8 The art of public Speaking 公共演讲的艺术
1. The need for effective<有影响力的> public speaking will almost certainly<几乎必定>touch you sometime in your life. When it does, you want to be ready. But even if you never give another speech i n your life, you still have much to gain from<获益良多>studying public speaking. Your speech class will give you training in researching topics, organizing your ideas, and presenting yourself skillfully. The training is invaluable<非常宝贵的>for every type of communication.
2. There are many similarities<类似的东西>between public speaking and daily conversation. The three major goals of public speaking-to inform<通知>, to persuade, to entertain<使有兴趣>-are also the three major goals of everyday conversation. In conversation, almost without thinking about it, you employ<使用>a wide range of skills. You organize your ideas logically<有条理地，有逻辑地>. You tailor<修改，调整> your message to your audience<听众，观众，读者>. You tell a story for maximum impact<影响，效果>. You adapt to<使适应，使习惯> feedback<反馈，反映>from your listener. These are among the most important skills you will need for public speaking.