英语现在进行时的否定句

现在进行时的否定句,一般在am, is, are后面加上not就可以了。

I am not watching football matches. 我现在没在看足球比赛。

Liming isn't running on the playground. 李明没在操场上跑步。

We aren't studying English on computer. 我们现在没在电脑上学习英语。

注意:

1.在am is are 后面加 not

2.注意缩写形式

4.一般疑问句及回答

1) Are you reading English now?

Yes, I am. / No, I am not.

Yes, we aren't. / No, they don't.

2) Are the workers building a bridge?

Yes, they are. / No, they aren't.

3) Is the girl singing a song next room?

Yes, she is. / No, she isn't.

5.特殊疑问句:

1)Where is the girl singing a song?

→ The girl is singing a song next room.

2)What is she buying?

→ She is buying a hat.

3)What are they doing?

→ They are making a birthday cake.

四、一般将来时

一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或状态。常和tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next year/week/month, in two weeks, some day等等。

构成:主语 + will (shall) + 动词原形 (do) (do 来表示动词原形)

ⅰ.一般将来时态的肯定式:

1.I will come next week. 我下周来。

2.We will go to the Great wall next Sunday. 下周日我们将要去长城。

3.They will help me study English tomorrow. 他们明天将要帮助我学英语。

4.He will visit his grandmother in a week. 一周后他将要拜访(探望)他的奶奶。

5.Susan will buy a new bike. Susan将要买一辆新自行车。

注意:

将来时中,shall 只用于第一人称,即I shall, we shall。

I shall come next week. 我下周来。

We shall go to the Great wall next Sunday.下周日我们将要去长城。

注意: 在当代英语里,不管什么人称,都可用 will,而shall用于第一人称中。

主语 + will 的常用缩写形式:

I will = I'll [ail] 我将要

We will = We'll [wi:l]

You will = You'll [ju:l]

They will = They'll

He will = He'll

She will = She'll

It will = It'll

看下面的句子:

1.I'll come next week.

2.We'll go to the Great wall next Sunday.

3.They'll help me study English tomorrow.

4.He'll visit his grandmother in a week.

ⅱ.一般将来时态的否定式:

先看例子,你能说出它们是什么句子吗?

1.We will not have lessons tomorrow. 明天我们没有课。

2.These birds will not fly to the south in winter.

冬天这些鸟将不会飞到南方去。

3.They students will not play football next Sunday.

学生们下周日不踢足球。

4.My father will not go to work the day after tomorrow.

我爸爸后天不上班。

很明显,上述句子为一般将来时的否定句。注意缩写形式:will not = won't.

1.We won't have lessons tomorrow.

2.These birds won't fly to the south in winter.

3.The students won't play football next Sunday.

4.My father won't go to work the day after tomorrow.

这就是一般将来时的否定句,只需在will 后加not,或写成缩写形式won't。

ⅲ.一般将来时态的一般疑问式:

1.Will you finish this work tomorrow? 明天你能完成这项工作吗?

2.Will they have lessons next week? 下周他们有课吗?

3.Will she come to my birthday party tomorrow? 她明天会来我的生日宴会吗?

4.Will Mr. Wang teach us English next year? 王老师明年会教我们英语吗?

一般疑问句的肯定和否定回答:

1.Will you finish this work tomorrow?

Yes, I will. / No, I won't.

2.Will they have lessons next week?

Yes, they will. / No, they won't.

3.Will she come to my birthday party tomorrow?

Yes, she will. / No, she won't.

4.Will Mr. Wang teach us English next year?

Yes, he will. / No, he won't.

特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句

where 在哪里,when 什么时候,what 什么, how many 多少,why 为什么

注意,how many 后跟可数名词的复数形式。

特殊疑问句:(where, when, what, how many, why)

1.How many eggs will you cook? 你要煮几个鸡蛋?

I will cook seven eggs. 我会煮七个鸡蛋。

2.When will she buy a new car? 她什么时候买新车?

She will buy a new car next year.他明年买新车。

3.Why will you go to Qingdao? 你为什么去青岛了?

Because it's cool and interesting. 因为那里凉爽且有趣。

4.Where will your parents go next winter? 明年冬天你父母会去哪里?

They will go to Hainan. 他们会去海南。

一般将来时的特殊疑问句的构成:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句。

问where 回答用地点,问 when回答用时间;问how many回答用数字;问why回答用 because +句子。

其他表示未来情况的方法:

主语+ be(am, is, are)going to + 动词原形,表示打算干某事或即将要发生某事,例如:

1.I am going to go to a movie next Sunday.

