topic2 I can dance and play the guitar.

一.重要词组

1.at Kangkang’s birthday party 在康康的生日聚会上

2.play the piano/guitar 弹钢琴/吉他

3.sing some songs 唱些歌

4.dance to disco 跳迪斯科

5.perform ballet 表演芭蕾舞

6.have a good time 过得很痛快

7.take photos 拍照

8.draw pictures 画画

9.read English books 看英文书

10. make model planes 制作模型飞机

11.Happy birthday to you. 祝你生日快乐

12. take sth. to…把某物带到。。。

13.so many flowers/ so much food 这么多的花/这么多的食物

14. so smart 如此聪明

15.count them for me 为我把它们数一下

16.do … very well …做得非常好

17.just a little 就一些,只有一些

18.one year ago 一年前

196.fly a kite/ fly kites 放风筝

20.in the past 在过去

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/c965f0b35901020206409c3d.htmlst year/next year 去年/明年

22.live in London 住在伦敦

23. at the age of five 在五岁时

24. a few words 一些单词

25. not… any more 不再,再也不

26. with sb’s help =with the help of sb. 在某人的帮助下

27 her first book 她的第一本书

28. want to be…想要成为…

二.重要句型

1. Do you want to sing Chinese songs or English songs? 你想要唱中文歌还是英文歌?

2. What else can you do? = What other things can you do? 你还会做其他什么?

3. I can also perform ballet. 我还会跳芭蕾。

4. I’m sure we’ll have a good time at the party. 我确信我们在聚会上会玩得很开心。

5. I can swim, but I can’t play basketball. 我会游泳,但我不会打篮球。

6. It’s time for outdoor activities/to do outdoor activities. 现在是进行户外活动的时候了。

7. But one year ago, she couldn’t do it at all. 但是一年前,她一点都不会做。

8. When she was three, she could play the piano a little.=. At the age of three, she could play the piano a little. 当她三岁时,她钢琴会弹一些。

9. There was something wrong with her eyes.= Something was wrong with her eyes. 她的

眼睛出了问题。

10. Jenny could not see anything any more. Jenny再也看不见任何东西。

11.He can ride a bike this year,but he couldn’t do it last year. 他今年会骑自行车,但去年不会。

三.语法

1.情态动词can/can’t 意思是:现在会/不会;

以及它的过去式could/couldn’t. 意思是:过去会/不会;

can/can’t+动词原形;could/couldn’t +动词原形

(1)She can fly kites very well now. But one year ago, she couldn’t do it at all.

(2)She can perform ballet very well now. But when she was five, she could dance just a little.

(3)They couldn't do it before, but now they can play ping-pong a little.

2.选择疑问句

(1)选择疑问句是指提出两个或两个以上可能的答案供对方选择的句式。

(2) 这一类选择疑问句通常都是在前一个供选择的答案用低升调,后一个用降调;如果有两以上供

选择的答案,则在最后一个用降调,其余都用低升调。

(3)一般疑问句,它的回答只是yes/no,而选择疑问句,其答案只能是选项之一。

例如: A: Can you sing? A:Could you dance before?

B: Yes, I can. / No, I can’t. B:Yes,I could. No,I couldn’t

A: Can you sing or dance? A:What could you do last year?

B: I can dance. B: I could swim last year.

A:What can you do now? B: I can speak a little English.

2013-2014学年福州十九中七年级(下)英语复习要点(六)班级_________ 姓名____________ 座号_________ Unit 7 Topic 2 语法练习题Exercises:

1.I can play the piano. (对划线部分提问)

____________________________________________

2.She could swim at the age of five. (对划线部分提问)

____________________________________________

3.Something is wrong with my computer. (同义句替换)

____________________________________________

4.I want to perform ballet. (用play the guitar改成选择疑问句)

___________________________________________________

5.I can play basketball now. (用two years ago 改写句子)

___________________________________________________

6.I could take photos when I was ten. (改成一般疑问句,并作否定回答)

________________________________________________________

Unit7Topic3 Everyone had a good time!

