My View on Euthanasia
Euthanasia, or mercy killing, means allowing, or even causing, an easy and painless death for someone who suffers from an incurable illness. Different people have different attitudes toward it. Some think the practice of euthanasia can bring mental and physical release to an incurably sick patient and his family. Others are strongly opposed to it, thinking it is inhumane to end the life of a person. My view is that we should consider the specific situation a patient is in and make decisions accordingly.
The first situation is that if the patient is suffering from an incurable disease, but he is still conscious and rational enough to make a decision, we should show respect for his opinion. If he is not willing to have euthanasia, doctors and nurses should try everything they can to extend his life and relieve his pain. The second situation is that if a patient cannot tolerate the pain and has no hope of recovering, and he wishes to die with dignity and peace instead of agony and degradation. In this case, euthanasia is the only satisfactory way out. So far no law has established the individual’s inherent right to die at will other than by suicide. And euthanasia has not been legalized yet. Modern medicine makes it possible to prolong the fact, if not the quality, of life; then, the society must solve the complicated legal, moral and religious problems that arise.
I believe it is indignity to be kept alive with needles, tubes, bottled blood, and mechanical equipment. To remove the artificial devices is not ending a life, but a refusal to hold off death by using machinery. A person who is kept alive by machinery is not living; he is simply denied the right to die. Therefore, the patient is morally killed but not physically released.
1.Euthanasia is humane because it helps to hasten the death of a terminally ill patient. 安乐死是人道的，因为它有助于加速晚期病人的死亡。
2.It is unnecessary to maintain life artificially beyond the point when people will never regain consciousness. 人已经不能再恢复知觉了，就没有必要人为地维持其生命。 Fortune waits on honest toil and earnest endeavor. 幸运来自诚实的劳动和认真的努力。
3.Extending an incurably sick patient’s life means the same as aggravating his pain. 延长一个患不治之症病人的生命，就等于加重其痛苦。
4.Effort should not be made to perpetuate what has become a meaningless existence.
5.Euthanasia can bring mental and physical release to the patient and his family when he is terminally ill and has no prospect of recovering. 当一个人患病到晚期、无望恢复时，安乐死可给病人及家人带来精神上和身体上的解脱。
6.Mercy killing is motivated by nothing but love and sympathy for the dying patient. 仁慈致死的动机只是出于对生命垂危的病人的关爱和同情。
7.It is inhumane to perform euthanasia no matter how painless the process is. 实施安乐死无论多么无痛苦，都是不人道的。
8.Euthanasia is a criminal offense because it involves the killing of a person. 安乐死是犯罪，因为它涉及使人致死。
9.Legalized euthanasia will invite abuse of human life because any form of murder may be conventionally dubbed “mercy killing” by unscrupulous people. 安乐死一旦合法化，将会导致滥杀生命，因为任何形式的谋杀都可被道德败坏者惯称为“仁慈的致死”。
10.Euthanasia raises many moral issues since it implies that active measures are taken to terminate human life. 因为安乐死的含义是，采取主动措施来终止生命，所以安乐死提出许多道德方面的问题。
11.Doctors involved in euthanasia have discredited their profession, for euthanasia is a violation of the fundamental medical principle to save human life.参与安乐死的医生丧失了职业信誉，因为安乐死违反了医生救死扶伤的基本原则。
12. Doctors should do everything they can to save dying patients instead of hastening their death by active measures. 医生应竭尽全力来挽救生命垂危的病人，而不是采取主动的措施来加速其死亡。
On Job hopping
People have different ideas about choosing jobs. Some people believe it is beneficial to do a lifelong job. Other people are inclined to change jobs frequently. I personally believe both have their advantages and disadvantages. If I am to decide, I prefer the latter.
It is reasonable to believe that you have to take a certain period of time before you can achieve great success in one job. You have to make a steady effort to improve your work step by step constantly. During the long period
you may become skilled and experienced, and constant practice may help make you an expert in your area or field of research. The achievements you have made enable you to take advantages over others in the current competitive world. But doing one job for many years may make you feel bored. Change means progress. Besides the world is developing rapidly, some vocations may become old fashioned in a short time, and some new favorable opportunities may arise. If you are not satisfied with the kind of work or the pay, you have the right to replace it with a more challenging or better paid one. On the other hand, changing jobs frequently prevents you from making great achievements.
