名词变复数不规则变化规律

名次变复数----规则规则与不规则名词的变化

一、

以s、x、sh、ch结尾的名词加es: glasses, boxes, brushes, matches.

以辅音字母加y结尾的名词,变y为i加es: cities, babies, enemies. 4)以f 或fe结尾的名词,多数变f为v加es: wives, knives.但有些词只加s: roofs, proof s, chiefs.

以o结尾的名词,有些加es: Negroes, heroes, tomatoes, potatoes.其它加s: radio s, zoos, pianos, photos.

不规则名词:foot→feet, goose→geese, tooth→teeth, child→children,

man→me n, woman→women, sheep→sheep, deer→deer, mouse→mice.

某些外来词变复数:datum→data, medium→media, bacterium→bacteria, curriculum→curricula, criterion→criteria, phenomenon→phenomena.

( um/ on→a) analysis→analyses, basis→bases, crisis→crises, diagnosis→diagnoses.( is→es )

复合名词变复数:以不可数名词结尾的复合名词无复数形式,如:homework.

以man或woman为前缀的复合名词变复数,前后两个名词都变复数,如:manservant→menservants, woman student women students.

其它复合名词变复数:grown up→grown ups,

brother in law→brothers in law, stand by→stands by.

二、不规则变化几乎所有单词

arise 出现arose arisen

awake 醒来awoke awaked / awoken

baby-sit 临时照顾baby-sat baby-sat

be(am / is / are) 是was / were been beat 击打beat beaten

become 变成became become

begin 开始began begun

bend 使弯曲bent bent

bet 赌bet bet

bite 咬bit bitten / bit

blow 吹blew blown

break 打破broke broken

bring 拿来brought brought

build 建造built built

burn 燃烧burnt / burned burnt / burned buy 买bought bought

can 能could ×

cast 抛cast cast

catch 捕捉caught caught

choose 选择chose chosen

come 来came come

cost 花费cost cost

cut 割cut cut

deal 分配dealt dealt

dig 挖dug dug

do / does 做did done

draw 画,拉,拖drew drawn

dream 做梦dreamed / dreamt dreamed / dreamt drink 喝drank drunk

drive 驾驶drove driven

eat 吃ate eaten

fall 掉落fell fallen

feed 喂fed fed

feel 触摸felt felt

fight 作战fought fought

find 找出found found

fly 飞flew flown

forbid 禁止forbade / forbad forbidden

forget 忘记forgot forgot / forgotten

forgive 原谅forgave forgiven

freeze 结冰froze frozen

get 得到got got

give 给gave given

go 去went gone

grow 成长grew grown

hang 挂/ 绞死hung / hanged hung / hanged

have / has 有had had be was/were been (be动词) do did done (助动词)

speak spoke spoken (讲话)

read read read (阅读)

cut cut cut (切)

cost cost cost (花费)

go went gone (去,走)

feel felt felt (感觉)

dig dug dug (挖)

overcome overcame overcome (克服)

come came come (来)

write wrote written (写)

get got gotten (自己查一下,这个词要看用在那里了) see saw seen (看)

spend spent spent (花费)

put put put (放下)

find fought fought (找,查明)

deal dealt dealt (分配)

bend bent bent (使…变曲)

fight fought fought (搏斗,奋斗)

keep kept kept (留下,保留,继续)

lay laid lain (放置,躺下,保留)

lend lent lent (借出,借给)

lose lost lost(失去,丧失)

sit sat sat (坐,就坐)

sleep slept slept(睡觉,睡着)

英语不规则动词表

Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle

不定式过去式过去分词

abide abode,abided abode,abided

arise arose arisen

awake awoke,awaked awoken,awaked

be(am,is,are) was;were been

bear bore borne,born

beat beat beaten

become became become

befall befell befallen

beget begot begotten,begot

begin began begun

behold beheld beheld

bend bent bent

bereave bereaved,bereft bereaved,bereft

beseech besought,beseeched besought,beseeched beset beset beset

bespeak bespoke bespoken,bespoke

bespread bespread bespread

bestrew bestrewed bestrewn,bestrewed

bestride bestrode,bestrid bestridden,bestrid

bet bet,betted bet,betted

betake betook betaken

bethink bethought bethought

bid bade,bid bidden,bid

bide bode,bided bided

bind bound bound

bite bit bitten,bit

bleed bled bled

blend blended,blent blended,blent

bless blessed,blest blessed,blest

blow blew blown

break broke broken

breed bred bred

bring brought brought

broadcast broadcast,broadcasted broadcast,broadcasted browbeat browbeat browbeaten

