1.1) On balance 2) resist 3) haul 4) wicked 5) illustrated 6) budget 7) lowering 8)
boundary 9) involved 10) econom ic 11) blasting 12) just about
2.1) cut back/down 2) pick up 3) get by 4) get through 5) face up to 6) turn in 7)
making up for 8) think up
3.1) While farm ing, Benneker pursued his m athem atical studies and taught him self astronomy. 2)
Misused words often generate m isleading thoughts.
3) We attach great importance to combining theory with practice in our work.
4) A person who thinks that money will do everything m ay well be suspected of doing everything
5) A person surely has to face a good many bitter disappointm ents before he gets through life.
4.1) Seeing that more and more people are concerned about the quality of their indoor
environm ent, John is considering starting an interior decoration business. It seem s certain to earn a profit, but he does not yet have enough m oney to invest in it.
2) This device is prim arily used for the im provem ent of the sound quality of electronic m edia. It
was invented in the US, but now it is used on a global scale.
3) When the first settlers cam e to Am erica, their principal household utensils consisted of a few
pots, pans and som e bowls stacked in one corner of the house. There wasn’t m uch material temptation around them. They never dined out in a restaurant as we often do nowadays. Ⅱ. Confusable Words
1.1) house 2)Hom e 3) hom e, family 4) household
2.1) doubt 2) suspected 3) doubted 4) suspected 5) suspect
Ⅲ. Word Form ation
1) rise 2) final 3)regular 4) cash 5) hows, whys 6) upped 7) yellowed 8) bottled 9) lower 10) search
Com prehensive Exercises
1. 1) gets by 2) temptation 3) get through 4) im provem ents 5) aside from
6) suspect 7) supplem ent 8) profit 9) stacking
2. 1) replaced 2) consider 3) quit 4) world 5) tough 6) fuels 7) provide
8) luxuries 9) balance 10) ideal
1)We have a problem with the com puter system, but I think it’s fairly minor.
2)My father died when I was too young to live on m y own. The people of m y hom etown took over (responsibility for) m y upbringing at that point.
3)The toys have to m eet strict/tough safety requirem ents before they can be sold to children.
4)Radio and television have supplem ented rather than replaced the newspaper as carriers of news and opinion.
5)When it com es to this m agazine, it is/carries a digest of articles from many newspapers and
magazines around the world.
A decade ago, Nancy did what so m any Americans dream about. She quit an executive position and opened/ set up a household device store in her neighborhood. People like Nancy m ade the decision prim arily for the improvem ent in the quality of their lives.
But, to run a business on a s m all scale is by no m eans an easy job. Without her steady incom e, Nancy had to cut back on her daily expenses. Som etimes she did not even have the m oney to pay the prem ium s for the various kinds of insurance she needed.
Fortunately, through her own hard work, she has now got through the m ost difficult tim e. She is determ ined to continue pursuing her vision of a better life.
1. 1) decades 2) historic 3) im posed 4) religious 5) slender 6) web 7) bade 8)
site 9) on the side 10) authorized 11) terminal 12) make the best of
2. 1) went through 2) stood up for 3) laid down 4) take on 5) let(us) down 6) draw
on 7) fall into 8) pass for
3. 1) The Europeans are fully confident that the Am ericans will not be able to justify their m easures
to protect the struggling Am erican steel industry.
2) Clinton is, in the eyes of Joe Klein, staff writer of the New Yorker and author of The Natural,
the m ost talented politician of his generation and the m ost compelling.
3) There’s not m uch you can do if people are really intent on destroying them selves with drugs.
4) A different experience of the world could forge a completely different approach to life.
5) It is our conviction that cloning of hum an beings is bound to cause m any ethical and social
problem s in the long run.
4. 1) As for, do not compel, capture of, have forged
2) At huge risk, the m ission, shelter
3) who abolished, In the eyes of, racial
Ⅱ. Word with Multiple Meanings
1. I’ll tell you my in a minute how I have attained the genuine sense of belonging in America, but first let m e hear about your French trip.
2. Most McDonald’s look alm ost the sam e on the outside, but actually there are about 16 different basic designs.
3. Loaning m oney from the banks is but one of the methods we can use to get through a financial crisis.
4. This second-hand car has been nothing but trouble; it’s always breaking down.
5. In your resum e you’ve m entioned everything but one vital point.
6. Our technicians have discovered a simple but effective solution to the problem.
7. I am sorry, but I think you shouldn’t have lingered on over coffee and m issed the last bus.
8. The bankruptcy of the company was not caused by evil, but by simple ignorance.
3. weekly, m onthly
7. lively 8. motherly
Com prehensive Exercises
1. 1) forged 2) stand up 3) com pelled 4) convictions 5) m ission 6) abolish 7)
intent on 8) risk 9) In the eyes of 10) threats
2. 1) assistance 2) involved 3) estim ated 4) coincidence 5) em erged 6) referred 7)
num erous 8) stationed 9) concern 10) capture
1) Though greatly affected by the consequences of the global financial crisis, we are still confident that we can face up to the challenge and overcom e the crisis.
2) Under threat of constant sand storm s, we were compelled to leave our cherished village and move to the new settlem ent.
3) According to a recent online survey, a lot of consum ers say they m ay be motivated to consider buying products shown in TV comm ercials.
4) Having spotted a truck driver dum ping contaminated waste alongside t he river, the old m an reported to the police at once.
5) Som e scientists hold to the firm conviction that people will com e to like genetically modified crops som eday since they can increase yields and help combat hunger and disease in the developing world.
Shortly after he achieved freedom Henson becam e intent on assisting fugitive slaves. He secretly returned to the United States from Canada several tim es to help others to travel the Underground Railroad to freedom. Once som e slave catchers closed in on the escaping slaves and Henson when they were on the run. He disguised them and successfully avoided capture. Later he built a sm all settlem ent in Dresden, Canada for escaped slaves, setting up a chapel and a school. He held to the conviction that slavery would be abolished, and the day was bound to com e when racial
discrim ination no longer existed.