For my part, I think it reasonable to change my job if a better opportunity comes my way. But once I have found a post where I can fully display my ability, it is advisable for me to settle down to it and put all my effort into it. Only in this way, can I get the true joy of achieving my goal.
1. Every man is most skilful in his own business.(prov.)每个人对本行的工作最熟练。(事怕行家。)
2.They think that changing jobs frequently prevents them people from concentrating their attention on how to improve their work.他们认为经常更换工作使他们不能集中精力提高工作。
3.I think it reasonable to replace your present job with a better one which may allow you to fully display your potential ability.我认为找一个能发挥潜力的工作来取代现有的工作是可以理解的。
4.Who likes not his business, his business likes not him. (prov.)本职工作不热爱，工作哪能好起来？
5.But once I have found a post where I can fully display my ability, it is advisable for me to settle down to it and put all my effort into it.可一旦找到能展示自己能力的位置，我就应安下心来，全身心投入这项工作。
6.Only they who fulfil their duty in everyday matters will fulfil them on great occasions. —C. Kingsley 能够在日常事物中尽责的人才能对重大事件尽责。——金斯莱
7.Whatever I do, I will do in my power. —C. Cantu 我无论做什么事，我必尽力而为。——侃图
8.When one is about to act, one must reason first. —Alcott 凡事应三思而后行。
9.The man who is above his business may one day find his business above him. —Samuel Drew 不屑于自己工作的人，终有一天会发现不配干自己的工作。——德鲁
10.a good job好事，幸运的事，do a good job好好干，干得好，just the job正是需要的东西，make / do a good job of干得不错，干好，make the best of a bad job在不利条件下尽量往好里干，odd jobs杂活，零碎活，on the job在上班（时），在工作岗位上。
My View on Opportunity
People have different views on opportunity. Some think that opportunities are so rare that only the luckiest people can get them. Others argue that everyone has opportunity at one time or another in his or her life. As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter.
It is true that there are opportunities everywhere for everybody. For example, Abraham Lincoln, Mark Twain and Thomas Edison achieved great success in their lives though they had very little schooling. What they had in common was that they kept on working hard, and at last opportunities favored them, thus they became US President, writer and inventor respectively. This shows that “success belongs
to the persevering.” As a proverb says, “Diligence is the mother of good luck(or success).” If you want to get an opportunity to succeed, first of all you have to be diligent. As students, we should work hard all the time instead of complaining about lack of opportunities. It is only those who have been industrious, making constant patient efforts at an aim that can recognize, seek and finally make full use of opportunities coming their way.
In a word, only those who are always prepared and qualified can obtain opportunities and make use of them. So I believe the proverb, “Opportunities are only for the prepared minds.”
1. If an opportunity of traveling in Europe comes your way, you must make the most use of it.如果你碰上去欧洲旅游的机会，一定要充分利用。
2. Do not let slip any opportunity of practicing your English.不要错过任何练习英语的机会。
3. This job will give you an opportunity to meet all kinds of people. You should try to make as many friends as possible at every opportunity. 这个工作将给予你一个遇见各种人的机会。你应利用一切机会尽可能多交朋友。
4. He blamed himself bitterly for missing a golden opportunity, for there are not many opportunities in small towns like my hometown.他责备自己错过一次千载难逢的机会，因为像我家乡这样小镇就业机会不多。
5. Drinking a cup of tea gave him an opportunity of collecting his thought. 喝茶使他有机会集中思想。
6. Strike while the iron is hot. (prov.) 趁热打铁。
7. Make hay while the sun shines. (prov.) 晒草要趁阳光好。
8. Contact us at the earliest (first) opportunity. 一有机会就同我们联系。
9.Chance generally favors the prudent. (prov.) 机运常属于（偏爱）深谋远虑者（或审慎者）。
10.Opportunity knocks (at the door) only once. (prov.) 机不可失，时不再来。
Private Cars Should Not Be Encouraged.
The number of private cars is on the rise in our country. Some people think that private cars should be encouraged. Others argue that private cars should not be encouraged. I think that too many private cars may create endless problems though they bring much convenience and comfort.