build built built

burn burnt,burned burnt,burned

burst burst burst

buy bought bought

cast cast cast

catch caught caught

chide chid,chided chid,chidden,chided

choose chose chosen

cleave cleaved,cleft,clove cleaved,cleft,cloven cleave cleaved,clave cleaved

cling clung clung

clothe clothed,clad clothed,clad

come came come

cost cost cost

creep crept crept

crow crowed,crew crowed

cut cut cut

deal dealt dealt

dig dug dug

dispread dispread dispread

do did done

draw drew drawn

dream dreamed,dreamt dreamed,dreamt

drink drank drunk

drive drove driven

dwell dwelt,dwelled dwelt,dwelled

eat ate eaten

fall fell fallen

feed fed fed

feel felt felt

fight fought fought

find found found

flee fled fled

fling flung flung

fly flew flown

forbear forbore forborne

forbid forbade,forbad forbidden,forbid

fordo fordid fordone

forecast forecast,forecasted forecast,forecasted

forego forewent foregone

foreknow foreknew foreknown

forerun foreran forerun

foresee foresaw foreseen

foreshow foreshowed foreshown

foretell foretold foretold

forget forgot forgotten,forgot

forgive forgave forgiven

forsake forsook forsaken

forswear forswore forsworn

freeze froze frozen

gainsay gainsaid gainsaid

get got got,gotten

gild gilded,gilt gilded,gilt

gird girded,girt girded,girt

give gave given

go went gone

grave graved graven,graved

grind ground ground

grow grew grown

hamstring hamstrung,hamstringed hamstrung,hamstringed hang hung,hanged hung,hanged

have(has) had had

hear heard heard

heave heaved,hove heaved,hove

hew hewed hewn,hewed

hide hid hidden,hid

hit hit hit

hold held held

hurt hurt hurt

inlay inlaid inlaid

keep kept kept

kneel knelt,kneeled knelt,kneeled

knit knitted,knit knitted,knit

know knew known

lade laded laded,laden

lay laid laid

lead led led

lean leaned,leant leaned,leant

leap leapt,leaped leapt,leaped

learn learned,learnt learned,learnt

leave left left

lend lent lent

let let let

lie lay lain

light lit,lighted lit,lighted

lose lost lost

make made made

mean meant meant

meet met met

melt melted melted,molten

misdeal misdealt misdealt

misgive misgave misgiven

mislay mislaid mislaid

mislead misled misled

mistake mistook mistaken

misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood mow mowed mowed,mown

outbid outbid outbid,outbidden

outbreed outbred outbred

outdo outdid outdone

outdraw outdrew outdrawn

outgo outwent outgone

outgrow outgrew outgrown

outlay outlaid outlaid

outride outrode outridden

outrun outran outrun

outsell outsold outsold

outshine outshone outshone

outshoot outshot outshot

outsit outsat outsat

outspend outspent outspent

outspread outspread outspread

outwear outwore outworn

overbear overbore overborne

overbid overbid overbidden,overbid

overblow overblew overblown

overbuild overbuilt overbuilt

overbuy overbought overbought

overcast overcast overcast

overcome overcame overcome

overdo overdid overdone

overdraw overdrew overdrawn

overdrive overdrove overdriven

overeat overate overeaten

overfeed overfed overfed

overfly overflew overflown

overgrow overgrew overgrown

overhang overhung overhung

overhear overheard overheard

overlay overlaid overlaid

overleap overleapt,overleaped overleapt,overleaped overlie overlay overlain

overpay overpaid overpaid

override overrode overridden

overrun overran overrun

oversee oversaw overseen

oversell oversold oversold

overset overset overset

oversew oversewed oversewed,oversewn overshoot overshot overshot

oversleep overslept overslept

overspend overspent overspent

overspread overspread overspread

overtake overtook overtaken

overthrow overthrew overthrown

overwind overwound overwound

overwrite overwrote overwritten

partake partook partaken

pay paid paid

precast precast precast

prove proved proved,proven

put put put

quit quitted,quit quitted,quit

read read[red] read[red]