一.重要词组

1. perform some magic tricks 表演魔术

2. enjoy oneself = have a good time 玩得高兴

3. program list 节目单

4. guitar / piano playing 吉他/钢琴表演

5. miss the chair/ train 错过椅子/火车

6. hurt oneself 弄伤自己

7. at once = right now 立刻,马上

8. wash one’s hands 洗手

9. last night / year / month / Sunday 昨晚/去年/上个月/上星期天

10. next time / year / month / Sunday 下次/明年/下个月/下星期天

11. get home 到家

12. tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事

13. come back home 回家来

14.at / in one’s home 在某人家

15. forget sb./ sth./to do sth. 忘记某人/某物/做某事

16. food and drinks 食物和饮料

17. each of us / the students 我们/学生中的每一个

18. make sth. by hand 手工制作某物

19. sit around sb. / sth. 围着某人/某物坐

20. make a wish 许愿

21. blow out 吹灭

22. perform Chinese kung fu 表演中国功夫

23. the Musical Chairs game 抢椅子游戏

24. lose a game 输掉比赛

25. have a wonderful party 举办一个美妙的派对

26. shout to sb. 朝某人大喊

27.go to climb hills 去爬山

28. watch a soccer game 看一场足球赛

29.have a big dinner 吃一顿大餐

二.重要句型

1. ——How was Kangkang’s birthday party? 康康的生日派对怎么样?

——It was nice / womderful / great. 很不错。

2. What’s the matter (with you)? 你怎么啦?

= What’s wrong ( with you)? / What’s up?

3. Go and wash them at once. 马上去洗洗。

4. This way, please. 请这边走。

5. What time did you come home last night? 昨晚你几点回家?

6. Don’t be so late next time. 下次不要再这么迟了。

7. I’m sorry, I won’t do that again / any more. 对不起,我再不会那么做了。

8. There was a big birthday cake with 13 candles on it. 有一个上面插着13根蜡烛的大蛋糕。

9. What happened to Michael at the party? 在派对上迈克尔发生了什么事?

10. What does the phrase“blow out the candles‖ mean in Chinese? 中文“blow out the candles‖是什么意思?

11. The music was nice and the food was delicious. 音乐很美妙,食物很可口。

12.Everyone had a good tome. 大家都玩得很开心。

三.语法归纳:一般过去时

1.一般过去时的概念

一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用, 如:last year, yesterday,two days ago,before等;也可表示过去经常反复发生的动作,常和often, always等频度副词连用。

Example:①I saw him in the street yesterday. 昨天我在街上看见他了。

②Li Mei always went to school on foot last year. 去年李梅总是步行上学。

2. 一般过去时的构成

动词过去式的构成:

(1)规则动词过去式的构成有四条规则:

①一般在动词原形末尾直接加上-ed。如:look-looked。

②以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,去e再加-ed。如:live-lived。

③末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,先双写这个辅音字

母,再加-ed。如:stop-stopped ;plan—planned;shop--shopped。

④末尾是辅音字母+y结尾的动词,先变y为i,然后再加-ed。如:study-studied。

(2)不规则动词的过去式需特殊记忆。如:am(is)-was, are-were,

go-went, come-came, take-took, have (has)-had等。见书本第147页不规则动词表3. 一般过去时的几种句型

肯定句:主语+动词的过去式+其他.

Example:He went to the toy store yesterday.

否定句:主语+did not (didn’t)+动词原形+其他.

Example:He didn’t go to the toy store yesterday.

一般疑问句:Did+主语+动词原形+其他?

Example: -Did you go to Beijing last week? -Yes, we did. (No, we d idn’t.) 特殊疑问句:疑问词+did +主语+动词原形+其他?

Example: What did you do last night?

一般过去时口诀

一般过去时并不难,表示过去动作、状态记心间。

动词要用过去式,时间状语句末站。

否定句很简单,didn’t 站在动词原形前,其他部分不要变。

一般疑问句也好变,did放在句子前,主语、动词原形、其他部分依次站。

特殊疑问句也简单,疑问词加一般疑问句记心间。

最后一条请注意,动词过去式要牢记。

四.练一练

1. Jim did his homework from 7 to 9 last night.

否定句:。

一般疑问句:。

回答:。

2. It stopped raining three hours ago.

否定句:。

一般疑问句:。

回答:。

Unit 8 The Seasons and the weather

Topic 1 How is the weather in winter?