First, cars often produce air pollution and fill the cities with unbearable noises. Second, Most of the important cities in the world suffer from traffic congestion. In fact any advantage gained in comfort is often cancelled out in city by the frustration caused by traffic jams, endless queues of cars crawling bumper to bumper through all the main streets. Third, to own a private car in China will not only cost you a fortune, but also bring you all kinds of trouble: getting a license plate, keeping the machine in
good maintenance, finding a parking place at night, etc. What is worse, cars are the main cause of traffic accidents. All over the world thousands upon thousands of people are killed or injured every year. Traffic accidents caused by cars not only bring deaths and injury, but also make people suffer mentally and physically. In addition, our country has a very large population. If everyone had a car, all roads would be crowded with cars!
Therefore, I think the number of private cars should be limited. We should try to find a safer means of transport that will bring joy and comfort rather than injury and death.
1.The roads are so often jammed with cars that ambulances and fire engines find it difficult to fulfil their duties. 路常塞车，救护车、消防车都很难执行任务。
2.Every year car owners have to pay vast sums of money: road tax, purchase tax, oil tax, etc. This is a big drain on their resources. 每年，车主要付很多钱：路税、购买税、油税等。这是他们财力上的很大消费。
3.Since China has such a large population, the popularization of private cars will only bring about serious social problems. 由于中国人口多，私人小汽车的普及只会带来严重的社会问题。
4.If everybody had a car in China, there would be no space on the roads. 如果在中国人人都有小汽车，公路上将不会有空地。
5.Private cars, on the other hand, are a more convenient way to get any place at any time.私人汽车却可以在任何时候更方便地到达任何地方。
6.In many places people have the freedom to choose whether they commute to work by public transportation or by private transportation. 在许多地方人们可自由选择乘公交车还是坐私人车去上班。
7.People are encouraged to own private cars, and many wealthy people can afford to buy cars. 鼓励人们拥有私人小汽车，而且许多富人都能买得起。
8.With the building of good fast motorways, long distances can be covered rapidly and pleasantly. 由于优质快速的高速公路的兴建，人们可以快速轻松地长途旅行。
9.Riding bicycles is tiring and uncomfortable especially when the weather is bad. People are well protected in cars. 骑自行车尤其在天气不好时又累人又不舒服。人们坐在小汽车里就可受到保护了。
10.Cars are not to blame for road accidents. Problems like too many road signs, faulty traffic lights, sudden narrowing of streets and congested parking are the real cause of road traffic accidents. 出车祸并不是小汽车之过。像太多的路标、错误的交通灯、街道突然变窄及停车拥挤。这些问题是交通事故的真正原因。
Can Success be Measured in Terms of Money Alone
There is a deep rooted concept in people’s mind that money is the only yardstick of success. In such a materialistic society, it is natural that people are inclined to assess one’s success by money. Actually there are many types of success, some associated with wealth and some not. So it seems to me that there should be something else besides money for measurement of success.
While it is true that a successful businessperson or inventor will usually become rich, many other people who are outstanding in certain fields do not reap monetary rewards. One example is that the rocket scientist who makes great achievement in the field of astronautics while gaining glory for his country, but draws a modest salary. For another example, Lei Feng devoted all his short life to helping others, and is believed to have led a successful and meaningful life. But he owned almost no personal possessions.
Besides, money as the only yardstick of success may be misleading. It may motivate people to strive to make money by fair means or foul. If one is concerned about nothing but making money in one’s life, what would this world become of? People may lose the sense of achievements. Therefore, besides money, one’s success should be measured in terms of accomplishments or contributions to the development of the country.
