中石油2016通用英语选读课文08

8 The art of public Speaking 公共演讲的艺术

1. The need for effective<有影响力的> public speaking will almost certainly<几乎必定>touch you sometime in your life. When it does, you want to be ready. But even if you never give another speech i n your life, you still have much to gain from<获益良多>studying public speaking. Your speech class will give you training in researching topics, organizing your ideas, and presenting yourself skillfully. The training is invaluable<非常宝贵的>for every type of communication.

1、在你生活的某个时刻,几乎必定需要做某种有影响力的公开演讲。当这个时刻来到时,你希望自己十分有把握。但是,即便你在生活中从未发表过一个演讲,你仍然会从学习公共演说中获益良多。你的演讲课将会在研究主题、组织思路和表现技巧方面对你进行训练。这种训练对任何类型的交流都是非常宝贵的。

2. There are many similarities<类似的东西>between public speaking and daily conversation. The three major goals of public speaking-to inform<通知>, to persuade, to entertain<使有兴趣>-are also the three major goals of everyday conversation. In conversation, almost without thinking about it, you employ<使用>a wide range of skills. You organize your ideas logically<有条理地,有逻辑地>. You tailor<修改,调整> your message to your audience<听众,观众,读者>. You tell a story for maximum impact<影响,效果>. You adapt to<使适应,使习惯> feedback<反馈,反映>from your listener. These are among the most important skills you will need for public speaking.

2、在公开演讲和日常交谈之间有许多类似的东西。演说的三个主要目的是:传达、

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