一、重要词组

1.in spring/summer/fall/winter 在春/夏/秋/冬

2.learn to swim 学游泳

3.nice and bright =very bright 非常明亮

4.clim hills 爬山

5.make snowmen/make a snowman 堆雪人

6.It's hard to say. 很难说

7.remember to do sth. 记住去做某事

8.put on 穿、戴

9.go outside =go out 出去

10.the lowest temperature 最低温度

11.the highest temperature 最高温度

12.the summer holidays 暑假

13.had better do sth. 最好做某事

had better not do sth. 最好别做某事

14.know about 知道,了解

15.in most areas of China 在中国的大部分地区

16.need to do sth .需要做某事

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/c965f0b35901020206409c3d.htmlter on 后来

18.get fine/warm 变好/转晴

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/c965f0b35901020206409c3d.htmle back to life 复苏,苏醒,复活

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/c965f0b35901020206409c3d.htmle out 开花,出版,发行

21.be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事

22.perform Bingjing Opera 表演京剧

23.right away =at once 立刻,马上

24.fall from 从.......落下

25.take a walk 散步

26.have a short rest 休息一会儿

27.wear warm clothes穿保暖的衣服

28.on your holidays在你的假期

29.the best time to go there去那儿的最佳时间

30.wear sunglasses/a T-shirt and shorts戴太阳镜/穿T-恤衫和短裤

31.return in March 三月份回来

32.turn green 变绿

33.turn windy and cloudy 变得有风和阴天

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/c965f0b35901020206409c3d.htmle after 在......之后来

35.the harvest season 收获的季节

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/c965f0b35901020206409c3d.htmlst from...to... 从......持续到......

37.see sb. doing 看见某人正在做某事

38.get back home 回到家

39.change a lot 多变

40.take some pictures/photos 照相

41.blow strongly 猛烈地吹

42.rain heavily 下大雨

43.shine brightly 明亮地照耀

44.rain suddenly 突然下雨

2013-2014学年福州十九中七年级(下)英语复习要点(七)

班级_________ 姓名____________ 座号_________

Unit 8 Topic 1 How is the weather in winter?

三.重要语法

1.名词—形容词:形容词修饰名词,be+形容词

sun--sunny rain--rainy wind--windy snow--snowy cloud--cloudy fog--foggy

2.形容词--副词:副词修饰动词

bright--brightly strong--strongly sudden--suddenly careful--carefully heavy--heavily busy--busily easy--easily slow--slowly

例如:The sun shines brightly.

The rain blows strongly.

It rains heavily.

It rained suddenly.

三、重要句型

1.What's the weather like in spring?=How is the weather in spring? 春天天气怎么样?

2.It's a good season for flying kites.是放风筝的好季节

3.It's a good time to climb hills.是爬山的好时光

4.Which season do you like best,spring ,summer,fall or winter?春夏秋冬你最喜欢哪个季节?

I like spring best.我最喜欢春季

5.How are things going?一切都好吗?

Things are going very well.一切都好

6.What's the tempeture today?今天的温度是多少?

It's between -8℃and 2℃. 温度是在-8℃and 2℃之间

7.How is everyone there?大家在那儿好吗?Everyone is fine here.大家在这儿都很好

8.Remember to put on your raincoat when you go outside.当你外出时,记住穿上你的雨衣

9.It often rains.=It rains a lot.经常下雨

10.I liked winter before,but now I like summer best.以前我喜欢冬天,但是现在我喜欢夏天

11.It's raining today,but it was sunny and warm yesterday.今天下雨,但是昨天是晴天

12.You had better know about the weather in different places in August

你最好了解八月份不同地方的天气情况

13.Everything comes back to life.万物复苏

14.I hope all is well with you.我希望你一切顺利!

语法练习题:用所给词的适当形式填空

1.It's___________(rain)today,but it was ____________(sun)yesterday.