1.Many young people marry for money rather than for love. 许多年轻人结婚只为金钱，而不是为了爱。
2.Many young people reject materialistic values. They are motivated by their interest in work. 许多年轻人摈弃实利主义的价值观念。他们的动力是对工作的兴趣。
3.Money cannot buy happiness. 金钱买不来幸福。
4.Money corrupts. The more money you have, the more you want. 金钱腐蚀人。你越有钱，就越想要更多的钱。
5.Muck and money go together. 纸醉金迷处，藏污纳垢窝。
6.People spend most of their lives struggling frantically to keep up with the Joneses. 人们一生中花大部分时间拼命地赚钱，来和别人攀比。
7.Riches do not always bring happiness. 金钱并非总是带来幸福。
8.Riches serve a wise man but command a fool.(prov.)财富是智者的仆人，愚者的主人。
9.Vice rules where gold reigns.(prov.) 金子统治的地方，邪恶当权。
10.We live in a materialistic society; we are trained to be acquisitive. 我们生活在注重实利的社会中，我们被迫学会贪得无厌。
A punctual person is in the habit of doing something at the exact time arranged beforehand, and is never late in keeping an appointment. An unpunctual person, on the other hand, never does what he has to do at the proper time. He is always in a hurry and in the end loses both time and trust.
As a proverb says, “Time flies never to be recalled.” This is true. If we lose something, we may find it again. But lost time can never be regained. In fact, time itself is life. So wasting others’ time is the same as taking away time from others’ life. Failure to be punctual in keeping one’s appointment is a sign of disrespect toward others. If a person is invited to a dinner and arrives later than the appointed time, he keeps all the other guests waiting. This is a great discourtesy toward both the guests and the host.
Unpunctuality, moreover, is very harmful to one’s duty. Imagine how it would be if those who are entrusted with important tasks fail to be at the right place at the appointed time. A man known to be habitually unpunctual is seldom trusted by others. And he will lose friends.
1.Those who are always in time for their appointments, show real consideration for others.总是及时赴约的人表现出对他人的真正体贴。
2.On the other hand, failure to be punctual is a sign of disrespect toward others.相反地，不守时有对别人不尊敬的迹象。
3.They hate waiting for others, but they do not mind being waited for.他们不愿等别人，可让别人等着却不介意。
4.Our teacher always insists on punctuality. 我们老师总是坚持守时。
5.She received a prize for punctuality. 她因守时得了奖。
6.She is never punctual in answering letters. 她回信从不及时。
7.The tenant is never punctual in payment of his rent. 房客从不及时交房租。
8.The meeting began punctually at eight o’clock. 会议在八点准时开始。
9.I expect our guests to be punctual at the table for breakfast. 我期待客人准时到餐桌就餐。
10.to have a reputation for punctuality以守时著称，to attend classes with punctuality准时去上课，to be punctual for the appointment 准时赴约, a punctual businessman守时的商人。
My View on Whether to Have Children
In recent years, some married couples choose to remain childless. Most people insist that a family should consist of parents and a child or children. Although I quite agree with the latter opinion, the traditional one, I think it reasonable for some married people not to have children due to the rapid social development and great changes in family life.
It is believed that a childless family has the following advantages. First, married couples without children have more opportunities to find jobs. With competition getting fiercer and fiercer in the world today, employers like to hire employees who have no family burden and can concentrate their attention on their work. Some employers require their employees to be ready
and able to move to different places whenever necessary. Besides, married people without children may devote themselves to their pursuit of career or research. Secondly, a childless family enjoys the freedom from the troubles or worries caused by children. A child may fall ill and the parents have to take care of it. They have to find a babysitter for it. When he or she is old enough to go school, a lot of problems may arise. In all, it costs a couple lots of time, money and energy to bring up a child. Thirdly, a childless family has no financial burden for bringing up children. Married couples don’t have to pay for the toys and food for children. They needn’t pay for the education the children must receive. They can spend their money for their own pleasure and comforts. However, married couples without children may lack the joy brought by children. Besides, the young adults can offer some help to their old parents. Yet these things are easy to get.
To sum up, married couples can live a happier life than parents. Therefore, I support those married couples who choose not to have children.
