外研版八年级下册+英语M2+Experience课文知识点

M2 Experience课文知识点

1. competition(n.) 比赛compete with sb for sth 为了sth与sb竞争

competitive(adj.) 有竞争力的competitor(n.) 竞争者

2. enter 参加(= take part in) ;进入

Eg:I will enter an exam tomorrow.

My father entered the house.

3. kind adj. 善良的,和蔼的kindness(n.) 善良

n. 种类 a kind of 一种all kinds of 各种各样

Eg:He is a kind boy and often helps others.

There are all kinds of things in the supermarket.

4. help sb (to) do sth = help sb with sth

improve(v.) 提高,改善improvement(n.)

Eg:In order to improve my English, my brother helps me with my homework every day.

5. maybe 也许,大概(常放句首)

may be 可能是(常放句中)

Eg:Maybe you are right.

You may be right.

6. win+比赛赢得……(win—won—won)

beat+对手(sb) 打败……(beat—beat—beaten)

Eg:At last, he won the game.

We beat them at chess.

7. the first prize 一等奖the second prize 二等奖

8. dream of/about doing sth 梦想做sth

afford to do sth 有能力支付做sth

Eg:He dreams of becoming a scientist.

I can’t afford to buy a new computer.

9. Have you ever won any prizes before?

Have/Has sb ever+过去分词+其他? 用于询问sb是否做过sth,回答用yes/no.

Eg:---Have you ever been to Beijing?

---Yes, I have. / ---No, I haven’t.

10. stop to do sth 停止去做sth

doing sth 停止做sth

Eg:Stop talking!

You look tired, why not stop to have a rest?

11. That’s a pity! 太遗憾了!

It is a pity to do sth

that+句子

Eg:It is a pity to fail in the exam.

It was a pity that we missed the wonderful match.

12. mean(v.) 意思是,意味着mean to do sth= plan to do sth

meaning(n.) 意思the meaning of…………的意思

Eg:Do you mean to go to Hainan Island for holiday this year?

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