I. Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F):
1. Britain is no longer an imperial country.
2. The Commonwealth of Nations includes all European countries.
3. The Scots and Welsh have a strong sense of being British.
4. Most people in Scotland speak the old Celtic language, called “Gaelic”.
5. Wales is rich in coal deposits.
6. Cardiff, the capital of Wales, is a large city.
7. Ireland is part of Great Britain.
8. The capital of Belfast is a large city with half a million people.
9. The majority of Irish people were descendants of the original Celtic people who inhabited British
Isles before the Romans arrived 2000 years ago.
10. The British government does not have direct rule from London over Northern Ireland
II. Choose the answer that best completes the statement or answers the question:
1. Which of the following is NOT considered a characteristic of London? ( )
A. The cultural center
B. The business center
C. The financial center
D. The sports center
2. Who were the ancestors of the English and the founders of England? ( )
A. The Anglo-Saxons
B. The Normans
C. The Vikings
D. The Romans
3. Why did the Scottish Kings decide to form an independent singular Scottish state in the 9th century? ( )
A. They needed a unified independent nation to fight against Viking raids.
B. They felt it necessary to develop their own industry.
C. They were threatened by the Anglo-Saxons’ invasi on.
D. They had to do it in order to resist the English.
4. Where do the majority of people in Scotland live? ( )
A. In the Highlands
B. In the Lowlands
C. In the Uplands
D. In the west of Scotland
5. When did Scotland join the Union by agreement of the English and Scottish parliaments? ( )
A. In 1715
B. In 1688
C. In 1745
D. In 1707
6. In the 17th century, the English government encouraged people from Scotland and Northern England
to emigrate to the north of Ireland, because ( )
A. they wanted to increase its control over Ireland
B. they had too many people and didn’t have enough space for them to live in Britain
C. they intended to expand their investment
D. they believed that Ireland was the best place for them
7. Northern Ireland is the smallest of the four nations, but is quite well-known in the world for .
A. its most famous landmark, the “Giant’s Causeway”
B. its rich cultural life
C. its low living standards
D. its endless political problems
8. Which of the following statements is NOT true about the UK economy? ( )
A. Britain remains one of the Group of Seven large industrial economies.
B. Britain has experienced a relative economic decline since 1945.
C. There has been a period of steady decreasing of living standards.