2.The rain is _____________(heavy).It is raining ____________(heavy)

3.Yesterday,the sun shone_____________(bright)

4.I can work it out ______________(easy)

5._____________(sudden),he came back to life.

Unit 8 Topic 2 The summer holidays are coming. 一.重点词组:

1. go back to 返回

2. get together with sb. 与某人团聚

3. some places of interest 一些名胜

4. each of you 你们中的每一个人

5. go for a holiday 去度假

6. go on a trip =take a trip 去旅游

7. the best time to do sth. 做某事的最好时候

8. all (the) year round 一年到头

9. a pair of 一双

10. on your holiday 在你的假期

11. prepare well for 为……做好准备

12. keep you safe 保持你安全

13. share the fun 分享乐趣

14. put on 穿上

15. stay in the sun 待在阳光下

16. swim alone 独自游泳

17. keep away from 远离

18. cook in the mountains 在山里做饭

19. arrive in/at 到达大地点/小地点

20. be different from 与……不同

21. help sb. (to)do sth. 帮助某人做某事

22.take the right clothing 带合适的服装

23.dangerous places 危险的地方

24.keep together with 和...在一起

25climb a mountain 爬高山

重点句型:

1. I wish to travel around the country and take some picture 我希望去周游这个国家并拍些照片。

2. I hope to get together with my grandparents. 我希望与我的祖父母团聚。

3. I’d like to visit some places of interest in China.我想要参观中国的名胜。

4. Each of you has a good plan for the holidays. 你们每一个人都为假期做了好的计划。

5. I think you can go there anytime. 我认为你们可以在任何时间去那。

6. You shouldn’t miss Xishuangbanna.你不应该错过西双版纳。

7. You’d better take a camera, a pair of sunglasses, a map and s o on.

你最好带上照相机,一副太阳镜,一张地图等等。

8. When you plan to take a trip on your holiday, you should prepare well for it.

当你计划在假期去旅游时,你应该为这个计划好好准备一下。

9. Friends can help keep you safe and share the fun. 朋友能帮助你保持安全和分享乐趣。

10. You should carry a map and decide what you want to visit.

你应该带着地图并决定你想要参观什么。

11. You should put on a hat and a pair of sunglasses and you shouldn’t stay in the sun too long.

你应该带上帽子和一副太阳镜,并且你不应该在阳光下待太长时间。

12. If you like to swim, remember you shouldn’t swim alone.

如果你喜欢游泳,记得你不应该单独游泳。

13. How are you doing? =How are you? 你好吗?

14. I stayed there for only three days. 我在这里呆了三天了。

15. Please give my love to your parents. 请代我向你的父母问好

16.It sounds very interesting.它听起来很有趣。

17.Guess what I bought for you. 猜一下我给你买了什么。

18.You should plan where you want to go. 你应该计划一下你想去哪里?

19.What places should I visit in Yunnan?在云南我应该参观哪些地方?

20.What should I take with me? 我应该随身带什么?

重点语法:

1.一、hope/wish的用法

hope 和wish均可作动词和名词, 意为愿望, 因此常常译为―希望‖。wish一般侧重于表达不大可能实现或根本不考虑是否可能实现的愿望,因此常常译为―愿望‖。下面来分析一下它们的异同点。

★相同点:

1. 表示―想、希望‖,均可接动词不定式作宾语。如:

I hope/ wish to come tomorrow. 我希望/但愿明天能来。

2. 均可与for 连用。如:

Let’s hope for the best.让我们尽量往好处想。

He wishes for a dictionary. 他想得到一本词典。

★不同点:

1.hope 后面接宾语从句, 常常表示很有把握实现的愿望。

wish后面接宾语从句,常常表示一种不能实现的或很难实现的愿望。

如: I hope she won’t come this evening.我希望她今晚别来。

I wish I could fly to the moon. 我真想飞上月球。

2. hope后不能跟动词不定式(短语)作宾补。wish 可以,形成了wish sb. to do sth.结

构。

如: The teacher wishes his students to come here. 这位老师希望他的学生们来这里。

3. wish可以有wish sb. + sth结构,而hope则没有此结构。如:

I wish you a good trip. 我祝你旅行愉快。

4. 作简略回答时,hope 后可以用替代词so或not,而wish则不可以。如:

—Will it be sunny tomorrow? 明天会是晴天吗?