(=I am going to see a movie next Sunday.)

下周日我打算去看电影。

2.My brother is going to travel in Australia.

我弟弟将要去澳大利亚旅游。

3.The students are going to play football tomorrow.

明天学生们要去踢足球。

4.They are going to meet in the park.

他们决定在公园碰面。

如果要将以上句子变否定句,只需在am, is, are后面加上not即可。

1.The students aren't going to play football tomorrow.

2.I am not going to go to a movie next Sunday.

3.Mr. Wang isn't going to teach us English next term.

下学期王老师不教我们英语了。

如果要将以上句子变一般疑问句也只需把 am, is, are放在句子最前面,注意人称的变换。

1.Are you going to see him next week? 下周你会去看他吗?

Yes, I am. / No, I am not.

2.Is he going to go to a movie with us tomorrow? 明天他会和我们一起去看电影吗?

Yes, he is. / No, he isn't.

3.Are they going to climb the hill?

Yes, they are. / No, they aren't.

be going to的特殊疑问式:

1.Where are you going to plant trees next year?

明年你打算在哪儿种树?

2.When is he going to buy a new car?

他准备什么时候买辆新汽车?

He is going to buy a new next week.

Ⅲ.Revision

现在我们总结一下一般将来时态:

ⅰ.主语 + will (shall) + 动词原形 (do)

1.I will come next week. 我下周来。

I'll come next week.

2.We'll go to the Great Wall next Sunday.

下周日我们去长城。

3.They'll help me study English tomorrow.

他们明天要帮助我学英语。

4.He'll visit his grandmother in a week.

一周后他将要拜访(探望)他的奶奶。

ⅱ.一般将来时的否定式:

1.We won't have lessons tomorrow. 明天我们没课。

2.These birds won't fly to the south in winter.

这些鸟冬天不会飞到南方去。

3.The students won't play football next Sunday.

学生们下周日不踢足球。

4.My father won't go to work the day after tomorrow.

我爸爸后天不上班。

ⅲ.一般将来时的一般疑问式及其回答:

1.Will you finish this work tomorrow? 明天你能完成这项工作吗?

Yes, I will. / No, I won't.

2.Will they have lessons next week? 下周他们将有课吗?

Yes , they will / No, they won't

3.Will she come to my birthday party tomorrow?

她明天会来我的生日宴会吗?

Yes, she will. / No, she won't

4.Will Mr. Wang teach us English next year?

王老师明年会教我们英语吗?

Yes , he will / No, he won't

ⅳ.一般将来时的特殊疑问式:

1.How many eggs will you cook? 你要煮多少鸡蛋?

I will cook seven eggs. 我要煮七个鸡蛋。

2.When will she buy a new car? 她什么时候买新车?

She will buy a new car next year. 明年她将买新车。

3.Why will you go to Qingdao? 你为什么去青岛?

Because it's cool and interesting. 因为那里凉爽且有趣。

4.Where will your parents go next winter? 你父母明年将要去哪里?

They will go to Hainan. 他们将去海南。

ⅴ.其他表示未来情况的方法:be going to

主语 + be(am, is, are)going to + 动词原形,表示打算干某事或即将要发生某事。be 动词随主语人称的变化而变化。

Ⅳ.Dialogue(对话):

1.A: - Thank you for your help.感谢你的帮助。

B:- You are welcome.不用谢。

2.A: - Thank you.

B:- It's my pleasure. /That's all right./Not at all.

不用谢。(十分高兴为你效劳/不用谢/没关系)

3.A: - Excuse me. May I ask (you) a question?

打扰了,我可以问(您)一个问题吗?

B: - Yes./OK./Of course. What is it?

可以,是什么问题?

4.A: - May I leave now?/Can I leave now? 我可以离开吗?

B: - Yes, of course./OK./Sure./Certainly.

可以,当然了。

- I am afraid you can't./ You'd better not.(否定回答)

恐怕你不能离开。/你最好别离开。

Ⅰ.复习

1.一般将来时:表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或状态(打算、计划要做的事)。

常用的将来时间状语:tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next year /week/month/,in two weeks,, some day 等.