1. Civilization will come to an end unless the population growth is drastically reduced. 文明将到尽头，除非彻底地降低人口增长率。
2.Tax policy that might help curb the population explosion in China is needed because we have to take action to guarantee the improvement of the education level and quality of all people. 现在需要能抑制中国人口爆炸的税收政策，因为不得不采取措施来确保教育水平和全民族素质的提高。
3.Allowing couples to have more than one child will increase the danger of overpopulation in our society that is already crowded and is becoming increasingly overcrowded. 允许一对夫妇生一个以上的孩子会增加人口过剩的危险，
4.With the government’s family planning policy in operation, the population growth will be reduced to 5 births per 1000 people. 随着政府的计划生育政策实施，人口增长率会降低到千分之五。
5.Children in a family give the parents a sense of responsibility and pride. They are very important to the stability of a family. 孩子使父母有责任感和自豪感。他们对家庭的稳定极为重要。
6.Statistics show that where the population rate is high, people’s living standards are low. This means, people’s living conditions cannot improve unless there is a reduction in the increased rate of population. 数据显示，在人口出生率高的地方，人们的生活水平低。这就意味着，如果人口增长率不降低，人们生活条件是不能提高的。
7.The rapid rise in world population is creating problems for all countries on earth because there simply aren’t enough resources. 世界人口的快速增长给各个国家造成了问题，因为没有足够的资源。
8.Population control does greater harm than we realize. For instance, if the one child policy is still in practice in 100 years, people will then have little idea of kinship ties, for most of them will have no bothers, sisters, uncles, aunts, or cousins. It is incredible for a couple to have no child at all.人口控制的害处比我预料的还大。例如，一个孩子的政策还要实行一百年，人们将淡漠亲属关系，因为多数人那时将没有兄弟、姐妹、叔伯、舅舅、姑姨、表或堂兄弟姐妹。一对夫妇不要孩子难以置信。
9.Overpopulation causes problems in housing and employment, and creates a shortage of schools, teachers, hospitals and doctors. 人口过剩造成住房、就业方面的问题，造成学校、教师、医院和医生的短缺。
10.population census人口普查，[CS%0，100，0，0]population explosion人口爆炸, population growth人口增长（率），population pressure人口压力，population pyramid 人口金字塔（表示人口的性别、年龄等分布情况的三角形图表），overpopulation人口过剩，demography人口统计学，人口学，the urban population城市人口，a rise / increase / fall / decline / decrease in population人口的增长 / 下降
Lucky Numbers Bring no Good Luck
Many people believe that some numbers are lucky numbers and some are bad numbers. They claim that lucky numbers can bring good luck while bad numbers can bring disasters. That is why we can see the number 8 on most price tags in our country. Some people pay much more money for their telephone numbers or car plate numbers with an 8 or 18 in them. Do the so-called lucky numbers bring good luck?
Actually numbers have nothing to do with luck. People believe 8 is lucky number only because the sound of eight happens to be identical to that of that word for “make a fortune” in Cantonese. This very coincidence may not exist in other languages. But similar coincidences do occur in different languages. Words in nature are only arbitrary symbols used for communication. For the very same referent or idea, different languages may use different sounds. Shakespeare said, “If we call a rose by any other name, it would smell sweet as well.” This means that there is no intrinsic connection between sound and sense. In our culture, on certain occasions, even numbers symbolize auspice while odd numbers are somehow associated with the opposite.
In a word, numbers are only numbers that stand for nothing but quantity. Therefore, it is unreasonable to believe in lucky numbers.
1.Superstitious people are those who believe in luck and they will not, e.g. walk under ladders, use the number 13, travel on a Friday, etc.. 迷信的人就是相信运气的人，例如他们不会在梯子下走，不使用数字13，不在星期五旅行等。
2.What a superstitious person she is; she won’t sleep in Room 1
3.I don’t think numbers have anything to do with luck. 我认为数字与运气没有关系。
4.Numbers are created for counting. 数字是为了记数而创造的。
5.Some people are convinced that good numbers bring good luck while bad numbers bring bad luck. 有些人确信，好的数字能带来好运，而坏的数字会带来厄运。
6.In some hotels in western countries, there is no number 13 room. 西方国家有些旅店没有13号房间。
Health is not valued till sickness comes. 得了病才珍惜健康。
7.In a word, numbers stand for nothing but quantity. 总之，数字只代表数量。
8.It is foolish of some businesspeople to believe that good numbers will bring good luck. 有些商人真够愚蠢的，竟然相信好的数字会带来好运。
9.Believing that the number 13 is unlucky is typical of superstition. Many people have the superstition that 13 is an unlucky number. 相信数字13不吉利，这是典型的迷信。许多人都有这种迷信观念，认为13是不吉利的数字。
10.A common superstition considered it bad luck to sleep in a room numbered 13. 普遍的迷信观念认为在13号房间睡觉不吉利。