—I hope so. 我希望是。/I hope not.我希望不是。

5. 作名词时,hope多用于―希望‖。wish多用于―祝愿语‖,且多用复数形

式。

如:He didn’t give up his hope.他没有放弃希望。

Best wishes to you! 致以良好的祝愿!

二、掌握表计划、打算等句型的用法:plan to, want to, wish to, hope to和would like to

2. 1)plan, want, wish, hope和would like这五个动词都是表示―计划、意愿或愿望‖的动词,它们的后面常常接―to + 动词原形‖结构,此结构叫―动词不定式‖,这里的to没有词义

3. a) The girl wants to buy a new dress. b) I plan to go to London.

4. 2)当句中有两个不定式并列使用时,通常只在第一个动词前加to, 后面不定式中的to常常省略.

5. a) I wish to go there and take pictures.(省略了take前的to)

6. 3)―It + be + 形容词+动词不定式‖,it在句中作形式主语,不定式作真正的主语。

7. a) It is very expensive to travel there by plane.= To travel there by plane is very expensive

8. 坐火车去那里很贵

三、特殊疑问句形式及回答

1. 特殊疑问句词+was/ were+主语+其他

如:---How was your weekend, Jim?吉姆,周末过的如何?--- It was great. 好极了。

2. 特殊疑问此+ did+主语+动词原形+其他?

如:---Where did you go yesterday? 昨天你们去哪儿了? -We went to the zoo. 我们去动物园了。

注意:如果特殊疑问句词作主语,其语序和陈述句相同。

9.如:Who was at home just now? 刚才谁在家?

How many children played basketball last Saturday? 上周六多少个孩子打篮球?

练习:一.选择正确的单词填空(who, where, when,how long)

1.______________ is that pretty girl? She is my sister.

2.____________ are Jack and Tom? They are behind you.

3.___________ do you go to school? I go to school from Monday to Friday.

4.____________ has a beautiful flower? John has a beautiful flower.

5.____________ are they? They are my parents.

6.____________ is my mother? She is in the living room.

7.____________ are you going? We are going to the bakery(面包坊).

8.____________ do Jim and Wendy play ball? They play ball in the afternoon.

9._____________did you stay there?For three days.

10.__________ can I keep the book? One week.

二.根据所给提示词,翻译下列句子

1.我想去游泳。(want)

_____________________________________________________________

2.他计划去德国旅行(plan)

________________________________________________________________

3.我希望能与你再次见面(wish)

_________________________________________________________________

4.康康希望我们都玩得开心。(hope,enjoy)

_______________________________________________________________

5.我的父母想要去参观北京的一些名胜。(would like,visit))

____________________________________________________________

2013-2014学年福州十九中七年级(下)英语复习要点(八)班级_________ 姓名____________ 座号_________

Unit 8 Topic 3 Let’s celebrate

Ⅰ. 重点词组

1.the Spring Festival 春节

2.perform lion and dragon dances 舞狮舞龙

3.the Lantern Festival 元宵节

4.the Mid-autumn Festival 中秋节

5.Mother’s Day 母亲节

6.Teachers’Day 教师节

7.International Labor Day 国际劳动节

8.National Day 国庆节

9.the Dragon Boat Festival 龙舟节(端午节)

10.sweet dumplings 汤圆

11.for good luck 求好运

12.New Year’s Eve 除夕之夜

13.on Christmas Eve 在圣诞节前夜(平安夜)