reave reaved,reft reaved,reft

rebuild rebuilt rebuilt

recast recast recast

reeve rove,reeved rove,reeved

relay relaid relaid

rend rent rent

repay repaid repaid

reset reset reset

retell retold retold

rid rid,ridded rid,ridded

ride rode ridden

ring rang rung

rise rose risen

rive rived riven,rived

run ran run

saw sawed sawn,sawed

say said said

see saw seen

seek sought sought

sell sold sold

send sent sent

set set set

sew sewed sewn,sewed

shake shook shaken

shave shaved shaved,shaven

shear sheared shorn,sheared

shed shed shed

shine shone shone

shoe shod,shoed shod,shoed,shodden shoot shot shot

show showed shown,showed

shred shredded,shred shredded,shred shrink shrank,shrunk shrunk,shrunken shrive shrove,shrived shriven,shrived shut shut shut

sing sang,sung sung

sink sank,sunk sunk,sunken

sit sat sat

slay slew slain

sleep slept slept

slide slid slid,slidden

sling slung slung

slink slunk slunk

slit slit slit

smell smelt,smelled smelt,smelled smite smote smitten,smote

sow sowed sown,sowed

speak spoke spoken

speed sped,speeded sped,speeded spell spelt,spelled spelt,spelled spend spent spent

spill spilt,spilled spilt,spilled

spin spun spun

spit spat,spit spat,spit

split split split

spoil spoilt,spoiled spoilt,spoiled spread spread spread

spring sprang,sprung sprung

stand stood stood

stave staved,stove staved,stove steal stole stolen

stick stuck stuck

sting stung stung

stink stank,stunk stunk

strew strewed strewn,strewed

stride strode stridden,strid

strike struck struck,stricken

string strung strung

strive strove,strived striven,strived swear swore sworn

sweat sweat,sweated sweat,sweated sweep swept swept

swell swelled swollen,swelled

swim swam swum

swing swung swung

take took taken

teach taught taught

tear tore torn

tell told told

think thought thought

thrive throve,thrived thriven,thrived

throw threw thrown

thrust thrust thrust

tread trod trodden,trod

unbend unbent unbent

unbind unbound unbound

unbuild unbuilt unbuilt

underbid underbid underbidden,underbid underbuy underbought underbought undercut undercut undercut

underfeed underfed underfed

undergo underwent undergone

underlay underlaid underlaid

underlet underlet underlet

underlie underlay underlain

underpay underpaid underpaid

underrun underran underrun

undersell undersold undersold

underset underset underset

undershoot undershot undershot

understand understood understood undertake undertook undertaken

underwrite underwrote underwritten

undo undid undone

undraw undrew undrawn

unfreeze unfroze unfrozen

ungird ungirded,ungirt ungirded,ungirt unhang unhung unhung

unknit unknitted,unknit unknitted,unknit unlade unladed unladed,unladen

unlay unlaid unlaid

unlearn unlearnt,unlearned unlearnt,unlearned unmake unmade unmade

unreeve unrove,unreeved unrove,unreeved unsay unsaid unsaid

unset unset unset

unsling unslung unslung

unstick unstuck unstuck

unstring unstrung unstrung

unswear unswore unsworn

unteach untaught untaught

unthink unthought unthought

untread untrod untrodden,untrod unweave unwove unwoven

unwind unwound unwound

upbuild upbuilt upbuilt

uphold upheld upheld

uppercut uppercut uppercut

uprise uprose uprisen

upset upset upset

upsweep upswept upswept

upswing upswung upswung

wake waked,woke waked,woken,woke waylay waylaid waylaid

wear wore worn

weave wove woven

wed wedded,wed wedded,wed

weep wept wept

wet wetted,wet wetted,wet

win won won

wind winded,wound winded,wound

wit(wot) wist wist

withdraw withdrew withdrawn

withhold withheld withheld

withstand withstood withstood

work worked,wrought worked,wrought wring wrung wrung

write wrote written

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