2.句型:

主语 + will (shall) + 动词原形 (do) (do 来表示动词原形)

肯定句:

(1)We will go to the Great Wall next Sunday. 下周日我们将要去长城。

(2)They will help me study English tomorrow.

他们明天将要帮助我学英语。

(3)He will visit his grandmother in a week.

一周后他将要拜访(探望)他的奶奶。

(4)Susan will buy a new bike. Susan将要买一辆新自行车。

will 可用于各种人称。

主语+will的常用缩写形式:

I will = I'll 我将要

We will = We'll 我们将要

You will = You'll 你将要

They will = They'll

It will = It'll

例句:

(1)I will come next week. 我下周来。

I'll come next week.

(2)We will go to the Great Wall next Sunday. 下周日我们将要去长城。

We'll go to the Great Wall next Sunday.

(3)They will help me study English tomorrow.

他们明天将要帮助我学英语。

They'll help me study English tomorrow.

(4)He will visit his grandmother in a week.

一周后他将要拜访(探望)他的奶奶。

He'll visit his grandmother in a week.

否定句:will not = won't

(1)We won't have lessons tomorrow. 明天我们将没有课。

(2)These birds won't fly to the South in winter.

冬天这些鸟将不会飞到南方去。

(3)The students won't play football next Sunday.

学生们下周日不踢足球。

(4)My father won't go to work the day after tomorrow.

我爸爸后天将不上班。

一般疑问句:把will 放在句首

(1)Will you finish this work tomorrow? 明天你能完成这项工作吗?Yes, I will. / No, I won't.

(2)Will they have lessons next week? 下周他们将有课吗?

Yes, they will. / No, they won't.

(3)Will she come to my birthday party tomorrow?

她明天将来我的生日宴会吗?

Yes, she will. / No, she won't.

(4)Will Mr. Wang teach us English next year?

王老师明年将教我们英语吗?

Yes, he will. / No, he won't.

特殊疑问句:(where, when, what, how many, why)

(1)How many eggs will you cook?

I will cook seven eggs.

(2)When will she buy a new car?

I will buy a new car next year.

(3)Why will you go to Qingdao?

Because it's cool and interesting.

(4)Where will your parents go next winter?

They will go to Hainan.

构成:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句

where--地点

when--时间

how many--数字

why--because +句子

另外一种表示方法:

主语+be( am/is/are )going to + 动词原形,例如:

(1)I am going to go to a movie next Sunday. 下周日我打算去看电影。(2)My brother is going to travel in Australia.

我弟弟将要去澳大利亚旅游。

(3)They are going to meet in the park.他们决定在公园碰面。

变否定句只需在 am/is/are 后面加上not

(1)The students aren't going to play football tomorrow.

明天学生们不会去踢足球。

(2)I am not going to go to a movie next Sunday.

下周日我不打算去看电影。

(3)Mr. Wang isn't going to teach us English next term.

下学期王老师不教我们英语了。

变一般疑问句只需把 am/is/are 放在句子最前面,注意变换他们的人称。(1)Are you going to see him next week?

Yes, I am. / No, I am not.

(2)Is he going to go to a movie with us tomorrow?

Yes, he is. / No, he isn't.

(3)Are they going to climb the hill?

Yes, they are. / No, they aren't.

特殊疑问句:

(1)Where are you going to plant trees next year?

明年你打算在哪儿种树?

I am going to plant trees on a hill.

(2)When is he going to buy a new car?

他准备什么时候买辆新汽车?

He is going to buy a new car next year.

五、一般过去时

一般过去时就是过去某一时间所发生的动作或存在的状态,它一般和表示过去的状语连用,如:yesterday (昨天) last week/ month /year/night / term/(上周、上个月、去年、昨天晚上、上学期) ago(以前) in 1996(在1996年) a moment ago(刚才) just now (刚才)

过去:

I was busy yesterday. 我昨天很忙。

She was happy last night. 她昨天晚上很高兴。

The boys were in the park just now. 这些男孩儿刚才在公园里。

上面的am → was is → was are → we re

这就是be 动词的一般过去时。

在一般过去时里:

I → was

he/she /it /名词的单数形式→ was

we/you (你、你们) /they(他们)/名词的复数形式→ were

例句:

(1)I was late for school yesterday. 昨天我上学迟到了。

(2)She was happy last night. 她昨天晚上很高兴。

(3)The boys were in the park just now. 这些男孩儿刚才在公园里。

否定句:

(1)I was not late for school yesterday. 昨天我上学没迟到。

(2)He was not at home last night. 他昨晚上不在家。

(3)They were not in America last summer. 去年夏天他们不在美国。

缩写形式: was not = wasn't

were not = weren't

一般疑问句:

(1)Was it snowing yesterday afternoon? 昨天下午下雪了吗?