14.at the end of... 在…末端

15enjoy the bright full moon 欣赏明亮的满月

16.put up 挂起; 举起; 贴

17.greet each other 互相问候

18.on the first day of the lunar new year 在农历新年的第一天

19.stay up 熬夜

20.at midnight 在半夜

21.lucky money 压岁钱

22.knock on/at 敲

23.go up 升起

24.one of them 他们中的一个

25.have dragon boat races赛龙舟

26.all the people in the country 全国人民

27.by giving cards 通过给贺卡

28.decorate...with.... 用...装饰

29.play tricks on sb. 捉弄某人

30.merry Christmas 圣诞快乐

31.trick or treat 是请吃糖,还是想遭殃

32.the most important festival 最重要的节日

33.a big event 一件大事

34.go to a restaurant for dinner 去饭店吃饭

35.start/begin doing/to do sth 开始做某事

Ⅱ.重要句子:

1.On the Lantern Festival, people eat sweet dumplings for good luck, watch lantern shows and guess

riddles on lanterns.

在元宵节,人们吃汤圆祈求好运,观看灯展和猜灯迷。

2.They often eat turkey and Christmas cakes and give each other presents.

他们经常吃火鸡和圣诞蛋糕,并互送礼物

3.Families in America get together for a big dinner. 在美国,全家人欢聚一堂,共享大餐。

Later that day, families usually have a get-together with a special dinner.( 圣诞节) 那天晚些时候, 家家户户通常都会举行一次大型聚会,享用圣诞大餐。

get together 做动词,意为“团聚,聚会”。get-together 做名词,意为“集会”。

family为集体名词,当它表示一个整体时,谓语动词用单数; 当表示家庭成员时,动词用复数。

4.On this day people eat mooncakes and enjoy the bright full moon. 在这一天,人们边吃月饼边赏明月。

5.On Christmas Eve, the night of December 24th, families often go to church and sing Christmas songs. 在

圣诞节前夕,12月24日晚上,全家常常去教堂唱圣诞歌。

介词on表时间指“在具体的某一天或某一天的上、下午或晚上。如:on Monday在星期一

on Tuesday afternoon在星期二下午on a cold winter night在一个寒冷的冬夜

6.In Beijing, many people go to Tian’anmen Square to watch the national flag go up. 在北京,许多人到

天安门广场观看升国旗仪式。

watch sb. do sth. 观看某人做(了) 某事

watch sb. doing sth. 观看某人正在做某事

7.People enjoy a one-day holiday. 人们可享受一天的假期。

one-day是个合成形容词,无论数有多大,名词都用单数,数词和名词中间要加连词符。例如: a 100-metre race一百米赛跑

8.People usually start preparing for the festival one month before it comes.

人们通常在节日前一个月就开始为节日做准备了。

start doing sth. 开始做某事prepare for为…做准备,而prepare to do sth. 准备做某事

9.They are very happy to get lucky money from their parents .他们很高兴从他们的父母那收到压岁钱。Ⅲ. 语法:

1.一般过去时: 这时态表示在过去时间发生或做过什么事,一般过去时就可以依据过去了的时间状

语来判断。如:yesterday, 昨天; last week上周; one year ago一年前

一般过去时还应注意二种动词变为过去式的变化形式和规律,分清规则和不规则动词。

2.介词小结:

A. 表时间的介词:at,on和in. at表具体时间,如:at 9 o’clock on表具体哪一天和星期几,如:on Sunday, on May 30, 2013 in表年、月、季节以及泛指的上、下午和晚上等,如:in spring, in 2013, in the morning

B. 表位置的介词:in指大地方或指在里面,如:in Binjing, in the room on指在上面,如:on the desk at指相对小点的地方,如:at a bus stop; at school

Ⅳ. 练习:

A)翻译句子

1)我经常看到他在操场打篮球。

____________________________________________________________

2)端午节到了,我们可享受一天的假期。___________________________________________________

3)我们正在为康康的生日晚会做准备

_______________________________________________________

B)用所给词的适当形式填空

1)My sister _________(read) English yesterday morning.

2)I _________(begin) to learn swimming last summer.

3)We enjoyed___________(oneself) at Lily’s birthday party last Sunday.

4)The summer holidays_____________(come) soon.

5)My friends and I plan_____________(visit) Mount Gu.

6)People usually start ______________(prepare) for the festival before it ____________(come)

7)They often ___________(go) to a restaurant ___________(have) dinner.

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