No, it wasn't. Yes, it was.

(2)Were the children happy at the party last night?

昨天晚上孩子们在宴会上快乐吗?

Yes, they were. / No, they weren't.

(3)Were you late for work this morning? 今天早上你上班迟到了吗?

Yes, I was. / No, I wasn't.

特殊疑问句:

特殊疑问词+一般疑问句

例句:

(1)Where were you yesterday morning? 昨天上午你在哪里?

I was in the library. 我在图书馆。

(2)Why was Mary late for meeting yesterday?

为什么昨天玛丽开会迟到了?

Because she was ill.

分析下列句子属于什么时态:

(1)We watched TV for two hours last night.

昨天晚上我们看了两个小时的电视。

(2)He cleaned the classroom after school yesterday afternoon.

昨天下午放学他打扫了教室。

(3)John studied Chinese in Yuying Middle School in 1999.

John 1999年在育英中学学中文。

(4)My parents went to the Forbidden City last Sunday.

上周日我父母去了紫禁城。

动词过去式的构成规则:

(1)一般在动词词尾加ed

work → worked help → helped watch → watched

(2)以e 结尾的动词后加d

live → lived like → liked decide → decided hope→ hoped

(3)以辅音字母+y结尾的动词将 y变i再加ed

study → studied carry → carried try → tried cry → cried

以元音字母加y结尾的动词加ed play → played

(4)以重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母的词,双写最后一个辅音字母加ed

stop → stopped drop → dropped fit → fitted

(5)不规则动词

go → went see → saw make → made buy → bought

have → had do → did get → got build → built

ⅰ.一般过去时的肯定式:

He cleaned the classroom after school yesterday afternoon.

昨天下午放学后他打扫了教室。

John studied Chinese in Yuying Middle School in 1999.

John 1999年在育英中学学中文。

My parents went to the Forbidden City last Sunday.

上周日我父母去了紫禁城。

ⅱ.一般过去时的否定式:

句中无be动词时,怎样变成否定句呢?我们借助did(就是do的过去式)后加上not就可以了,也可以直接写成它的缩写形式didn't。例如:

1.My parents didn't go to the Forbidden City last Sunday.

上周日我父母没有去紫禁城。

2.They didn't carry two boxes to the factory yesterday.

昨天他们没有把两只箱子搬运到工厂。

3.We didn't watch TV last night. 昨天晚上我们没有看电视。

4.He didn't eat lunch at home yesterday.昨天他没在家吃午饭。

这就是一般过去时的否定句,在主语后加上didn't 变成否定句后,他们的谓语动词要还原成动词原形;didn't 可用在任何人称的后面,不随主语变化而变化。

ⅲ.一般过去时的一般疑问式:

变成一般疑问句时,也需要借助did,即将did提前,谓语动词用原形。例如:

1.She watched TV for two hours last night.

→Did she watch TV for two hours last night?

Yes, she did. / No, she didn't.

2.He ate lunch at home yesterday.

→Did he eat lunch at home yesterday?

Yes, she did. / No, she didn't.

3.My mother cooked noodles last Sunday.

→Did your mother cook noodles last Sunday?

Yes, she did. / No, she didn't.

4.They lived in Beijing in 1996.

→Did they live in Beijing in 1996?

Yes, she did. / No, she didn't.

ⅳ.一般过去时的特殊疑问式:

1.Where did you go yesterday? 昨天你去哪儿了?

I went to Summer Palace.我去颐和园。

2.How many subjects did they study last term?

上学期他们学习了几门课?

They studied seven subjects.

他们学习了七门课。

3.Where did John study Chinese in 1999?

John 1999年在哪儿学中文的?

He studied Chinese in Yuying Middle School in 1999.

他于1999年在育英中学学习中文。

4.What did you do last night? 昨天晚上你们干什么呢?

We listened to English songs last night. 我们昨晚听了英语歌曲。

日常用语:

1.- Would you mind opening the window?

您介意打开窗户吗?

- Not at all!没关系!

- Of course not!当然不介意!

- I am afraid it's cold now. 我担心会冷吧。

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